Laboratory Assessments Board
JOHN W. LYONS, currently with the National Defense University, has directed two major federal science and engineering laboratories: the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Army Research Laboratory. Dr. Lyons is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is a physical chemist with degrees from Harvard College and Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. He began his career in research and development positions with the Monsanto Company for 18 years. In 1973 he joined the Commerce Department’s National Bureau of Standards (NBS) at Gaithersburg, Maryland. At NBS Lyons was the first director of the Center for Fire Research and then in 1978 the first director of the National Engineering Laboratory, a unit that came to include about half of the NBS programs. In 1990, Dr. Lyons was appointed by President George H.W. Bush to be the ninth director of NBS, by that time renamed the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In September 1993, he was appointed the first permanent director of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL). At ARL, Dr. Lyons managed a broad array of science and technology programs. Dr. Lyons has published four books and over 60 papers, and he holds a dozen patents. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Washington Academy of Sciences and a member of the American Chemical Society and of Sigma Xi.
CLAUDE R. CANIZARES is Vice President for Research, Associate Provost, and Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Canizares is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a pioneer in the development of methods for high-resolution astronomical X-ray spectroscopy and its applications to the analysis of galactic and extragalactic plasmas. Dr. Canizares has made fundamental contributions to the understanding of supernova remnants and the cooling flows in clusters of galaxies. His Research interests are X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray instrumentation, plasma diagnostics, supernova remnants, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, quasars and active galactic nuclei, cosmology, gravitational lenses, space science and science policy.
ROSS B. COROTIS is the Denver Business Challenge Professor in the Department of Civil,
Environmental, and Architectural Engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Dr. Corotis is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is Chair of the NRC Committee on NIST Technical Programs. Dr. Corotis has a background in structural mechanics and stochastic vibrations; his primary research interests are in the application of probabilistic concepts to civil engineering problems. He has directed a number of research projects on subjects such as stochastic modeling of loads on structures, structural system reliability, wind characteristics for energy conversion systems, building loads, and mesoscale storm modeling. He was the founding chair of the Department of Civil Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University and dean of the College of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Colorado. Dr. Corotis is editor of the American Society of Civil Engineers’ “Journal of Engineering Mechanics.”
JOSEPH S. FRANCISCO is William E. Moore Distinguished Professor of Chemistry in the Departments of Chemistry and of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Purdue University. Dr. Francisco is President-elect of the American Chemical Society. Research in his laboratory focuses on basic studies in spectroscopy, kinetics, and photochemistry of novel transient species in the gas phase. These species play an important role in atmospheric, biochemical, and combustion processes. He addresses questions dealing with how structures correlate to reactivity and photochemical mechanisms. Dr. Francisco served as president of the National Organization of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers for 2006-2008, and received the Alexander von Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists in 2001. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Physical Society, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1993, and he was an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow for 1990-92, a Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar for 1990-95, and a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator for 1988-93.
C. WILLIAM GEAR is retired President of NEC Research Institute, Inc. and currently instructs courses and conducts research at Princeton University. Dr. Gear is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is noted for his seminal work in methods and software for solving classes of differential equations and differential-algebraic equations of significance in applications, as well as for his management of the technical activities at the NEC Research Institute. His primary interest is scientific computation, particularly involving differential equations, and he is investigating numerical techniques applied to computer vision. Dr. Gear is former Chair of the NRC Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board and former member of the Board on Assessment of NIST Programs.
HENRY J. HATCH is Lt. General, U.S. Army, Retired, and Former Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army. General Hatch is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is noted for his leadership in the engineering and construction programs of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and for exceptional management of its programs. His technical interests include all aspects of civil engineering; public policy related to infrastructure, the environment, and sustainable development; engineering management; and water resources development.
LOUIS J. LANZEROTTI is Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Physics at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. Dr. Lanzerotti is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is retired Distinguished Member of Technical Staff of Lucent Technologies, where his responsibilities included supervision of laboratories and research and development. His principal research interests include space plasmas, geophysics, and engineering problems related to the impacts of atmospheric and space processes and the space environment on space and terrestrial technologies. He has served as Chair of a number of NRC Boards and Committees, including the Space Studies Board, the Committee for the Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope, and the Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board. He has been principal investigator on NASA and commercial space satellite missions, and is currently PI for instruments on the NASA dual spacecraft Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission scheduled for May 2012 launch.
ELSA REICHMANIS is Professor in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Reichmanis is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She is noted for the discovery, development, and engineering leadership of new families of lithographic materials and processes that enable VLSI manufacturing. Her research interests include the design and development of polymeric materials for electronic applications. Other interests include the chemistry and properties of radiation sensitive polymeric materials and the plasma chemistry of organic and organometallic systems.
LYLE H. SCHWARTZ is retired Director of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Dr. Schwartz is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is recognized for his leadership in materials research and in coordinating industry and government collaboration in materials engineering. Dr. Schwartz was Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern University for 20 years and Director of the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology for 12 years. His responsibilities included management of the research and development agendas for the laboratories he directed. He is currently Chair of the NRC Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board.
CHARLES V. SHANK is Senior Fellow at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Dr. Shank is a member of the National Academy of Science and of the National Academy of Engineering. He is noted for pioneering the generation and measurement of subpicosecond and femtosecond optical pulses, and their applications to electronics, physics, and chemistry. Dr. Shank is former head of the AT&T Bell Laboratories and former Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. During his 15-year tenure there, the Berkeley Lab emerged as a leader in the field of supercomputing and joined with two other national labs to form the Joint Genome Institute, a major contributor to the decoding of the human genome. He has been honored with the R.W. Wood Prize of the Optical Society of America, has received the George E. Pake Prize and the Arthur L. Schawlow Prize of the American Physical Society.
DWIGHT C. STREIT is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at UCLAh. He was formerly the vice president of Foundation Technologies at Northrop Grumman Space Technology where he had overall responsibility for development of the basic engineering, science, and technology required for space and communications systems. He has extensive experience in semiconductor devices and Microwave & Millimeter Integrated Circuit (MMICs) for applications up to 220 GHz, as well as in infrared and radiometer sensors. He has led development efforts for 10 to 40 Gbps optical communications systems and has experience in the development and production of optoelectronic devices and circuits. He also has previous experience in frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) and phased-array product development for X-band to W-band radar applications.