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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Committee on Social Science Evidence for Use


Biosketches of Members


Kenneth Prewitt (Chair) is the Carnegie Professor of Public Affairs at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He has taught at the University of Chicago (1965–82) as an assistant, associate, and full professor. He has also taught at Stanford University, Washington University, the University of Nairobi, and Makerere University (Uganda). He was also the dean of the Graduate Faculty at the New School University (2001–2002). Dr. Prewitt has had a long professional career outside the classroom. Previous positions include director of the United States Census Bureau (1998–2001), director of the National Opinion Research Center, president of the Social Science Research Council, and senior vice president of the Rockefeller Foundation. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Center for the Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Russell-Sage Foundation, and member of other professional associations, including the Council on Foreign Relations. Among his awards are a Guggenheim Fellowship, honorary degrees from Carnegie Mellon and Southern Methodist University, a Distinguished Service Award from the New School for Social Research, various awards associated with his directorship of the Census Bureau, and in 1990 he was awarded the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit from the Federal Republic of Germany. Dr. Prewitt's publications include Politics and Science in Census Taking (2003), Introduction to American Government (6th edition, 1991), and “The U. S. Decennial Census: Political Questions, Scientific Answers” in the Population and Development Review. He has authored and coauthored a dozen books and more than 100 articles and book chapters. He is currently completing a historical study of the consequences of the nation's official racial classification from 1790 to the present. Dr. Prewitt earned his BA from Southern Methodist University (1958). He received an MA from Washington University (1959), and attended the Harvard Divinity School (1960) as a Danforth fellow. He earned his Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University (1963).


George W. Bohrnstedt is Senior Vice President for Research at the American Institutes for Research (AIR), where he is involved in the development of new programs of research for the organization and brings a deep interest in education policy issues. Bohrnstedt currently chairs the National Center for Education Statistics’ NAEP Validity Studies Panel. He also serves as AIR’s senior advisor on the organization’s subcontract on the multi-organization team assembled by the Haan Foundation for the evaluation of four programs designed to help struggling readers in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Formerly, Dr. Bohrnstedt was the Principal Investigator of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation-funded evaluation of their initiative to create small, personalized high schools and the Co-Principal Investigator of the evaluation of California’s K-3 Class Size reduction program. He was the Principal Investigator of the evaluation of the College Board’s Equity 2000 initiative. Dr. Bohrnstedt has served as co-editor of the American Sociological Association’s yearbook, Sociological Methodology and also has been editor and co-editor of Sociological Methods and Research and Social Psychology Quarterly. He has been honored as a Belding Scholar at the Foundation for Child Development and has been a fellow at Stanford's Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences. Dr. Bohrnstedt currently holds Consulting Professorships in the School of Education and the Department of Sociology at Stanford University. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin.


Nancy D. Cartwright is the Chair of the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science and Professor of Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method in the London School of Economics and Political Science; she is also Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego. Her principal interests are philosophy and history of science (especially physics and economics), causal inference, and objectivity in science. Dr. Cartwright is a Fellow of the British Academy and a member of the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship and a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Dr. Cartwright holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Illinois at Chicago.


Harris Cooper is Professor of Psychology and Director of Program in Education at Duke University. His research interests follow two paths. The first concerns research synthesis: studying how research syntheses and meta-analysis can best be carried out and how their results can be communicated to general audiences, as well as scholars. His book, Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews, presents a brief overview of how to conduct a rigorous research synthesis. He is also the editor, with Larry Hedges, of the Handbook of Research Synthesis. He has published research syntheses in varied fields, including personality and social psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology and education policy, marketing, and developmental medicine and child neurology. Dr. Cooper is also interested in the application of social and developmental psychology to educational policy issues. His research on homework has appeared in both scholarly outlets and as part of a guide for policy and practice, The Battle over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Parents. He also studies the impact of after school programs, summer school, and school calendar variations on students and their families. He is current editor for the Psychological Bulletin and will serve through 2008. The Institute for Scientific Information (2005) ranked the Psychological Bulletin as 4th among 1747 social science journals with regard to both the number of times it is cited and the impact of articles on their field. He is current chair of the American Psychological Association’s Council of Editors, chair of its ad hoc Committee on Journal Article Reporting Standards, and a member of its committee revising the APA Publication Manual. Dr. Cooper holds a Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of Connecticut.


Sheila S. Jasanoff is Pforzheimer Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. She has held academic appointments at Cornell, Yale, Cambridge, Oxford, and Kyoto. At Cornell, she founded and chaired the Department of Science and Technology Studies. She has been Leverhulme Visiting Professor at Cambridge, Karl Deutsch Professor at the Science Center Berlin, and Fellow at the Berlin Institute for Advanced Study (Wissenschaftskolleg). Her research focuses on the relationship of science and technology to law, politics and policy in modern democratic societies, with particular emphasis on the role of science in cultures of public participation and public reasoning. She has written and lectured widely on environmental regulation, risk management, and the politics of the life sciences in the United States, Europe, and India. Her books on these topics include Controlling Chemicals (co-authored, 1985), The Fifth Branch (1990), and Science at the Bar (1995). Her most recent book, Designs on Nature, a comparative study of the politics of biotechnology in Europe and the United States, was published by Princeton in 2005. Dr. Jasanoff has served on the Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and as President of the Society for Social Studies of Science. She holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Twente in the Netherlands.


Thomas Schwandt is University Distinguished Teacher/Scholar and Professor of Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) where he holds appointments in the Department of Educational Psychology, the Department of Educational Policy Studies, and the Unit for Criticism and Interpretive Theory. Previously he was a faculty member in the School of Education at Indiana University, where he was also a Fellow in the university’s Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions. He has also held a faculty appointment in medical education at the University of Illinois at Chicago medical school and was employed in the private sector as an organizational consultant and program evaluator. In addition to his responsibilities at UIUC he has lectured and taught throughout Scandinavia. He has held several appointments in Scandinavia including visiting professor at Roskilde University in Denmark and research professor, part-time, at Statenskunnskaps- og Utviklingssenter for Helhetlig Rehabilitering [National Center for Comprehensive Rehabilitation Research and Development] in Norway. He is the author of Evaluation Practice Reconsidered (Peter Lang, 2004); Evaluating Holistic Rehabilitation Practice (Oslo, Kommuneforlaget, 2004); Dictionary of Qualitative Inquiry (Sage, 1997, 2001, 2007), and, with Edward Halpern, Linking Auditing and Meta-evaluation (Sage, 1988); with his Norwegian colleague Peder Haug he has co-edited Evaluating Educational Reforms: Scandinavian Perspectives (Information Age Press, 2003) and with Katherine Ryan, Exploring Evaluator Role and Identity (Information Age Press, 2002). In addition, he has authored sixty papers and chapters on issues in theory of evaluation and interpretive methodologies that have appeared in a variety of books and journals. In 2002 he received the Paul F. Lazarsfeld Award from the American Evaluation Association for his contributions to evaluation theory. Dr. Schwandt holds a Ph.D. in Inquiry Methodology from Indiana University, Bloomington.


Sidney Verba is Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor Emeritus in the department of government at Harvard University and director emeritus of the Harvard University Library. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society, and president emeritus of the American Political Science Association. He received a Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1959. He has received numerous awards from the American Political Science Association, including the Krammerer Prize, the Woodrow Wilson Prize, and the James Madison Prize, the highest prize of the Association awarded every three years for a career contribution to political science. In 2002 Professor Verba was awarded the Johan Skytte Prize, the major international prize in political science.


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