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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
National Surveys and Statistics

Issues of measurement, data, and statistics are key to virtually all areas of science and public policy. U.S. census data, for example, determines not only how states are represented in Congress but also how federal funds are allocated to communities for things like education, transportation, and public health. Our work strives to improve statistical information and methods to inform public policy decisions, as well as to help integrate the nation’s highly decentralized federal statistical system.  See also:


Reports

Reengineering the Census Bureau's Annual Economic Surveys  (CNSTAT)
2018

The U.S. Census Bureau maintains an important portfolio of economic statistics programs, including quinquennial economic censuses, annual economic surveys, and quarterly and monthly indicator surveys.... Read more


Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2New Systems for Measuring Crime  (CNSTAT,CLAJ)
2018

To derive statistics about crime – to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for... Read more


Measuring the 21st Century Science and Engineering Workforce PopulationEvolving Needs  (CNSTAT)
2018

The National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), one of the nation’s principal statistical agencies, is charged to collect, acquire, analyze, report,... Read more


Indicators for Monitoring Undergraduate STEM Education  (BOSE)
2017

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals generate a stream of scientific discoveries and technological innovations that fuel job creation and national economic growth.... Read more


Improving Crop Estimates by Integrating Multiple Data Sources  (CNSTAT)
2017

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) is the primary statistical data collection agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). NASS conducts hundreds of surveys each year and... Read more


Federal Statistics, Multiple Data Sources, and Privacy ProtectionNext Steps  (CNSTAT)
2017

The environment for obtaining information and providing statistical data for policy makers and the public has changed significantly in the past decade, raising questions about the fundamental survey... Read more


Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement  (CNSTAT)
2017

Every year roughly 100,000 fatal and injury crashes occur in the United States involving large trucks and buses. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) in the U.S. Department of... Read more


Principles and Practices for Federal Program EvaluationProceedings of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2017

In October 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 1-day public workshop on Principles and Practices for Federal Program Evaluation. The workshop was organized... Read more


The 2014 Redesign of the Survey of Income and Program ParticipationAn Assessment  (CNSTAT)
2017

The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a national, longitudinal household survey conducted by the Census Bureau. SIPP serves as a tool to evaluate the effectiveness of... Read more


Evaluation of the Achievement Levels for Mathematics and Reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress  (CNSTAT,BOTA)
2017

Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has been providing policymakers, educators, and the public with reports on academic performance and progress of the nation’s... Read more


Innovations in Federal StatisticsCombining Data Sources While Protecting Privacy  (CNSTAT)
2017

Federal government statistics provide critical information to the country and serve a key role in a democracy. For decades, sample surveys with instruments carefully designed for particular data needs... Read more


Principles and Practices for Federal Program EvaluationProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  (CNSTAT)
2017

In October 2016 the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a 1-day public workshop on principles and practices for federal program evaluation. Participants focused on reviews... Read more


Reducing Response Burden in the American Community SurveyProceedings of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2016

Although people in the United States have historically been reasonably supportive of federal censuses and surveys, they are increasingly unavailable for or not willing to respond to interview requests... Read more


Measuring Recovery from Substance Use or Mental DisordersWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

In February 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop to explore options for expanding the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s... Read more


Measuring TraumaWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The Workshop on Integrating New Measures of Trauma into the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Data Collection Programs, held in Washington, D.C. in December 2015,... Read more


Modernizing Crime StatisticsReport 1: Defining and Classifying Crime  (CNSTAT,CLAJ)
2016

To derive statistics about crime – to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it – a conceptual framework for... Read more


Measuring Specific Mental Illness Diagnoses with Functional ImpairmentWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary... Read more


Measuring Serious Emotional Disturbance in ChildrenWorkshop Summary  (CNSTAT,BBCSS,HSP)
2016

The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary... Read more


Rationalizing Rural Area Classifications for the Economic Research ServiceA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2016

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA/ERS) maintains four highly related but distinct geographic classification systems to designate areas by the degree to which they are... Read more


The Bicentennial CensusNew Directions for Methodology in 1990: 30th Anniversary Edition  (CNSTAT)
2015

In 1982 the Census Bureau requested the Committee on National Statistics to establish a panel to suggest research and experiments, to recommend improved methods, and to guide the Census Bureau on... Read more


Realizing the Potential of the American Community SurveyChallenges, Tradeoffs, and Opportunities  (CNSTAT)
2015

The American Community Survey (ACS) was conceptualized as a replacement to the census long form, which collected detailed population and housing data from a sample of the U.S. population, once a... Read more


Data and Research to Improve the U.S. Food Availability System and Estimates of Food LossA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2015

The United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Economic Research Service's (ERS) Food Availability Data System includes three distinct but related data series on food and nutrient... Read more


Civic Engagement and Social CohesionMeasuring Dimensions of Social Capital to Inform Policy  (CNSTAT)
2014

