Panel on Digitization and Communications Science
DEBASIS MITRA, NAE, is Vice President in the Chief Scientist’s Office of Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent. He is responsible for global research partnerships and academic relations. From 1999-2007 as Vice President of the Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Research Center he directed activities in fundamental mathematics, algorithms, complex systems analysis and optimization, statistics, learning theory, information and communications sciences, and industrial mathematics. He is a Bell Labs Fellow and a Life Fellow of the IEEE. He is a recipient of the 1998 IEEE Eric E. Sumner Award, the 1993 Steven O. Rice Prize Paper Award and the 1982 Guillemin-Cauer Prize Paper Award of the IEEE. He is also the recipient of awards from the 1995 ACM Sigmetrics/Performance Conference, the Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK) and the Bell System Technical Journal. He has been a member of the editorial boards of the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, the IEEE Transactions of Communications, the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Queueing Systems (QUESTA) and Operations Research. He holds over 20 patents. He has been McKay Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Albert Winsemius Professor at the Nanyang Technical University in Singapore. During 2006 Dr.Mitra chaired the Mathematics Advisory Committee of the Science Foundation of Ireland. He has served as advisor to the Hamilton Institute of the National University of Ireland, Maynooth, University of Maryland’s Computer Science Department, University of Michigan’s Electrical Engineering Department and Northwestern University’s Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences Department. He has served on the Eric E. Sumner Award Committee (as member and as Chair) and the Koji Kobayashi Computers and Communications Award Committee of the IEEE. In 2003 he served as the Chair of the Telecom review panel of the N.J. Commission on Jobs Growth and Economic Development. During 2006-2010 he served on the Air Force Studies Board of the National Academies, USA. He is serving on the IEEE COMSOC Awards Committee, the Advisory Committee to the Center for Energy Efficient Telecommunications at the University of Melbourne, and the Review Panel of the Institute on Infocomm Research in Singapore. He is also serving on the National Academies Laboratory Assessments Board’s Panel on the NIST Information Technology Laboratory.
GORDON BELL, NAS/NAE, is a principal researcher with Microsoft Silicon Valley Research Group in San Francisco since 1995. His research interests are computer aided design/manufacturing, computer economics, computer hardware, information storage, massively parallel computers, history of technology, operational systems engineering, engineering and society, management systems. At Microsoft, he is researching the capture and storage of everything an individual experiences in his or her lifetime. He is working on Cloud Computing and The Fourth Paradigm of Science--Data Intensive Science. He previously served as vice president of research and development at Digital Equipment Corp. (1960-1983); professor of computer science and electrical engineering at Carnegie-Mellon University (1966-1972); founding assistant director of the National Science Foundation’s Computing and Information Sciences and Engineering (CISE) Directorate (1986-1988); panel chair of the National Research and Education Network (NREN) for creating the Internet (1987-1988); adviser/investor in more than 100 start-up companies; and a founding trustee of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California (and 1975 co-founder of The Computer Museum, Boston, MA, its predecessor). He is a Bell-Mason Group founder, Diamond Consultants fellow, TTI Vanguard advisory board member, and a member of Australia’s Commonwealth Science Industrial and Research Organization’s Information and Computing Technology’s Scientific Advisory Committee.
KEREN BERGMAN is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Columbia University. Dr. Bergman leads the Lightwave Research Laboratory which aims to investigate realizations of dynamic optical data routing in transparent wavelength division multiplexing optical interconnection networks. The overarching theme of her research activities is the migration of the optical layer from being a mere transport high-capacity link into the networking and data layers. To accomplish this, her group designs, architects, and implements photonic systems that specifically incorporate the critical advantages of manipulating information in the optical domain and provide high-functionality to the data networking layer. She serves as the Senior Technical Thrust Leader on Interconnects for National Security Agency Advanced Computing Systems initiative on high-performance computing research.
JOEL S. BIRNBAUM, NAE, is a senior vice president of research and development (retired) from the Hewlett-Packard (HP) Company. His research interests are in computer architecture, systems organization, and user interface design. For the last 23 years, he has managed a broad variety of research and development activities at two large companies: IBM and Hewlett-Packard. These activities span a wide range of basic and applied research activities in measurement, computing, and communication, including fundamental work on materials and semiconductors, sensors, and measurement instruments, and the full gamut of information technology hardware, software systems, and applications. His experience at this time is strategic; in particular, he has been involved for the last decade in the creation and implementation of HP's technical plans.
