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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Air Force Studies Board
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AFDP Roundtable

AFSB Board

Douglas M. Fraser, Chair, U.S. Air Force, Ret., Doug Fraser, LLC

Allison Astorino-Courtois, Executive Vice President, National Security Innovations, Inc.
Kevin G. Bowcutt (NAE), Senior Technical Fellow & Chief Scientist of Hypersonics, The Boeing Company

Ted F. Bowlds, U.S. Air Force, Ret., FlightSafety, International

Maj Gen Craig R. Cooning, U.S. Air Force, Ret., President, Network and Space Systems, The Boeing Company

Blaise J. Durante, SES, Ret., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition Integration
Stephen R. Forrest, (NAE/NAS), Professor, Electrical Engineering, Physics and Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan

Brendan B. Godfrey, Visiting Senior Research Scientist, University of Maryland, College Park
Michael A. Hamel, U.S. Air Force, Ret., Independent Consultant

James E. Hubbard, Jr., (NAE), Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor, University of Maryland, College Park

Charles H. Jacoby, Jr., U.S. Army, Ret., Senior Vice Chairman, Capitol Peak Asset Management

Raymond E. Johns, Jr., U.S. Air Force, Ret., FlightSafety International
Alex Miller, The William B. Stokely Chair of Management, University of Tennessee

Ozden Ochoa, Professor Emeritus $ TEES Research, Texas A&M University

Hendrick "Henk" Ruck, Director and Senior Program Manager, Edaptive Computing, Inc.

Julie J.C.H. Ryan, CEO, Wyndrose Technical Group

Thomas W. Travis, Senior Vice President, University Programs, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Zachary Tudor, Associate Laboratory Director, National and Homeland Security, Idaho National Laboratory

Starnes E. Walker, University of Delaware
Deborah Westphal, Toffler Associates
David A. Whelan, (NAE),  The Boeing Company (Retired)

Michael Yarymovych, (NAE), Sarasota Space Associates



AFSB Staff


Joan Fuller, Director

Ellen Chou, Associate Director

George Coyle, Senior Program Officer

Ryan Murphy, Program Officer

Chris Jones, Financial Manager

Marguerite Schneider, Administrative Coordinator

Steven Darbes, Research Associate

Kevin Suchernick, Research Assistant

Norm Haller, Board Consultant


General Douglas M. Fraser (U.S. Air Force, Retired) is principal of Doug Fraser LLC. Gen Fraser retired from the U.S. Air Force in January 2013, after a 37 year career. Since retiring, General Fraser works as a global security consultant with several U.S. defense companies. In addition, he participates in security policy discussions with retired Chinese defense officials through a Yale University sponsored U.S-China Track II Dialogue forum. His last assignment in the U.S. armed forces was as the Commander, U.S. Southern Command, responsible for U.S. military operations in Central and South America and the Caribbean. In this capacity, General Fraser was responsible for leading Department of Defense relief efforts following the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Prior to commanding U.S Southern Command, he served as the Deputy Commander, U.S. Pacific Command from 2008-2009. General Fraser commanded operational flying units across the U.S. Air Force at the squadron, group, and wing levels. As a general officer, in addition to U.S. Southern Command, he commanded the U.S. Air Force Space Warefare Center and four different organizations in Alaska – Alaskan Command, the Alaskan North American Defense Region, Joint Task Force Alaska, and Eleventh Air Force. General Fraser’s staff assignments include two tours in the Pentagon, first in the Headquarters U.S. Air Force and then for the Office of the Assistant to the Commander, U.S. Pacific Command in Hawaii. He holds a bachelors degree in Political Science from the U.S. Air Force Academy and a masters degree in Political Science from Auburn University. Prior to joining the Air Force, he lived in Bogota, Colombia, graduating from high school at Colegio Nueva Granada in 1971. He is also a graduate of the USAF Weapons School, Squadron Officer School, Air Command and Staff College, and the National War College. He is a command pilot with more than 3,300 flying hours, primarily in all variants of the F-15 and the F-16.


Dr. Allison Astorino-Courtois is executive vice president at National Security Innovations (NSI), Inc. She has served as technical lead on a number of Office of the Secretary of Defense Multi-layer Analysis (SMA) projects in support of U.S. forces and combatant commands. Prior to joining NSI, Dr. Astorino-Courtois worked for Science Applications International Corporation (2004-2007) where she served as a U.S. Strategic Command liaison to U.S. and international communities, and was a tenured associate professor of international relations at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX (1994-2003) where her research focused on the cognitive aspects of foreign policy decision making. She has received a number of academic grants and awards and has published articles in multiple peer-reviewed journals including International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Political Psychology, Journal of Politics and Conflict Management and Peace Science. She has also taught at Creighton University and as a visiting instructor at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Dr. Astorino-Courtois earned her PhD in international relations from New York University.


