Skip to Main Content
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Science Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education


Commissioned Papers

Learning Science in Informal Environments: A Review of the Research Past, Present and Future


How Might Native Science Inform “Informal Science Learning?”

Bryan Brayboy and Angelina Castagno


Diverse Learning and Learner Diversity in “Informal” Science Learning Environments            


Shirley Brice Heath
Assessing Learning in Informal Science Contexts

Michael Brody, Art Bangert and Justin Dillon


Evaluation of Learning in Informal Learning Environments

Institute for Learning Innovation


Lifelong Learning and Technology

Casey Lindberg, Edwin Carstensen, and Laura Carstensen


Interest and Motivation in Informal Science Learning


K. Ann Renninger
Media-based Learning Science in Informal Environments

Saul Rockman, Kristen Bass, Jennifer Borse


Informal Science Learning in Afterschool Settings: A Natural Fit?

Sarah Schwartz and Gil Noam



These papers were commissioned for the Committee on Learning Science in Informal Environments: A Review of the Research Past, Present, and Future through support from the National Science Foundation. These papers were presented at committee meetings between June 2006 and October 2007. Opinions and statements included in the paper are solely those of the individual author, and are not necessarily adopted or endorsed or verified as accurate by the Board on Science Education or the National Academy of Sciences, including the National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, or National Research Council.

Home BOHSI Home Home BOSE Home BECS Home BCYF Home TAC Home Home BOTA Home CPOP Home CNSTAT Home CLAJ Home BBCSS Home About BOSE BOSE Mission BOSE Members BOSE Staff Our Sponsors Visiting our Buildings About CPOP CPOP Mission CPOP Members CPOP Staff About BBCSS BBCSS History BBCSS Members BBCSS Staff Our Sponsors About TAC TAC History TAC Members TAC Associates by State TAC Staff TEstTAc2 About CNSTAT CNSTAT Members CNSTAT Staff CNSTAT Mission Other Sites of Interest About BOTA BOTA Mission BOTA Members BOTA Staff Visiting Our Buildings About BECS BECS History/Mission BECS Brochure BECS Members BECS Staff About BOHSI BOHSI History BOHSI Members BOHSI Staff Our Sponsors About BCYF BCYF History BCYF Graphic Illustration BCYF Members BCYF Staff ABOUT DBASSE Mission Advisory Committee Hauser Policy Impact Fund DBASSE Staff DBASSE Brochure Visiting our Buildings C-CAB Home
left imagetext captioncenter image