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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Children, Youth, and Families

Children, adolescents, and families are populations with unique needs. Our work seeks to synthesize research on factors that affect the health and development of children – and the well-being of their families -- from pregnancy through adolescence, and to bring that evidence to bear on the development of policies and programs in health care, social services, and other areas.  See also:

Related Reports

Addressing the Social and Cultural Norms That Underlie the Acceptance of ViolenceProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF,CLAJ)
2018

Social and cultural norms are rules or expectations of behavior and thoughts based on shared beliefs within a specific cultural or social group. While often unspoken, norms offer social standards for... Read more


Identifying the Role of Violence and Its Prevention in the Post-2015 Global AgendaProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF,CLAJ)
2018

To illuminate the role of violence and its prevention in the post-2015 global agenda, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine’s Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a... Read more


The Neurocognitive and Psychosocial Impacts of Violence and TraumaProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF,CLAJ)
2018

Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, can affect an individual’s health and opportunities as an adult and have far-reaching effects on future violence victimization and perpetration. To... Read more


Public Policy Approaches to Violence PreventionProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2018

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on December 1–2, 2016, with the aim of illuminating the ways in which violence prevention practitioners can effectively... Read more


Transforming the Financing of Early Care and Education  (BOCYF)
2018

High-quality early care and education for children from birth to kindergarten entry is critical to positive child development and has the potential to generate economic returns, which benefit not only... Read more


Forum sur l'Investissement dans les Jeunes Enfants à l'Échelle MondialeSynthèse de neuf ateliers mondiaux Exploration fondée sur les faits des investissements stratégiques dans les jeunes enfants  (BGH,BOCYF)
2017

Focusing on young children in a global context is an approach to end the cycle of poverty and improve the well-being of nations. Improving well-being necessarily begins with core elements such as... Read more


Foro sobre Inversión Global en la InfanciaSíntesis de nueve talleres globales que exploran inversiones estratégicas basadas en la evidencia  (BGH,BOCYF)
2017

Focusing on young children in a global context is an approach to end the cycle of poverty and improve the well-being of nations. Improving well-being necessarily begins with core elements such as... Read more


Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and FamiliesProceedings of a Workshop  (BOCYF)
2017

Increasing numbers of evidence-based interventions have proven effective in preventing and treating behavioral disorders in children. However, the adoption of these interventions in the health care... Read more


Promoting the Educational Success of Children and Youth Learning EnglishPromising Futures  (BOCYF,BOSE)
2017

Educating dual language learners (DLLs) and English learners (ELs) effectively is a national challenge with consequences both for individuals and for American society. Despite their linguistic,... Read more


Forum on Investing in Young Children GloballyA Synthesis of Nine Global Workshops Exploring Evidence-Based, Strategic Investments in Young Children  (BGH,BOCYF)
2017

Focusing on young children in a global context is an approach to end the cycle of poverty and improve the well-being of nations. Improving well-being necessarily begins with core elements such as... Read more


Implementing Evidence-Based Prevention by Communities to Promote Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health in ChildrenProceedings of a Workshop  (BOCYF)
2017

Communities provide the context in which programs, principles, and policies are implemented. Their needs dictate the kinds of programs that community organizers and advocates, program developers and... Read more


Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve Behavioral Health Outcomes for Children, Youth, and FamiliesProceedings of a Workshop--in Brief  (BOCYF)
2017

Childhood diagnoses of cognitive, affective, and behavioral disorders are increasing in both absolute numbers and as a proportion of the total childhood population in the United States, and they are... Read more


Implementing Evidence-Based Prevention by Communities to Promote Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health in ChildrenProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  (BOCYF)
2017

Communities represent the front line in addressing many behavioral health conditions that children, adolescents, young adults, and their families have to face. These conditions are not rare: during... Read more


Approaches to the Development of CharacterProceedings of a Workshop  (BOTA)
2017

The development of character is a valued objective for many kinds of educational programs that take place both in and outside of school. Educators and administrators who develop and run programs that... Read more


Innovations in Investing in Young Children GloballyProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2017

The Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with the Jacobs Foundation, the Institute for Human Development at Aga Khan University, and the Bernard van Leer Foundation, convened... Read more


Exploring the Development of a U.S. Department of Labor Research Strategy on Child Labor and Forced Labor in International SettingsProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 168 million children are affected by child labor worldwide, with a predominance of child labor occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and... Read more


Parenting MattersSupporting Parents of Children Ages 0-8  (BOCYF)
2016

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the family—which includes all primary caregivers—are at the foundation of children’s well- being and healthy... Read more


Summertime Opportunities to Promote Healthy Child and Adolescent DevelopmentProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

What children and adolescents do and learn in the summertime can have profound effects on their health and well-being, educational attainment, and career prospects. To explore the influence of... Read more


Ensuring Quality and Accessible Care for Children with Disabilities and Complex Health and Educational NeedsProceedings of a Workshop  (BOCYF)
2016

Children with disabilities and complex medical and educational needs present a special challenge for policy makers and practitioners. These children exhibit tremendous heterogeneity in their... Read more


Investing in Young Children for Peaceful SocietiesProceedings of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; UNICEF; and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID)  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 through March 18, 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with UNICEF... Read more


Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice  (CLAJ,BOCYF)
2016

Bullying has long been tolerated as a rite of passage among children and adolescents. There is an implication that individuals who are bullied must have "asked for" this type of treatment, or deserved... Read more


Advancing the Power of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families  (BOCYF)
2016

In recent years, the U.S. federal government has invested approximately $463 billion annually in interventions that affect the overall health and well-being of children and youth, while state and... Read more


Reaching and Investing in Children at the MarginsSummary of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Open Society Foundations; and the International Step by Step Association (ISSA)  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2015-2030 strive for a world that is "just, equitable, and inclusive," in which everyone receives care, education, and opportunities to thrive. Yet... Read more


Speech and Language Disorders in ChildrenImplications for the Social Security Administration's Supplemental Security Income Program  (BSP,BOCYF)
2016

Speech and language are central to the human experience; they are the vital means by which people convey and receive knowledge, thoughts, feelings, and other internal experiences. Acquisition of... Read more


Reaching and Investing in Children at the MarginsWorkshop in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

On November 3-4, 2015, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with the Open Society Foundations and the... Read more


Supporting Family and Community Investments in Young Children GloballySummary of a Joint Workshop by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

To examine the science, policy, and practice surrounding supporting family and community investments in young children globally and children in acute disruptions, the National Academies of Sciences,... Read more


Identifying Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention in the Youth Depression CascadeWorkshop in Brief  (BOCYF)
2016

On November 19, 2015, the Forum on Promoting Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine cohosted a webinar with the... Read more


Measuring Serious Emotional Disturbance in ChildrenWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary... Read more


Opportunities to Promote Children's Behavioral HealthHealth Care Reform and Beyond: Workshop Summary  (BOCYF)
2015

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which was signed into law in 2010, has several provisions that could greatly improve the behavioral health of children and adolescents in the... Read more


Using Existing Platforms to Integrate and Coordinate Investments for ChildrenWorkshop in Brief  (BGH)
2015

On March 14-15, 2015, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with the Centre for Health Education and Health Promotion and Wu Yee Sun College of the Chinese University of... Read more


Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8A Unifying Foundation  (BOCYF)
2015

Children are already learning at birth, and they develop and learn at a rapid pace in their early years. This provides a critical foundation for lifelong progress, and the adults who provide for the... Read more


Investing in the Health and Well-Being of Young Adults  (BOCYF)
2015

Young adulthood - ages approximately 18 to 26 - is a critical period of development with long-lasting implications for a person's economic security, health and well-being. Young adults are key... Read more


Harvesting the Scientific Investment in Prevention Science to Promote Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral HealthWorkshop Summary  (BOCYF)
2015

Over the past few decades there have been major successes in creating evidence-based interventions to improve the cognitive, affective, and behavioral health of children. Many of these interventions... Read more


Implementing Juvenile Justice ReformThe Federal Role  (CLAJ)
2014

In the past decade, a number of state, local, and tribal jurisdictions have begun to take significant steps to overhaul their juvenile justice systems - for example, reducing the use of juvenile... Read more


The National Children's Study 2014An Assessment  (CNSTAT,BOCYF)
2014

The National Children's Study (NCS) was authorized by the Children's Health Act of 2000 and is being implemented by a dedicated Program Office in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child... Read more


New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research  (BOCYF)
2014

Each year, child protective services receive reports of child abuse and neglect involving six million children, and many more go unreported. The long-term human and fiscal consequences of child abuse... Read more


Sports-Related Concussions in YouthImproving the Science, Changing the Culture  (BOCYF)
2014

In the past decade, few subjects at the intersection of medicine and sports have generated as much public interest as sports-related concussions - especially among youth. Despite growing awareness of... Read more


Global Violence PreventionSix-Volume Set  (BGH,BOCYF,CLAJ)
2014

Violence - for example, child abuse, intimate partner violence, elder abuse, sexual violence, gang violence, and suicide - is a major public health problem worldwide. In 2001, violence accounted for... Read more


Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States  (BOCYF,CLAJ)
2013

Every day in the United States, children and adolescents are victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking. Despite the serious and long-term consequences for victims as well as their... Read more


Reforming Juvenile JusticeA Developmental Approach  (CLAJ)
2013

Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term... Read more


Design of the National Children's StudyA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BOCYF)
2013

The Children's Health Act mandated the National Children's Study (NCS) in 2000 with one of its purposes being to authorize the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) to study... Read more


An Update on Research Issues in the Assessment of Birth SettingsWorkshop Summary  (BOCYF)
2013

More than 30 years ago, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research Council (NRC) convened a committee to determine methodologies and research needed to evaluate childbirth settings in... Read more


Nutrition Education in the K-12 CurriculumThe Role of National Standards: Workshop Summary  (FNB,BOCYF)
2013

The childhood obesity epidemic and related health consequences are urgent public health problems. Approximately one-third of America's young people are overweight or obese. Health problems once seen... Read more


Evaluation of PEPFAR  (BGH,BOCYF)
2013

The U.S. government supports programs to combat global HIV/AIDS through an initiative that is known as the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). This initiative was originally... Read more


Reforming Juvenile JusticeA Developmental Approach  (CLAJ)
2013

Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term... Read more


Databases for Estimating Health Insurance Coverage for ChildrenA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2010

This report summarizes the proceedings of a workshop convened in June 2010 to critically examine the various databases that could provide national and state-level estimates of low-income uninsured... Read more



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