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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Biographical Sketches

Executive Office Staff

Mary Ellen O’Connell became the executive director of the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, or DBASSE, in November, 2016.  She brings 15 years of experience at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine to the position, including serving as DBASSE’s deputy executive director since 2012.  O’Connell has also served as the acting director of the DBASSE Board on Environmental Change and Society, as deputy director of its Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences and Board on Human-Systems Integration, and as a senior program officer with the Board on Children, Youth and Families. She has led studies on a wide range of topics including an evaluation of disability and rehabilitation program outcomes; home healthcare; prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders; ethical considerations for research; strategies for reducing underage drinking, and an evaluation of international education programs.  Before joining the National Academies, O’Connell developed and led a variety of policy and program initiatives for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the Department of Health and Human Services, oversaw homelessness programs for the Department of Housing and Urban Development, and provided strategic direction for statewide homeless policies for the Massachusetts Department of Public Welfare.  O’Connell received a B.A. with distinction from Cornell University and a MS in human services management from the Heller Graduate School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University.

Ann G. Polvinale is Director of Finance and Administration for the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Research Council. In this capacity she oversees the Division’s budget, proposal, administrative, and other Executive Office procedures. She also serves as the Administrative Officer for all human resource issues. Ann has provided Executive Office guidance through multiple Executive Directors.

Patricia L. Morison is Associate Executive Director of the DBASSE Office of Reports and Communication. Prior to that, she held several positions within DBASSE including Senior Program Officer, Director of the Board on International Comparative Studies in Education, DBASSE Associate Executive Director and Director for the Center for Education. She has held positions at the Office of Technology Assessment for the United States Congress, within the department of psychology at the University of Minnesota, and as a research assistant at Harvard Graduate School of Education. Patricia received a B.S in psychology from Denison University, an Ed.M. in human development from Harvard, and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Minnesota.

Program Unit Staff

Natacha Blain is the Director of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families. She served as the Associate Director/Acting Executive Director of Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF). Natacha joined GCYF in January 2010 after a ten year career of working with policymakers and senior legislative officials on a variety of social justice issues and campaigns. She was GCYF's first Director of Public Policy and launched GCYF's Policy Spotlight newsletter, a weekly publication that is read by 4,000 grantmakers and child advocates. Natacha's talents were quickly recognized and a year later, she was elevated to Associate Director. For the past year, Natacha has served as GCYF's Acting Executive Director. In her various capacities, Natacha has played a critical role in helping convene and engage diverse constituencies, fostering leadership, collaboration and innovation-sharing through a network of funders committed to the enduring well-being of children, youth and families. GCYF members probably know her best for overseeing the success of various GCYF publications and programs, such as the Annual Convening, GCYF’s signature Annual Tax and Budget Briefing and the Parent Organizing/Family and Community Engagement Institute.

Constance F. Citro is Director of the Committee on National Statistics, a standing unit at the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. She was previously senior study director with CNSTAT from 1984–2004. Prior to joining CNSTAT, she held positions as vice president of Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., and Data Use and Access Laboratories, Inc. She was an American Statistical Association/National Science Foundation/Census research fellow in 1985-1986 and is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. She received her B.A. in political science from the University of Rochester, and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in political science from Yale University. For CNSTAT, Dr. Citro directed evaluations of the 2000 census, the Survey of Income and Program Participation, microsimulation models for social welfare programs, and the NSF science and engineering personnel data system, in addition to studies on institutional review boards and social science research, estimates of poverty for small geographic areas, data and methods for retirement income modeling, and a new approach for measuring poverty. She co-edited the 2nd – 4th editions of Principles and Practices for a Federal Statistical Agency, and contributed to studies on measuring racial discrimination, expanding access to research data, the usability of estimates from the American Community Survey, the National Children’s Study research plan, and the Census Bureau’s 2010 census program of experiments and evaluations.

Peter J. Donaldson was president of the Population Council from January 2005 to March 2015. He came to the Council after serving as the president of the Washington, DC-based Population Reference Bureau (PRB) for nine years. Before joining PRB, Donaldson was director of the Population Council’s program in Asia, and was responsible for staff and activities in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Earlier in his career, he Donaldson was director of the Committee on Population at the National Research Council and a member of the senior staff of Family Health International (now FHI360). He began his career as a fellow at the Institute for Population and Social Research at Mahidol University in Bangkok. Donaldson is a former member of the board of directors of the Population Association of America and past president of the Association of Population Centers, a consortium of 26 leading American university and non–profit population research centers. He was a member of the Committee on Population from 2009 to 2014, and currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of InsideNGO and the Global Health Council. He has authored or co-authored numerous scientific articles and popular essays, and written or edited six books on demography and population policy. He received a B.A. from Fordham University and a Ph.D. in Sociology from Brown University. In 2010, he received an honorary doctorate from Mahidol University.

Kathi L. Grasso is the Director of the Committee on Law and Justice of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Before assuming this role in July 2015, she was a senior leader in the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) at the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). Kathi joined DOJ in 2001 as Director of OJJDP’s Research and Program Development Division, and served in several other positions from 2003 to 2015, including as OJJDP’s senior juvenile justice policy and legal advisor, the designated federal official for the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice and the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and attorney-advisor in DOJ’s Office on Violence Against Women. She is a graduate of the intensive DOJ Senior Executive Service (SES) Candidate Development Program that led to her SES certification by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Prior to her employment at DOJ, she worked at the American Bar Association Center for Children and the Law where she directed research and other projects that had national and international impact in the areas of child and adolescent health, juvenile and family court improvement, legal representation of children, independent living services for transitioning youth, child abduction, and child sexual abuse and exploitation. Kathi also served as the Chief and Managing Attorney of the Maryland Legal Aid Bureau’s Child Advocacy Unit in Baltimore City and as an attorney with the Maryland Disability Law Center. Kathi has extensive litigation experience, has published in the child welfare field, and has contributed to numerous national interagency and professional workgroups, including the White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity. Kathi was awarded her Bachelor of Arts Degree in American Studies with High Distinction from Douglass College of Rutgers University, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. She also has a Juris Doctorate from Catholic University School of Law and is a member of the District of Columbia and Maryland Bars.

