Panel on Air and Ground Vehicle Technology
DAVID E. CROW, NAE, is retired Senior Vice President of Engineering at Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Engine Company. He is also currently Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Connecticut. At Pratt and Whitney he was influential in the design, development, test, and manufacturing in support of a full line of engines for aerospace and industrial applications. He was involved with products that include high-thrust turbofans for large commercial and military aircraft; turboprops and small turbofans for regional and corporate aircraft and helicopters; booster engines and upper stage propulsion systems for advanced launch vehicles; turbopumps for the Space Shuttle; and industrial engines for land-based power generation. His involvement included sophisticated computer modeling and standard work to bring constant improvements in the performance and reliability of the company's products, while at the same time reducing noise and emissions.
RALPH C. ALDREDGE III is Professor in the Mechanical, Aeronautical, and Materials Engineering Department a the University of California, Davis, where he is involved with the Applied Mathematics Graduate Group, Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group, Center for Computational Fluid Dynamics, and Institute for Transportation Studies. Dr. Aldredge’s research interests include analytical, computational and experimental studies of turbulent flame propagation and combustion instabilities; development of computational models and algorithms for simulation of reactive-flow dynamics; and biological-fluid dynamics, biomedical heat transfer, tissue mechanics. He instructs courses in advanced turbulence modeling, biomedical heat and mass transport, combustion, and engineering thermodynamics. Dr. Aldredge received his B.S. from Carnegie Mellon University and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Princeton University.
JAMES L. BETTNER retired from Rolls-Royce Aero Engines in 2002, where he was the Program Manager for the AE 3007H engine, which is the propulsion system for the Air Force’s high-altitude, long-endurance Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle. Previously, he was the supervisor of the Preliminary Design Department, where he conducted studies on material properties in advanced engines, convertible engines, gearboxes for high-speed rotorcraft, wave rotors, and fuel-cooled engines. Dr. Bettner also directed ERAST studies of optimum propulsion systems for very-high-altitude research aircraft. He directed the preliminary design of a propulsion system for a large fan-in-wing Special Operations Force aircraft, where the engines powered a conventional fan in forward flight but were clutched to the fan-in-wing for vertical takeoff and landing. He directed the preliminary design analysis of developing a 2000-pound-thrust turbofan from the T800 turboshaft engine for a medium-altitude application. Prior to that, Dr. Bettner was a member of the propfan development team, which included the NASA-funded single-rotation propfan test assessment (PTA) and the company-funded counter-rotation PW-Allison 578 projects. He received his Ph.D. from Purdue University. Dr. Bettner has expertise in engine materials, propfans, and other elements of propulsion.
PAUL BEVILAQUA, NAE, is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Miami. Previously he was Manager of Advanced Development Programs at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company. His research interests have been largely stimulated by the challenges of developing powered lift systems intended to shorten the take off and landing distances of fixed wing aircraft, down to the limit of vertical take off and landing. Consequently, his research has included study of the thermodynamics of energy conversion for propulsion systems, including turbojet engines, ramjets, and thrust augmenting ejectors. He has also investigated the development of turbulent jets and wakes, in order to understand the fundamental mechanisms of turbulent mixing and entrainment and the jet induced forces on aerodynamic surfaces. This has lead to interests in computer aided engineering and technical management, especially in applying the principles of lean manufacturing to engineering and design processes. He has also contributed to the technologies associated with the design and development of stealth aircraft.
EARL H. DOWELL, NAE, is William Holland Hall Professor and Dean Emeritus in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering at Duke University. The fundamental areas of Professor Dowell's research interests are dynamics, fluid and solid mechanics and acoustics. A particular focus at present is on the dynamics of nonlinear fluid and structural systems and their associated limit cycle and chaotic motions. Examples include flexible plates and shells excited by dynamic fluid forces, oscillating airfoils and wings in a transonic flow, and aero-mechanical instability of rotorcraft systems. Also of interest are studies of systems with many degrees-of-freedom. Three aspects of such systems are being considered: eigenfunctions of nonconservative (fluid or fluid-structure) systems, turbulence as a multi-mode chaotic phenomena, and the asymptotic behavior of a dynamical system as the number of degrees-of-freedom becomes very large (asymptotic model analysis). The potential applications for the results of these research efforts are very broad, but a principal emphasis is on aerospace, automotive, naval and other transportation.
