BBCSS - TOPICS
Cognitive Sciences and Learning
Health and Aging
National Security and Intelligence
Research and Evaluation
To perform its role effectively, the Board draws on experts from a wide range of scientific disciplines. Members are generally appointed for 3 year terms. The dynamic nature of the membership allows the Board to better keep pace both with the field and changing sponsor needs. Current membership includes experts in such domains as cognition, human development, sensory sciences, social psychology, cognitive neuroscience, behavioral neuroscience, social neuroscience, medical ethics. evolutionary anthropology, and health psychology.
|Member Spotlight: Read interviews with current and former BBCSS members|
|Past Chairs: List of past BBCSS chairs|
| || |
| || |
|John T. Cacioppo, Ph.D., Chair |
Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor
Director of the Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience
Department of Psychology
The University of Chicago
John Cacioppo is the Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor and Director of the Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience at the University of Chicago. He has written and/or coauthored 17 books and more than 400 chapters and articles. He is a member of the Society of Experimental Psychology; a past-president of the Association for Psychological Science; the Chair-Elect for the Psychology Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and the recipient of various honors including the National Academy of Sciences Troland Research Award, the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Donald Campbell Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions, the Society for Psychophysiological Research Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions, and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Theoretical Innovation Prize. Dr. Cacioppo’s research concerns the behavioral and biological effects of social isolation, with an emphasis on underlying mechanisms.
| || |
| || |
|Linda Bartoshuk, Ph.D., NAS |
Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science
College of Dentistry
University of Florida
Linda Bartoshuk is a presidential endowed professor of community dentistry and behavioral sciences in the College of Dentistry of the University of Florida. She completed her Ph.D. at Brown University. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the only female NAS member at the University of Florida. Dr. Bartoshuk, an internationally known researcher in the chemical senses of taste and smell, is also a visiting professor in the College of Public Health and Health Professions. Dr. Bartoshuk’s research, which explores the genetic variations in taste perception and how taste perception affects overall health, will complement care provided through the UF McKnight Brain Institute’s Center for Taste and Smell, housed in the College of Dentistry. Dr. Bartoshuk was the first to discover that burning mouth syndrome, a condition predominantly experienced by postmenopausal women, is caused by damage to the taste buds at the front of the tongue and is not a psychosomatic condition, as many believed. Center experts treat patients suffering from smell and taste disorders or loss of taste due to disease or cancer therapy.
| || |
|Richard Bonnie, LL.B., IOM |
Harrison Foundation Professor of Medicine and Law
Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences
Professor of Public Policy
Director, Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy
University of Virginia
Richard Bonnie is Harrison Foundation Professor of Medicine and Law, Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Science, Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy at the University of Virginia. He teaches and writes about criminal law, bioethics, and public policies relating to mental health, substance abuse, aging and public health. Professor Bonnie has been actively involved in public service throughout his career. Among many other positions, he has been Associate Director of the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse; Secretary of the first National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse; and chair of Virginia’s State Human Rights Committee responsible for protecting rights of persons with mental disabilities. He recently chaired a Commission on Mental Health Law Reform at the request of the Chief Justice of Virginia. Professor Bonnie has served as an advisor to the American Psychiatric Association Council on Psychiatry and Law since 1979, received the APA’s Isaac Ray Award in 1998 for contributions to forensic psychiatry, and was awarded a special presidential commendation in 2003 for his contributions to American psychiatry. He has also served on the MacArthur Foundation Research Networks on Mental Health and the Law and Mandated Community Treatment and is currently a member of the Research Network on Neuroscience and Law. In 1991, Professor Bonnie was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, has chaired numerous Academy studies on subjects ranging from elder mistreatment to underage drinking, and served as a member of the DBASSE advisory committee. He received the Yarmolinsky Medal in 2002 for his contributions to the IOM and the National Academies. In 2007, Professor Bonnie received the University of Virginia’s highest honor, the Thomas Jefferson Award.
| || |
Jennifer Cole, Ph.D.
