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National Academy of Sciences
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Board on Human System Integration
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BOHSI - TOPICS
Industry and Workforce Staffing and Systems
BOHSI seeks to help the nation meet its needs for more efficient and productive industry and workforce. BOHSI and other related reports engage such critical areas as organizational and behavioral modeling, identification of critical competencies and gaps, enhancing institutional support and training, as well as workplace and workforce development.

Current Projects


Establishing and Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Laboratory Research
An ad hoc committee will examine laboratory safety in chemical research in non-industrial settings. Practices and attitudes in these settings will be compared with knowledge about promoting safe practices from the behavioral science literature. The study will result in a report, which is anticipated in Spring 2014.  

 

Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation
An ad hoc committee will conduct a study of the assumptions and methods used by the Federal Aviation Administration to estimate staffing needs for FAA systems specialists to ensure proper maintenance and certification of the national airspace system.

 

Related Reports
 
Mine Safety cover Improving Self Escape from Underground Coal Mines
2013

Although recent advances in mining research and practices have improved the safety and health of underground coal miners and extensive rescue strategies are in place, more coordinated planning and training are needed to better prepare miners to escape in the event of a mine emergency.This report recommends essential components for improving miners' ability to "self-escape" using available resources to remove themselves from an underground mine during an emergency.  ► Read more
   
FAA Safety report cover Assessment of Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation
2013

The report commented on developing a staffing model for the 6,100 workers that maintain the National Airspace System (NAS). The committee evaluated the current staffing models and provided variables that should be included in a model that the Federal Aviation Administration will build to predict the future number of Airway Transportation System Specialists. ► Read more
   
Pilot Fatigue Cover The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue
2011

The report concludes that there is potential for pilots to become fatigued from commuting, but insufficient evidence to determine the extent to which pilot commuting has been a safety risk.  The report then outlines potential next steps, including recommendations for regulatory or administrative actions, or further research by the FAA. ► Read more
 

Other Reports of Interest
 

Issues in Commuting and Pilot Fatigue:Interim Report  (BOHSI)
2011

The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing... Read more


Behavioral Modeling and Simulation: From Individuals to Societies  (BBCSS)
2008

Today's military missions have shifted away from fighting nation states using conventional weapons toward combating insurgents and terrorist networks in a battlespace in which the attitudes and... Read more


Dynamic Social Network Modeling and Analysis: Workshop Summary and Papers  (BOHSI)
2003

In the summer of 2002, the Office of Naval Research asked the Committee on Human Factors to hold a workshop on dynamic social network and analysis. The primary purpose of the workshop was to bring... Read more


Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities  (BOHSI,IOM)
2001

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying... Read more


Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders:Report, Workshop Summary, and Workshop Papers  (BOHSI)
1999

Estimated costs associated with lost days and compensation claims related to musculoskeletal disorders-including back pains and repetitive motion injuries-range from $13 billion to $20 billion... Read more


Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders:A Review of the Evidence  (BOHSI)
1998

In May 1998 the National Institutes of Health asked the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council to assemble a group of experts to examine the scientific literature relevant to... Read more


Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior:Application to Military Simulations  (BOHSI)
1998

Simulations are widely used in the military for training personnel, analyzing proposed equipment, and rehearsing missions, and these simulations need realistic models of human behavior. This book... Read more


The Future of Air Traffic Control:Human Operators and Automation  (BOHSI)
1998

Automation in air traffic control may increase efficiency, but it also raises questions about adequate human control over automated systems. Following on the panel's first volume on air traffic... Read more


The Case For Human Factors in Industry and Government:Report of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
1997

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Representing Human Behavior in Military Simulations:Interim Report  (BOHSI)
1997

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Flight to the Future:Human Factors in Air Traffic Control  (BOHSI)
1997

Despite the strong safety record of the national airspace system, serious disruptions occasionally occur, often as a result of outdated or failed equipment. Under these circumstances, safety relies on... Read more


Enhancing Organizational Performance  (CBASSE)
1997

Total quality management (TQM), reengineering, the workplace of the twenty-first century--the 1990s have brought a sense of urgency to organizations to change or face stagnation and decline, according... Read more


Organizational Linkages:Understanding the Productivity Paradox  (BOHSI)
1994

By one analysis, a 12 percent annual increase in data processing budgets for U.S. corporations has yielded annual productivity gains of less than 2 percent. Why? This timely book provides some... Read more


Workload Transition:Implications for Individual and Team Performance  (BOHSI)
1993

Workload transition is a potentially crucial problem in work situations wherein operators are faced with abrupt changes in task demands. People involved include military combat personnel, air-traffic... Read more


Human Factors Specialists'Education and Utilization:Results of a Survey  (BOHSI)
1992

Does the education given by the nation's human factors graduate training programs meet the skill and knowledge needs of today's employers? Can the supply of trained human factors specialists be... Read more


Quantitative Modeling of Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Systems  (BOHSI)
1990

This book describes and evaluates existing models of human performance and their use in the design and evaluation of new human-technology systems. Its primary focus is on the modeling of system... Read more


Distributed Decision Making:Report of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
1990

Decision making in today's organizations is often distributed widely and usually supported by such technologies as satellite communications, electronic messaging, teleconferencing, and shared data... Read more


Enhancing Human Performance:Background Papers, Social Processes  (CBASSE)
1988

Read more



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