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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Children Youth and  Families
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

New Projects Announcement

Study on the Biological Underpinnings of Peer Victimization and the Implications for Policy, Practice, and Research

The Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (NRC), in conjunction with the NRC’s Committee on Law and Justice, will convene a committee of experts to conduct a consensus study that will produce a comprehensive report on the state of the science on: 1) the biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization and 2) the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences. Given the limited research on bullying specifically and potential to learn from other areas of victimization, the study committee will review the relevant research and practice-based literatures on peer victimization—including physical, verbal, relational, and cyber, from early childhood through adolescence. The committee can also draw upon research in other areas of victimization to inform the core questions of this study. A particular focus on children who are most at risk of peer victimization—i.e., those with high risk factors in combination with few protective factors— such as children with disabilities, poly-victims, LGBT youth, and children living in poverty will be included in the study. The work of the committee will build on the workshop, Building Capacity to Reduce Bullying, as appropriate.

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Study on New Directions in Policy, Practice, and Research for Young English and Dual Language Learners

The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, established an ad hoc committee to address the continuum of young English language learners (ELL) and Dual language learners (DLL) from birth through the end of high school. The study will focus on the foundational elements of language development and cultural influences from the home to the community for children from birth to age 8; and the systems and policies affecting ELL and DLL children and youth in grades K-12. The committee will examine standards and practices across diverse contexts that foster educational achievement among young ELLs/DLLs. The committee will come to consensus on findings and recommendations that aim to inform a research agenda to address gaps in the knowledge base, policies that impact young ELLs, and practices in the range of settings where ELL/DLL children learn, grow, and develop, including homes, classrooms and health care settings. The committee will review the evidence from both domestic and international studies including, but not limited to, the following disciplines: neuroscience, developmental psychology, linguistics, demography, general education, special education, sociology, public health, maternal and child health, home visiting, public policy, and cultural anthropology.

For more information and sign up for the listserv, please go here.

Study on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

 The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council established a committee to conduct a study that will inform a national framework for strengthening the capacity of parents of young children birth to age 8. The committee will examine the research to identify a core set of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) tied to positive parent-child interactions and child outcomes, as well as evidence-based strategies that support these KAPs universally and across a variety of specific populations. These KAPs and strategies will be brought together to inform a set of concrete policy recommendations, across the private and publicsectors within the health, human services, and education systems. Recommendations will be tied to promoting the wide-scale adoption of the effective strategies and the enabling of the identified KAPs. The report will also identify the most pressing research gaps and recommend three to five key priorities for future research endeavors in the field. This work will primarily inform policy makers, a wide array of child and family practitioners, private industry, and researchers. The resulting report will serve as a "roadmap" for the future of parenting and family support policies, practices, and research in this country.

For more information go here.


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