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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Humans, Systems, and Technologies

To be safe and effective, technologies and environments need to be designed with human behavior in mind. For example, health care devices intended for use in homes need to be safe for people to use without professional assistance, and work environments need to be designed in ways that minimize the chances of accidents. Through our studies and workshops, we examine how research on human behavior can inform the design of environments and the development of technologies and systems.  See also:


Reports

The Human Factors of Process Safety and Worker Empowerment in the Offshore Oil IndustryProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
2018

Since the 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout and oil spill, efforts to improve safety in the offshore oil industry have resulted in the adoption of new technological controls, increased promotion of... Read more


Human-Automation Interaction Considerations for Unmanned Aerial System Integration into the National Airspace SystemProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI,ASEB)
2018

Prior to 2012, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) technology had been primarily used by the military and hobbyists, but it has more recently transitioned to broader application, including commercial and... Read more


Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise  (BASC,BECS,BOHSI)
2017

Our ability to observe and forecast severe weather events has improved markedly over the past few decades. Forecasts of snow and ice storms, hurricanes and storm surge, extreme heat, and other severe... Read more


A Smarter National Surveillance System for Occupational Safety and Health in the 21st Century  (BANR,CNSTAT,HSP)
2018

The workplace is where 156 million working adults in the United States spend many waking hours, and it has a profound influence on health and well-being. Although some occupations and work-related... Read more


Personnel Selection in the Pattern Evidence Domain of Forensic ScienceProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)
2017

In July 2016 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop with the goal of bringing together industrial and organizational (I-O) psychologists, experts on... Read more


Beyond Compliance: Strengthening the Safety Culture of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry  (PS,BOHSI,MB)
2016

Beyond Compliance: Strengthening the Safety Culture of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry summarizes recommendations to industry and regulators to strengthen and sustain the safety culture of the... Read more


Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health, and Highway SafetyResearch Needs  (CNSTAT,BOHSI)
2016

There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have... Read more


Safe SciencePromoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research  (BCST,BOHSI)
2014

Recent serious and sometimes fatal accidents in chemical research laboratories at United States universities have driven government agencies, professional societies, industries, and universities... Read more


Assessment of Staffing Needs of Systems Specialists in Aviation  (BOHSI)
2013

Within the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Airway Transportation System Specialists ATSS) maintain and certify the equipment in the National Airspace System (NAS).In fiscal year 2012,... Read more


Improving Self-Escape from Underground Coal Mines  (BOHSI)
2013

Coal mine disasters in the United States are relatively rare events; many of the roughly 50,000 miners underground will never have to evacuate a mine in an emergency during their careers. However, for... Read more


Review of Disability and Rehabilitation ResearchNIDRR Grantmaking Processes and Products  (BOHSI)
2012

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) is the principal federal agency supporting applied research, training, and development to improve the lives of individuals with... Read more


Health Care Comes HomeThe Human Factors  (BOHSI)
2011

In the United States, health care devices, technologies, and practices are rapidly moving into the home. The factors driving this migration include the costs of health care, the growing numbers of... Read more


The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue  (BOHSI)
2011

Nearly everyone experiences fatigue, but some professions--such as aviation, medicine and the military--demand alert, precise, rapid, and well-informed decision making and communication with little... Read more


Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense MissionsToward a Unified Social Framework: Workshop Summary  (BOHSI)
2011

Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense Missions: Toward a Unified Social Framework summarizes presentations and discussions that took place on August 16-17, 2010, at a National... Read more


The Role of Human Factors in Home Health CareWorkshop Summary  (BOHSI)
2010

The rapid growth of home health care has raised many unsolved issues and will have consequences that are far too broad for any one group to analyze in their entirety. Yet a major influence on the... Read more



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