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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Roundtable on Crime Trends

Members' Bios

Richard Rosenfeld is Curators Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, where he served as chair of the department from 2001 to 2004 and received the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching in 1994, Prior to that, Dr. Rosenfeld served as President of the American Society of Criminology and as visiting professor at CUNY Graduate Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. His research interests include the social sources of criminal violence, crime statistics, and crime control policy. He is currently a member of the Science Advisory Board at the Office of Justice Programs at the U.S. Department of Justice and serves on the Editorial Board of the professional journals Homicide Studies and Crime, Law, and Social Change. Dr. Rosenfeld has co-authored many scholarly books, including Contemporary Issues in Criminological Theory and Research: The Role of Social Institutes: Understanding Trends; and Crime and the American Dream. His recent publications address patterns in adult homicide, immigration and urban violence, youth gang violence, and trends in intimate-partner homicide. His current research focuses on the social determinants of support for the death penalty, networks among violent offenders, and the measurement of racial profiling in police-citizen encounters. He has served on the Advisory Committee of the NRC Committee on Law and Justice and has also served as a member of several NRC studies focusing on crime, including co-chair of the workshop on Understanding Crime Trends. Dr. Rosenfeld holds a B. A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Oregon.

Eric Baumer is the Allen E. Liska professor of criminology at the Florida State University and current co-editor of Criminology. Dr. Baumer's research focuses on how structural and cultural features of social collectivities influence attitudes and behavior. He has addressed this general theme in a wide variety of ways, including macro-level studies of spatial and temporal crime and social control patterns. He holds B.S. in political science from Truman State University; an M.A. in criminology and criminal justice from University of Missouri-St. Louis; and a Ph.D. in sociology from University at Albany, State University of New York.

Jim Bueermann is the president of the Police Foundation, a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting innovation and improvement in policing through its research, technical assistance, training, professional services, and communication programs. As president, he directs all foundation operations and is a voting member of the board of directors. He worked for the Redlands Police Department for 33 years, serving in every unit within the department. He was appointed chief of police and director of Housing, Recreation and Senior Services in 1998. He retired in June 2011. As chief, he developed a holistic approach to community policing and problem solving that consolidated housing and recreation services into the police department and was based on risk and protective factor research into adolescent problem prevention. This strategy was recognized as one of the country's 25 most innovative programs in the 2000 Innovations in American Government program sponsored by Harvard's Kennedy School. He was the first police chief to be inducted as an honorary fellow in the Academy of Experimental Criminology and into the halls of fame at George Mason University's Center for Evidence Based Crime Policy and the School of Behavioral Science at California State University, San Bernardino. He is on policing advisory boards at Cambridge University, George Mason University, John Jay College, and the Council for State Governments and works extensively in the field of evidence-based policing, innovative technologies, and prisoner reentry.  Prior to the Police Foundation, he was an executive fellow with the U.S. Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice and a senior fellow at George Mason University. He is a graduate of California State University, San Bernardino, the University of Redlands, the FBI National Academy, and the California Command College.

Shawn Bushway is a professor of criminal justice in the School of Criminal Justice and a professor of public administration and policy in the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy at the University at Albany, State University of New York. A criminologist with a background in public policy, economics and statistics, his research has focused on three broad areas: the relationship between work and crime at both the individual and national level; the process of change in offending over the life course, particularly desistance; and the use of discretion in the sentencing process. He has methodological expertise in the statistical analysis of panel data, particularly the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997; and the statistical analysis of time series data. He has published several papers exploring the relationship between the business cycle and crime at the national level, and has been involved in the national debate about mass incarceration and reentry, particularly about the use of criminal history records by employers. He has a Ph.D. in public policy analysis and political economy from Carnegie Mellon University. 

Manuel Eisner is professor of comparative and developmental criminology, deputy director of the Institute of Criminology, and Director of the Social Science Research Methods Programme at the University of Cambridge. He is also a private docent in sociology at the University of Zurich. Previously he was associate professor of sociology at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. He has published 15 authored or edited books and over 100 journal
articles and book chapters in English, German, and French. He is a member of several editorial and advisory boards of academic journals and book series. He was awarded the Fellowship of the Society of Experimental Criminology in 2006 and is this year’s recipient of the Sellin-Glueck award by the American Society of Criminology. His academic work revolves around two main areas, namely research on macro-level historical patterns of violence and research on individual development and the causes and prevention of aggressive behaviour. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Zurich, Switzerland.