DAVID E. BORTH, NAE, is a private consultant. He was previously the Corporate Vice President and CTO, Advanced Technology and Standards, Government and Public Safety, at Motorola, Inc. He has been cited by the NAE for contributions to the development of digital wireless communication systems through improved design and technical management. His overall research is focused on digital modulation techniques, adaptive digital signal processing methods applied to communication systems, and personal communication systems including both cellular and PCS systems. He has directly contributed to Motorola's implementations of several digital cellular systems. He has served on several national-level committees.
GARY S. BROWN is Bradley Professor of Electromagnetics in the Bradley Department of Electrical Engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr. Brown's research has focused on radio wave propagation, radar-scattering theory and applications, and remote sensing from space. One of the world’s top experts in understanding and modeling the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the natural environment, Brown has been a pioneer in theoretical modeling of rough surfaces. He is the founder and director of the Electro-Magnetic Interactions Laboratory (EMIL) and has obtained more than $3 million in research funding. He has authored 57 journal articles, 85 conference articles, and more than 20 U.S. Government reports. He is a recipient of the R.W.P. King and Schelkunoff Awards of the Antennas and Propagation Society (APS) and the IEEE Third Millennium Medal.
GEORGE KARYPIS is professor in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at the University of Minnesota. His research interests span the areas of data mining, bio-informatics, parallel processing, CAD, and scientific computing. His research in data mining is focused on developing innovative new algorithms for a variety of data mining problems including clustering, classification, pattern discovery, and deviation detection, with an emphasis on business applications and information retrieval. His research in bio-informatics is focused on developing algorithms for understanding the function of genes and proteins in different species using data arising from genome-wide expression profiles. His research in parallel processing is focused on developing scalable parallel algorithms for emerging applications and architectures. His recent research has led to the development of a number of highly efficient and scalable software packages and algorithms such as METIS (a serial sparse graph partitioning software), ParMETIS (an MPI-based parallel graph partitioning software), hMETIS (a circuit partitioning software), PSPASES (a parallel direct solver), and CHAMELEON (a spatial clustering algorithm).
KRISTINA B. KATSAROS, NAE, is retired Director, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. She has been cited by the NAE for basic advances of ocean-atmosphere energy exchange through innovative measurement techniques. Her research interests are processes of momentum, energy and water transport between sea and air. In parallel, she has used satellite data to estimate the air-sea fluxes, including precipitation, and has attempted to understand the interaction between electromagnetic radiation (visible and microwave) with the waves on the sea surface. She has used microwave radiometers and radars for analysis of mid-latitude and tropical cyclones over the sea. Through her work on remote sensing, she has become concerned with international cooperation for collection of climate data related to issues of : adequate sampling, consistency/calibration, long-term archiving and wide, convenient distribution.
STEPHEN T. KENT is a vice president and chief scientist of information security, at BBN Technologies. He oversees information security activities within BBN Technologies, and works with government and commercial clients, consulting on system security architecture issues. He has acted as system architect in the design and development of network security systems for the Department of Defense and served as principal investigator on a number of network security R&D projects for over 25 years. In his capacity as Director of the GTE Internetworking Security Practice Center, Dr. Kent monitored all security related aspects of the service offerings of GTE Internetworking. As CTO for CyberTrust Solutions, Dr. Kent provided strategic direction for this certification authority’s product and service business, reporting to the President of CyberTrust. During the last two decades, Dr. Kent’s R&D activities have included the design and development of user authentication and access control systems, network layer encryption and access control systems, secure transport layer protocols secure e-mail technology, multi-level secure (X.500) directory systems, public-key certification authority systems, and key recovery systems. His most recent work focuses on public-key certification infrastructures for government and commercial applications, security mechanisms and associated infrastructure for Internet routing (BGP), high speed (>10Gb/s) network security devices, and high assurance cryptographic modules.
THOMAS L. KOCH, NAE, is the Dean of the College of Optical Sciences at the University of Arizona. He was previously Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, the Professor of Physics, the Daniel E. '39 and Patricial Smith Chair, and the Director of the Center for Optical Technologies at Lehigh University. He has been cited by the NAE for contributions to optoelectronic technologies and their implementation in optical communications systems. His research interests are semiconductor optoelectronics and optical fiber communications. He has several awards including the Erec E. Sumner Award, IEEE; the William Streifer Award for Scientific Achievements, IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society; the Distinguished Lecturer Award, IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society; Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; Fellow, Optical Society of America; and Fellow, Bell Laboratories.