Dr. Kevin G. Bowcutt (NAE) is senior technical fellow and chief scientist of Hypersonics with the Boeing Company, in Long Beach, California. Bowcutt has been with Boeing (formerly Rockwell International, North American Aircraft) since 1986 and was named a senior technical fellow by Boeing in 1998. Much of his professional career has involved research in and development of airbreathing hypersonic vehicles, including missiles, aircraft and space launch vehicles. In 2015, Bowcutt was named to the National Academy of Engineering for development and demonstration of air-breathing hypersonic vehicles and the implementation of design optimization methods. In addition, he is an AIAA Fellow and a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. Notable accomplishments include developing the modern viscous optimized hypersonic waverider; serving in technical leader ship roles on the National Aero Space Plane program; leading a project to flight test scramjet engines by launching them from a light gas gun; originating the concept and optimizing the design of the USAF/DARPA X 51A scramjet powered waverider vehicle; leading a team that designed an air breathing reusable launch vehicle concept; and working on the Space Shuttle Columbia accident investigation simulating wing aero thermal structural failure.

Lieutenant General Ted F. Bowlds (U.S. Air Force, Retired) is Chief Information Officer at FlightSafety, International. Lieutenant General Ted F. Bowlds, last assignment in the Air Force was Commander of the Electronic System Center and Program Executive Officer for Command and Control at Hanscom AFB, MA. Throughout his military career, General Bowlds has served in a variety of weapons system acquisition leadership positions to include flight test engineer on the F-117, director of avionics development for the B-2, program director of the C-17, and commander of the AF Research Laboratory. He is currently a member of the Mississippi State University Research and Technology Advisory Council and a member of the Stevens Institute of Technology Systems Engineering Research Center Board. Since joining Spectrum, Gen Bowlds has been involved in strategy development leading to increased market penetration within DoD for various companies, from small to mid-size. He has also been assisted in multiple due diligence efforts and has also participated in various proposal evaluation teams.


Maj. Gen. Craig R. Cooning (U.S. Air Force, Retired) is president of Network and Space Systems (N&SS) for The Boeing Company, the world’s largest aerospace company. Appointed to this position in July 2014, Cooning leads approximately 10,000 employees across 38 states and five countries. N&SS is comprised of six business areas providing global customers with space exploration, cybersecurity, missile defense, and satellite communications solutions. Signature N&SS programs include the International Space Station, Space Launch System, Ground-based Midcourse Defense, Global Positioning System and Wideband Global SATCOM satellite systems, Intelsat, Inmarsat and more. Previously, Cooning served as vice president and general manager of Boeing Space and Intelligence Systems, and chief executive officer of Boeing Satellite Systems International. Located in El Segundo, California, Boeing operates the world’s largest satellite factory, which is the company’s center for all government and commercial satellite systems. Prior to joining Boeing in September 2005, Cooning, a retired Major General from the United States Air Force, was director of space acquisition in the Office of the Under Secretary of the Air Force. He provided acquisition support to the under secretary and program management direction to field organizations for the development and procurement of Air Force surveillance, communications, navigation and weather satellites; space launch systems; information warfare capabilities; ground-based strategic radars; communications and command centers; and sustainment for the nation's land-based strategic nuclear missile systems. Cooning was commissioned in 1973 through the ROTC program at Auburn University. He served in a broad range of acquisition and logistics positions and as program executive officer for all Air Force space programs, twice as a major weapon system program director, as a commander, and a warranted contracting officer. Cooning earned both the space and master acquisition badges. In October 2010, Cooning was appointed a member of the corporation of Draper Laboratory, a non-profit research and development laboratory that focuses on advanced technological solutions to security, space exploration, healthcare and energy problems in the United States. He also serves on the board of directors of the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach, California. Cooning earned his bachelor’s degree in aviation management from the School of Engineering at Auburn University in Alabama and his master of business administration degree from the University of Alabama.


Mr. Blaise J. Durante currently retired as a member of the Senior Executive Service, was the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition Integration, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Washington, D.C. Mr. Durante managed the acquisition staff organization charged with planning, managing and analyzing the Air Force's research and development, and acquisition investment budget. Mr. Durante oversaw the integration of research, development and acquisition budget formulation and execution, and directed streamlined management team activities, including Air Force acquisition reform and reduction in total ownership cost efforts. He directed the development of weapon system acquisition policy including program direction. Mr. Durante served as the Chief Financial Officer for the modernization accounts. As Director for Air Force Contracted Advisory and Assistance Services, Mr. Durante directed and was accountable for the Air Force's CAAS programs. He was responsible for acquisition professional development, including directing, coordinating and reviewing actions mandated by the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act and Department of Defense directives. Mr. Durante also managed acquisition reporting systems and the Air Force's international RD&A programs. He was a member of the Air Force Board, Air Force Budget Review Group, Defense Acquisition History Team and Headquarters Resource Allocation Process Integrated Process Team. He served as Chief of Staff for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition and the Program Executive Officer Organization, and was responsible for operations support for the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition. Mr. Durante retired from the Air Force as a colonel in May 1992 and entered the Senior Executive Service. He retired from the Senior Executive Service in October 2012.