EPHRAHIM GARCIA is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the Cornell University. His area of expertise is dynamics and controls, especially sensors and actuators involving smart materials. Dr. Garcia served as a Program Manager in the Defense Sciences Office at the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA) from 1998 to 2002. His programs involved the development of new types of actuation systems utilizing smart material transducers, system level demonstrations of smart structures applied to defense platforms, morphing aircraft systems and the development of exoskeletons for human performance augmentation. Dr. Garcia has pursued interdisciplinary research in the development of novel electro-mechanical systems, including smart material based actuators for optical systems controls and piezoelectric motor development. From 1991 to 1998, Dr. Garcia was an Assistant and Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Vanderbilt University where he was Director of the Center for Intelligent Mechatronics and the Smart Structures Laboratory. In this capacity he directed research in the areas of smart structures, control-structure interaction, and bio-inspired robotics. From 1991-97, he owned and operated Garman Systems, Inc., (now Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC) a small engineering corporation that designed and fabricated devices in the areas of adaptive structural systems, utilizing piezoelectric, electrostrictive and shape memory alloy materials. In 1995, Dr. Garcia was named an Office of Naval Research Young Investigator, appointed a 1993 Presidential Faculty Fellow by President Clinton, and twice received Summer Faculty Fellowship awards from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (’90,’91). In 1995, he was named “Most Promising Scientist,” by Hispanic Engineer magazine (now Technica) and received this award at the Hispanic Engineer National Achievement Awards Conference (HENAAC). Dr. Garcia is author of more than 140 articles, book chapters and edited volumes. He serves on the ASME Aerospace Division’s Executive Committee and as on the Editorial Advisory Board to Smart Materials and Structures. In 2002, Professor Garcia received the prestigious American Society of Mechanical Engineers’ Adaptive Structures Prize for “significant contributions to the sciences and technologies associated with adaptive structures and/or materials systems.
PRABHAT HAJELA is Professor of Aerospace Engineering, and the Vice Provost and Dean of Undergraduate Education at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. His research interests include analysis and design optimization of multidisciplinary systems; system reliability; emergent computing paradigms for design; artificial intelligence; and machine learning in multidisciplinary analysis and design. Before joining Rensselaer, he worked as a research fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles for a year, and was on the faculty at the University of Florida for seven years. He has conducted research at NASA’s Langley and Glenn Research Centers, and the Eglin Air Force Armament Laboratory. In 2003, Hajela served as a Congressional Fellow responsible for Science and Technology Policy in the Office of US Senator Conrad Burns (R-MT). He worked on several legislative issues related to aerospace and telecommunications policy, including the anti-SPAM legislation that was signed into law in December 2003. Hajela is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), a Fellow of the Aeronautical Society of India (AeSI), a Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and the Vice-President of the International Society of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (ISSMO). Hajela has held many editorial assignments including editor of Evolutionary Optimization, Associate Editor of the AIAA journal, and is on the editorial board of six other international journals. He has published over 255 papers and articles in the areas of structural and multidisciplinary optimization, and is an author or co-author of 4 books in these areas. In 2004, he was the recipient of AIAA’s Biennial Multidisciplinary Design Optimization Award.