George Gascón has been the District Attorney of San Francisco since 2011. Prior to that, he was Chief of the San Francisco Police Department from 2009 to 2011, where he focused on reform, crime reduction, and modernizing the department; he introduced CompStat, a computerized tracking system that collects and analyzes crime statistics, identifies trouble spots, and serves as an accountability tool for the department. From 2006 to 2009 he was chief of the Mesa, Arizona police department, where he helped forge a strong working relationship with the Latino community. He received a bachelor's degree in history from California State University, Long Beach and a J.D. from Western State University College of Law.

Maxine Hayes (IOM) is the state health officer for the Washington State Department of Health. As the state’s top public health doctor, her role includes advising the governor and the secretary of health on issues ranging from health promotion and chronic disease prevention, to emergency response, including pandemic influenza preparedness. She also works closely with the medical community, local health departments and community groups. Prior to her appointment as health officer, Dr. Hayes was the assistant secretary of community and family health. She is clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of Washington, School of Medicine, and on the Maternal and Child Health faculty of the School of Public Health. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and has served as a member of the NRC-IOM Board on Children, Youth and Families and as chair of the Committee on the Impact of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health. She received an M.D. from the State University of New York at Buffalo and an M.P.H. from Harvard School of Public Health.

David Hemenway is professor of health policy at the Harvard School of Public Health and is the director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center and the Harvard Youth Violence Prevention Center. He has written widely on injury prevention, including articles on firearms, violence, suicide, child abuse, motor vehicle crashes, fires, falls and fractures. He is a member of the IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention. He has a B.A. and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in economics.

Susan Herman, author of Parallel Justice for Victims of Crime, is an associate professor in the department of criminal justice and security at Pace University. From 1997 to 2004, she served as the executive director of the National Center for Victims of Crime, the nation’s leading resource and advocacy organization for crime victims. Previously, Ms. Herman was the director of Community Services at The Enterprise Foundation, the director of the Domestic Violence Division of Victim Services in New York City (now Safe Horizon), Special Counsel to the Police Commissioner of the New York City Police Department, and Director of Mediation Services at the Institute for Mediation and Conflict Resolution. Ms. Herman also served as an attorney at the NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund (now Legal Momentum), and as an instructor at New York University’s School of Law and New York University’s Wagner School of Public Service. She received her B.A. from Bryn Mawr College and her JD from the Antioch School of Law.

Daniel Isom is the E. Desmond Lee professor of policing and the community at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. He is the retired Chief of Police for the Metropolitan Police Department City of St. Louis. He was appointed St. Louis' 33rd Chief of Police on October 6, 2008, and is St. Louis' third African-American police chief. He joined the St. Louis Police Department on August 29, 1988. He has worked in patrol, investigation, training, internal affairs, and management positions during his career. He was promoted through the ranks to Major before being selected Chief of Police. He is a progressive advocate for elevating the standards of professionalism for law enforcement and strengthening the relationship between the police and citizens. He has a variety of interests related to the management of police operations. The structural design of police departments from a political and community perspective, operational strategies for crime control, police officers' individual behavioral issues and professional cultural perspectives' influence on community-police relations, and police management are a professional and research emphasis of Dr. Isom. Eisenhower Fellowships selected him as an U.S.A. Eisenhower Fellow in 2013 to study police education and training in Europe. He holds a bachelor's, master's, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Missouri-St. Louis in criminology and criminal justice, and a master's in public administration from St. Louis University. He is also a graduate of the FBI National Academy and the Police Executive Research Forum Senior Management Institute.

Janet L. Lauritsen is professor of criminology and criminal justice at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Her areas of research include the causes and consequences of victimization, the social and historical contexts of crime and victimization, and quantitative research methodologies. She is also currently visiting research fellow at the Bureau of Justice Statistics (U.S. Department of Justice) where she is working with data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to measure patterns and trends in victimization. With support from the National Science Foundation, she is also working with Karen Heimer and Joseph Lang to analyze how the correlates of violent victimization such as gender, race and ethnicity, and poverty status have changed in the U.S. over the past four decades. Her most recent publications cover topics such as long-term trends in reporting crime to the police, the relationship between changing economic conditions and violent victimization, and gender differences in risk factors for victimization and trends in offending. She serves on the Editorial Boards of several journals including Criminology, the Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Criminology & Public Policy. She was a member of the recent National Research Council Committee on National Statistics Panel to Review the Programs of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2007-2008), the Committee on Law and Justice Panel on Understanding Crime Trends (2007), and the Committee on Law and Justice Panel to Review Police Policy and Practice (2000-2003). She received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Cindy S. Lederman has been the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court in Miami-Dade County, Florida, since 1999. Elected to the Miami-Dade County Court in 1988, before her elevation to Circuit Court in 1994, she was a leader of the team that created the Dade County Domestic Violence Court and served as the court's first Presiding Judge. Judge Lederman is a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Judge Lederman served on the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Foster Care and was a member of the Healthy Foster Care America Initiative until 2008. She was also a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Family Violence Interventions and Panel on Juvenile Crime, Treatment and Control, and she served from 1996 to 2004 on the Board of Children, Youth and Families of the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. She graduated with high honors from the University of Florida in 1976 and departmental honors in Political Science. She received a J.D. from the University of Miami Law School in 1979. She is licensed to practice law in the states of Florida and New York.