Dr. Stephen R. Forrest (NAE/NAS) is professor of electrical engineering, physics and materials science and engineering at the University of Michigan. In 1985, Professor Forrest joined the Electrical Engineering and Materials Science Departments at the University of Southern California. In 1992, Professor Forrest became the James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor of electrical engineering at Princeton University. He served as director of the National Center for Integrated Photonic Technology, and as director of Princeton's Center for Photonics and Optoelectronic Materials (POEM), and from 1997-2001, he chaired Princeton’s electrical engineering department. In 2006, he rejoined the University of Michigan as vice president for research, where he is the Peter A. Franken Distinguished University Professor. A fellow of the APS, IEEE, and OSA; and a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Academy of Inventors, he received the IEEE/LEOS Distinguished Lecturer Award in 1996-97, and in 1998 he received the IPO National Distinguished Inventor Award as well as the Thomas Alva Edison Award for innovations in organic LEDs. In 1999, Professor Forrest received the MRS Medal for work on organic thin films. In 2001, he was awarded the IEEE/LEOS William Streifer Scientific Achievement Award for advances in photodetectors for optical communications. In 2006 he received the Jan Rajchman Prize from the Society for Information Display for invention of phosphorescent OLEDs, and is the recipient of the 2007 IEEE Daniel Nobel Award for innovations in OLEDs. In 2017 he was the recipient of the IEEE Jun-Ichi Nishizawa Medal. Professor Forrest has authored approximately 580 papers in refereed journals, and has 307 patents. He is co-founder or founding participant in several companies, including Sensors Unlimited; Epitaxx, Inc.; NanoFlex Power Corp. (OTC: OPVS); Universal Display Corp. (NASDAQ: OLED); and Apogee Photonics, Inc.; and is on the board of directors of Applied Materials. He is past chairman of the board of the University Musical Society. He has also served from 2009-2012 as chairman of the board of Ann Arbor SPARK, the regional economic development organization and is now on its board of directors. He has served on the board of governors of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology where he is a distinguished visiting professor of electrical engineering. Currently, Professor Forrest serves as lead editor of Physical Review Applied. Professor Forrest received a B.A. in physics, 1972, University of California; M.Sc. and Ph.D. in physics, 1974 and 1979, University of Michigan.


Dr. Brendan Godfrey is a visiting senior research scientist at the University of Maryland, where he conducts studies on numerical simulation of plasmas, participates in committees of the National Academy of Sciences, and served as advisor to the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research. Previously, he was director of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, responsible for its nearly half billion dollar basic research program. He was an Air Force officer at Kirtland Air Force Base from 1970 to 1972, performing plasma research. He began his civilian career at Los Alamos National Laboratory, establishing its intense particle beam research program. He then managed and conducted intense microwave and particle beam research at Mission Research Corp., becoming vice president and regional manager. In 1989, he returned to the Air Force as civilian chief scientist of the Weapons Laboratory. Later responsibilities included director of Phillips Laboratory high power microwave research; director of the 1500-person Armstrong Laboratory; director of plans at the Air Force Research Laboratory, and deputy director of Brooks City-Base. Known for his contributions to computational plasma theory and applications, he is author of more than 200 publications and reports. He also has served on numerous professional and civic committees. Dr. Godfrey received his BS from the University of Minnesota and Ph.D. from Princeton University. He is a fellow of the IEEE and of the APS.  


Lt. Gen A. Michael Hamel (U.S. Air Force, Retired) Is an independent consultant.  Previously, Mr. Hamel served as Vice President, Strategic Solutions and Country Executive, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company.  Mr. Hamel was responsible for developing strategic solutions to new and emerging business opportunities.  As Country Executive for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, he led efforts within SSC and with other LM Business Areas to develop strategic space business with KSA government organizations and industry. Beginning in November 2013, Mr. Hamel served as Vice President and General Manager, Commercial Space, for Lockheed Martin's Space Systems Company.  In that role, he was responsible for all commercial space business including communication programs, remote sensing programs, wind energy, new product development and other advanced technology applications and business ventures beginning in November 2013.  Prior to joining Lockheed Martin, he served as Senior Vice President of Corporate Strategy and Relations for Orbital Sciences Corp., where he was responsible for leading Orbital Science's strategic planning, product and business development, government relations and corporate communications.  Mr. Hamel served in the U.S. Air Force for more than 30 years in a broad range of space operations, development, acquisition, policy and command positions, concluding his military career in 2008 as a Lt. General.  In his later years in the Air Force, Gen Hamel was Commander of the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center and Air Force Program Executive Officer for Space, was Commander of the 14th Air Force, served in senior command and staff positions at U.S. Air Force Headquarters and Space Command and was Military Advisor to the Vice President on defense, arms control, non-proliferation and space policy.   Mr. Hamel holds a bachelor's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the U.S. Air Force Academy and a master's degree in Business Administration from California State University.  He is a graduate of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces and the Program in National and International Security at Harvard University.  He is a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He also serves on the boards of several corporate and advisory groups.