JAMES HAMILTON is Chief Vehicle Dynamics Engineer with Target Chip Ganassi Racing team . He heads vehicle dynamic research, development and simulation in the Advanced Engineering Group and has pioneered analytical methods, dynamic testing systems, aerodynamic test and data analysis methods, dynamic computer simulations, driver style modeling, hydraulic systems, active ride control and other closed loop control strategies, math and software. He has also contributed development perspective directly to leading DARPA Grand Challenge competitor, Carnegie Mellon University’s Red Team, which ultimately won the Urban Challenge. Before coming to Ganassi, Mr. Hamilton held esteemed positions with other racing teams including: Patrick Racing Team’s Chief Race Engineer (1998-1999) for Scott Pruett; PacWest Racing(1997); Dan Gurney's All American Racer’s Chief Race Engineer (1989-1996), and Director of Vehicle Dynamics—engineering Juan Fangio II. Before his career in racing, Mr. Hamilton was Manager (1977-1989) of BMW North America’s Product Strategy and Product Engineering, Product Testing and Product Liability Defense. With Volkswagen (1971-1977) he coordinated original research in restraint systems and vehicle traffic safety strategies. With Litton System’s Advanced Marine Technology Laboratories he wrote hull design software for the DD963 destroyer based on methods developed at the David Taylor Model Basin. With Space Technology Laboratories/TRW Systems (1965-1968), he wrote software for manned and unmanned space missions including Gemini, Apollo, Pioneer, Mariner, and several classified surveillance satellite programs. Mr. Hamilton has also served on the Society of Automotive Engineers Vehicle Dynamics Technical Committee, chaired three vehicle dynamic sessions at the SAE Motorsports Engineering Conference and has presented to both the U.S. DOT and the SAE on topics of vehicle safety. Mr. Hamilton is also an inventor and holds three U.S. patents: all in vehicle dynamic technology. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Physics from the Carnegie Mellon University.
ROGER L. MCCARTHY, NAE, is a private engineering consultant and a director of Shui on Land, Ltd., which is involved in large-scale urban redevelopment in the People’s Republic of China. His professional interests relates to the analysis and prevention of failures of an engineering or scientific nature related to mechanical, machine, controls, and mechanism design, including fabrication and manufacturing. He has directed the testing of more than 1,000 human subjects for analysis of human performance/man-machine-interface design issues, e.g. control placement, displays, warnings, etc. He has published extensively in the automotive and vehicular design arena, particularly research related to design risk associated with vehicle rollover, vehicle fires, occupant restraints (e.g. airbags), tires, and vehicle mass/size issues. This research often involves instrumented vehicle testing (including crash testing) and accident reconstruction. He has experience in robotic equipment design for the Army's Rapid Equipping Force. In 1992, he was appointed by the first President Bush to the President's Commission on the National Medal of Science. Dr. McCarthy received a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2004.
WILLIAM Q. MEEKER, JR. is a professor of statistics and distinguished professor of liberal arts and sciences at Iowa State University. He has done research and consulted extensively on problems in reliability data analysis, reliability test planning, accelerated testing, nondestructive evaluation, and statistical computing. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association (ASA) and the American Society for Quality (ASQ) and a past Editor of Technometrics. He is co-author of the books Statistical Methods for Reliability Data with Luis Escobar (1998), and Statistical Intervals: A Guide for Practitioners with Gerald Hahn (1991), six book chapters, and of numerous publications in the engineering and statistical literature. He has won the ASQ Youden prize four times and the ASQ Wilcoxon Prize three times. He was recognized by the ASA with their Best Practical Application Award in 2001 and by the ASQ Statistics Division’s with their W.G. Hunter Award in 2003. In 2007 he was awarded the ASQ Shewhart medal.
LYNNE E. PARKER is Professor and Associate Head in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) and an adjunct distinguished research and development staff member in the Computer Science and Mathematics Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), where she worked as a full time researcher for many years prior to joining UTK. She is also the director of the Center for Intelligent Systems and Machine Learning at UTK, as well as the founder and director of the Distributed Intelligence Laboratory at UTK, and the assistant director of the UTK-ORNL Science Alliance. She is a leading international researcher in the field of cooperative multi-robot systems, and has performed research in the areas of mobile robot cooperation, human-robot cooperation, robotic learning, intelligent agent architectures, and robot navigation. For this research, she was awarded the U.S. Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) in 2000, and was elevated to Fellow of IEEE in 2010. Her extensive publications include five edited books on the topic of distributed robotics. She has served as a Senior Editor of IEEE Transactions on Robotics, and is on the editorial boards of IEEE Intelligent Systems magazine and the Swarm Intelligence journal. Dr. Parker received her Ph.D. in computer science from MIT.
NEIL E. PATON, NAE, is Chief Technology Officer at Liquidmetal Technologies Corporation. Dr. Paton is noted for contributions to the development of advanced aluminum and high-temperature alloys for aerospace applications. His research interests include general aviation systems; gas turbine systems, materials, structures; advanced materials systems; manufacturing processes; metal forming processes; aircraft materials, structures, & dynamics; propulsion energy technologies; materials technologies; and liquid rockets. He received his PhD in Metallurgy And Materials Science from MIT and his BE in Mechanical Engineering from the University of New Zealand and ME in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Auckland.
