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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Physics and Astronomy
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
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Committee on Elementary-Particle Physics



Elementary Particle Physics: Revealing the Secrets of Energy and Matter

Released February, 1998

Part of the Physics in a New Era series of assessments of the various branches of the field, Elementary-Particle Physics reviews progress in the field over the past 10 years and recommends actions needed to address the key questions that remain unanswered. It explains in simple terms the present picture of how matter is constructed. As physicists have probed ever deeper into the structure of matter, they have begun to explore one of the most fundamental questions that one can ask about the universe: What gives matter its mass? A new international accelerator to be built at the European laboratory CERN will begin to explore some of the mechanisms proposed to give matter its heft. The committee recommends full U.S. participation in this project as well as various other experiments and studies to be carried out now and in the longer term.

Committee Members and NRC Staff


Bruce Winstein, Chair, University of Chicago
Eugene Beier, University of Pennsylvania
James Brau, University of Oregon
Persis Drell, Cornell University
Gary Feldman, Harvard University
Jerome Friedman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Howard Georgi, Harvard University
David Gross, Princeton University
Lawrence Hall, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Stephen Holmes, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Eugene Loh, University of Utah
Hugh E. Montgomery, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Nanette Phinney, Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory
Thomas Roser, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Marjorie Shapiro, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Melvyn Shochet, University of Chicago
Frank Wilczek, Institute for Advanced Study
Michael Witherell, University of California at Santa Barbara
Michael E. Zeller, Yale University

NRC Staff

Donald C. Shapero, Director
Robert L. Riemer