Professor of Linguistics, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science
Department of Linguistics
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Jennifer Cole is Professor of Linguistics, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science, at the University of Illinois (UIUC), and co-chair of the Biological Intelligence research theme at the UIUC Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. She was Instructor of Linguistics at Yale (1987-1989). She has degrees in Linguistics from the U of Michigan (B.A. 1982; M.A. 1983) and M.I.T. (Ph.D. 1987). Dr. Cole’s research in the areas of phonology and phonetics focuses on the variability of speech forms and the mechanisms of speech processing and spoken language acquisition. Through the analysis of acoustic and behavioral data, using statistical and computational modeling, and formal grammar analysis, she examines phenomena related to speech prosody, coarticulation and phonological learning, and on the development of computer speech technologies based on phonological models of sound encoding. Her theoretical, experimental and computational work in phonology and phonetics spans over a dozen languages, including English, and she has a special interest in Indo-Aryan languages from Pakistan and India, and in the development of resources for computing and speech technologies for under-resourced languages. She has served on the executive or steering committees of the Association for Laboratory Phonology, the AAAS (Section Z: Language & Linguistics), the Linguistic Society of America and the American Institute for Pakistan Studies and as a member of the NSF Linguistics Advisory Panel. Dr. Cole’s research has been supported with grants from the NSF, NIH, Dept. of Education, Natl. Security Education Program, NASA, and the University of Illinois. Dr. Cole has directed 17 Ph.D. theses in Linguistics at Illinois.
| || |
|Alice Eagly, Ph.D. |
Professor of Psychology and of Management and Organizations
James Padilla Chair of Arts and Sciences
Faculty Fellow, Institute for Policy Research
Alice Eagly is Professor of Psychology and of Management and Organizations, James Padilla Chair of Arts and Sciences, and Faculty Fellow in the Institute for Policy Research, all at Northwestern University. She has also held faculty positions at Michigan State University, University of Massachusetts in Amherst, and Purdue University. She received her Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Michigan and her undergraduate degree from Radcliffe College of Harvard University. Her research interests include the study of gender, attitudes, prejudice, stereotyping, and leadership. She is the author of several books and numerous journal articles, chapters in edited books, and reviews, commentaries, and encyclopedia articles. Her most recent book, Through the Labyrinth: The Truth About How Women Become Leaders, co-authored with Linda Carli, was published by Harvard Business School Press in conjunction with the Center for Public Leadership of the Kennedy School of Government. Professor Eagly has served as Chair or President of professional associations such as the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the Midwestern Psychological Association, and the Board of Scientific Affairs of the American Psychological Association. She has also received several awards for her contributions, including the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association, the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, the Donald Campbell Award for Distinguished Contribution to Social Psychology, the Carolyn Wood Sherif Award for contributions to the psychology of women, and the Berlin Prize from the American Academy in Berlin.
| || |
|Susan T. Fiske Ph.D., NAS|
Eugene Higgins Professor,
Psychology and Public Affairs
Susan T. Fiske is Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology, Princeton University (Ph.D., Harvard University; honorary doctorates, Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Universiteit Leiden, Netherlands). She investigates social cognition, especially cognitive stereotypes and emotional prejudices, at cultural, interpersonal, and neural levels. She is most known for the continuum model of impression formation, her power-as-control theory, the ambivalent sexism theory, and the stereotype content model showing fundamental dimensions of social cognition. The U.S. Supreme Court cited her gender-bias testimony, and she testified before President Clinton’s Race Initiative Advisory Board. These influenced a recent edited volume, Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom. Currently an editor of the Annual Review of Psychology, Psychological Review, and Handbook of Social Psychology, she wrote Social Beings: Core Motives in Social Psychology and Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture. Author of more than 200 articles and chapters, she has recently won a Guggenheim, as well as psychological science honors: the American Psychological Association’s Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award and the Association for Psychological Science William James Award. She has been elected President of Association for Psychological Science, President of the Foundation for the Advancement of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her most recent authored books are The Human Brand: How We Relate to People, Products, and Companies as well as Envy Up and Scorn Down: How Status Divides Us.
| || |
Daniel R. Ilgen, Ph.D.