MARTIN PERYEA is Chief Engineer for Government Programs at Bell Helicopter TEXTRON Company. He leads and manages the Chief Engineers at Bell for all government programs for ensuring the technical integrity of products and services, and he ensures that aircraft meets all performance, flight safety, and airworthiness requirements. Mr. Peryea represents Bell as the primary interface with their customers' chief engineers and senior technical leaders, serves as the integrator between Programs and Engineering, and oversee the staffing process for all government programs thereby ensuring consistent application of all functional competencies and best practices. He also ensures integration of all technical requirements, development, definition, configuration management, and performance of government products. He oversees all system, performance, critical, and Flight Readiness Reviews for all government Programs and ensures that systems engineering discipline is consistently applied for all government products and IPTs. He received a Masters of Engineering, Aerospace Engineering and a Bachelor of Science, Applied and Engineering Physics, both at Cornell University.
WILLIAM SIRIGNANO, NAE, is Henry Samueli Endowed Chair in Engineering at the University of California, Irvine. His research and teaching interests have covered the topics of spray and droplet science and technology, combustion, aerospace propulsion, combustion instability, noise suppression and applied mathematics. His research accomplishments include analysis predicting periodic nonlinear oscillations with shockwaves in an unstable combustor; analysis of driving mechanisms for combustion instability in rockets and ramjets; explanation of the nonlinear fluid dynamics associated with Helmholtz resonators; determination of admittance for oscillatory, three-dimensional nozzle flows; theory for flame spread above liquid and solid fuels; theory for ignition of combustible gas by a hot projectile; resolution of turbulent flame and propagation in reciprocating and rotary internal combustion engines; theory of droplet vaporization and convective heating with internal circulation; computational methods for spray flows; theory of droplet interactions in a dense spray; liquid atomization theory; and miniature combustor technology.
GAURAV S. SUKHATME is professor of Computer Science (joint appointment in Electrical Engineering) at the University of Southern California (USC). His research interests are in multi-robot systems and sensor/actuator networks. He develops tools and techniques to design and understand large-scale, distributed, robotic systems. Such systems are aggregates of mobile robots and unattended sensors programmed to work together as teams with applications in urban security, military reconnaissance, and environmental monitoring. He is the co-director of the USC Robotics Research Laboratory and the director of the USC Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory which he founded in 2000. Sukhatme has served as PI on numerous NSF, DARPA and NASA grants. He is a Co-PI on the Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS), an NSF Science and Technology Center. He is a senior member of IEEE, and a member of AAAI and the ACM. He is a receipient of the NSF CAREER award and the Okawa foundation research award. He has served on many conference program committees, and is one of the founders of the Robotics: Science and Systems conference. He is one of the program chairs of the 2008 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Autonomous Robots. He has served as Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, and on the editorial board of IEEE Pervasive Computing. He received his undergraduate education at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in computer science and engineering, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science from USC.
MICHAEL S. TOROK is the Director of System Engineering and Technology at Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation. Dr. Torok is responsible for System Engineering, Configuration Management, Civil Certification, Airworthiness and Safety, Aircraft Attributes and Technology Development. His activities have included development and application of advanced technology tools, research and applied model test programs, project management of advanced technology programs with DOD, NASA and DARPA, development and insertion of technology into, and technical definition and support of all company product lines. Dr. Torok received a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Cornell University in 1985, a Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Maryland. He currently serves as the American Helicopter Society (AHS) Technical Director and member of the AHS Board. He also serves on the University of Maryland Aeorspace Engineering Advisory Board. He is past chair of the Rotorcraft Industry Technology Association (RITA) Technical Advisory Council. His awards have included the U.S. Army Distinguished Rotorcraft Fellowship, the Vertical Flight Foundation Fellowship, the AHS Bagnoud Award, the AHS Gruppo Agusta Award and he was the initial rotorcraft inductee into the University of Maryland, Aerospace Engineering Academy of Distinguished Alumni.