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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
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REPORTS
Exploring the Development of a U.S. Department of Labor Research Strategy on Child Labor and Forced Labor in International SettingsProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 168 million children are affected by child labor worldwide, with a predominance of child labor occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and... Read more


Reducing Response Burden in the American Community SurveyProceedings of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2016

Although people in the United States have historically been reasonably supportive of federal censuses and surveys, they are increasingly unavailable for or not willing to respond to interview requests... Read more


Parenting MattersSupporting Parents of Children Ages 0-8  (BOCYF)
2016

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the family—which includes all primary caregivers—are at the foundation of children’s well- being and healthy... Read more


Summertime Opportunities to Promote Healthy Child and Adolescent DevelopmentProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

What children and adolescents do and learn in the summertime can have profound effects on their health and well-being, educational attainment, and career prospects. To explore the influence of... Read more


Characterizing Risk in Climate Change AssessmentsProceedings of a Workshop  (BECS,BASC)
2016

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established in 1990 to “assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of... Read more


Ensuring Quality and Accessible Care for Children with Disabilities and Complex Health and Educational NeedsProceedings of a Workshop  (BOCYF)
2016

Children with disabilities and complex medical and educational needs present a special challenge for policy makers and practitioners. These children exhibit tremendous heterogeneity in their... Read more


Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood ProgramsProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

In June 2016, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled “Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood Development: Strategies for... Read more


Science LiteracyConcepts, Contexts, and Consequences  (BOSE)
2016

Science is a way of knowing about the world. At once a process, a product, and an institution, science enables people to both engage in the construction of new knowledge as well as use information to... Read more


Investing in Young Children for Peaceful SocietiesProceedings of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; UNICEF; and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID)  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 through March 18, 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with UNICEF... Read more


Beyond Compliance: Strengthening the Safety Culture of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry  (PS,BOHSI,MB)
2016

Beyond Compliance: Strengthening the Safety Culture of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry summarizes recommendations to industry and regulators to strengthen and sustain the safety culture of the... Read more


Measuring Recovery from Substance Use or Mental DisordersWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

In February 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop to explore options for expanding the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s... Read more


Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice  (CLAJ,BOCYF)
2016

Bullying has long been tolerated as a rite of passage among children and adolescents. There is an implication that individuals who are bullied must have "asked for" this type of treatment, or deserved... Read more


Effective Chemistry Communication in Informal Environments  (BCST,BOSE)
2016

Chemistry plays a critical role in daily life, impacting areas such as medicine and health, consumer products, energy production, the ecosystem, and many other areas. Communicating about chemistry in... Read more


Communicating ChemistryA Framework for Sharing Science: A Practical Evidence-Based Guide  (BCST,BOSE)
2016

A growing body of evidence indicates that, increasingly, the public is engaging with science in a wide range of informal environments, which can be any setting outside of school such as... Read more


Tendances Récentes de la Fécondité en Afrique SubsaharienneSynthèse de l'Atelier  (CPOP)
2016

Note: This is the French translation of Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa. Fertility rates and population growth influence economic development. The... Read more


Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health, and Highway SafetyResearch Needs  (CNSTAT,BOHSI)
2016

There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have... Read more


Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use DisordersThe Evidence for Stigma Change  (BBCSS)
2016

Estimates indicate that as many as 1 in 4 Americans will experience a mental health problem or will misuse alcohol or drugs in their lifetimes. These disorders are among the most highly stigmatized... Read more


Advancing the Power of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families  (BOCYF)
2016

In recent years, the U.S. federal government has invested approximately $463 billion annually in interventions that affect the overall health and well-being of children and youth, while state and... Read more


Measuring TraumaWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The Workshop on Integrating New Measures of Trauma into the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Data Collection Programs, held in Washington, D.C. in December 2015,... Read more


Using Linked Census, Survey, and Administrative Data to Assess Longer-Term Effects of PolicyProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (CNSTAT)
2016

The United States has seen major changes in recent decades in family structures, gender roles, immigration pat- terns, occupational and industrial patterns, and labor markets. All of these factors—and... Read more


Modernizing Crime StatisticsReport 1: Defining and Classifying Crime  (CNSTAT,CLAJ)
2016

To derive statistics about crime – to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it – a conceptual framework for... Read more


