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Research and Evaluation
|The Science of Team Science
The NRC will conduct a consensus study on the science of team science to recommend opportunities to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative research in science teams, research centers, and institutes. The science of team science is a new interdisciplinary field that empirically examines the processes by which large and small scientific teams, research centers, and institutes organize, communicate, and conduct research. It is concerned with understanding and managing circumstances that facilitate or hinder the effectiveness of collaborative research, including translational research. This includes understanding how teams connect and collaborate to achieve scientific breakthroughs that would not be attainable by either individual or simply additive efforts. The committee will consider factors such as team dynamics, team management, and institutional structures and policies that affect large and small science teams. Among the questions the committee will explore are:
- How do individual factors (e.g., openness to divergent ideas), influence team dynamics (e.g., cohesion), and how, in turn, do both individual factors and team dynamics influence the effectiveness and productivity of science teams?
- What factors at the team, center, or institute level (e.g., team size, team membership, geographic dispersion) influence the effectiveness of science teams?
- How do different management approaches and leadership styles influence the effectiveness of science teams? For example, different approaches to establishing work roles and routines and to the division of labor may influence team effectiveness.
- How do current tenure and promotion policies acknowledge and provide incentives to academic researchers who engage in team science?
- What factors influence the productivity and effectiveness of research organizations that conduct and support team and collaborative science, such as research centers and institutes? How do such organizational factors as human resource policies and practices and cyberinfrastructure affect team and collaborative science?
- What types of organizational structures, policies, practices and resources are needed to promote effective team science, in academic institutions, research centers, industry, and other settings?
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and Elsevier, the project began in October, 2012. A report will be issued in late 2014 or early 2015.
Dr. Nancy J. Cooke, Chair, Arizona State University
Dr. Roger Blandford, Department of Physics, Stanford University
Dr. Jonathon Cummings, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University
Dr. Stephen M. Fiore, Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida
Dr. Kara Hall, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
Dr. James Jackson, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan
Dr. John Leslie King, School of Information, University of Michigan
Dr. Steve W. J. Kozlowski, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University
Dr. Judith S. Reitman Olson, Department of Informatics, University of California, Irvine
Dr. Jeremy A. Sabloff, President, Santa Fe Institute
Dr. Daniel Stokols, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine
Dr. Brian Uzzi, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Dr. Hannah Valantine, School of Medicine, Stanford University
Previous Meetings in 2013
A planning meeting to kick off the study was held January 11, 2013. View the archived webcast of the planning meeting, along with the agenda and other materials distributed to attendees.
On April 15, the committee held open sessions in the early afternoon. Guests included Susan Winter, NSF Office of Cyberinfrastructure, and Gregory Feist, San Jose State University. View the public agenda for this event
Science of Collaborative Science by Susan Winters
The Nature and Nurture of Creativity in Science by Gregory Feist
On July 1, 2013, the committee convened a public workshop on factors at the individual and team level that influence the processes and outcomes of team science. ► More information about the workshop, including webcast, papers and presentations given at the workshop.
The committee convened a public workshop on organizational and institutional factors that influence the processes and outcomes of team science. View the archived webcast of the workshop, along with the agenda and other materials distributed to attendees.