Dr. James E. Hubbard, Jr. (NAE) is the Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor at the University of Maryland and a Texas A&M Hagler Institute Fellow. Previously he was the Samuel P. Langley Distinguished Professor for the National Institute of Aerospace at the University of Maryland. Dr. Hubbard has received numerous honors from various societies which include: 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society of Photomonics and Instrumentation Engineers for those viewed as luminaries in the fields of Smart Structures and Material; 2015 best paper in Structures Award from the Adaptive Structures and Material Systems, branch of the Aerospace Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; 2015 elected as a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for having made noteworthy invention, discovery or advancement in the state of the art as evidenced by pulication of widely accepted materials, by receipt of major patents, or by having products or processes in the marketplace; 2011 senior member of the International Society for Optical Engineering in recognition of significant acheivements within the optics and photonics community. Dr. Hubbard received his Ph.d., 1981; M.S., 1979; and B.S., 1977; from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Gen Charles Jacoby, Jr. (U.S. Army, Retired) is senior vice chairman with Capitol Peak Asset Management. General Jacoby brings over 36 years of experience leading military, government and international organizations. Prior to retiring from the United States Army, he was the first Army officer to command North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and the United States Northern Command, where he led the 1,800-person bi-¬national and joint headquarters and integrated 35 federal, state and non-governmental organizations for the defense and security of North America. General Jacoby has commanded at all levels in joint and Army assignments, from parachute rifle company to geographic combatant command, including combat operations in Grenada with the 82nd Airborne Division; Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan; and Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq. He also served as an assistant professor in the Department of History at the United States Military Academy at West Point. As the deputy commander of Combined/Joint Task Force-76 from 2004 to 2005, he was responsible for the conduct combat operations in Afghanistan. As the commander of Multi-National Corps-Iraq from 2009 to 2010, he commanded the 135,000 troops conducting combat operations across Iraq. General Jacoby served as the director for Strategic Plans and Policy for the Joint Staff, where he led planning for coalition and NATO operations in Libya, assisted in the Middle East peace process and served as the U.S. military representative to the United Nations. His military decorations include awards from the governments of Canada, Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and Colombia. An avid writer and historian, he has penned scholarly monographs on the efficacy of air campaigns, the organization of modern brigade combat teams, and articles on strategic deterrence, civil-military relations and institutional agility and risk. General Jacoby has been involved with several organizations, including the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Association of the United States Army. He serves as a trustee for the El Pomar Foundation and the Korbel School of International Relations at Denver University. He is also the distinguished chair of the Modern War Institute at the United States Military Academy and serves as a member of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Homeland Defense. General Jacoby holds a B.S. from the United States Military Academy, an M.A. in history from the University of Michigan, an M.S. in military arts and science from the School of Advanced Military Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and an M.A. in strategic studies from the National War College at Fort McNair, Washington, DC.


General Raymond E. Johns Jr. (U.S. Air Force, Retired) was Commander, Air Mobility Command, Scott Air Force Base, Ill. Air Mobility Command's mission is to provide rapid, global mobility and sustainment for America's armed forces. The command also plays a crucial role in providing humanitarian support at home and around the world. The men and women of AMC - active duty, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve and civilians - provide airlift, aerial refueling, special air mission and aeromedical evacuation. General Johns graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1977. His aviation career includes C-141, KC-10, N/K/C-135, T-38 instructor pilot, as well as the chief test pilot and test program manager for the VC-25 Air Force One Replacement Program. He was chosen as a White House Fellow in 1991 where he was a senior staff member in the Office of National Service. The general has served at Headquarters U.S. European Command in security assistance and congressional affairs, and at Headquarters U.S. Pacific Command as Deputy Director of Strategic Plans and Policy. Within Headquarters U.S. Air Force, he served as Deputy Director and, later, Director of Air Force Programs. The general commanded a test squadron, operations group and airlift wing, and he was the Director of Mobility Forces for operations in Bosnia. Prior to assuming his position as Commander, Air Mobility Command, General Johns served as Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Plans and Programs, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C., where he developed, integrated, evaluated and analyzed the U.S. Air Force Future Years Defense Program that exceeded $822 billion, and the Air Force Long-Range Plan to support national security objectives and military strategy. The general was responsible to the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff. General Johns is a command pilot and experimental test pilot with over 5,000 flying hours in over 80 different aircraft.


Dr. Alex Miller is The William B. Stokely Chair of Business in the University of Tennessee’s Haslam College of Business, and the Pro2Serve Director of the Consortium for Social Enterprise. Previously, he served the school for a decade in a variety of associate dean roles. Alex holds a PhD from the University of Washington in Seattle, an MBA from Dartmouth College, and a BS from Tennessee Technological University. He has also taken additional course work at Cal Tech, Dartmouth, Harvard, MIT, Indiana, and Northwestern. Alex has consulted widely in industry and government, he is a widely published researcher/author, and he is an award-winning professor. He serves on numerous boards, ranging from start-up businesses to government boards. He currently serves as the founding Chairman of the Board for the Alliance for Better Nonprofits. Alex is a seventh generation East Tennessee farmer. For his leadership in agriculture, he has been recognized as Tennessee Cattleman of the Year, and won awards for environmental conservation. He is an IFR-rated pilot and formerly a nationally competitive ultra-endurance cyclist. Presently, he trains border collies as cattle dogs, and enjoys sailing, adventure travel by motorcycle, and time spent with his grandchildren on the farm.


