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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Human System Integration
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Military and Government
With the concept of HSI originating in the military, as well as original and continuous sponsorship by the military, BOHSI has a long standing history of producing high quality, impactful reports on topics relevant to the military. These reports include such topics as design of equipment and systems, training and performance of warfighters, and research priorities. Over time, and following the development of the field, the Board's purview has expanded to include other areas relevant to policy makers in government, including transportation, aviation, and healthcare.

Current Projects

Mine Safety: Essential Components of Self-Escape

Although recent advances in mining research and practices have improved the safety and health of underground coal miners and extensive rescue strategies are in place, more coordinated planning and training are needed to better prepare miners to escape in the event of a mine emergency.  

Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation
An ad hoc committee will conduct a study of the assumptions and methods used by the Federal Aviation Administration to estimate staffing needs for FAA systems specialists to ensure proper maintenance and certification of the national airspace system.


Related Reports
Mine Safety cover Improving Self Escape from Underground Coal Mines

Although recent advances in mining research and practices have improved the safety and health of underground coal miners and extensive rescue strategies are in place, more coordinated planning and training are needed to better prepare miners to escape in the event of a mine emergency.This report recommends essential components for improving miners' ability to "self-escape" using available resources to remove themselves from an underground mine during an emergency.  ? Read more
FAA Safety Assessment of Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation

The report commented on developing a staffing model for the 6,100 workers that maintain the National Airspace System (NAS). The committee evaluated the current staffing models and provided variables that should be included in a model that the Federal Aviation Administration will build to predict the future number of Airway Transportation System Specialists. ? Read more
NIDRR_report_cover Review of Disability and Rehabilitation Research: NIDRR Grantmaking Processes and Products

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) is a federal agency that supports research and development designed to improve the lives of persons with disabilities. The committee made recommendations as to how NIDRR could improve the quality of outputs through clarifying expectations and including bibliometric analysis as part of performance measurement.  ? Read more
Designers Guide Cover Consumer Health Information Technology in the Home: A Guide for Human Factors Design Considerations

This booklet provides guidance and human factors design considerations that will help designers and developers create consumer health IT applications that are useful resources to achieve better health. ? Read more
Pilot Fatigue Cover The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue

The report concludes that there is potential for pilots to become fatigued from commuting, but insufficient evidence to determine the extent to which pilot commuting has been a safety risk.  The report then outlines potential next steps, including recommendations for regulatory or administrative actions, or further research by the FAA. ? Read more
Sociocultural Data Cover Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense Missions: Toward a Unified Social Framework: Workshop Summary

In 2009 the Office of Naval Research requested that the Board on Human-Systems Integration hold a workshop that would examine three of the critical issues associated with the military's use of sociocultural data for behavioral modeling: the types of data needed to provide the complete picture of the cultural terrain of a given region; the frameworks and databases in use by the military in analyses of sociocultural behavior; and the methods and tools that can be used to aggregate sociocultural data from disparate sources into a meaningful whole. ? Read more

Other Reports of Interest

External Evaluation of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research and Its Grantees: Letter Report  (BOHSI)

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research funds applied research and development to improve the lives and functioning of persons with disabilities. At the request of the... Read more

Issues in Commuting and Pilot Fatigue: Interim Report  (BOHSI)

The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing... Read more

Behavioral Modeling and Simulation: From Individuals to Societies  (BBCSS)

Today's military missions have shifted away from fighting nation states using conventional weapons toward combating insurgents and terrorist networks in a battlespace in which the attitudes and... Read more

Interfaces for Ground and Air Military Robots: Workshop Summary  (BOHSI)

In the early years of robotics and automated vehicles, the fight was against nature and not against a manifestly intelligent opponent. In military environments, however, where prediction and... Read more

Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior: Application to Military Simulations  (BOHSI)

Simulations are widely used in the military for training personnel, analyzing proposed equipment, and rehearsing missions, and these simulations need realistic models of human behavior. This book... Read more

The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation  (BOHSI)

Automation in air traffic control may increase efficiency, but it also raises questions about adequate human control over automated systems. Following on the panel's first volume on air traffic... Read more

The Case For Human Factors in Industry and Government: Report of a Workshop  (BOHSI)

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Representing Human Behavior in Military Simulations: Interim Report  (BOHSI)

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Flight to the Future: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control  (BOHSI)

Despite the strong safety record of the national airspace system, serious disruptions occasionally occur, often as a result of outdated or failed equipment. Under these circumstances, safety relies on... Read more

Tactical Display for Soldiers: Human Factors Considerations  (BOHSI)

This book examines the human factors issues associated with the development, testing, and implementation of helmet-mounted display technology in the 21st Century Land Warrior System.Because the... Read more

Enhancing Organizational Performance  (CBASSE)

Total quality management (TQM), reengineering, the workplace of the twenty-first century--the 1990s have brought a sense of urgency to organizations to change or face stagnation and decline, according... Read more

Human Factors in the Design of Tactical Display Systems for the Individual Soldier  (BOHSI)

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Learning, Remembering, Believing: Enhancing Human Performance  (CBASSE)

Can such techniques as sleep learning and hypnosis improve performance? Do we sometimes confuse familiarity with mastery? Can we learn without making mistakes? These questions apply in the classroom,... Read more

In the Mind's Eye: Enhancing Human Performance  (CBASSE)

The archer stands and pulls back the bow, visualizing the path of the arrow to the target. Does this mental exercise enhance performance? Can we all use such techniques to improve performance in our... Read more

Quantitative Modeling of Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Systems  (BOHSI)

This book describes and evaluates existing models of human performance and their use in the design and evaluation of new human-technology systems. Its primary focus is on the modeling of system... Read more

Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Social Processes  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Stress Management  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Improving Motor Performance  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Learning During Sleep  (CBASSE)

Is it possible for people to register and retain what is said in their presence while they sleep? If it is possible, is the learning that takes place during sleep efficient enough to be of practical... Read more

Enhancing Human Performance: Background Papers, Issues of Theory and Methodology  (CBASSE)

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Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques  (CBASSE)

In its evaluation, Enhancing Human Performance reviews the relevant materials, describes each technique, makes recommendations in some cases for further scientific research and investigation, and... Read more

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety  (BOHSI)

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Human Factors in Automated and Robotic Space Systems: Proceedings of a Symposium  (BOHSI)

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Research Needs for Human Factors  (BOHSI)

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