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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Testing and Assessment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
21st  Century Skills
What do people really mean when they talk about 21st century skills? Many definitions have been offered, and BOTA reports have sifted through the evidence about about why they are important and how they can be taught and assessed. Our work has investigated the role these skills play in the world of work, and their place in the K-12 curriculum.

 

Reports
   
 Assessing Competencies



 
 Supporting Students' College Success: The Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies (BOTA)
2017

The importance of higher education has never been clearer. Educational attainment—the number of years a person spends in school—strongly predicts adult earnings, as well as health and civic engagement. Yet relative to other developed nations, educational attainment in the United States is lagging, with young Americans who heretofore led the world in completing postsecondary degrees now falling behind their global peers. As part of a broader national college completion agenda aimed at increasing college graduation rates, higher education researchers and policy makers are exploring the role of intrapersonal and interpersonal competencies in supporting student success.
   
Character Ed
 
 Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop (BOTA)
2017

The development of character is a valued objective for many kinds of educational programs that take place both in and outside of school. Educators and administrators who develop and run programs that seek to develop character recognize that the established approaches for doing so have much in common, and they are eager to learn about promising practices used in other settings, evidence of effectiveness, and ways to measure the effectiveness of their own approaches.
   
Education for Life cover Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century (BOTA)
2013

This report clarifies the meaning of the terms "21st century skills" and "deeper learning", examines evidence on links between these skills and positive adult outcomes, outlines teaching methods that support the development of transferable knowledge and skills, assess the degree to which current standards documents support deeper learning, and recommends future steps for policy and research.
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assessing 21st Century SkillsSummary of a Workshop  (BOTA)
2011

The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services... Read more


Exploring the Intersection of Science Education and 21st Century SkillsA Workshop Summary  (BOSE,CFE)
2010

An emerging body of research suggests that a set of broad "21st century skills"--such as adaptability, complex communication skills, and the ability to solve non-routine problems--are valuable across... Read more


Research on Future Skill DemandsA Workshop Summary  (BOTA)
2008

Over the past five years, business and education groups have issued a series of reports indicating that the skill demands of work are rising, due to rapid technological change and increasing global... Read more



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