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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Defense and National Security

The behavioral and social sciences have much to contribute to policies on national security and defense policy – for example, offering insights into how people behave under battlefield stress and how intelligence analysts can improve their predictions and collaboration.  See also:

 

 


Reports

Measuring Human CapabilitiesAn Agenda for Basic Research on the Assessment of Individual and Group Performance Potential for Military Accession  (BBCSS)
2015

Every year, the U.S. Army must select from an applicant pool in the hundreds of thousands to meet annual enlistment targets, currently numbering in the tens of thousands of new soldiers. A critical... Read more


Reliability GrowthEnhancing Defense System Reliability  (CNSTAT)
2015

A high percentage of defense systems fail to meet their reliability requirements. This is a serious problem for the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), as well as the nation. Those systems are not only... Read more


The Context of Military EnvironmentsAn Agenda for Basic Research on Social and Organizational Factors Relevant to Small Units  (BBCSS)
2014

The United States Army faces a variety of challenges to maintain a ready and capable force into the future. Missions are increasingly diverse, ranging from combat and counterinsurgency to negotiation,... Read more


Climate and Social StressImplications for Security Analysis  (BECS)
2013

Climate change can reasonably be expected to increase the frequency and intensity of a variety of potentially disruptive environmental events--slowly at first, but then more quickly. It is prudent to... Read more


Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States  (BOCYF,CLAJ)
2013

Every day in the United States, children and adolescents are victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking. Despite the serious and long-term consequences for victims as well as their... Read more


New Directions in Assessing Performance Potential of Individuals and GroupsWorkshop Summary  (BBCSS)
2013

As an all-volunteer service accepting applications from nearly 400,000 potential recruits annually from across the U.S. population, the U.S. military must accurately and efficiently assess the... Read more


Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence  (EO,CLAJ)
2013

In 2010, more than 105,000 people were injured or killed in the United States as the result of a firearm-related incident. Recent, highly publicized, tragic mass shootings in Newtown, CT; Aurora, CO;... Read more


Industrial Methods for the Effective Development and Testing of Defense Systems  (CNSTAT,BAST)
2012

During the past decade and a half, the National Research Council, through its Committee on National Statistics, has carried out a number of studies on the application of statistical methods to improve... Read more


Threatening Communications and BehaviorPerspectives on the Pursuit of Public Figures  (BBCSS)
2011

Today's world of rapid social, technological, and behavioral change provides new opportunities for communications with few limitations of time and space. Through these communications, people leave... Read more


Intelligence AnalysisBehavioral and Social Scientific Foundations  (BBCSS)
2011

The U.S. intelligence community (IC) is a complex human enterprise whose success depends on how well the people in it perform their work. Although often aided by sophisticated technologies, these... Read more


Intelligence Analysis for TomorrowAdvances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences  (BBCSS)
2011

The intelligence community (IC) plays an essential role in the national security of the United States. Decision makers rely on IC analyses and predictions to reduce uncertainty and to provide warnings... Read more


Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense MissionsToward a Unified Social Framework: Workshop Summary  (BOHSI)
2011

Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense Missions: Toward a Unified Social Framework summarizes presentations and discussions that took place on August 16-17, 2010, at a National... Read more



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