John A. Hannah Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Department of Psychology
Department of Management
Michigan State University
Daniel R. Ilgen is John A. Hannah Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Michigan State University. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois and subsequently held faculty appointments at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, and Purdue University before coming to Michigan State University. He a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, the American Psychological Association, the Academy of Management, the International Association of Applied Psychology, and the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. His work is in the general areas of work motivation, team behavior, and leadership. In recognition of this work, he received the Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award from the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology and the Herbert A Henneman, Jr. Lifetime Career Achievement Award given by the Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management. He has served in numerous roles for the National Research Council including ten years as a member of the Committee on Human Factors and as a member of study panels that led to books on pay for performance, human protection in social and behavioral research, and future human behavior needs in soldier systems.
| || |
|Nina G. Jablonski, Ph.D. |
Distinguished Professor of Anthropology
Department of Anthropology
Pennsylvania State University, University Park
Nina G. Jablonski is the head and professor of the Department of Anthropology at The Pennsylvania State University at University Park. Dr. Jablonski received a bachelor’s degree in Biology from Bryn Mawr College, and her Ph.C. and Ph.D. degrees in anthropology from the University of Washington, where she explored the functional analysis of the masticatory apparatus in primates. She holds a number of academic honors, including fellow at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2002) and receipt of the W.W. Howells Award of the American Anthropological Association for best book in biological anthropology (2007)—Skin: A Natural History. Dr. Jablonski has received a number of additional awards, notably the J. William Fulbright Senior Scholarship for research and teaching in Nepal (1998) and the Alphonse Fletcher Sr. Fellowship (2005) for a project focused on improving the public understanding of the biological and social meaning of skin color. Presently, Dr. Jablonski’s research focuses on human and primate evolution, with emphasis on the evolution of primate lineages in relation to environmental change, illumination of the history of adaptation, and the relationship between change in environment and evolution, and she has long-term interests in the evolution and biogeography of Old World monkeys. Additional areas of interest include the evolution of human skin coloration, evolution of bipedalism in the human lineage, and mammalian paleoecology in the late Tertiary and Quaternary era sites in eastern Asia.
| || |
|James S. Jackson, Ph.D., IOM |
Director and Research Professor
Institute for Social Research
Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology
University of Michigan
James S. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Professor of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, and Director and Research Professor of the Institute for Social Research. He is the past Chair, Social Psychology Training Program and Director of the Research Center for Group Dynamics, the Program for Research on Black Americans, and the Center for Afroamerican and African Studies, all at the University of Michigan. He is past-Chair of the Section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences (K) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is a former Chair of the Section on Social and Behavioral Sciences, and the Task Force on Minority Issues of the Gerontological Society of America, and the Committee on International Relations and the Association for the Advancement of Psychology of the American Psychological Association. He is the current President of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. He served on the National Advisory Mental Health Council of the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Aging Advisory Council and the Board of Scientific Counselors of NIA. He was recently named to the NIH Advisory Council to the Director. He is a fellow of the Gerontological Society of America, Society of Experimental Social Psychology, American Psychological Association, Association of Psychological Sciences, International Demographic Association, New York Academy of Medicine, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Career Contributions to Research Award, Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues, American Psychological Association, the James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award for Distinguished Career Contributions in Applied Psychology, the Association for Psychological Sciences, Presidential Citation, American Psychological Association, and Medal for Distinguished Contributions in Biomedical Sciences, New York Academy of Medicine. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
| || |
|Jonathan D. Moreno, Ph.D., IOM |
David and Lyn Silfen University Professor of Ethics
Professor of Medical Ethics and of History and Sociology of Science
University of Pennsylvania
Jonathan D. Moreno is the David and Lyn Silfen University Professor of Ethics and Professor of Medical Ethics and of History and Sociology of Science at Penn. He holds a courtesy appointment as Professor of Philosophy. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC, where he edits the magazine Science Progress (www.scienceprogress.org). He was a member of President Barack Obama’s transition team for the Department of Health and Human Services. Moreno is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences and serves on numerous National Academies committees. In 2008 he was designated a National Associate of the National Research Council. He has served as a senior staff member for two presidential advisory commissions, and has given invited testimony for both houses of congress. He was an Andrew W. Mellon post doctoral fellow, holds an honorary doctorate from Hofstra University, and is a recipient of the Benjamin Rush Medal from the College of William and Mary Law School. Moreno has served as adviser to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, among many other organizations. Moreno is also a Faculty Affiliate of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University and a Fellow of the Hastings Center and the New York Academy of Medicine. He is a past president of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. His edited anthology, Progress in Bioethics (2010), is the first collection of papers on bioethics and progressivism. His other books include Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense (2006) and Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans (1999).