ROBERT F. LUCAS is the Director of the Computational Sciences Division of the University of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute (ISI). He manages research in computer architecture, VLSI, compilers, and other software tools. Prior to joining ISI, he was the Head of the High Performance Computing Research Department in the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He oversaw work in scientific data management, visualization, numerical algorithms, and scientific applications. Prior to joining NERSC, Dr. Lucas was the Deputy Director of DARPA’s Information Technology Office. He also served as DARPA’s Program Manager for scalable computing systems and data-intensive computing. From 1988 to 1998, he was a member of the research staff of the Institute for Defense Analyses’ (IDA’s) Center for Computing Sciences. From 1979 to 1984, he was a Member of the Technical Staff of the Hughes Aircraft Company.
JUAN C. MEZA is Dean of the School of Natural Sciences at the University of California, Merced, having taken that position in September 2011. Previously, he served as Department Head and Senior Scientist for High Performance Computing Research at E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory where he worked in computational science and mathematics, computer science and future technologies, scientific data management, visualization, and numerical algorithms and application development. In that position, he was also responsible for developing short- and long-term R&D plans and proposing new technology directions. His current research interests include nonlinear optimization with an emphasis on methods for parallel computing. He has also worked on various scientific and engineering applications including scalable methods for nanoscience, power grid reliability, molecular conformation problems, optimal design chemical vapor deposition furnaces, and semiconductor device modeling. Prior to joining Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Dr. Meza held the position of Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff at Sandia National Laboratories and served as the manager of the Computational Sciences and Mathematics Research department. He was recently named to Hispanic Business magazine’s Top 100 Influentials in the area of science. In addition, he has been elected a Fellow of the AAAS and was the 2008 recipient of the Blackwell-Tapia Prize and the SACNAS Distinguished Scientist Award. He was also a member of the team that won the 2008 ACM Gordon Bell Award for Algorithm Innovation. Dr. Meza has served on numerous external committees including the DOE’s Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee; the Human Resources Advisory Committee for the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute; the boards of trustees for the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics and SIAM; the Board of Governors for the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications; and the External Advisory Committee for the National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure.
LINDA A. NESS is Chief Scientist and University Liaison at the Applied Communication Sciences Applied Research (formerly Telcordia). Her expertise are in multi-scale algorithms for representing and analyzing high-dimensional data; mathematics; computer science; research program management; management of innovation, technology transition and insertion; telecom operations support systems processes and products; and software development process. She has served as co-principal investigator of two research projects focused on fast multi-scale algorithms for representing and analyzing high-dimensional data. Both projects are in collaboration with Professors Peter Jones and Vladimir Rokhlin of Yale University. Her former experience includes serving as assistant professor of mathematics at the University of Washington, visiting associate professor of mathematics at the University of Pennsylvania, and associate professor of mathematics at Carlton College. She has a BA in Mathematics from St. Olaf College, a MS in Mathematics from Harvard University, a MS in Computer Science from University of Texas at Austin, and a PhD in Mathematics from Harvard University.
TAMAR PELI is Associate Director of Special Operations Programs at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Ms. Peli's research has focused on algorithms for target detection, data fusion, sensor fusion, multi-spectral image fusion for visual display, signal processing, clutter enhancement to facilitate detection in displayed images, and automated analysis of retinal images. Previously she was Vice President of Atlantic Aerospace and Director of the Image Exploitation Group of Atlantic Aerospace Electronics Corporation, where she worked on problems that included missile warning, infrared search and track, automatic target recognition, acoustic detection, and wavelet applications. Prior to that, she worked as a member of the technical staff at MIT Lincoln Laboratory. She is the author of 17 papers in image processing techniques.
RADIA PERLMAN is an Intel Fellow and director of Network and Security Technology in Intel Labs. In this role she provides strategic direction for future network, security and trusted platform research. Perlman is the inventor of many fundamental technology innovations in computer networking, including the spanning tree algorithm, which is at the heart of today's Ethernet; TRILL, an emerging standard for data center interconnection that can replace today's spanning tree Ethernet; scalable and robust link state routing technology; and contributions in strong password protocols, authentication and authorization models, and denial of service protection techniques. Perlman has authored two networking textbooks and earned a Ph.D. from MIT in computer science. She holds approximately 100 patents in network security and routing technologies. Perlman has been recognized with numerous industry awards including an honorary doctorate from KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden, the SIGCOMM lifetime achievement award, and the Usenix Association lifetime achievement award.
