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|Public Response to Alerts and Warnings Using Social Media: Report of a Workshop on Current Knowledge and Research Gaps |
Public Response to Alerts and Warnings Using Social Media: Report of a Workshop on Current Knowledge and Research Gaps summarizes presentations made by invited speakers, other remarks by workshop participants, and discussions during parallel breakout sessions. It also points to potential topics for future research, as well as possible areas for future research investment, and it describes some of the challenges facing disaster managers who are seeking to incorporate social media into regular practice.
|The Mathematical Sciences in 2025 |
The mathematical sciences are part of nearly all aspects of everyday life-the discipline has underpinned such beneficial modern capabilities as Internet search, medical imaging, computer animation, numerical weather predictions, and all types of digital communications. This report examines the current state of the mathematical sciences and explores the changes needed for the discipline to be in a strong position and able to maximize its contribution to the nation in 2025. It finds the vitality of the discipline excellent and that it contributes in expanding ways to most areas of science and engineering, as well as to the nation as a whole, and recommends that training for future generations of mathematical scientists should be re-assessed in light of the increasingly cross-disciplinary nature of the mathematical sciences. In addition, because of the valuable interplay between ideas and people from all parts of the mathematical sciences, the report emphasizes that universities and the government need to continue to invest in the full spectrum of the mathematical sciences in order for the whole enterprise to continue to flourish long-term.
|Review of the Research Program of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership: Fourth Report |
The guidance for the work of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership as well as the priority setting and targets for needed research are provided by joint industry/government technical teams. This structure has been demonstrated to be an effective means of identifying high-priority, long-term precompetitive research needs for each technology with which the Partnership is involved. Technical areas in which research and development as well as technology validation programs have been pursued include the following: internal combustion engines (ICEs) potentially operating on conventional and various alternative fuels, automotive fuel cell power systems, hydrogen storage systems (especially onboard vehicles), batteries and other forms of electrochemical energy storage, electric propulsion systems, hydrogen production and delivery, and materials leading to vehicle weight reductions.
|An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments |
As part of its assessment of MHK resources, DOE asked the National Research Council (NRC) to provide detailed evaluations. In response, the NRC formed the Committee on Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Technology Assessment. As directed in its statement of task (SOT), the committee first developed an interim report, released in June 2011, which focused on the wave and tidal resource assessments (Appendix B). The current report contains the committee's evaluation of all five of the DOE resource categories as well as the committee's comments on the overall MHK resource assessment process. This summary focuses on the committee's overarching findings and conclusions regarding a conceptual framework for developing the resource assessments, the aggregation of results into a single number, and the consistency across and coordination between the individual resource assessments. Critiques of the individual resource assessment, further discussion of the practical MHK resource base, and overarching conclusions and recommendations are explained in An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessment.
|Assessment of Advanced Solid State Lighting |
The standard incandescent light bulb, which still works mainly as Thomas Edison invented it, converts more than 90 percent of the consumed electricity into heat. Given the availability of newer lighting technologies that convert a greater percentage of electricity into useful light, there is potential to decrease the amount of energy used for lighting in both commercial and residential applications. Although technologies such as compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have emerged in the past few decades and will help achieve the goal of increased energy efficiency, solid-state lighting (SSL) stands to play a large role in dramatically decreasing U.S. energy consumption for lighting. This report summarizes the current status of SSL technologies and products-light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic LEDs (OLEDs)-and evaluates barriers to their improved cost and performance. It also discusses factors involved in achieving widespread deployment and consumer acceptance of SSL products. These factors include the perceived quality of light emitted by SSL devices, ease of use and the useful lifetime of these devices, issues of initial high cost, and possible benefits of reduced energy consumption.
Capability Surprise for U.S. Naval Forces: Initial Observations and Insights: Interim Report
Capability Surprise for U.S. Naval Forces: Initial Observations and Insights: Interim Report highlights issues brought to the committee's attention during its first three meetings and provides initial observations and insights in response to each of the three tasks above. It is very much an interim report that neither addresses in its entirety any one element of the terms of reference nor reaches final conclusions on any aspect of capability surprise for naval forces. The committee will continue its study during the coming months and expects to complete by early summer 2013 its final report, which will address all of the elements in the study's terms of reference and explore many potential issues of capability surprise for U.S. naval forces not covered in this interim report.
Workshop: Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System
You are invited to attend the workshop Resiliency of the Electric Power Delivery System in Response to Terrorism and Natural Disasters hosted by the National Research Council of the National Academies.
The two-day session runs Wednesday, February 27, 2013 from 1-5 p.m. EST and Thursday, February 28, 2013 from 8 a.m-3:15 p.m. EST.
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20418
The public workshop will address changes that have occurred since the NRC report Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System was completed and will assess the current state and future considerations for the power system. Read a PDF of the full report here.
The NRC report examines technologies and strategies that could make the power delivery system less vulnerable to attacks, restore power faster after an attack, and make critical services less vulnerable while the power is out. These approaches can greatly reduce the grid's vulnerability to cascading failures, whether initiated by terrorists, nature, or malfunctions.
Visit the project page for details and to register for the workshop or webcast.
NRC Space Science Week 2013
Join the standing advisory committees of the Space Studies Board and Board on Physics and Astronomy at The National Academies NAS Building in Washington, DC on March 6-8, 2013 as they convene to discuss issues and advances in their fields.
The standing committees will meet together and separately and the meetings will be open to the public. More information including an agenda and online registration will be available in the coming weeks. Keep an eye on the Space Science Week Web page for details and follow the SSB and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board on Twitter.
NRC hosts a series of workshops on Professionalizing the Nation's Cybersecurity Workforce
The NRC Committee on Professionalizing the Nation's Cybersecurity Workforce: Criteria for Future Decision-Making is hosting a series of workshops across the country in 2012-2013. Drawing on inputs from the workshops, the committee will prepare a consensus report that characterizes the current landscape for cybersecurity workforce development and that provides criteria for identifying which specialty areas may require professionalization and how different approaches and tools for professionalization could be evaluated. Following the December workshop in Washington, DC, a second event will be held on February 25-26 in San Francisco and will coincide with the annual RSA Cybersecurity Conference. The final workshop is scheduled for March 27-28 in San Antonio, Texas and will be webcast to the public. Visit the project page at sites.nationalacademies.org/CSTB/CSTB_080289 for additional information or to register. If you would like to submit comments, please send them to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Study Committee Process Video Returns
Our study committee process video is back online from a long absence! It's a good primer on how our process works. Click the image to see it on Youtube.
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