|Members' BiographiesArthur Lupia (chair) is the Hal R. Varian professor of political science at the University of Michigan and research professor at its Institute for Social Research. His research clarifies how information and institutions affect policy and politics with a focus on how people make decisions when they lack information. He draws from multiple scientific and philosophical disciplines and he employs multiple research methods. As a founder of Time-Sharing Experiments in the Social Sciences he has helped hundreds of scientists from many disciplines run innovative experiments on opinion formation and change using nationally-representative subject pools. As an original and regular contributor to NSF’s Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models summer program, he has developed curricula that show young scholars how to advanced scientific methods into effective research agendas. Now, as a Principal Investigator of the American National Election Studies he is helping to introduce many new procedural and methodological innovations to one of the world’s best-known scientific studies of elections. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the NRC’s Division Committee on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. He earned a B.A. in economics from the University of Rochester, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in social science from the California Institute of Technology.
The Honorable Brian Baird is president of Antioch University, Seattle and a member of the Advisory Committee of the National Research Council’s Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Previously, he served for 12 years in the United States House of Representatives, where he focused on science and technology, sales tax deductibility, energy, mental health, oceans, education, science diplomacy, fiscal discipline and Congressional integrity. Dr. Baird also holds a Ph.D. in clinical psychology, with clinical experience that spans more than two decades and encompasses a wide variety of settings and patient groups. He has authored three books and chaired the Department of Psychology at Pacific Lutheran University, where he served on the faculty for twelve years. Since leaving Congress, Dr. Baird has taught courses at the University of Washington, been senior vice president for government affairs at Vigor Industrial, and provided continuing education training in communication skills. He also chaired the Washington State Student Achievement Council, a 9-member council created by the Legislature to offer policy guidance and analysis for all higher education in Washington State. Dr. Baird received a B.S. in psychology from the University of Utah, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Wyoming.
Karen Bogenschneider is a Rothermel Bascom professor of human ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a family policy specialist at University of Wisconsin-Extension. Since its inception in 1993, Professor Bogenschneider has served as director of the Wisconsin Family Impact Seminars and since 1999, she has served as Executive Director of the Policy Institute for Family Impact Seminars. Dr. Bogenschneider’s latest book co-authored with Thomas Corbett, Evidence-Based Policymaking: Insights from Policy-Minded Researchers and Research-Minded Policymakers, was released in April, 2010. Her book, Family Policy Matters: How Policymaking Affects Families and What Professionals Can Do, is in its second edition. Her invited decade review on family policy (coauthored with Tom Corbett) appeared in the June 2010 issue of the Journal of Marriage and Family. Karen has published in academic journals like Child Development and in applied journals like Family Relations. She holds a named professorship, the highest award given to professors at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 2010, she received the Extension Lifetime Achievement Award for Outstanding Contributions by an Extension Specialist from the National Family Life and Children State Extension Specialists. In 2008, she received the Engagement Award from the Board of Human Sciences of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges and, in 2006, she was named a fellow of the National Council on Family Relations. She has also received several awards from her university for faculty excellence, land grant scholarship, and quality outreach. She holds a Ph.D. in Child and Family Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Erin Fitzgerald directs the Department of Defense’s (DoD) Minerva program, coordinates Department of Defense-funded social science research across the department, and serves as a scientific advisor in the areas of social and information sciences to the director for basic research. Before joining the Minerva program, Dr. Fitzgerald spent two years at the Basic Science Office as an American Association for the Advancement of Science science and technology policy fellow, where she developed strategic plans for future basic research investments and was instrumental in revamping DoD policies on export control and restrictive clauses on fundamental university research. Dr. Fitzgerald previously worked at the National Academies as a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Graduate Policy Fellow and Associate Program Officer in the Air Force Studies Board, where she contributed to defense intelligence studies on technology forecasting. Her research in speech and language processing combined electrical engineering, computer science, and cognitive science approaches to contribute to efforts in automatic speech recognition and language translation. Dr. Fitzgerald received her B.S. in electrical and computer engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. She earned her master's degree and doctorate in electrical and computer engineering from Johns Hopkins University.
Camille Gamboa is the public relations and public affairs manager at SAGE, an independent, academic publisher established in 1965. Among her responsibilities, she works to translate, communicate, and promote research published in 750+ scholarly journals for the media, policymakers, and public. Additionally, she works on several initiatives to ensure that all areas of American research receive adequate federal funding and she works with the American Library Association to advocate for freedom of expression and the freedom to learn. Her research interests include stakeholder identification and analysis as well as the rhetorical creation of U.S. international identity. Camille joined SAGE in 2011 after completing a Master of Arts in communication at Pepperdine University.