Investing in Young Children for Peaceful SocietiesIndividual and Structural Transformation: Workshop in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 to March 18, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with UNICEF and the King... Read more


Reaching and Investing in Children at the MarginsSummary of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Open Society Foundations; and the International Step by Step Association (ISSA)  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2015-2030 strive for a world that is "just, equitable, and inclusive," in which everyone receives care, education, and opportunities to thrive. Yet... Read more


Policy and Research Needs to Maximize Independence and Support Community LivingWorkshop Summary  (HSP)
2016

Living independently and participating in one’s community are priorities for many people. In many regions across the United States, there are programs that support and enable people with disabilities... Read more


Innovations in Design and Utilization of Measurement Systems to Promote Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral HealthWorkshop in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

On November 5-6, 2014, the Forum on Promoting Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health held a workshop in Washington, D.C., to address advances and gaps in measurement systems to promote... Read more


Ensuring Quality and Accessible Care for Children with Disabilities and Complex Health and Educational NeedsWorkshop in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

On December 9-10, 2015, the Forum on Promoting Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health held a 2-day workshop, "Ensuring Quality and Accessible Care for Children with Disabilities and... Read more


Opportunities to Promote Children's Behavioral HealthHealth Care Reform and Beyond: Workshop in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

The adoption of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) 2010 was a turning point in the history of behavioral health for children and adolescents in the United States. The ACA requires... Read more


Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document  (BASC,BECS)
2016

The Update to the Strategic Plan (USP) is a supplement to the Ten-Year Strategic Plan of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) completed in 2012. The Strategic Plan sets out a research... Read more


Barriers and Opportunities for 2-Year and 4-Year STEM DegreesSystemic Change to Support Students' Diverse Pathways  (BOSE,BHEW)
2016

Nearly 40 percent of the students entering 2- and 4-year postsecondary institutions indicated their intention to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in 2012. But the... Read more


Improving the Health of Women in the United StatesWorkshop Summary  (CPOP,BPH)
2016

The environment for women's health has changed over the last 25 years. Increased use of automobiles can lead to health risks from lack of physical activity. There has also been an increase in access... Read more


Speech and Language Disorders in ChildrenImplications for the Social Security Administration's Supplemental Security Income Program  (BSP,BOCYF)
2016

Speech and language are central to the human experience; they are the vital means by which people convey and receive knowledge, thoughts, feelings, and other internal experiences. Acquisition of... Read more


Measuring Specific Mental Illness Diagnoses with Functional ImpairmentWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary... Read more


The Integration of Immigrants into American Society  (CPOP)
2016

The United States prides itself on being a nation of immigrants, and the country has a long history of successfully absorbing people from across the globe. The integration of immigrants and their... Read more


Reaching and Investing in Children at the MarginsWorkshop in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

On November 3-4, 2015, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with the Open Society Foundations and the... Read more


Supporting Family and Community Investments in Young Children GloballySummary of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

To examine the science, policy, and practice surrounding supporting family and community investments in young children globally and children in acute disruptions, the National Academies of Sciences,... Read more


Identifying Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention in the Youth Depression CascadeWorkshop in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

On November 19, 2015, the Forum on Promoting Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine cohosted a webinar with the... Read more


Assessment of Approaches to Updating the Social Cost of CarbonPhase 1 Report on a Near-Term Update  (BECS)
2016

The social cost of carbon (SCC) for a given year is an estimate, in dollars, of the present discounted value of the damage caused by a 1-metric ton increase in CO2 emissions into the atmosphere in... Read more


Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkshop Summary  (CPOP)
2016

Fertility rates and population growth influence economic development. The marked declines in fertility seen in some developing nations have been accompanied by slowing population growth, which in turn... Read more


Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program  (BASC,BECS)
2016

The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is a collection of 13 Federal entities charged by law to assist the United States and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to... Read more


Measuring Serious Emotional Disturbance in ChildrenWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary... Read more


Affordability of National Flood Insurance Program PremiumsReport 2  (WSTB,BMSTA,BMSA,CNSTAT)
2016

When Congress authorized the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) in 1968, it intended for the program to encourage community initiatives in flood risk management, charge insurance premiums... Read more


Rationalizing Rural Area Classifications for the Economic Research ServiceA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2016

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA/ERS) maintains four highly related but distinct geographic classification systems to designate areas by the degree to which they are... Read more



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