Randolph Roth is a professor of History and Sociology at Ohio State University and a fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science. He specializes in the history of the United States from colonial times to the present, with an emphasis on social and cultural history, the history of crime and violence, environmental history, the history of religion, quantitative methods, and social theory. He is the author of American Homicide, which received the 2011 Michael J. Hindelang Award from American Society of Criminology for the outstanding contribution to criminology over the previous three years, and the 2010 Allan Sharlin Memorial Prize from the Social Science History Association for an outstanding book in social science history. He is currently completing Child Murder in America, a study of homicides of and by children from colonial times to the present. It will be a companion volume to American Homicide. He is co-founder of the Historical Violence Database. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies, and other organizations. He earned a B.A. from Stanford University and a Ph.D. from Yale University.

José A. Scheinkman (NAS) is the Theodore A. Wells ‘29 Professor of Economics at Princeton University. Professor Scheinkman is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, corresponding member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, Fellow of the Econometric Society, and received a “docteur honoris causa” from the Université Paris-Dauphine. He is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. In 2002, he was a Blaise Pascal Research Professor (France). Professor Scheinkman is a member of the board of trustees of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Bekeley, CA, and a member of the Conselho Acadêmico of INSPER (São Paulo). Previously, he was the Alvin H. Baum Distinguished Service Professor and Chairman of the Department of Economics at the University of Chicago, Vice President in the Financial Strategies Group of Goldman, Sachs & Co., co-editor of the Journal of Political Economy and a member of the advisory panel in economics to the Sloan Foundation. Professor Scheinkman has published more than eighty academic articles in economic theory, finance, urban economics and the economics of social interactions. In 2002, he was a co-organizer of the document “Agenda Perdida” which contained proposals for reforms in Brazil’s economic and social policies. Professor Scheinkman is a member of the board of Cosan Ltd, a NYSE listed company engaged in the production of bioethanol, sugar and energy in Brazil. He has a B.A. in economics from the U.F.R.J., an M.S. in mathematics from I.M.P.A. (Brazil), and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Rochester.

María B. Vélez is an assistant professor with the department of sociology at the University of New Mexico. Her research focuses on explaining the uneven pattern of crime across neighborhoods, cities, and individuals. She pays particular attention to how structural factors such as racial and economic inequalities, immigration, and external investments help to understand this patterning. She also seeks to understand the interplay among the actions of political and economic actors, the creation and maintenance of urban inequality and crime patterns. She received her Ph.D. from The Ohio State University.

David Weisburd is a distinguished professor of criminology, law and society and director of the Center for Evidence Based Crime Policy at George Mason University. He also holds a joint appointment as the Walter E. Meyer professor of law and criminal justice at the Hebrew University Faculty of Law in Jerusalem. He serves as a senior fellow at the Police Foundation in Washington DC and is chair of its Research Advisory Committee. Professor Weisburd is an elected fellow of the American Society of Criminology and of the Academy of Experimental Criminology, and is a member of the OJP Science Advisory Board, the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group and the National Institute of Justice/Harvard University Executive Session in Policing. Professor Weisburd is also a member of the Committee on Law and Justice of the National Research Council and served on the NRC working group on Evaluating AntiCrime Programs and its panel on Police Practices and Policies. Professor Weisburd is author or editor of more than twenty books and over one hundred scientific articles that cover a wide range of criminal justice research topics, including crime at place, white collar crime, policing, and criminal justice statistics and social deviance. He is the 2010 recipient of the Stockholm Prize in Criminology. He received his Ph.D. in sociology from Yale University.

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