Dr. Ozden Ochoa most recently served as the Associate Director for Science & Technology at the Army Research Laboratory in 2011-2014. She holds the distinction of professor emerita after thirty-one years of service at Texas A&M University and continues her research programs as TEES Research Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Dr. Ochoa was the interim Director of Aerospace Sciences and Materials Directorate at U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Virginia from 2005-2006. She actively conducted research and established focus areas in composites as the senior technologist (Composites-ST) at the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate at Wright- Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio from 2003 to 2005. From 1999 to 2005, Dr. Ochoa was an advisor to the NATO Science for Peace Project working with a team of Canadian, Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian scientists and engineers. As a program manager at AFOSR in 1997-1999, she developed the portfolio for Mechanics of Composites as a fundamental research area. Dr. Ochoa spent a year in 1986 at Bell Helicopter Textron to implement fracture mechanics of composites into design and development of helicopter blades. Her on-campus leadership at Texas A&M University includes service as Associate Dean of Graduate Studies and Thrust Area Lead for Composite Structure and Materials at the NSF TAMU-UT Offshore Technology Research Center. Dr. Ochoa’s research in computational and experimental mechanics of composites in aerospace, offshore, automotive, and medical applications has taken her around the world delivering invited lectures including Europe, Australia, Asia-Pacifics, Africa, Middle East, and the Americas. Her research contributions in mechanics of composite materials and structures with applications in the aerospace, offshore, automotive and industries have culminated in over 200 journal and proceeding publications, technical reports, and one book. As service to the scientific community, Dr. Ochoa consistently takes on leadership roles to enhance educational and professional growth of scientists and engineers. She recently completed her two-year term (2011-2013) as the President of the Executive Council of the International Committee for Composite Materials. Earlier, she served as the President of the American Society for Composites from 2006 to 2007 and on the Board of Governors of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers from 2004 to 2007. Among her many honors are 2012 ASTM D30 Wayne Stinchcomb Memorial Award, 2005 American Society for Composites-Destech Award in Composites; American Society of Mechanical Engineers Dedicated Service Award; Texas A&M University International Excellence Award; and the Texas A&M University Honors Program Teacher/Scholar Award and International Excellence Award. In 1997, she was named to the Texas A&M Mechanical Engineering Academy of Distinguished Graduates. She was recognized in 2003 as a Texas A&M Dwight Look College of Engineering Fellow. Dr. Ochoa also devotes time to advance the appreciation of arts as a board member on Embassy Series-Washington, DC; a member of National Museum of Women in the Arts -Texas State Committee; a member of Founders’ Circle of Festival Hill; TAMU Opera and Performing Arts Society, Brazos Valley Arts Council; and Brazos Valley Symphony Orchestra and many other performing art groups and museums in Texas and DC. Dr. Ochoa recharges her body and soul by hiking, running, traveling, reading and spending evenings at the theater and concerts as often as she can. Dr. Ochoa holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Bogazici University (Robert College) in Turkey, and a master’s degree in nuclear engineering and a doctorate in mechanical engineering, both from Texas A&M University.


Dr. Hendrick “Henk” Ruck is a director and senior program manager at Edaptive Computing Inc. (ECI), a woman-owned small business providing innovative process and system solutions for optimization, automation, and assurance. Dr. Ruck is responsible for all phases of program development and management for research, development and acquisition of technologies and capabilities for improving human performance and biomedical operations for both military and commercial customers. He has led and managed several complex, multi-million-dollar projects applying and enhancing ECI capabilities to medical and biomedical operations. He has led and managed large, in-house teams of developers while, at the same time, leading more than ten subcontractors. In addition, he has increased the technical project portfolio by successfully gaining additional competitive contracts for ECI. Prior to joining ECI, he has several years’ experience as a successful consultant advising medical network CEO’s on planning, visioning and building patient care innovation, and enhancing applied research. In addition, he has worked with several small businesses and two universities to build research teams and proposals for federal funding. Dr. Ruck has over thirty years of government research, operations and management in all facets of human factors. His most recent assignment was director, Air Force Research Laboratory Human Effectiveness where he led a 1200-person research group in training methods and systems; system interface design technologies; physiological, psychological and physical effects of extreme environments, individual and team performance; and personnel protection. He served as associate director, special team, Office of Science and Technology Policy at the White House where he led a cross agency team to bring education technology from academic and government laboratories to education and training settings in the U.S. He has had more than a dozen Air Force assignments, the final seven years as a senior executive. Dr. Ruck is internationally known for his expertise in judgment and decision making in conditions of uncertainty and stress, human-systems integration, behavioral sciences, cognitive science and operations research. While dedicated as a civilian research manager, he successfully completed his career in the Air Force Reserves, retiring as a Colonel. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society for Military Psychology.


Dr. Julie J.C.H. Ryan is the CEO of Wyndrose Technical Group, having retired from academia in 2017. Her last position in academia was Professor of Cybersecurity and Information Assurance from the U.S. National Defense University. Prior to that, she was tenured faculty at the George Washington University and a visiting scholar at the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST). Dr. Ryan came to academia from a career in industry that began when she completed military service. Upon graduating from the U.S. Air Force Academy, Dr. Ryan served as a Signals Intelligence Officer in the Air Force, and then as a Military Intelligence Officer with the Defense Intelligence Agency. Upon leaving government service, she worked in a variety of positions, including systems engineer, consultant, and senior staff scientist with companies including Sterling Software, Booz Allen & Hamilton, Welkin Associates, and TRW/ESL supporting a variety of projects and clients. She is the author of several books, including “Defending Your Digital Assets Against Hackers, Crackers, Spies, and Thieves” (McGraw Hill 2000), and a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS). At Wyndrose Technical Group, she focuses on futures forecasting and strategic planning with an eye on technology surprise and disruption.


