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October 2012

 

 

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October 2012

New Releases

A Review of the Manufacturing-Related Programs at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2012
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A Review of the Manufacturing-Related Programs at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2012

The Panel on review of the Manufacturing-Related Programs at the national Institute of Standards and Technology visited the NIST campus in Gaithersburg, Maryland, on March 26-28, 2012. A Review of the Manufacturing-related Programs at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2012 contains the results of the panel's assessment. 

The assessment considered manufacturing research at NIST broadly, with emphasis on the specific advanced manufacturing areas: Nanomanufacturing (including Flexible Electronics); Smart Manufacturing (including Robotics); and Next-Generation Materials Measurements, Modeling, and Simulation. The area of Biomanufacturing was also reviewed as a subset of the Nanomanufacturing review. As is to be expected for programs covering such wide scope, the boundaries among these broad areas are not rigid and there is some overlap among them. On the basis of its assessment, the panel formed the observations and recommendations which are detailed in this report

LAB best practices cover small
Best Practices in Assessment of Research and Development Organizations-Summary of a Workshop

 
Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
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Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants

In the last 25 years, the U.S. Army has successfully destroyed 90 percent of its approximately 30,000-ton legacy of stockpiled chemical agents. The remaining 10 percent of the nation's stockpile is stored at two continental U.S. depots in Lexington, Kentucky and Pueblo, Colorado. The Army's Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (ACWA) Element is currently constructing the last two demilitarization facilities at these locations, with disposal activities scheduled to start in 2015 and in 2020. This report describes the planned chemical weapons destruction processes to be employed at these demilitarization facilities and analyzes the probable secondary waste streams and planned waste treatment and disposal activities at the plants. It also reviews the potential opportunities emerging from the recent development of ambient ionization mass spectrometric technologies to directly monitor chemical agent contamination levels in real-time (seconds). As detailed in the full report, incorporating these recommended techniques could enhance the safety and effectiveness of current decontamination strategies; however, further evaluations would be needed to effectively deploy these recommended agent monitoring strategies.

Report in Brief (PDF)

Aging and the Macroeconomy: Long-Term Implications of an Older Population
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Aging and the Macroeconomy: Long-Term Implications of an Older Population 

The United States is in the midst of a major demographic shift. In the coming decades, people aged 65 and over will make up an increasingly large percentage of the population: The ratio of people aged 65-plus to people aged 20-64 will rise by 80 percent. This shift is happening for two reasons: People are living longer, and many couples are choosing to have fewer children and to have those children somewhat later in life. The resulting demographic shift will present the nation with economic challenges, both to absorb the costs and to leverage the benefits of an aging population.

This report presents the fundamental factors driving the aging of the U.S. population, as well as its societal implications and likely long-term macroeconomic effects in a global context. The report finds that, while population aging does not pose an insurmountable challenge to the nation, it is imperative that sensible policies are implemented soon to allow companies and households to respond. It offers four practical approaches for preparing resources to support the future consumption of households and for adapting to the new economic landscape.

Report in Brief (PDF)

The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth's Climate
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The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth's Climate: A Workshop Report

On September 8-9, 2011, experts in solar physics, climate models, paleoclimatology, and atmospheric science assembled at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado for a workshop to consider the Sun's variability over time and potential Sun-climate connections.

While it does not provide findings, recommendations, or consensus on the current state of the science, The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth's Climate: A Workshop Report briefly introduces the primary topics discussed by presenters at the event. As context for these topics, the summary includes background information on the potential Sun-climate connection, the measurement record from space, and potential perturbations of climate due to long-term solar variability. This workshop report also summarizes some of the science questions explored by the participants as potential future research endeavors.

Making Sense of Ballistic Missile Defense:An Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives
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Making Sense of Ballistic Missile Defense: An Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives

The Committee on an Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives set forth to provide an assessment of the feasibility, practicality, and affordability of U.S. boost-phase missile defense compared with that of the U.S. non-boost missile defense when countering short-, medium-, and intermediate-range ballistic missile threats from rogue states to deployed forces of the United States and its allies and defending the territory of the United States against limited ballistic missile attack. To provide a context for this analysis of present and proposed U.S. boost-phase and non-boost missile defense concepts and systems, the committee considered the following to be the missions for ballistic missile defense (BMD): protecting of the U.S. homeland against nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD); or conventional ballistic missile attacks; protection of U.S. forces, including military bases, logistics, command and control facilities, and deployed forces, including military bases, logistics, and command and control facilities. They also considered deployed forces themselves in theaters of operation against ballistic missile attacks armed with WMD or conventional munitions, and protection of U.S. allies, partners, and host nations against ballistic-missile-delivered WMD and conventional weapons. Consistent with U.S. policy and the congressional tasking, the committee conducted its analysis on the basis that it is not a mission of U.S. BMD systems to defend against large-scale deliberate nuclear attacks by Russia or China. Making Sense of Ballistic Missile Defense: An Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives suggests that great care should be taken by the U.S. in ensuring that negotiations on space agreements not adversely impact missile defense effectiveness. This report also explains in further detail the findings of the committee, makes recommendations, and sets guidelines for the future of ballistic missile defense research.
 



 

CATS to Host an Event on the Era of Big Data on October 11

The Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics (CATS) of the Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications is hosting a panel discussion on Thursday, October 11, 2012 from 3 - 5 p.m. in Room 125 of the National Academy of Sciences Building. "The Era of Big Data is Here: Case Studies" will feature Dan Crichton, Program Manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, on the roles of massive data in science and engineering; Deepak Agarwal, Director of Relevance Science at LinkedIn, on the applications of massive data in business; and Gaddy Getz, Director of Cancer Genome Computational Analysis at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University, on massive data exploration in genomics. There is no charge for the event and it's open to the public. Please RSVP to Michelle Schwalbe at mschwalbe@nas.edu by Tuesday, October 9.

 

CSTB's Herb Lin Consulted in Q&A on U.S. Vulnerabilities to Cyberthreats

Ali Wyne, a researcher at Harvard University's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, asked eight panelists to assess the feasibility and associated impact of "existential" cyberthreats to the United States. Herb Lin from the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) responded with his views on the potential economic impact of a cyberattack on the nation's existing power grid and electronic infrastructure. Read the full post on Big Think's blog " Power Games."

DEPS Multimedia on the Web Site

Visit the Multimedia page for information about our reports as podcasts, videos, and full-color booklets. All products are available for download!

 
 
 
 
 
 

Upcoming Meetings


Oct 11-12, 2012
Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics
Board on Mathematical Sciencs and Their Applications
More info
Washington, DC

October 12-13, 2012
The Committee on Radio Frequencies
Board on Physics and Astronomy
Beckman Center, Irvine, CA

Oct 26-27, 2012
Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications
More info
Washington, DC


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