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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Economy and the Workforce

 

What is the most accurate and useful way to measure national poverty levels? What options does the U.S. government have for balancing the federal budget? And how can we educate people in ways that help them become versatile and innovative thinkers? Research in economics, education, and the social sciences can help answer questions such as these and aid decision-makers in shaping fiscal and economic policies and preparing a competitive work force.  See also:


Reports

Workforce Development and Intelligence Analysis for National Security PurposesProceedings of a Workshop  (BBCSS)
2018

Beginning in October 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a set of workshops designed to gather information for the Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral... Read more


Data Science for UndergraduatesOpportunities and Options  (CSTB,BMSA,CATS,BOSE)
2018

Data science is emerging as a field that is revolutionizing science and industries alike. Work across nearly all domains is becoming more data driven, affecting both the jobs that are available and... Read more


The Human Factors of Process Safety and Worker Empowerment in the Offshore Oil IndustryProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
2018

Since the 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout and oil spill, efforts to improve safety in the offshore oil industry have resulted in the adoption of new technological controls, increased promotion of... Read more


A Smarter National Surveillance System for Occupational Safety and Health in the 21st Century  (BANR,CNSTAT,HSP)
2018

The workplace is where 156 million working adults in the United States spend many waking hours, and it has a profound influence on health and well-being. Although some occupations and work-related... Read more


Measuring the 21st Century Science and Engineering Workforce PopulationEvolving Needs  (CNSTAT)
2018

The National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), one of the nation’s principal statistical agencies, is charged to collect, acquire, analyze, report,... Read more


Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and FamiliesProceedings of a Workshop  (BOCYF)
2017

Increasing numbers of evidence-based interventions have proven effective in preventing and treating behavioral disorders in children. However, the adoption of these interventions in the health care... Read more


Improving Crop Estimates by Integrating Multiple Data Sources  (CNSTAT)
2017

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) is the primary statistical data collection agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). NASS conducts hundreds of surveys each year and... Read more


Supporting Students' College SuccessThe Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies  (BOTA)
2017

The importance of higher education has never been clearer. Educational attainment—the number of years a person spends in school—strongly predicts adult earnings, as well as health and civic... Read more


The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration  (CNSTAT)
2017

The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration finds that the long-term impact of immigration on the wages and employment of native-born workers overall is very small, and that any negative... Read more


Building America's Skilled Technical Workforce  (STEP,BHEW,BOSE)
2017

Skilled technical occupations—defined as occupations that require a high level of knowledge in a technical domain but do not require a bachelor’s degree for entry—are a key component of the U.S.... Read more


Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve Behavioral Health Outcomes for Children, Youth, and FamiliesProceedings of a Workshop--in Brief  (BOCYF)
2017

Childhood diagnoses of cognitive, affective, and behavioral disorders are increasing in both absolute numbers and as a proportion of the total childhood population in the United States, and they are... Read more


Personnel Selection in the Pattern Evidence Domain of Forensic ScienceProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
2017

In July 2016 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop with the goal of bringing together industrial and organizational (I-O) psychologists, experts on... Read more


Advancing Concepts and Models for Measuring InnovationProceedings of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2017

Because of the role of innovation as a driver of economic productivity and growth and as a mechanism for improving people's well-being in other ways, understanding the nature,determinants, and impacts... Read more


Exploring the Development of a U.S. Department of Labor Research Strategy on Child Labor and Forced Labor in International SettingsProceedings of a Workshop—in Brief  (BGH,BOCYF)
2016

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 168 million children are affected by child labor worldwide, with a predominance of child labor occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and... Read more


Advancing the Power of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families  (BOCYF)
2016

In recent years, the U.S. federal government has invested approximately $463 billion annually in interventions that affect the overall health and well-being of children and youth, while state and... Read more


The Integration of Immigrants into American Society  (CPOP)
2016

The United States prides itself on being a nation of immigrants, and the country has a long history of successfully absorbing people from across the globe. The integration of immigrants and their... Read more