Jay B. Labov is Senior Advisor for Education and Communication for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He has directed or contributed to 25 Academies reports focusing on undergraduate education, teacher education, advanced study for high school students, K-8 education, and international education. He has served as Director of committees on K-12 and undergraduate science education, the Academies’ Teacher Advisory Council, and was Deputy Director for the Academy's Center for Education. He directed a committee of the NAS and the Institute of Medicine that authored Science, Evolution, and Creationism and oversees the National Academy of Sciences' efforts to confront challenges to teaching evolution in the nation’s public schools. He coordinates efforts at the Academies to work with professional societies and with state academies of science on education issues. He also oversees work on improving education in the life sciences under the aegis of the Academy’s Board on Life Sciences. Dr. Labov is an organismal biologist by training. Prior to accepting his position at the Academy in 1997, he spent 18 years on the biology faculty at Colby College (Maine). He is a Kellogg National Fellow, a Fellow in Education of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow, and a 2013 recipient of the "Friend of Darwin" award from the National Center for Science Education. In 2013 he was elected to a three year term beginning in 2014 in which he served as chair-elect for 2014, chair for 205 and past chair for 2016 of the Education Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2014 he was named a Lifetime Honorary Member by the National Association of Biology Teachers, that organization’s highest award and recognition. He received an Academies Staff Award for Lifetime Achievement in December, 2014 and was named by the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology as the John A. Moore Lecturer for 2016.

Poornima Madhavan is the Director of the Board on Human-Systems Integration (BOHSI). Prior to working with BOHSI, Dr. Madhavan served as an associate professor of human factors in the department of psychology and the director of undergraduate research at Old Dominion University. Additionally, Dr. Madhavan held affiliated faculty positions at Old Dominion University in the Virginia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation Center; the Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Initiative; the Homeland Security Research Group; and the Vision Lab. Dr. Madhavan has also served as the founder and director of the Applied Decision Making Lab of Old Dominion University (established in 2007), dedicated to the study of human decision-making issues pertaining to defense and homeland security, aviation, and sustainable energy/climate change.
Other professional positions include council representative, Psychology Section, of the Virginia Academy of Science; human-systems integration subject matter expert, ICF International; executive board member, Scientific and Technical Advisory Council, Chesapeake Bay Program; member, Federal Education Advocacy Coordination Network; member, American Psychological Association; member, Human Services Advisory Board, City Council of Chesapeake, Virginia; and human factors consultant, U.S. Army Research Laboratory.  Dr. Madhavan holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Human Factors (Engineering Psychology) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Madhavan also spent two years in the Dynamic Decision Making Laboratory at Carnegie Mellon University as a postdoctoral fellow and was awarded the Earl Alluisi Award for Early Career Achievement by the American Psychological Association for outstanding contributions to the field of human factors/engineering psychology within ten years of receiving her doctorate degree.

Heidi Schweingruber is the Director of the Board on Science Education at the National Research Council (NRC). In this role she oversees many of the projects in the BOSE portfolio. She also collaborates with the director and board to develop new projects. She co-directed the study that resulted in the report A Framework for K-12 Science Education (2011) which is the first step in revising national standards for K-12 science education. She served as study director for a review of NASA’s pre-college education programs completed in 2008 and co-directed the study that produced the 2007 report Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8. She served as an editor on the NRC report Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood: Paths to Excellence and Equity (2009). She co- authored two award-winning books for practitioners that translate findings of NRC reports for a broader audience: Ready, Set, Science! Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms (2008) and Surrounded by Science (2010). Prior to joining the NRC, Heidi worked as a senior research associate at the Institute of Education Sciences in the U.S. Department of Education where she administered the preschool curriculum evaluation program and a grant program in mathematics education. Previously, she was the director of research for the Rice University School Mathematics Project an outreach program in K-12 mathematics education, and taught in the psychology and education departments at Rice University. Heidi holds a Ph.D. in psychology (developmental) and anthropology, and a certificate in culture and cognition from the University of Michigan.

Barbara A. Wanchisen is the Director of the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences (BBCSS). She is a long-standing member of the Psychonomic Society, the Association for Behavior Analysis, and the American Psychological Association. In January 2004, she became a Fellow of Division 25 (Behavior Analysis) of the American Psychological Association. She has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior and The Behavior Analyst while also serving as a guest reviewer of a number of other journals. From November 2001 until April 2008, Wanchisen was the executive director of the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological, & Cognitive Sciences in Washington, DC. In 2004, she was instrumental in the founding of the Federation's Foundation for the Advancement of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, a non-profit organization that assumed the educational mission of the Federation. Previously, Wanchisen was Professor in the Department of Psychology and Director of the college-wide Honors Program at Baldwin-Wallace University, near Cleveland, Ohio. Barbara Wanchisen received a B.A. in English and Philosophy from Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania, an M.A. in English from Villanova University, and her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from Temple University.

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