Lt. Gen. Thomas W. Travis, (USAF, retired) MD, MPH is the Senior Vice President for University Programs (Southern Region) at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) in Bethesda, Maryland.  His office is located in San Antonio, Texas.  Dr. Travis spent more than 38 years of active duty in the U.S. Air Force.  Prior to his retirement in August, 2015, at the rank of Lieutenant General, Dr. Travis served as the 21st Surgeon General of the Air Force and functional manager of the U.S. Air Force Medical Services.  In that capacity, he advised the Secretary of the Air Force and Air Force Chief of Staff, as well as the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs on matters pertaining to the medical aspects of the air expeditionary force and the health of Air Force people, and directed the management of a $6.6 billion, 44,000-person integrated health care delivery system servicing 2.6 million beneficiaries at 75 military treatment facilities worldwide.  Dr. Travis was awarded his pilot wings in 1978 and served as an F-4 pilot and aircraft commander.  He graduated from USU F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine in 1986 as the top Air Force graduate, and in 1987 he became a flight surgeon.  For more than three years, Dr. Travis was Chief of Medical Operations for the Human Systems Program Office at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas.  He later served as the Director of Operational Health Support and Chief of Aerospace Medicine Division for the Air Force Medical Operations Agency in Washington, D.C., and as Deputy Surgeon General, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.  Dr. Travis commanded the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine; 311th Human Systems Wing at Brooks AFB; Malcolm Grow Medical Center and 79th Medical Wing, Andrews AFB, MD; and the 59th Medical Wing, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX.  He also served as the Command Surgeon, Headquarters Air Force District of Washington, and Command Surgeon, Headquarters Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, VA.  He is board certified in aerospace medicine.  A command pilot and chief flight surgeon, he has more than 1,800 flying hours and was one of the Air Force's few pilot-physicians.  He has flown the F-4, F-15, and F-16 as mission pilot and, the Royal Air Force Hawk as the senior medical officer and pilot.

Mr. Zachary Tudor is associate laboratory director for National and Homeland Security (N&HS) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). N&HS is a major center for national security technology development and demonstration, employing 500 scientists and engineers across $300M in programs at the lab. He is responsible for INL’s Nuclear Nonproliferation, Critical Infrastructure Protection and Defense Systems missions. These missions include heavy manufacturing of armor, application of INL’s full-scale and unique infrastructure (grid, wireless testbed, explosives range, and a number of research facilities). In addition to the Department of Energy, these missions also support major programs for Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, and the intelligence community. Previously, Tudor served as program director in the Computer Science Laboratory at SRI International, where he acted as a management and technical resource for operational and research and development cybersecurity programs for government, intelligence and commercial projects. He supported DHS’s Cyber Security Division on projects including the Linking the Oil and Gas Industry to Improve Cybersecurity consortium, and the Industrial Control System Joint Working Group R&D working group. He has served as a member of (ISC)2’s Application Security Advisory Board and the NRC’s Nuclear Cyber Security Working Group, as well as the vice chair of the Institute for Information Infrastructure Protection at George Washington University. Prior to SRI, Tudor led a team of cybersecurity engineers and analysts directly supporting the Control Systems Security Program at DHS, whose mission is to reduce the cybersecurity risk to critical infrastructure systems. Past assignments include on-site deputy program manager for the National Reconnaissance Office’s world-wide operational network; information security manager for the Secretary of Defense’s Chief Information Officer’s Enterprise Operations Support Team; security management support for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services; and several senior-level consulting positions including vice president of SAIC’s Enabling Technology Division, and senior manager for DOD programs at Bearing Point’s Security Practice. A retired U.S. Navy Submarine Electronics Limited Duty Officer and chief data systems technician, Tudor holds an M.S. in information systems from George Mason University concentrating in cybersecurity, where he was also an adjunct professor teaching graduate courses in information security. His professional credentials include the Certified Information Systems Security Professional, Certified Information Security Manager and Certified Computer Professional.