MIKEL D. PETTY is Director of the University of Alabama in Huntsville’s Center for Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis. Prior to joining UAH, he was Chief Scientist at Old Dominion University’s Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center. Dr. Petty has worked in modeling and simulation research and development since 1990 in areas that include simulation interoperability and composability, computer generated forces, multi-resolution simulation, and applications of theory to simulation. He has published over 125 research papers and has been awarded over $11 million in research funding. He served on a National Research Council committee on modeling and simulation, is a Certified Modeling and Simulation Professional, and is an editor of the journals SIMULATION and Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation. He was the dissertation advisor to the first two students to receive Ph.D.s in Modeling and Simulation at Old Dominion University.
PADMA RAGHAVAN is the Director of the Institute for CyberScience and the Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Raghavan’s research interests concern sparsity as a unifying abstraction from computational science to computer architecture, toward increasing computational performance by constant factors to orders of magnitude. Her publications are in three major areas including: (i) parallel algorithms for high performance scientific computing (supercomputing), (ii) energy-aware performance scalability of advanced computer systems (green supercomputing), and (iii) computational modeling, simulation and knowledge extraction. Specific contributions concern scalable sparse solvers, parallel and distributed graph and numeric algorithms for modeling, simulation and knowledge discovery, and energy-aware supercomputing. She has several awards including the The Maria Goeppert-Mayer Distinguished Scholar Award, Argonne National Laboratory (Department of Energy) and the University of Chicago; and the The National Science Foundation, Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate CAREER Award.
NELSON L. SEAMAN recently retired as professor of meteorology from the The Pennsylvania State University. His research interests are mesoscale modeling, objective analysis techniques, cyclogenesis, four-dimensional data assimilation, boundary layer processes, shallow and deep convection. Dr. Seaman has developed several different numerical models to investigate the dynamics of orographic flows, sea breezes, extratropical storm development, pollution transport, urban influences, and the interactions of boundary layer and convective processes. He received his Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the Pennsylvania State University.
NEIL G. SIEGEL, NAE, is the sector vice president & chief engineer at the Northrop Grumman Information Systems. His most recent work has focused on the use of information technology on the battlefield, in order to enable better, faster decisions, and thereby improve combat outcomes for US forces and our Allies. This has required the creation of new techniques in communications protocols (especially those aimed at achieving very high efficiency for a large community of low-bandwidth wireless links, e.g., low-bandwidth reliable multicast, unicast route selection at the time service request, etc.); automation of software, network, and system configuration (including the notion of a "force-structure-aware network", e.g., infusing knowledge of the community being served into the network control structure, as a mechanism for providing better service); and large-scale software design techniques (e.g., technical approaches to partitioning large software systems so as to fit the distribution of skill levels in real teams, and new systems engineering techniques designed to allow systems to evolve over time in desirable ways), so as to meet the demands for flexibility, adaptability, reliability, and operation under harsh and off-nominal conditions induced by the battlefield.
JOHN SNOW is Regents' Professor of Meteorology and Dean Emeritus of the College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences at the University of Oklahoma. He has a background in electrical engineering and atmospheric sciences. Dr. Snow has been a Professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Purdue University, Associate Professor at the Universite Paul Sabatier in Toulouse, France, and a Visiting Scientist at the Centre de Recherches Atmospheriques, Campistrous, France. He also retired at the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel from the U.S. Army Reserve with 28 years of service. He is a Fellow of both the American Meteorological Society and the Royal Meteorological Society; he has also certified as a Consulting Meteorologist by the American Meteorological Society. Dr. Snow's research has focused on severe thunderstorms and the design and testing of weather radars and local weather measurement instruments and networks.
SALVATORE J. STOLFO is professor of computer science at Columbia University. He received his PhD from New York University Courant Institute in 1979 and has been on the faculty of Columbia ever since. He has published scientific papers in the areas of parallel computing, artificial intelligence knowledge-based systems, data mining, computer security and intrusion, and anomaly detection systems. His most recent research has been in distributed data mining systems with applications to fraud and intrusion detection in network information systems. He has patents in the areas of parallel computing and database inference, Internet privacy, intrusion detection, and computer security. Dr. Stolfo served as chair of the Computer Science Department and director of the Center for Advanced Technology at Columbia University. He recently co-chaired several workshops in data mining, intrusion detection, and the digital government. He is a board member and treasurer of a private organization of Professionals for Cyber Defense. Recently, he participated in a DARPA Innovative Space Based Radar Antenna Technology study and served as an adviser to the director of the DARPA Information Processing Techniques Office as a member of the DARPA Futures Panel.