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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Population and Demography

To develop sound fiscal and social policies, governments need an accurate understanding of the size and makeup of their populations and any demographic trends under way. For example, a nation facing a growing proportion of elderly may decide to allocate its resources differently than one experiencing a baby boom, and a country undergoing rapid urbanization may invest in infrastructure differently than one that is not. Our reports and workshops examine the causes of demographic changes and their implications for policy, as well as the effects of war, recession, and other circumstances on particular populations, such as the young or elderly.  See also:


Reports

Future Directions for the Demography of AgingProceedings of a Workshop  (CPOP)
2018

Almost 25 years have passed since the Demography of Aging (1994) was published by the National Research Council. Future Directions for the Demography of Aging is, in many ways, the successor to that... Read more


Women's Mental Health across the Life Course through a Sex-Gender LensProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  
2018

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on March 7, 2018, to help inform research, programs, and policies to better meet the mental health needs of women in... Read more


Improving Health Research on Small PopulationsProceedings of a Workshop  (CNSTAT,HCS)
2018

The increasing diversity of population of the United States presents many challenges to conducting health research that is representative and informative. Dispersion and accessibility issues can... Read more


Demographic Effects of Girls' Education in Developing CountriesProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  (CPOP)
2017

Educating girls is a universally accepted strategy for improving lives and advancing development. Girls’ schooling is associated with many demographic outcomes, including later age at marriage or... Read more


Understanding Pathways to Successful Aging: Behavioral and Social Factors Related to Alzheimer's DiseaseProceedings of a Workshop–in Brief  (BBCSS)
2017

A strong body of research demonstrates associations between the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and individuals’ personality characteristics, level of social engagement, and educational attainment.... Read more


The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration  (CNSTAT)
2017

The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration finds that the long-term impact of immigration on the wages and employment of native-born workers overall is very small, and that any negative... Read more


Tendances Récentes de la Fécondité en Afrique SubsaharienneSynthèse de l'Atelier  (CPOP)
2016

Note: This is the French translation of Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa. Fertility rates and population growth influence economic development. The... Read more


Improving the Health of Women in the United StatesWorkshop Summary  (CPOP,BPH)
2016

The environment for women's health has changed over the last 25 years. Increased use of automobiles can lead to health risks from lack of physical activity. There has also been an increase in access... Read more


The Integration of Immigrants into American Society  (CPOP)
2016

The United States prides itself on being a nation of immigrants, and the country has a long history of successfully absorbing people from across the globe. The integration of immigrants and their... Read more


Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkshop Summary  (CPOP)
2016

Fertility rates and population growth influence economic development. The marked declines in fertility seen in some developing nations have been accompanied by slowing population growth, which in turn... Read more


The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by IncomeImplications for Federal Programs and Policy Responses  (CPOP,BMSTA,BMSA)
2015

The U.S. population is aging. Social Security projections suggest that between 2013 and 2050, the population aged 65 and over will almost double, from 45 million to 86 million. One key driver of... Read more


Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the CaribbeanSummary of a Workshop  (CPOP)
2015

Recent demographic trends in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region will shape the growth and age composition of its populations for decades to come. The rapid mortality decline that began... Read more


Sharing Research Data to Improve Public Health in AfricaA Workshop Summary  (CPOP)
2015

Sharing research data on public health issues can promote expanded scientific inquiry and has the potential to advance improvements in public health. Although sharing data is the norm in some research... Read more


Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature DeathSummary of Workshops  (CPOP,HCS)
2015

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the... Read more


U.S. Health in International PerspectiveShorter Lives, Poorer Health  (CPOP,BPH)
2013

The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the... Read more


Aging and the MacroeconomyLong-Term Implications of an Older Population  (BMSTA,BMSA,CPOP)
2012

The United States is in the midst of a major demographic shift. In the coming decades, people aged 65 and over will make up an increasingly large percentage of the population: The ratio of people aged... Read more


The Continuing Epidemiological Transition in Sub-Saharan AfricaA Workshop Summary  (CPOP)
2012

Among the poorest and least developed regions in the world, sub-Saharan Africa has long faced a heavy burden of disease, with malaria, tuberculosis, and, more recently, HIV being among the most... Read more


Aging in AsiaFindings from New and Emerging Data Initiatives  (CPOP)
2012

The population of Asia is growing both larger and older. Demographically the most important continent on the world, Asia's population, currently estimated to be 4.2 billion, is expected to increase to... Read more


Assessing the Impact of Severe Economic Recession on the ElderlySummary of a Workshop  (CPOP)
2011

The economic crisis that began in 2008 has had a significant impact on the well-being of certain segments of the population and its disruptive effects can be expected to last well into the future. The... Read more


Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries  (CPOP)
2011

During the last 25 years, life expectancy at age 50 in the United States has been rising, but at a slower pace than in many other high-income countries, such as Japan and Australia. This difference is... Read more



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