Ralph Garruto is a research professor of biomedical anthropology at Binghamton University. He is a human population biologist whose research focus is on natural experimental models of disease, using both field and laboratory approaches. Dr. Garruto’s cross-disciplinary research and interests include studies of neurodegenerative disorders including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease, also food chain disorders, health transition studies, obesity and bionutrition, malaria, Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, and prion diseases, especially Chronic Wasting Disease. Currently he has research projects in Micronesia, Vanuatu, Ukraine, China, Siberia, and in upstate New York. His laboratory focus is on cellular and molecular mechanisms of neuronal degeneration, host-pathogen interactions, experimental modeling, use of mitochondrial DNA in biomedical and evolutionary studies, and the study of gene-environment interactions in health and disease. Dr. Garruto is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He earned a B.S. in zoology, an M.A. in anthropology and a Ph.D. in anthropology (Human Biology Program) from The Pennsylvania State University.
Howard Kurtzman is deputy executive director of the American Psychological Association's (APA) Science Directorate. He oversees programs that support advanced training for scientists, science policy and government relations, testing and assessment, research regulations and workforce analysis. Kurtzman comes to APA from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), where he served for 15 years as a program director overseeing grant funding for basic and translational cognition research. He was also active in organizing initiatives, conferences, and publications on a broad array of topics within the behavioral and social sciences for NIMH, NIH, and the Department of Health and Human Services (ranging from gender and sexual orientation to self-report processes to data archiving). Prior to joining NIMH, Kurtzman was on the faculty of the psychology department at Cornell University, where he taught and conducted research in psycholinguistics and cognitive psychology. He was the founding director of Cornell’s undergraduate cognitive studies program. Kurtzman received his bachelor’s degree from Cornell and his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, both in psychology. He was a post-doctoral fellow in cognitive science at the University of California, Irvine.
Tom LaForge is global director of Human & Cultural Insights at the Coca Cola Company. Tom delights in collecting human and cultural insights from around the world which he uses to help guide the development of portfolio and merger and acquisition strategies; brand, product and package creation; and new communications. He has explored such topics as the meaning of well-being, sports and fitness, vitality, indulgence, and the rising value of design in over 30 countries. He is fascinated by the unprecedented set of socio-historic drivers that are generating dramatic attitudinal changes across the globe – such changes as expanding worldviews, increasing demands on producers (and consumers) to address social and environmental challenges, and the increasing value of human creativity. Mr. LaForge holds a B.A. and M.A. in marketing and economics from San Jose State University.
David Lam is director of the Institute for Social Research, professor in the Department of Economics, and research professor in the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. He is honorary professor of economics at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Professor Lam’s research focuses on the interaction of economics and demography in developing countries, including analysis of the economics of population growth, fertility, marriage, and aging. He has worked extensively in Brazil and South Africa, where his research analyzes links between education, labor markets, and income inequality. He was a Fulbright visiting researcher at the Institute for Applied Economic Research in Rio de Janeiro in 1989-1990. He was a visiting professor in the School of Economics at the University of Cape Town in 1997-1998, 2004-2006, and 2013-2014. His collaborations with the University of Cape Town include the Cape Area Panel Study, a longitudinal survey of young people in Cape Town supported by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. He currently serves on the Council of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). He is program director of the DFID/IZA Program on Growth and Labor Markets in Low Income Countries. He has served as an advisor or consultant to the World Bank, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the United Nations Population Division, the United Nations Development Program, and the South Africa Office of the Presidency. He has years of experience working with the NRC and most recently was a member of the Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa. He is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a fellow of the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development, and a research fellow of the Institute for the Study of Labor. He received a M.A. in demography in 1982 and a Ph.D. in economics in 1983 from the University of California, Berkeley.
Felice Levine is executive director of the American Educational Research Association. Previously she was executive officer of the American Sociological Association. She was also director of the Law and Social Science Program at the National Science Foundation (NSF) and senior research social scientist at the American Bar Foundation. Levine’s work focuses on research and science policy issues, research ethics, data access and sharing, the scientific and academic workforce, and higher education. She is currently collaborating on an NSF-supported assessment of education research doctorate programs in U.S. universities, and is principal investigator of the AERA Grants Program and member of its Governing Board. Levine is associate editor of the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. She serves on the Executive Committee of the Consortium of Social Science Associations, is chair of the Board of Directors of the Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics, and is secretary general of the newly established World Education Research Association. Levine is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Educational Research Association, and the Association for Psychological Science as well as an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. She has served on several National Research Council committees and is a member of the Joint Advisory Group on Becoming the Online Resource Center for Ethics Education in Engineering and Science. She holds A.B., A.M., and Ph.D. degrees in sociology and psychology from the University of Chicago.
