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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education




 Seminar on the Future of White-Collar Crime Research

June 10, 2011


The National Academies

Keck Building, Room 100

500 5th Street, NW, Washington, DC




June 10, 2011

10:15a.m. - 10:30 a.m.

Welcome and Introductions
James Q. Wilson, Chair


10:30a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

SESSION 1: Defining White-Collar Crime and the Scope of the White-Collar Crime Problem

Moderator: Tracey L. Meares, Yale Law School
Presenters: Rachel E. Barkow, New York University School of Law
Neal Shover, The University of Tennessee 

12:00 p.m. - 12:30 p.m.

Working Lunch


12:30 p.m. - 2:00 p.m.

SESSION 2: The State of White-Collar Crime Research

Moderator: Philip J. Cook, Duke University
Presenters: Michael Benson, University of Cincinnati
Peter Yeager, Boston University

2:00 p.m. - 2:15 p.m.



2:15 p.m. - 3:45 p.m.

SESSION 3: Measuring White-Collar Crime

Moderator: Paul Wormeli, Integrated Justice Information Systems Institute
Presenter: William Black, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law

3:45 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.



4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.

SESSION 4: Contributions of an NRC Study on White-Collar Crime

Moderator: Janet L. Lauritsen, University of Missouri – St. Louis

5:00 p.m.







Seminar on the Future of White-Collar Crime Research

Speakers Biographical Data


Rachel Barkow is a professor of law and the faculty director of the Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at NYU. She is also a member of the Manhattan District Attorney's Office Conviction Integrity Policy Advisory Panel. Her scholarship focuses on criminal law, and she is especially interested in applying the lessons and theory of administrative and constitutional law to the administration of criminal justice. She has written more than 20 articles that span a range of topics, with a particular focus on sentencing and prosecutorial power. She recently co-edited Prosecutors in the Boardroom, a book on the use of criminal prosecutions to regulate corporations. After graduating from Northwestern University (B.A. 1993), Barkow attended Harvard Law School (J.D. 1996), where she won the Sears Prize, which is awarded annually to two students with the top overall grade averages in the first-year class. Barkow served as a law clerk to Judge Laurence H. Silberman on the District of Columbia Circuit, and Justice Antonin Scalia on the U.S. Supreme Court. Barkow was an associate at Kellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd & Evans in Washington, D.C., from 1998-2002. She took a leave from the firm in 2001 to serve as the John M. Olin Fellow in Law at Georgetown University Law Center. She joined NYU in 2002.


Michael L. Benson is currently a professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati. He previously served as head of the department of sociology at the University of Tennessee from 1991 to 1998. He is a past president of the White-Collar Crime Research Consortium of the National White-Collar Crime Center and is currently a member of the Executive Board of the American Society of Criminology. For three decades, Professor Benson has conducted research and written extensively in the areas of white-collar and corporate crime, including three co-authored three books. His book Combating Corporate Crime: Local Prosecutors at Work won the Outstanding Scholarship Award in 2000 from the Crime and Juvenile Delinquency Division, Society for the Study of Social Problems. His most recent book is White-Collar Crime: An Opportunity Perspective, co-authored with Sally S. Simpson. In addition to his work on white-collar crime, Professor Benson has published extensively in the areas of intimate partner violence, elder abuse and life course criminology. He is currently preparing a second edition of his book Life Course Criminology: An Introduction and is planning a research project on financial abuse and exploitation of older people. He received his Ph. D. in sociology from the University of Illinois in 1982.


William K. Black is associate professor of economics and law at University of Missouri-Kansas City. Previously, he was assistant professor of public policy at LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin. His primary research interests include "control fraud" -- frauds in which the individuals controlling a seemingly legitimate entity use it as a "weapon" to defraud and (2) financial regulation and financial crises. He teaches white-collar crime, law and economics, anti-trust, public finance, Latin American development, microeconomics, and advanced topics in financial regulation and financial crises. Dr. Black testified at the invitation of Congress four times and the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission about the causes of the current financial crisis. He served as an expert for the World Bank on an anti-corruption effort in India. He has presented in France and Ireland at the invitation of members of their parliaments, Ecuador at the invitation of its Central Bank, and Iceland at the invitation of its top financial regulator and special prosecutor. He received his A.B. from the University of Michigan); J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School; and Ph.D. from the University of California at Irvine.

Philip J. Cook (committee vice chair) is ITT/Sanford professor of public policy and professor of economics and sociology at Duke University. He served as director and chair of Duke’s Sanford Institute of Public Policy from 1985 -1989 and again from 1997-1999. He was a visiting scholar at the Kennedy School of Government in 2000. Professor Cook has served as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (Criminal Division) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Enforcement Division). Professor Cook is the author, with Jens Ludwig, of Gun Violence: The Real Costs (Oxford University Press), and of Evaluating Gun Policy (Brookings Press). He is author, with Donna B. Slawson, of the monograph, Costs of Adjudicating Murder Cases in North Carolina; he recently updated this analysis in an article published in the Review of Law and Economics. He has published numerous journal articles on punishment, deterrence of crime, the costs of crime, homicide and economic conditions, and the epidemic in youth violence of the late 1980s and early 1990s (including a series of articles with John Laub). He is co-editor of a forthcoming book on the economics of crime control. He has served on several expert panels of the National Academy of Sciences on subjects dealing with violence, school rampage shootings, “smart” guns, injury control, alcohol control policy, and the prevention of teen drinking. He is a past member of DBASSE and a current vice chair of the Committee on Law and Justice in the NRC. Dr. Cook’s other research interests include evaluation methods; public health policy; and the regulation of alcohol, guns, and gambling. Professor Cook was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine in 2001. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.