Dr. Starnes E. Walker is the Founding Director of the University of Delaware Cybersecurity Initiative (UDCSI) at the University of Delaware, with a key focus on corporate cybersecurity addressing present and emerging cyber threats and a special emphasis on the banking/financial, energy, chemical, and electrical grid industrial sectors. The UDCSI incorporates advances in education and research, as well as training and certification programs for the corporate workforce and Government and military personnel. Previously Dr. Walker was an executive member of The University of Hawaii System and served via an IPA (Intergovernmental Personnel Act) as the Chief Technology Officer & Technical Director for Cyber to the U.S. Navy in the SES billet to stand-up the U.S. Fleet Cyber Command and the U.S. 10th Fleet. In this role, Dr. Walker had responsibility for all technical activities that spanned inter-governmental and international outreach of the Command with a combined military and civilian workforce of 18,000 personnel. Previously to this assignment the Under Secretary of Science and Technology recruited Dr. Walker to serve as the Department of Homeland Security’s Director of Research. As Director of Research, Dr. Walker had responsibility for the Office of National Laboratories, the Office of University Programs that included the DHS Centers of Excellence, the 4 DHS in-house laboratories and T&E Centers, and the Academic Fellowship and Scholarship Program Office. Additionally Walker served as the Department’s senior S&T leadership executive to OSTP, the Congress, the IC, and OGOs internationally. He joined the S&T Directorate in January, 2007. Prior to this, Dr. Walker joined the Office of Naval Research in September 2004 and served as the Technical/Executive Director and Chief Scientist reporting directly to the Chief of Naval Research (CNR). Working with the CNR, Dr. Walker was responsible for structuring and leading an S&T organization that ensures technological superiority for the Navy and Marine Corps. Dr. Walker’s budget authority was annually $2,200M, plus an additional average Congressional plus-up of $700M, and he served in a supervisory role for a workforce of 5494 civilian and military for ONR and ONR’s Corporate Laboratory, the Naval Research Laboratory. Dr. Walker’s leadership spanned the university community, the government laboratory structure, industry, and international government defense organizations to bring their resources and technical capabilities into the Naval S&T program, thereby ensuring strategic Naval capabilities to the future and avoiding technological surprise for the nation. His previous position was as the Associate Laboratory Director for National Security, serving as the National Security Coordinator at Argonne National Laboratory. Earlier activities included serving on the DoD’s Defense Science Board’s Summer Study to define Future Strategic Strike Systems with STRATCOM as the COCOM sponsor. Dr. Walker is a former member of the Senior Executive Service and served as the Senior Advisor for Science & Technology to stand up the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) from 1999-2003. In this role he served as a standing member of the Defense Science & Technology Advisory Group (DSTAG) for the Director of Research & Engineering (DR&E) in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and served as the senior S&T executive at OSD along with S&T Executives of the Services, DIA, DARPA, MDA, and the Deputy Under Secretary for S&T. In each of these positions he developed critical programs and aligned strategic defense, homeland security, and intelligence organizations across the U.S. and around the globe while forging key partnerships with the United Kingdom, Australia, Singapore, Israel, Sweden, the European Union and NATO. Earlier industry posts included Morrison Knudsen’s Vice President of Technology and Phillips Petroleum’s senior technical fellow (Senior Research Associate). During his long career at Phillips Dr. Walker completed his tenure as the Corporate Environmental Director that followed his earlier career successes focusing on starting and leading the magnetic confinement fusion program at General Atomics for energy and defense/nuclear weapons applications, developing alternate energy processes (solar), and launching a strategic biotechnology initiative with The Salk Institute. His Phillips career began in refining/petrochemical plant operations and development of enhanced process control systems. Dr. Walker started his career as a physicist at the Naval Weapons Center-China Lake. During his tenure with Government, Dr. Walker was appointed to lead a number of strategic initiatives. These posts include an appointment by the Deputy Secretary of Defense to serve as Chairman-Joint Laboratory Board of the Joint Improvised Explosive Devices Defeat Organization (JIEDDO). He served as a Member of the Executive Steering Group to establish the Joint Technology Office-High Energy Laser (JTO-HEL) Program under the auspices of DoD’s Under Secretary-AT&L. Dr. Walker now serves as a standing Member of The National Academies Intelligence Board and Air Force Studies Board, Purdue University’s Global Affairs Strategic Advisory Council, and Chairman of the Engineering Development Board of the Missouri University of Science & Technology (formerly University of Missouri-Rolla), as well as a Member of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Strategic Advisory Group (SAG) Board. Additionally he served as a Member-US Air Force Cyber Vision 2025 Senior Expert Review. Earlier, Dr. Walker served as Science Advisor to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, as well as led the tritium production program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. As a Senior Executive Service member in helping to stand-up DTRA, Dr. Walker was the recipient of the distinguished DoD Exceptional Civilian Service Medal. He is a recipient of the R&D 100 Award and in leading his team at Morrison Knudsen, for their achievement in Project Sapphire to acquire FSU U-235, they received a Presidential Citation from the White House. Dr. Walker has widely published in the fields of physics, chemistry, optics, and signal processing with numerous patents issued. He was a Navy Fellow and recipient of three consecutive Naval Weapons Fellowship awards and he is a standing member of the American Physical Society, American Nuclear Society, and The Cosmos Club. Dr. Walker holds a B.S., M.S., & Ph.D. degrees in Physics from the University of California and an Honorary Degree in Nuclear Engineering-University of Missouri-Rolla.


