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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Testing and Assessment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Testing Policy
People look to assessments for help in solving many problems in K-12 education, but controversy often follows. Using test results as the basis for high-stakes decisions about students or performance incentives for teachers and schools, or using test-based value-added modeling in teacher evaluations, for example, raise complex technical as well as policy questions. BOTA reports have explored the research on these and other issues to provide objective analysis of the evidence that can guide policy decisions about test use.


Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education  (BOTA)

In recent years there have been increasing efforts to use accountability systems based on large-scale tests of students as a mechanism for improving student achievement. The federal No Child Left... Read more

Getting Value Out of Value-Added: Report of a Workshop  (BOTA)

Value-added methods refer to efforts to estimate the relative contributions of specific teachers, schools, or programs to student test performance. In recent years, these methods have attracted... Read more

Letter Report to the U.S. Department of Education on the Race to the Top Fund  (BOTA)

This report examines the Race to the Top initiative--a $4.35 billion grant program included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to encourage state-level education reforms. The report... Read more

High Stakes: Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation  (BOTA)

Everyone is in favor of "high education standards" and "fair testing" of student achievement, but there is little agreement as to what these terms actually mean. High Stakes looks at how testing... Read more

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