People's bonds, associations and networks - as well as the civil, political, and institutional characteristics of the society in which they live - can be powerful drivers affecting the quality of life... Read more


The National Children's Study 2014An Assessment  (CNSTAT,BOCYF)
2014

The National Children's Study (NCS) was authorized by the Children's Health Act of 2000 and is being implemented by a dedicated Program Office in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child... Read more


Estimating the Incidence of Rape and Sexual Assault  (CNSTAT)
2014

The Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) measures the rates at which Americans are victims of crimes, including rape and sexual assault, but there is concern... Read more


Subjective Well-BeingMeasuring Happiness, Suffering, and Other Dimensions of Experience  (CNSTAT)
2013

Subjective well-being refers to how people experience and evaluate their lives and specific domains and activities in their lives. This information has already proven valuable to researchers, who have... Read more


Benefits, Burdens, and Prospects of the American Community SurveySummary of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2013

In June 2012, the Committee on National Statistics (sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau) convened a Workshop on the Benefits (and Burdens) of the American Community Survey (ACS)---the detailed... Read more


Options for Estimating Illegal Entries at the U.S.-Mexico Border  (CNSTAT)
2013

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for securing and managing the nation's borders. Over the past decade, DHS has dramatically stepped up its enforcement efforts at the... Read more


Nonresponse in Social Science SurveysA Research Agenda  (CNSTAT)
2013

For many household surveys in the United States, responses rates have been steadily declining for at least the past two decades. A similar decline in survey response can be observed in all wealthy... Read more


Measuring What We SpendToward a New Consumer Expenditure Survey  (CNSTAT)
2013

The Consumer Expenditure (CE) surveys are the only source of information on the complete range of consumers' expenditures and incomes in the United States, as well as the characteristics of those... Read more


Medical Care Economic RiskMeasuring Financial Vulnerability from Spending on Medical Care  (CNSTAT,HCS)
2013

The United States has seen major advances in medical care during the past decades, but access to care at an affordable cost is not universal. Many Americans lack health care insurance of any kind, and... Read more


Using American Community Survey Data to Expand Access to the School Meals Programs  (CNSTAT)
2012

The National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, administered by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), are key components of the nation's food... Read more


The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use SurveyAssessment for Its Continuation  (CNSTAT)
2012

The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, included a subjective well-being (SWB) module in 2010 and 2012. The module, funded by the National Institute on Aging... Read more


Small Populations, Large EffectsImproving the Measurement of the Group Quarters Population in the American Community Survey  (CNSTAT)
2012

In the early 1990s, the Census Bureau proposed a program of continuous measurement as a possible alternative to the gathering of detailed social, economic, and housing data from a sample of the U.S.... Read more


Effective Tracking of Building Energy UseImproving the Commercial Buildings and Residential Energy Consumption Surveys  (CNSTAT,BEES)
2012

The United States is responsible for nearly one-fifth of the world's energy consumption. Population growth, and the associated growth in housing, commercial floor space, transportation, goods, and... Read more


Improving Measures of Science, Technology, and InnovationInterim Report  (CNSTAT,STEP)
2012

The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), at the U.S. National Foundation, is 1 of 14 major statistical agencies in the federal government, of which at least 5 collect... Read more


Industrial Methods for the Effective Development and Testing of Defense Systems  (CNSTAT,BAST)
2012

During the past decade and a half, the National Research Council, through its Committee on National Statistics, has carried out a number of studies on the application of statistical methods to improve... Read more


Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age  (CNSTAT,CSTB)
2012

The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) communicates its science and engineering (S&E) information to data users in a very fluid... Read more


The Future of Federal Household SurveysSummary of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2011

Federal household surveys today face several significant challenges including: increasing costs of data collection, declining response rates, perceptions of increasing response burden, inadequate... Read more


Facilitating Innovation in the Federal Statistical SystemSummary of a Workshop  (CNSTAT)
2011

On May 8, 2009, the symposium, The Federal Statistical System: Recognizing Its Contributions, Moving It Forward was held in Washington, DC. One of the topics considered at that symposium was the... Read more


Allocating Federal Funds for State Programs for English Language Learners  (CNSTAT,BOTA)
2011

As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001... Read more


Change and the 2020 CensusNot Whether But How  (CNSTAT)
2011

Sponsored by the Census Bureau and charged to evaluate the 2010 U.S. census with an eye toward suggesting research and development for the 2020 census, the Panel to Review the 2010 Census uses this... Read more


Measuring the Group Quarters Population in the American Community SurveyInterim Report  (CNSTAT)
2010

Following several years of testing and evaluation, the American Community Survey (ACS) was launched in 2005 as a replacement for the census "long form," used to collect detailed social, economic, and... Read more


Databases for Estimating Health Insurance Coverage for ChildrenA Workshop Summary  (CNSTAT)
2010

This report summarizes the proceedings of a workshop convened in June 2010 to critically examine the various databases that could provide national and state-level estimates of low-income uninsured... Read more



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