Barriers and Opportunities for 2-Year and 4-Year STEM DegreesSystemic Change to Support Students' Diverse Pathways  (BOSE,BHEW)
2016

Nearly 40 percent of the students entering 2- and 4-year postsecondary institutions indicated their intention to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in 2012. But the... Read more


Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8A Unifying Foundation  (BOCYF)
2015

Children are already learning at birth, and they develop and learn at a rapid pace in their early years. This provides a critical foundation for lifelong progress, and the adults who provide for the... Read more


Measuring Research and Development Expenditures in the U.S. Nonprofit SectorConceptual and Design Issues: Summary of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2015

National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) of the National Science Foundation is responsible for national reporting of the research and development (R&D) activities that occur in... Read more


Civic Engagement and Social CohesionMeasuring Dimensions of Social Capital to Inform Policy  (CNSTAT)
2014

People's bonds, associations and networks - as well as the civil, political, and institutional characteristics of the society in which they live - can be powerful drivers affecting the quality of life... Read more


Subjective Well-BeingMeasuring Happiness, Suffering, and Other Dimensions of Experience  (CNSTAT)
2013

Subjective well-being refers to how people experience and evaluate their lives and specific domains and activities in their lives. This information has already proven valuable to researchers, who have... Read more


Assessment of Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation  (BOHSI)
2013

Within the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Airway Transportation System Specialists ATSS) maintain and certify the equipment in the National Airspace System (NAS).In fiscal year 2012,... Read more


Improving Self-Escape from Underground Coal Mines  (BOHSI)
2013

Coal mine disasters in the United States are relatively rare events; many of the roughly 50,000 miners underground will never have to evacuate a mine in an emergency during their careers. However, for... Read more


Collecting Compensation Data from Employers  (CNSTAT)
2013

U.S. agencies with responsibilities for enforcing equal employment opportunity laws have long relied on detailed information that is obtained from employers on employment in job groups by gender and... Read more


Education for Life and WorkDeveloping Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century  (BOTA)
2012

Americans have long recognized that investments in public education contribute to the common good, enhancing national prosperity and supporting stable families, neighborhoods, and communities.... Read more


Measuring What We SpendToward a New Consumer Expenditure Survey  (CNSTAT)
2013

The Consumer Expenditure (CE) surveys are the only source of information on the complete range of consumers' expenditures and incomes in the United States, as well as the characteristics of those... Read more


Aging and the MacroeconomyLong-Term Implications of an Older Population  (BMSTA,BMSA,CPOP)
2012

The United States is in the midst of a major demographic shift. In the coming decades, people aged 65 and over will make up an increasingly large percentage of the population: The ratio of people aged... Read more


Improving Adult Literacy InstructionOptions for Practice and Research  
2012

A high level of literacy in both print and digital media is required for negotiating most aspects of 21st-century life, including supporting a family, education, health, civic participation, and... Read more


Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education LandscapeSummary of a Summit  (BOSE,BLS,BHEW)
2012

The National Research Council (NRC) and National Academy of Engineering (NAE) have released a new report, Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education Landscape: Summary of a Summit. Based on a... Read more


Budgeting for Immigration EnforcementA Path to Better Performance  (CLAJ)
2011

Immigration enforcement is carried out by a complex legal and administrative system, operating under frequently changing legislative mandates and policy guidance, with authority and funding spread... Read more


Assessing 21st Century SkillsSummary of a Workshop  (BOTA)
2011

The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services... Read more


The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue  (BOHSI)
2011

Nearly everyone experiences fatigue, but some professions--such as aviation, medicine and the military--demand alert, precise, rapid, and well-informed decision making and communication with little... Read more


Assessing the Impact of Severe Economic Recession on the ElderlySummary of a Workshop  (CPOP)
2011

The economic crisis that began in 2008 has had a significant impact on the well-being of certain segments of the population and its disruptive effects can be expected to last well into the future. The... Read more


Databases for Estimating Health Insurance Coverage for ChildrenA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2010

This report summarizes the proceedings of a workshop convened in June 2010 to critically examine the various databases that could provide national and state-level estimates of low-income uninsured... Read more



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