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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Education

What does research reveal about how people learn and which educational methods and policies are most effective? An evidence-based approach can provide valuable input into often-controversial debates about educational methods and policy. Our reports have examined and synthesized the evidence on a broad range of questions, from how to accurately measure high-school dropout rates, to the effects of incentives on student learning, to how adults learn to read. Given our affiliation with the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, one area of emphasis is studying how children most effectively learn about science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.  See also:


Reports

Data Science for UndergraduatesOpportunities and Options  (CSTB,BMSA,CATS,BOSE)
2018

Data science is emerging as a field that is revolutionizing science and industries alike. Work across nearly all domains is becoming more data driven, affecting both the jobs that are available and... Read more


Transforming the Financing of Early Care and Education  (BOCYF)
2018

High-quality early care and education for children from birth to kindergarten entry is critical to positive child development and has the potential to generate economic returns, which benefit not only... Read more


Design, Selection, and Implementation of Instructional Materials for the Next Generation Science StandardsProceedings of a Workshop  (BOSE)
2018

Instructional materials are a key means to achieving the goals of science education—an enterprise that yields unique and worthwhile benefits to individuals and society. As states and districts move... Read more


Indicators for Monitoring Undergraduate STEM Education  (BOSE)
2017

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals generate a stream of scientific discoveries and technological innovations that fuel job creation and national economic growth.... Read more


Demographic Effects of Girls' Education in Developing CountriesProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  (CPOP)
2017

Educating girls is a universally accepted strategy for improving lives and advancing development. Girls’ schooling is associated with many demographic outcomes, including later age at marriage or... Read more


Envisioning the Data Science DisciplineThe Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report  (CSTB,BMSA,CATS,BOSE)
2017

The need to manage, analyze, and extract knowledge from data is pervasive across industry, government, and academia. Scientists, engineers, and executives routinely encounter enormous volumes of data,... Read more


Graduate Training in the Social and Behavioral SciencesProceedings of a Workshop--in Brief  (BOSE)
2017

Graduate training in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS) has largely remained unchanged in the past 35 years despite trends toward multidisciplinary research and varying pathways given changing... Read more


Supporting Students' College SuccessThe Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies  (BOTA)
2017

The importance of higher education has never been clearer. Educational attainment—the number of years a person spends in school—strongly predicts adult earnings, as well as health and civic... Read more


Promoting the Educational Success of Children and Youth Learning EnglishPromising Futures  (BOCYF,BOSE)
2017

Educating dual language learners (DLLs) and English learners (ELs) effectively is a national challenge with consequences both for individuals and for American society. Despite their linguistic,... Read more


Undergraduate Research Experiences for STEM StudentsSuccesses, Challenges, and Opportunities  (BOSE,BLS)
2017

Undergraduate research has a rich history, and many practicing researchers point to undergraduate research experiences (UREs) as crucial to their own career success. There are many ongoing efforts to... Read more


Building America's Skilled Technical Workforce  (STEP,BHEW,BOSE)
2017

Skilled technical occupations—defined as occupations that require a high level of knowledge in a technical domain but do not require a bachelor’s degree for entry—are a key component of the U.S.... Read more


The Social and Behavioral Sciences in K-12 EducationPast, Present, and Future: Proceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  
2017

The ability to meet many of society’s challenges requires an understanding of human behavior. From health to education to business to homeland security, the social and behavioral sciences (SBS)—which... Read more


Evaluation of the Achievement Levels for Mathematics and Reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress  (CNSTAT,BOTA)
2017

Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has been providing policymakers, educators, and the public with reports on academic performance and progress of the nation’s... Read more


Increasing the Roles and Significance of Teachers in Policymaking for K-12 Engineering EducationProceedings of a Convocation  (TAC)
2017

Engineering is a small but growing part of K–12 education. Curricula that use the principles and practices of engineering are providing opportunities for elementary, middle, and high school students... Read more


Approaches to the Development of CharacterProceedings of a Workshop  (BOTA)
2017

The development of character is a valued objective for many kinds of educational programs that take place both in and outside of school. Educators and administrators who develop and run programs that... Read more


Seeing Students Learn ScienceIntegrating Assessment and Instruction in the Classroom  (BOSE,BOTA)
2017

Science educators in the United States are adapting to a new vision of how students learn science. Children are natural explorers and their observations and intuitions about the world around them are... Read more


Service-Learning in Undergraduate GeosciencesProceedings of a Workshop  (BOSE)
2017

The term “service-learning” generally refers to projects planned as components of academic coursework in which students use knowledge and skills taught in the course to address real needs in their... Read more


Science LiteracyConcepts, Contexts, and Consequences  (BOSE)
2016

Science is a way of knowing about the world. At once a process, a product, and an institution, science enables people to both engage in the construction of new knowledge as well as use information to... Read more


Effective Chemistry Communication in Informal Environments  (BCST,BOSE)
2016

Chemistry plays a critical role in daily life, impacting areas such as medicine and health, consumer products, energy production, the ecosystem, and many other areas. Communicating about chemistry in... Read more


Communicating ChemistryA Framework for Sharing Science: A Practical Evidence-Based Guide  (BCST,BOSE)
2016

A growing body of evidence indicates that, increasingly, the public is engaging with science in a wide range of informal environments, which can be any setting outside of school such as... Read more


Barriers and Opportunities for 2-Year and 4-Year STEM DegreesSystemic Change to Support Students' Diverse Pathways  (BOSE,BHEW)
2016

Nearly 40 percent of the students entering 2- and 4-year postsecondary institutions indicated their intention to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in 2012. But the... Read more


Science Teachers' LearningEnhancing Opportunities, Creating Supportive Contexts  (BOSE,TAC)
2015

