July 9, 2004
The National Academies
Keck Building, Room 101
500 5th Street, NW, Washington, DC
Samuel R. Gross, the Thomas and Mabel Long Professor of Law, graduated from Columbia College in 1968 and earned a J.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1973. He was a criminal defense attorney in San Francisco for several years, and worked as an attorney with the United Farm Workers Union in California and the Wounded Knee Legal Defense Committee in Nebraska and South Dakota. As a cooperating attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc. in New York and the National Jury Project in Oakland, California, he litigated a series of test cases on jury selection in capital trials and worked on the issue of racial discrimination in the use of the death penalty. He was a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School and came to the University of Michigan from the Stanford Law School faculty. Professor Gross teaches evidence, criminal procedure, and courses on the use of the social sciences in law. His published work focuses on the death penalty, false convictions, racial profiling, eyewitness identification, the use of expert witnesses, and the relationship between pretrial bargaining and trial verdicts.
Edwin Meese III, the former U.S. Attorney General, was among President Ronald Reagan’s most important advisors. As Chairman of the Domestic Policy Council and the National Drug Policy Board, and as a member of the National Security Council, he played a key role in the development and execution of domestic and foreign policy. During the 1970s, Mr. Meese was Director of the Center for Criminal Justice Policy and Management and Professor of Law at the University of San Diego. He earlier served as Chief of Staff for then-Governor Reagan and was a local prosecutor in California. Mr. Meese is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Institute of United States Studies, University of London. He earned his B.A. from Yale University and his J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.
Raymond Paternoster received his Ph.D. from Florida State University in 1978 and joined the faculty at the University of Maryland in 1983. He also serves as a Research Fellow at the National Consortium on Violence Research at Carnegie-Mellon University and as Director of the Office of Academic Computing Services in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences at the University of Maryland. Dr. Paternoster’s areas of research include criminological theory, offending over the life course, violence research, and quantitative methods. Among his current research is an examination of the relationship between intensive employment during adolescence and subsequent problem behaviors, such as committing delinquent acts and substance abuse. He is the primary author of a forthcoming article on the administration of the death penalty in Maryland, and of a book Capital Punishment in America, published by John Wiley and Sons inc. in 1992.
Joanna Shepherd is Assistant Professor at the John E. Walker Department of Economics at Clemson University in South Carolina and has recently begun an appointment at the Emory University School of Law in Atlanta, Georgia. She received her Ph.D. from Emory University in 2002. The primary focus of her research has been the empirical analysis of crime. One of her areas of interest has been on whether capital punishment deters crime. She has published three articles on the topic in peer-reviewed journals, and has another working paper underway. Other research interests include applied microeconomics: law & economics and industrial organization