A new IOM/DBASSE study aims to develop a proposed public health research agenda to improve knowledge of the causes of gun violence, the interventions that prevent gun violence, and strategies to minimize the public health burden of gun violence. The recommendations for this agenda will prioritize the gun violence research needed to improve knowledge of the causes, prevention approaches and strategies to minimize the public health burden. The proposed agenda will identify the most critical research questions that can be answered in the short-term (particularly within a three year time frame). The committee will examine:
• Characteristics of gun violence—Identify research questions necessary to improve understanding of the characteristics of both fatal and nonfatal gun violence.
• Interventions and Strategies– Identify research questions that are necessary to improve understanding of the effectiveness of interventions and strategies to prevent or reduce gun-related injuries. These may include, but not be limited to, research questions related to the impact of public education campaigns, youth access to and use of guns, safe storage practices, access to guns and improved personal protection.
• Technology – Identify research questions related to potential technologies that may reduce gun-related violence, including how guns and ammunition can be designed and engineered to improve safety and prevent misuse.
• Video games and other media – Identify research questions that are necessary to improve the understanding and impact of violence in video games, the media, and social media on real-life violence.
• Risk and Protective Factors – Identify research questions that will assess potential risk and protective factors and other critical issues, such as socioeconomic and the socio-cultural environment.