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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Human System Integration
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Health, Safety, and Performance
Human-systems integration has wide applicability to efforts to improve health, increase safety, and improve performance. Examination of the interactions between individuals and other aspects of the system, such as tasks, technologies, and environments, can reveal faulty assumptions, unrecognized dangers or risks, as well as untapped areas of potential advancement. As seen below, BOHSI reports engage health, safety, and performance over a wide range of topics.

Current Projects

Establishing and Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Laboratory Research
An ad hoc committee will examine laboratory safety in chemical research in non-industrial settings. Practices and attitudes in these settings will be compared with knowledge about promoting safe practices from the behavioral science literature. The study will result in a report, which is anticipated in Spring 2014.  

Related Reports
Mine Safety cover Improving Self Escape from Underground Coal Mines

Although recent advances in mining research and practices have improved the safety and health of underground coal miners and extensive rescue strategies are in place, more coordinated planning and training are needed to better prepare miners to escape in the event of a mine emergency.This report recommends essential components for improving miners' ability to "self-escape" using available resources to remove themselves from an underground mine during an emergency.  ? Read more
NIDRR_report_cover Review of Disability and Rehabilitation Research: NIDRR Grantmaking Processes and Products

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) is a federal agency that supports research and development designed to improve the lives of persons with disabilities. The committee made recommendations as to how NIDRR could improve the quality of outputs through clarifying expectations and including bibliometric analysis as part of performance measurement.  ? Read more
Designers Guide Cover Consumer Health Information Technology in the Home: A Guide for Human Factors Design Considerations

This booklet provides guidance and human factors design considerations that will help designers and developers create consumer health IT applications that are useful resources to achieve better health. ? Read more
Home Health Care Cover Health Care Comes Home: The Human Factors

This report concludes that human factors can help improve health care in the home in four primary areas: health care technologies, caregivers in the home, residential environments for health care, and research and development. Improvement in these areas holds the promise of providing healthy living, comfort, and effective treatment to care recipients while lessening the burden on caregivers. ? Read more
Pilot Fatigue Cover The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue

The report concludes that there is potential for pilots to become fatigued from commuting, but insufficient evidence to determine the extent to which pilot commuting has been a safety risk.  The report then outlines potential next steps, including recommendations for regulatory or administrative actions, or further research by the FAA. ? Read more

Other Reports of Interest

External Evaluation of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research and Its Grantees Letter Report  (BOHSI)

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research funds applied research and development to improve the lives and functioning of persons with disabilities. At the request of the... Read more

Issues in Commuting and Pilot Fatigue: Interim Report  (BOHSI)

The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing... Read more

The Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care: Workshop Summary  (BOHSI)

The rapid growth of home health care has raised many unsolved issues and will have consequences that are far too broad for any one group to analyze in their entirety. Yet a major influence on the... Read more

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities  (BOHSI,IOM)

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying... Read more

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders:Report, Workshop Summary, and Workshop Papers  (BOHSI)

Estimated costs associated with lost days and compensation claims related to musculoskeletal disorders-including back pains and repetitive motion injuries-range from $13 billion to $20 billion... Read more

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Review of the Evidence  (BOHSI)

In May 1998 the National Institutes of Health asked the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council to assemble a group of experts to examine the scientific literature relevant to... Read more

Enhancing Organizational Performance  (CBASSE)

Total quality management (TQM), reengineering, the workplace of the twenty-first century--the 1990s have brought a sense of urgency to organizations to change or face stagnation and decline, according... Read more

Safe, Comfortable, Attractive, and Easy to Use: Improving the Usability of Home Medical Devices  (BOHSI)

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Learning, Remembering, Believing: Enhancing Human Performance  (CBASSE)

Can such techniques as sleep learning and hypnosis improve performance? Do we sometimes confuse familiarity with mastery? Can we learn without making mistakes? These questions apply in the classroom,... Read more

Workload Transition: Implications for Individual and Team Performance  (BOHSI)

Workload transition is a potentially crucial problem in work situations wherein operators are faced with abrupt changes in task demands. People involved include military combat personnel, air-traffic... Read more

In the Mind's Eye: Enhancing Human Performance  (CBASSE)

The archer stands and pulls back the bow, visualizing the path of the arrow to the target. Does this mental exercise enhance performance? Can we all use such techniques to improve performance in our... Read more

Quantitative Modeling of Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Systems  (BOHSI)

This book describes and evaluates existing models of human performance and their use in the design and evaluation of new human-technology systems. Its primary focus is on the modeling of system... Read more

Human Factors Research Needs for an Aging Population  (BOHSI)

This book describes the demographic, sociological, and ecological background of the aging society, identifies human factors problems associated with aging, summarizes currently relevant information,... Read more

Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques  (CBASSE)

In its evaluation, Enhancing Human Performance reviews the relevant materials, describes each technique, makes recommendations in some cases for further scientific research and investigation, and... Read more

Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Social Processes  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Stress Management  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Learning During Sleep  (CBASSE)

Is it possible for people to register and retain what is said in their presence while they sleep? If it is possible, is the learning that takes place during sleep efficient enough to be of practical... Read more

Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Issues of Theory and Methodology  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Improving Motor Performance  (CBASSE)

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Ergonomic Models of Anthropometry, Human Biomechanics and Operator-Equipment Interfaces: Proceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)

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Methods for Designing Software to Fit Human Needs and Capabilities: Proceedings of the Workshop on Software Human Factors  (BOHSI)

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