Monday, September 1, 2014 
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The Growth of Incarceration in the United States
Exploring Causes and Consequences
Incarceration cover

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 After decades of stability, the United States saw its incarceration rate more than quadruple in the past 40 years. Currently, nearly 1 out of 100 American adults is in prison or jail. What drove this increase, and how has it affected crime rates, individuals, families, communities, and society at large?

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States finds that the dramatic increase in incarceration has failed to clearly yield large crime-reduction benefits for the nation. In addition, the growth in incarceration may have had a wide range of unwanted consequences for individuals, families, communities, and society. The report recommends that policymakers take steps to reduce the nation’s reliance on incarceration.

To learn more about the rise of incarceration in the U.S. and its consequences:

Watch the committee chair Jeremy Travis
give a brief overview of the report
In the News

Holder SpeechLHolder Cites Findings of Report
On May 8, at a symposium of the National Association of Attorneys General, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder discussed the report. Holder called it a "landmark study" that brings into sharp focus the importance of efforts to make the criminal justice system more efficient and effective.  Video Clip | Full Speech

End Mass Incarceration Now
New York Times Op-Ed (May 24, 2014)

Report: US prison rates an ‘injustice’

BBC News (May 2, 2014)

How a national spike in incarcerations affects crime, cost and communities
PBS NewsHour (May 1, 2014)

The meteoric, costly and unprecedented rise of incarceration in America
Washington Post (April 30, 2014)

Press Release (April 30, 2014)

Related Reports

Health and Incarceration L GrayHealth and Incarceration: A Workshop Summary provides perspective on an important set of policy issues. Undertaken in conjunction with a major study of the causes and consequences of high rates of incarceration in the United States, it is a valuable compendium of expert insights and policy ideas for health professionals and policy makers working on these issues.

Public Briefing
(April 30, 2014)






The National Academies