Olivia Morgan is president of OM Strategies, a politicultural communications firm. Previously she launched and grew a statewide, multi-million dollar communications and public affairs consulting firm, where she managed projects designed to shape public policy debates and aid the development of non-profit organizations. She served as managing editor on two Shriver Reports, and is senior advisor to A Woman’s Nation, a project dedicated to fostering a national conversation on how best to realign American institutions with current needs of American workers and families. As a principal at the Dewey Square Group, she worked on communications strategies with a special emphasis on nonprofit development. Previously, Ms. Morgan served as the director of federal relations for California under Governor Gray Davis, and has been a spokesperson for elected leaders at national and state levels. Morgan serves on the President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities, where she has led the creation of the new National Student Poet Program. Ms. Morgan holds a B.A. from Wesleyan University.
Sheri Roder is chief of the WHY group at Horizon Media. In leading the newly formed WHY group, Sheri brought a richer understanding of the complex human motivations that translate to purchase behavior across the full Horizon client partnerships. Prior to Horizon Media, she led strategic planning on Pfizer, Wyeth and Merial accounts at Saatchi & Saatchi Consumer Healthcare, bringing consumer and brand-based strategy and insights to pharmaceutical advertising and communications. Sheri also spent time in senior strategic planning roles at J. Walter Thompson and Gotham. Prior to life in the agency world, Sheri spent several years at Pepsi before moving to Guinness/Diageo, both in London and the U.S. Sheri was the catalyst in developing the overall marketing and advertising strategy behind the first Guinness advertising in the U.S., which ultimately resulted in 30% sales increase and won a Gold Effie, a Clio, AICP award and was a Cannes finalist.
Tobin “Toby” Smith is the vice president for policy at the Association of American Universities (AAU). He is responsible for overseeing physical sciences and engineering research and has closely monitored budgets and programs at the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Department of Defense and Department of Homeland Security. Mr. Smith also is responsible at the AAU for issues relating to innovation and national competitiveness, including the President’s American Competitiveness Initiative, and shares responsibility for monitoring science policy issues concerning export controls, technology transfer, and costs of research. Prior to joining the AAU, Mr. Smith was the Director of Federal Relations for Research for the University of Michigan. He holds a masters degree in arts of legislative affairs from George Washington University, and a bachelor degree in general studies from the University of Michigan.
Robin Stryker is a professor and director of graduate studies in the Department of Sociology, and affiliated professor, Rogers College of Law and School of Government and Public Policy at the University of Arizona. She also is the director of research at the National Institute for Civil Discourse (NICD). Stryker’s research has investigated how venues of public and political discourse influence discursive content and tone and how these in turn influence policy making. She has examined legislative, media and legal debates over hot-button issues including discrimination, affirmative action and welfare reform, showing how the framing of these debates can heighten divisiveness, misinform the public and potentially limit the effectiveness of policy making to help solve major national problems. She also investigates the use of economics, psychology, sociology and statistics in employment discrimination law enforcement. Stryker is the recipient of two recent National Science Foundation Grants and of a John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship. On behalf of the NICD, and with NICD graduate student affiliates she is examining associations among political knowledge, partisanship and ideology, media consumption, perceptions of political incivility, and offline and online civic and political engagement among University of Arizona undergraduates. Dr. Stryker holds a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Wisconsin.
Barbara Wolfe is the Richard A. Easterlin professor of economics, population health sciences, and public affairs, and faculty affiliate at the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Madison-Wisconsin. Her research focuses broadly on poverty and health issues. Current projects examine whether housing voucher programs lead to higher earnings, higher quality child care, less reliance on other public assistance programs and better school performance of children in the household; the adequacy of resources when individuals retire and during their first decade of retirement; how poverty influences critical brain areas among young children; and the influence of growing up with a sibling who has a developmental disability or mental illness, or a sibling who dies, on outcomes as a young adult. Recent work addresses the effects of welfare reform; economics of disability; ties among income, wealth, and health; racial disparities in health; and intergenerational determinants of success in young adults. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine, serving on its committee on mental health diagnosis of children on SSI, and served on a committee addressing improving access to oral health care and on the standing committee on family planning. She served as vice chair of the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine Board on Children, Youth and Families and as a member of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the National Institutes of Health. She is a member of the National Advisory Committee for the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Scholars program. She received her doctorate in economics from the University of Pennsylvania.