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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Testing and Assessment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
21st  Century Skills
What do people really mean when they talk about 21st century skills? Many definitions have been offered, and BOTA reports have sifted through the evidence about about why they are important and how they can be taught and assessed. Our work has investigated the role these skills play in the world of work, and their place in the K-12 curriculum.


Education for Life cover Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century (BOTA)

This report clarifies the meaning of the terms "21st century skills" and "deeper learning", examines evidence on links between these skills and positive adult outcomes, outlines teaching methods that support the development of transferable knowledge and skills, assess the degree to which current standards documents support deeper learning, and recommends future steps for policy and research.







Assessing 21st Century Skills: Summary of a Workshop  (BOTA)

The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services... Read more

Exploring the Intersection of Science Education and 21st Century Skills: A Workshop Summary  (BOSE,CFE)

An emerging body of research suggests that a set of broad "21st century skills"--such as adaptability, complex communication skills, and the ability to solve non-routine problems--are valuable across... Read more

Research on Future Skill Demands: A Workshop Summary  (BOTA)

Over the past five years, business and education groups have issued a series of reports indicating that the skill demands of work are rising, due to rapid technological change and increasing global... Read more

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