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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Committee to Review Research on Police Policies and Practices 


Project Scope

This project will review existing social science knowledge on community policing, and make recommendations for increasing the application of scientific findings to the production of community safety.


National Institute of Justice


Committee Membership
WESLEY SKOGAN (Chair), Department of Political Science and Institute of Policy Research,

Northwestern University
DAVID H. BAYLEY (Vice Chair), School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, SUNY
LAWRENCE BOBO, Department of Sociology, Harvard University
RUTH DAVIS, The Pymatuning Group, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia
JOHN ECK, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati
DAVID A. KLINGER, Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Missouri-St. Louis
JANET LAURITSEN, Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Missouri-St. Louis
TRACEY MACLIN, School of Law, Boston University
STEPHEN D. MASTROFSKI, Department of Public and International Affairs,

George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia
TRACEY L. MEARES, School of Law, University of Chicago
MARK H. MOORE, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
RUTH PETERSON, Sociology Department, Ohio State University
ELAINE B. SHARP, Department of Political Science, University of Kansas
LAWRENCE SHERMAN, Fels Center of Government, University of Pennsylvania
SAMUEL WALKER, Criminal Justice, University of Nebraska, Omaha
DAVID WEISBURD, Institute of Criminology, Hebrew University, and Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland
ROBERT WORDEN, School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, SUNY
JEFFREY FAGAN (Committee on Law and Justice Liaison), Schools of Law and Public Health,

Columbia University

KATHLEEN FRYDL, Study Director
RALPH PATTERSON, Senior Project Assistant
EDWARD R. MACGUIRE (Consultant), Department of Public and International Affairs,

George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia
TOM TYLER (Consultant), Department of Psychology, New York University
ALEXANDER WEISS (Consultant), Northwestern Center for Public Safety

Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence (2004)

 Policing report cover




As the nation paid its respects to the police officers who lost their lives in the September 11th terrorist attacks, it became clear that we d never look at the cop on the beat in the same way again.


The Evidence on Policing explores police work in the new century, replacing myths with research findings and providing recommendations for updated policy and practices to guide it. This book answers the most basic question: What do police do? This book also reviews how police work is organized, its expanding responsibilities, the increasing diversity among police employees, and the complex interactions between officers and citizens. It also discusses community policing, use of force, racial profiling, and more.


 The Evidence on Policing evaluates the success of common police techniques, such as focusing on crime "hot spots." It looks at the issue of legitimacy how the public gets information about police work, how police are viewed by different groups, and how police can gain community trust.



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