Ms. Deborah L. Westphal is Managing Director of the strategy advisory firm, Toffler Associates. Recognized globally for her expertise in strategy, innovation and organizational transformation, Ms. Westphal helps organizations understand the forces that drive change in their industries and the world, and identifies the best courses of action to create enduring success. Ms. Westphal came to Toffler Associates in 1999 after 13 years as a senior government official in the U.S. Air Force. Her work in the area of technology and advanced concepts for air vehicles, missiles and space systems have been recognized with numerous awards from the California Air Force Association, a USAF Meritorious Civilian Award, an AFA Los Angeles Chapter Civilian of the Year award, and an Air Force Association Medal of Merit. Ms Westphal has also served on the US Army Science Board, the National Defense Industrial Association Greater Los Angeles Chapter Board of Directors, and the Air Force Association, Schriever Chapter 147 Board of Directors.


Dr. David Whelan (NAE) is retired from the Boeing Defense, Space & Security Chief Scientist and Vice President, Engineering. David has responsibility to create, seek out and explore new technology and business growth vectors for the Boeing Company. Boeing's technology and systems span a wide range of government missions ranging from space systems to airborne systems to ground systems to undersea system. Both manned and unmanned systems have been developed to solve Boeing's customer challenges. Leveraging his in-depth knowledge of science, technology, systems and future customer requirements David enables Boeing to find new solutions to world's most challenging problems. He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for Boeing's Madrid Research and Technology Center and HRL Laboratories, the legacy R&D laboratory of the former Hughes Aircraft Company, a LLC jointly owned by Boeing and GM. Prior assignments include the Vice President-General Manager and Deputy to the President of Boeing Phantom Works, the advanced research and development organization of The Boeing Company and started his career with Boeing as the Chief Technology Officer for the Space & Communications Group (S&C) of Boeing. Before joining Boeing, Dr Whelan served as Director of the Tactical Technology Office (SES-5) of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Department of Defense's venture capital like organization dedicated to creating new systems and technologies to support our nation's air, land, and naval forces. While at DARPA David created many legacy joint programs with the Air Force, Navy and the Army, most notably, the Discoverer II Space Radar Program, the Army's Future Combat System and the Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle. Previously he worked at the Hughes Aircraft Company as Program Manager and Chief Scientist for the B-2 Bomber Air-to-Air Radar Imaging Program. He also worked as a Physicist for the DOE"s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on X-ray lasers and the Advanced Nuclear Weapons program, and he started his career at Northrop where he was one of the key designers of the B-2 Stealth Bomber and contributed to the YF-23Advanced Tactical Fighter. David earned his Ph.D. ('83) and MS ('78) in physics from UCLA; He received his B.A. ('77) from UCSD. He has numerous publications on electromagnetic radiation, laser plasma phenomena and Defense systems. He holds 14 patents on navigation systems, radar systems, antenna, and low-observable technology. He is currently a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and the Naval Studies Board of the National Research Council. He is standing member of the American Physical Society, the IEEE, and the AIAA. Dr. Whelan was honored for his government service and received Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Civil Service in 2001 and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 1998.


Dr. Michael I. Yarymovych (NAE) is President of Sarasota Space Associates. Until the end of 2013 he was Senior Fellow of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) and has served on numerous SAB and Defense Science Board studies. He retired from the Boeing Company in 1998 as Vice President of International Technology in the Information, Space and Defense Systems organization. Prior to the merger of Rockwell International with Boeing he was Vice President and Associate Center Director of the Systems Development Center, which focused the Corporation’s resources on new high technology advanced concepts requiring the skills of many divisions. He had joined Rockwell in 1977 as Vice President, Engineering of the Aerospace Operations in leadership positions of programs such as the Space Shuttle, Global Positioning System, Ballistic Missile Defence, and the B1B strategic aircraft. He started his engineering career in 1959 at AVCO R&D Division leading projects in electric propelled space systems. In 1962 he joined NASA Headquarters as Assistant Director of Systems Engineering in the Apollo project and later moved to the Air Force as Technical Director of the Air Force Manned Orbital Laboratory, and Deputy for Requirements to the Assistant Secretary for Research and Development. In 1970 he was posted in Paris as Director of the NATO Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD), which was later changed to be the NATO Research and Technology Organization (RTO). In the 1990s he was elected Chairman of AGARD and later of RTO. From 1975 to 1977 he served as the Chief Scientist of the U.S. Air Force which was followed by a Presidential appointment to be the Assistant Administrator of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration responsible for field operations of the national and government owned energy (former AEC) laboratories. From 1991 to 1997 Dr. Yarymovych was President of the International Academy of Astronautics, of which he was also vice president for Scientific Programs since 1985. He is an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), and recipient of the Distinguished Service Award. He served as president of the AIAA from 1982 to 1983. He is Fellow of the American Astronautical Society, Honorary Member of the French Air and Space Academy. He is four-time recipient of the Air Force Exceptional Civilian Service Award, the service’s highest decoration; he also received the ERDA Distinguished Service Award, the Von Karman Medal from the NATO Research and Technology Organization, and the Theodor Von Karman Award from the International Academy of Astronautics. Dr. Yarymovych holds a B. Eng Sc. in Aeronautical Engineering magna cum laude, New York University; M.S. in Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University; D. Eng. Sc. in Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University. Dr. Yarymovych is the author of many publications on topics ranging from lunar mapping to strategic defense policy. He was the Associate Editor of the Encyclopedia of Space Science and Technology published by Wiley and Sons in 2003. For several years, he translated the Russian journal Applied Mathematics and Mechanics.