DBASSE
Sunday, November 23, 2014 
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   DBASSE - TOPICS

Aging

Behavior and Cognition

Children, Youth, and Families

Defense and National Security

Economy and the Workforce

Education

Humans, Systems, and Technologies

Law, Crime, and Justice

National Surveys and Statistics

Population and Demography

Research Quality and Use

Society and the Environment

Testing and Assessment

Law, Crime, and Justice

What factors affect whether a parolee stays out of prison or reoffends? What does research reveal about what makes policing effective in communities? What advances in behavioral science and neuroscience could help us better understand and reduce juvenile crime? We review and synthesize scientific research to help answer questions such as these, and produce reports that can aid policymakers in shaping policies and programs on crime deterrence, law enforcement, criminal justice, and terrorism. See also:

Current Projects
 
Roundtable on Understanding Crime Decline in America
The Roundtable discussions will focus on crime trends, such as the crime decline of the past 20 years, explore its policy and operations implications and relevance for future prevention and enforcement efforts, and discuss ways to inform a long-term research agenda.
 

Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration

The study will focus on the scientific evidence that exists on the use of incarceration in the United States and will propose a research agenda on the use of incarceration and alternatives to incarceration for the future. 

 
Reports
   
Sexual Exploitation cover Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States (CLAJ, BOCYF, IOM)
2013

This report is a comprehensive examination and synthesis of current research on commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States.
   
Health and Incarceration Health and Incarceration: A Workshop Summary (CLAJ, BSP)
2013

Incarceration rates in the United States have risen dramatically in recent decades. The increasing numbers entering and exiting U.S. prisons and jails raise questions about the adequacy of healthcare available for them, particularly given the prevalence of drug and alcohol addictions, chronic diseases, and mental illness in the incarcerated population.
   
Gun Violence cover web Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence (CLAJ, IOM)
2013

In 2010, more than 105,000 people were injured of killed in the United States as the result of a firearm-related incident. This report presents a potential research agenda that focuses on the causes of, possible interventions to, and strategies to minimize the burden of firearm-related violence.
   
Juvenile Justice cover web 

Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach (CLAJ)

2013

 

The report concludes that changes are needed if the juvenile justice system is to meet its aims of holding adolescents accountable, preventing reoffending, and treating them fairly.  Read more

   
Deterrence_cover 

Deterrence and the Death Penalty (CLAJ)

2012

 

The report does not consider these issues, nor does it render an overall judgement on whether capital punishment is good public policy. It only assess the scientific quality of the evidence on whether capital punishment deters homicides and recommends ways to improve the quality of future research.

The report concludes that research to date is not informative about whether capital punishment decreases, increases, or has no effect on homicide rates.  Read more

 

 

Budgeting for Immigration Enforcement: A Path to Better Performance  (CLAJ)
2011

Immigration enforcement is carried out by a complex legal and administrative system, operating under frequently changing legislative mandates and policy guidance, with authority and funding spread... Read more


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