| || |
|Michael I. Posner, Ph.D., NAS, IOM |
Department of Psychology
University of Oregon
Michael Posner is the editor of numerous cognitive and neuroscience compilations and is an eminent researcher in the field of attention. He is currently an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Oregon (Department of Psychology, Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences) and an adjunct professor at the Weill Medical College in New York (Sackler Institute). Posner studied the role of attention in high-level human tasks such as visual search, reading, and number processing. More recently he investigated the development of attentional networks in infants and young children. In Chronometric Explorations of Mind, published in 1978, Posner applied the subtractive method proposed 110 years earlier by Franciscus Donders to the study of several cognitive functions such as attention and memory. The impact of Posner’s theoretical and empirical contributions has been recognized through fellowship in the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, the Society of Experimental Psychologists, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the National Academy of Sciences. In 2009 Posner, a graduate of the University of Michigan, was awarded the National Medal of Science.
| || |
|Valerie Reyna, Ph.D. |
Department of Human Development
Valerie F. Reyna is Professor in the Department of Human Development at Cornell University. Dr. Reyna earned her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the Rockefeller University. Dr. Reyna’s research focuses on dual processes in memory, judgment, and decision making; on how these processes change with age and expertise; and on their implications for risky decision making in law, health, and medicine. She is also an expert on false memory. She is co-developer of fuzzy-trace theory, a theory of memory and its relation to higher cognitive processes. Dr. Reyna is on the editorial boards of a half-dozen journals in the fields of child development and memory. She has reviewed grants for the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. She has published three books and dozens of book chapters and journal articles. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Association, and the American Psychological Society. She was also elected to Sigma Xi and the Psychonomic Society.
| || |
Marcus Raichle, M.D.
Professor of Radiology, Neurology, Neurobiology, Psychology and Biomedical Engineering
Washington University St. Louis
Marcus E. Raichle, is Professor of Radiology, Neurology, Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering at Washington University in St Louis. A neurologist by training, he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS) and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He and his colleagues have made outstanding contributions to the study of human brain function through the development and use of positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Their landmark study (Nature, 1988) described the first integrated strategy for the design, execution and interpretation of functional brain images. It represented 17 years of work developing the components of this strategy (e.g., rapid, repeat measurements of blood flow with PET; stereotaxic localization; imaging averaging; and, a cognitive subtraction strategy). Another seminal study led to the discovery that blood flow and glucose utilization change more than oxygen consumption in the active brain (Science, 1988) causing tissue oxygen to vary with brain activity. This discovery provided the physiological basis for subsequent development fMRI and caused researchers to reconsider the dogma that brain uses oxidative phosphorylation exclusively to fuel its functional activities. Finally seeking to explain task-induced activity decreases in functional brain images they employed an innovative strategy to define a physiological baseline (PNAS, 2001; Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2001). This has led to the concept of a default mode of brain function and invigorated studies of intrinsic functional activity, an issue largely dormant for more than a century. An important facet of this work was the discovery of a unique fronto-parietal network in the brain that has come to be known as the default network. This network is now the focus of work on brain function in health and disease worldwide.