Currently, many states are adopting the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) or are revising their own state standards in ways that reflect the NGSS. For students and schools, the implementation... Read more


Integrating Discovery-Based Research into the Undergraduate CurriculumReport of a Convocation  
2015

Students who participate in scientific research as undergraduates report gaining many benefits from the experience. However, undergraduate research done independently under a faculty member's guidance... Read more


Identifying and Supporting Productive STEM Programs in Out-of-School Settings  (BOSE)
2015

More and more young people are learning about science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in a wide variety of afterschool, summer, and informal programs. At the same time, there has been... Read more


An Evaluation of the Public Schools of the District of ColumbiaReform in a Changing Landscape  (BOTA)
2015

An Evaluation of the Public Schools of the District of Columbia is a comprehensive five-year summative evaluation report for Phase Two of an initiative to evaluate the District of Columbia's public... Read more


¡En Sus Marcas, Listos, Ciencia!De la investigación a la práctica en las clases de ciencias en la educación básica  (BOSE,CFE)
2015

This is the Spanish language version of Ready, Set, Science! by the Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. It was edited by the Chilean Academy of Sciences under the direction of... Read more


Public Engagement on Genetically Modified OrganismsWhen Science and Citizens Connect: Workshop Summary  (BLS,BOSE)
2015

The National Research Council's Roundtable on Public Interfaces of the Life Sciences held a 2-day workshop on January 15-16, 2015, in Washington, DC to explore the public interfaces between scientists... Read more


Guide to Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards  (BOSE)
2015

A Framework for K-12 Science Education and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) describe a new vision for science learning and teaching that is catalyzing improvements in science classrooms across... Read more


Reaching StudentsWhat Research Says About Effective Instruction in Undergraduate Science and Engineering  (BOSE)
2015

The undergraduate years are a turning point in producing scientifically literate citizens and future scientists and engineers. Evidence from research about how students learn science and engineering... Read more


Literacy for ScienceExploring the Intersection of the Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core for ELA Standards: A Workshop Summary  (BOSE)
2014

The recent movement in K-12 education toward common standards in key subjects represents an unprecedented opportunity for improving learning outcomes for all students. These standards initiatives -... Read more


STEM Learning Is EverywhereSummary of a Convocation on Building Learning Systems  (TAC)
2014

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) permeate the modern world. The jobs people do, the foods they eat, the vehicles in which they travel, the information they receive, the... Read more


Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards  (BOTA,BOSE)
2014

Assessments, understood as tools for tracking what and how well students have learned, play a critical role in the classroom. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards develops... Read more


Monitoring Progress Toward Successful K-12 STEM EducationA Nation Advancing?  (BOSE,BOTA)
2013

Following a 2011 report by the National Research Council (NRC) on successful K-12 education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), Congress asked the National Science Foundation... Read more


Education for Life and WorkDeveloping Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century  (BOTA)
2012

Americans have long recognized that investments in public education contribute to the common good, enhancing national prosperity and supporting stable families, neighborhoods, and communities.... Read more


Improving Adult Literacy InstructionOptions for Practice and Research  
2012

A high level of literacy in both print and digital media is required for negotiating most aspects of 21st-century life, including supporting a family, education, health, civic participation, and... Read more


A Framework for K-12 Science EducationPractices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas  (BOSE)
2012

Science, engineering, and technology permeate nearly every facet of modern life and hold the key to solving many of humanity's most pressing current and future challenges. The United States' position... Read more


Successful K-12 STEM EducationIdentifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics  (BOSE,BOTA)
2011

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are cultural achievements that reflect our humanity, power our economy, and constitute fundamental aspects of our lives as citizens, consumers,... Read more


Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education LandscapeSummary of a Summit  (BOSE,BLS,BHEW)
2012

The National Research Council (NRC) and National Academy of Engineering (NAE) have released a new report, Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education Landscape: Summary of a Summit. Based on a... Read more


Assessing 21st Century SkillsSummary of a Workshop  (BOTA)
2011

The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services... Read more


Successful STEM EducationA Workshop Summary  (BOSE,BOTA)
2011

What students learn about the science disciplines, technology, engineering, and mathematics during their K-12 schooling shapes their intellectual development, opportunities for future study and work,... Read more


Climate Change EducationGoals, Audiences, and Strategies: A Workshop Summary  (BECS,BOSE)
2011

The global scientific and policy community now unequivocally accepts that human activities cause global climate change. Although information on climate change is readily available, the nation still... Read more


A Framework for K-12 Science EducationPractices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas  (BOSE)
2012

Science, engineering, and technology permeate nearly every facet of modern life and hold the key to solving many of humanity's most pressing current and future challenges. The United States' position... Read more


Successful K-12 STEM EducationIdentifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics  (BOSE,BOTA)
2011

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are cultural achievements that reflect our humanity, power our economy, and constitute fundamental aspects of our lives as citizens, consumers,... Read more


Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education  (BOTA)
2011

In recent years there have been increasing efforts to use accountability systems based on large-scale tests of students as a mechanism for improving student achievement. The federal No Child Left... Read more


Allocating Federal Funds for State Programs for English Language Learners  (CNSTAT,BOTA)
2011

As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001... Read more


Promising Practices in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics EducationSummary of Two Workshops  (BOSE)
2011

Numerous teaching, learning, assessment, and institutional innovations in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education have emerged in the past decade. Because... Read more


Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations  (BOSE)
2011

At a time when scientific and technological competence is vital to the nation's future, the weak performance of U.S. students in science reflects the uneven quality of current science education. ... Read more


High School Dropout, Graduation, and Completion RatesBetter Data, Better Measures, Better Decisions  (BOTA)
2011

High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may... Read more



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