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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Children Youth and  Families
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

New Projects Announcement

Study on the Biological Underpinnings of Peer Victimization and the Implications for Policy, Practice, and Research

The Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (NRC), in conjunction with the NRC’s Committee on Law and Justice, will convene a committee of experts to conduct a consensus study that will produce a comprehensive report on the state of the science on: 1) the biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization and 2) the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences. Given the limited research on bullying specifically and potential to learn from other areas of victimization, the study committee will review the relevant research and practice-based literatures on peer victimization—including physical, verbal, relational, and cyber, from early childhood through adolescence. The committee can also draw upon research in other areas of victimization to inform the core questions of this study. A particular focus on children who are most at risk of peer victimization—i.e., those with high risk factors in combination with few protective factors— such as children with disabilities, poly-victims, LGBT youth, and children living in poverty will be included in the study. The work of the committee will build on the workshop, Building Capacity to Reduce Bullying, as appropriate.

For more information and sign up for the listserv, please go here.

Study on New Directions in Policy, Practice, and Research for Young English and Dual Language Learners

The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, established an ad hoc committee to address the continuum of young English language learners (ELL) and Dual language learners (DLL) from birth through the end of high school. The study will focus on the foundational elements of language development and cultural influences from the home to the community for children from birth to age 8; and the systems and policies affecting ELL and DLL children and youth in grades K-12. The committee will examine standards and practices across diverse contexts that foster educational achievement among young ELLs/DLLs. The committee will come to consensus on findings and recommendations that aim to inform a research agenda to address gaps in the knowledge base, policies that impact young ELLs, and practices in the range of settings where ELL/DLL children learn, grow, and develop, including homes, classrooms and health care settings. The committee will review the evidence from both domestic and international studies including, but not limited to, the following disciplines: neuroscience, developmental psychology, linguistics, demography, general education, special education, sociology, public health, maternal and child health, home visiting, public policy, and cultural anthropology.

For more information and sign up for the listserv, please go here.

Study on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

 The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council established a committee to conduct a study that will inform a national framework for strengthening the capacity of parents of young children birth to age 8. The committee will examine the research to identify a core set of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) tied to positive parent-child interactions and child outcomes, as well as evidence-based strategies that support these KAPs universally and across a variety of specific populations. These KAPs and strategies will be brought together to inform a set of concrete policy recommendations, across the private and publicsectors within the health, human services, and education systems. Recommendations will be tied to promoting the wide-scale adoption of the effective strategies and the enabling of the identified KAPs. The report will also identify the most pressing research gaps and recommend three to five key priorities for future research endeavors in the field. This work will primarily inform policy makers, a wide array of child and family practitioners, private industry, and researchers. The resulting report will serve as a "roadmap" for the future of parenting and family support policies, practices, and research in this country.

For more information go here.

Study on Use of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families

An ad hoc committee will conduct a consensus study on how to improve the use of economic analysis of costs, benefits, and potential for return on investment to inform policy and funding decisions on investments for children, youth, and families. The committee will make recommendations to improve the quality, utility, and use of research, evaluation, and economic evidence about investments in children, youth and families. The committee will take into consideration the perspectives of and actions that can be taken by prevention researchers, economic researchers, implementation researchers, evaluation scientists, implementers, and those engaged in making decisions about policies and investments. Throughout its information-gathering and deliberations, the committee will consider lessons learned from similar economic analysis in other fields.

More Information here.

Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally

The IOM/NRC has established a Forum on Investing in Children Globally will create and sustain, over three years, an evidence-driven community of stakeholders across northern and southern countries who aim to explore existing, new, and innovative science and research from around the world and translate this evidence into sound and strategic investments in policies and practices that will make a difference in the lives of children and their caregivers. The community of Forum members will build bridges across sectors and partner with other organizations, including other science academies and coalitions working toward improving investments in young children globally. The Forum activities and products will be used to inform practices from local communities to government systems; policies at the country, state, and local levels; and research agendas. This will be a learning Forum whereby members will learn from activities taking place on the ground, share and receive information across multiple stakeholder groups, and use this information to inform ongoing Forum efforts. Inter-generational approaches to investing in young children globally will be an important lens for developing Forum activities, with a particular emphasis on empowering women and girls. Another lens that Forum members will use to view the science, implementation, and policies under consideration is the cultural contexts, including belief systems and visions of optimal child development from the familial and community perspectives.

For more information go here.

Forum on Children's Cognitive, Affective, Behavioral Health

The IOM/NRC has established a Forum on Children's Cognitive, Affective, Behavioral Health in order to engage stakeholders in dialogue and discussion to connect the prevention, treatment, and implementation sciences with settings where children are seen and cared for and to create systems that are effective and affordable in addressing children's needs. The Forum membership will consist of researchers and/or representatives of federal and state agencies; health, social service, and education providers; community-based organizations; professional societies; foundations; and consumer interest groups.  

For more information go here.


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