| || |
|Richard Shiffrin, Ph.D., NAS |
Luther Dana Waterman Research Professor
Richard M. Shiffrin is Distinguished Professor and Luther Dana Waterman Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Indiana University. Dr. Shiffrin received a B.A. from Yale (mathematics) and a Ph.D. from Stanford (experimental and mathematical psychology). He joined IU in 1968, and became the Luther Dana Waterman Professor in 1980. In 1989, he founded and became the director of the Indiana University Cognitive Science Program. Dr. Shiffrin is an expert in the field of human cognition. He has developed and helped to establish a general theory of how we retrieve information from memory. He also has developed a theory of the interaction of automatic and attentive processes in cognition. His research interests include mathematical and computer modeling of, and empirical research in, learning, information processing and retrieval, forgetting, attention, the organization and structure of memory, perception, visual information processing and control processes in memory. Dr. Shiffrin was elected to the Society of Experimental Psychologists, has chaired the governing boards of the Psychonomic Society and the Society for Mathematical Psychology, and has edited the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Dr. Shiffrin was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1995. He previously served as a member of the NRC Division Committee for the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, as Co-Vice Chair of NRC Committee on Monitoring the Changing Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel, and as a member of the NRC Panel to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph, which resulted in the report, The Polygraph and Lie Detection (NAP, 2003).
| || |
|Jeremy M. Wolfe, Ph.D. |
Professor, Ophthalmology and Radiology
Director, Visual Attention Lab
Director, Center for Advanced Medical Imaging
Harvard Medical School
Jeremy M. Wolfe is a professor of ophthalmology and radiology and head of the Visual Attention Lab at Harvard Medical School. In addition, he is a visiting faculty member in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT and an adjunct associate professor in cognitive and neural systems at Boston University. He has extensive expertise in vision, binocular perception, visual attention, and cognitive science, and his work has had continuous federal funding for 30 years. His lab has worked on problems of visual search for 25 years. He and his team have been developing the “Guided Search” (GS) model through several iterations, with GS2 being one of the most cited papers in the field of visual search. In recent years, he has become increasingly interested in the separable processes of selective and non-selective processes as described in his team’s “two-pathway” model in Trends in Cognitive Science (2011). He is particularly interested in the socially important, complex, artificial search tasks created in medical imaging, especially cancer screening, and during the past five years he has begun research collaborations in radiology. He is broadly active in his field and is editor-in-chief of Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics and president of the Experimental Psychology division of the American Psychological Association. He chairs the Panel on Soldier Systems (part of Army Research Lab Technical Assessment Board) run by the National Academy of Sciences. He has authored 117 published papers, 1 textbook, 26 book chapters, and numerous other publications. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from MIT.
| || |
|Barbara Wanchisen, Ph.D. |
Director, Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences
Director, Board on Human-Systems Integration
National Research Council
Barbara A. Wanchisen, Ph.D., serves as the Director of both the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences and the Board on Human-Systems Integration at the National Research Council in Washington, D.C. She is responsible for oversight and development of new projects and activities under those boards, primarily working with representatives from the federal government and relevant foundations.
Wanchisen received a B.A. in English and Philosophy from Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania, an M.A. in English from Villanova University, and her doctorate in Experimental Psychology from Temple University. She is a long-standing member of the Psychonomic Society, the Association for Behavior Analysis - International, and the American Psychological Association, where she is a Fellow of Division 25 (Behavior Analysis). She has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior and The Behavior Analyst while also serving as a guest reviewer of a number of other journals.
From November 2001 until April 2008, Wanchisen was the executive director of a non-profit advocacy organization called the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological, & Cognitive Sciences in Washington, DC, and, during that tenure, she was instrumental in the founding of the Federation's Foundation for the Advancement of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, which assumed the educational mission of the Federation. Previously, Wanchisen was Professor in the Department of Psychology and Director of the college-wide Honors Program at Baldwin-Wallace College, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.