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2018-counter-unmanned-aircraft

Counter-Unmanned Aircraft System (CUAS) Capability for Battalion-and-Below Operations Abbreviated Version of a Restricted Report 

The development of inexpensive small unmanned aircraft system (sUAS) technologies is posing an increasing threat to U.S. forces, especially dismounted infantry and lightly-armored vehicles. While sUASs have been used as single aircraft, there is a growing threat from groups and swarms. Today’s consumer and customized sUASs can increasingly operate without radio frequency command and control links, and even without GPS, by using automated target recognition and tracking, obstacle avoidance, and other software-enabled capabilities. The committee that authored this report was tasked to assess the sUAS threat, particularly when massed and collaborating; assess current capabilities of battalion-and- below infantry units to counter sUASs; identify counter-sUAS technologies appropriate for near- term, mid-term, and far-term science and technology investment; consider human factors and logistics; and determine if the Department of Homeland Security could benefit from DoD efforts. This abbreviated report provides background information on the full report and the committee that prepared it.
   
 2018-hydrolysate-pueblo

Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant   

The Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (PCAPP), near Pueblo, Colorado, will use hot-water hydrolysis to destroy mustard agent in chemical warfare munitions, resulting in a secondary waste stream known as hydrolysate. The technology that will be used to treat the hydrolysate, biotreatment, is a mature industrial technology but has never before been used in this application. This report provides information on the composition of the hydrolysate and describes the PCAPP processes for treating it; discusses stakeholder concerns; reviews regulatory considerations at the federal, state, and local levels; discusses Department of Transportation regulations and identifies risks associated with the offsite shipment of hydrolysate; establishes criteria for successfully treating the hydrolysate and identifies systemization data that should factor into the criteria and decision process for offsite transport and disposal of the hydrolysate; and discusses failure risks and contingency options as well as the downstream impacts of a decision to ship hydrolysate offsite.
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 2018-hydrolysate-bluegrass

Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant  

The Blue Grass Army Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (BGCAPP) near Richmond, Kentucky, will use caustic hydrolysis to destroy nerve agents and energetics in chemical warfare munitions, resulting in a secondary waste stream known as hydrolysate. This report develops criteria for successfully treating the hydrolysate, identifies systemization data that should factor into the criteria/decision process, suggests potential modifications to suggested treatment that would allow continued onsite processing, and assesses waste disposal procedures. This study further examines the possibility of delay or failure of the existing technology and examines possible alternatives to onsite treatment.
   
 


 

 

 

 

 

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