Janet L. Lauritsen is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Her areas of research include the causes and consequences of victimization, the social context of crime and victimization, and quantitative research methods. Much of her research is focused on understanding individual, family, and neighborhood sources of violent victimization as well as race and ethnic differences in violence. She served as Chairperson of the American Statistical Association Committee on Law and Justice Statistics from 2004-2006 and as Visiting Research Fellow at the Bureau of Justice Statistics from 2002-2006. During her fellowship, she assembled two expert meetings on major options for the National Crime Victim Survey. She currently serves on the editorial boards of Criminology and the Journal of Quantitative Criminology and on the Executive Board of the American Society of Criminology. Dr. Lauritsen is the author of over 45 articles, book chapters, reviews and essays on these topics. She is a member of the National Research Council Committee on National Statistics' Panel to Review the Programs of the Bureau of Justice Statistics. She received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


Tracey L. Meares is deputy dean and Walton Hale Hamilton Professor of Law at Yale Law School and Senior Research Fellow at the Berkeley Center for Criminal Justice. She received her B.S. in General Engineering from the University of Illinois and her J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School. Upon graduation, Professor Meares clerked for Judge Harlington Wood, Jr. of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and then served as an Honors Program Trial Attorney in the Antitrust Division in the United States Department of Justice before joining the University of Chicago Law faculty in 1994. She has served on the Committee on Law and Justice, a National Research Council Standing Committee of the National Academy of Sciences since 2004 and is also a member of the Harvard Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety. She has written extensively on issues of race, crime and the law which focus on addressing the immensely difficult problem of high crime rates among primarily poor and minority urban neighborhoods. Both her academic writings as well as her grounded practice projects connected to this topic are concertedly interdisciplinary in an effort to develop constructive and practical proposals to improve both legal doctrine and police practices.


Neal Shover is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Tennessee, where he served on the faculty for more than three decades. At various times he was visiting scholar at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Oxford University; the University of Michigan; and Australian National University. Shover has been a visiting fellow at the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, and a Fulbright Senior Specialist at Umea University (Sweden). White-collar crime and the regulatory process are his primary theoretical and research interests. Shover is author or coauthor of seven books including Crimes of Privilege (with John Paul Wright) (2001). His book Enforcement or Negotiation? (with Donald Clelland and John Lynxwiler) drew from an ambitious multi-method study of a newly created federal-level regulatory agency and its reception from industry. Coauthored with Andy Hochstetler, Shover’s book Choosing White-Collar Crime (2006) elaborates an integrative crime-as-choice theoretical explanation for white-collar crime. His paper (“Choosing White-Collar Crime”)(coauthored with Andy Hochstetler and Tage Alalehto) is forthcoming in the Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory (2011). Shover also has examined the changing nature of white-collar crime and how middle-class culture both structures and conduces to it. Shover is a fellow of the American Society of Criminology, and the 2010 recipient of the Gilbert Geis Lifetime Achievement Award from the National White-Collar Crime Research Consortium. Shover is a graduate of Ohio State University (B.Sc.) and received both the M.A. and Ph.D. (sociology) from the University of Illinois.


Paul K. Wormeli is executive director Emeritus of the Integrated Justice Information Systems Institute, a non-profit corporation formed to help state and local governments develop ways to share information among the disciplines engaged in law enforcement and the administration of justice. He has had a long career in the field of law enforcement and justice technology. He has been active in the development of software products, has managed system implementation for dozens of agencies throughout the world, and has managed national programs in support of law enforcement and criminal justice agencies. Mr. Wormeli was the first national project director of Project SEARCH, and was subsequently appointed by the President as Deputy Administrator of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration in the U.S. Department of Justice. He helped design the first mobile computing equipment sold in this county to law enforcement agencies. Mr. Wormeli managed the staff work and wrote much of the report for the Information Systems section in the report of the National Commission on Standards and Goals for Criminal Justice which dealt with criminal justice information system standards. He has been an advisor to the White House on security and privacy, participated in the drafting of Federal law on this topic, and responsible for the development of numerous state plans to implement the Federal and state laws on information system security and privacy. During his tenure in the Justice Department, he served on the President’s Committee on Drug Enforcement. Mr. Wormeli was also the first chairman of the Integrated Justice Information Systems Industry Working Group (IWG), a consortium of over 100 companies which was formed at the request of the U.S. Department of Justice to help facilitate the implementation of Integrated Justice Information Systems throughout the nation. Dr. Wormeli undertook courses in the honors program for industry as a part of the doctoral program in engineering economic systems at Stanford University. He holds a B.S. degree in electronics engineering from the University of New Mexico, and a M.S. degree in engineering administration from George Washington University.


Peter Cleary Yeager is an associate professor of sociology at Boston University. He has held appointments on the sociology faculty at Yale University and as a research fellow in Harvard University’s Program on Ethics in the Professions. He has published in the research literatures of sociology, law, and management on the topics of corporate lawbreaking, regulatory law, and ethics in business. His second book, Corporate Crime (with Marshall Clinard), was republished in 2006 as a classic in sociology and law. Currently he is completing his fourth book, Corporate Malfeasance and Social Control: A Sociology of Markets, Morality and Mischief, forthcoming from Oxford University Press, and he serves as president of the White Collar Crime Research Consortium of the National White Collar Crime Center. He has advised the Institute of Medicine and the federal Office of Research Integrity (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), and served on several NIH study sections, to help build a national research program on ethics in scientific research. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and his Masters and Doctoral degrees in sociology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. 


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