Skip to Main Content
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Laboratory Assessments Board
LAB Home
About LAB
Current Projects
LAB Reports
Staff and Contact Information

Panel on Materials Science and Engineering at the Army Research Laboratory



JENNIE S. HWANG (NAE) is chief executive officer of H-Technologies Group and board trustee and distinguished adjust professor at Case Western Reserve. Her career encompasses corporate and entrepreneurial businesses, international collaboration, research management, technology transfer, and global leadership positions, as well as corporate and university governance. She has held senior executive positions with Lockheed Martin Corporation, SCM Corporation, and Sherwin Williams Company, and co-founded entrepreneurial businesses. She is internationally recognized as a pioneer and long-standing leader in the fast-moving infrastructure development of electronics miniaturization and green manufacturing. Dr. Hwang is an inventor and author of 350+ publications, including the sole authorship of several internationally-used textbooks. As a columnist for the globally circulated trade magazines “Global Solar Technology” and “SMT,” she addresses technology issues and global market thrusts. She also has served on the International Advisory Board of the Singapore Advanced Technology and Manufacturing Institute and as a board director for Fortune 500 and private companies. Over the years, she has taught tens of thousands of professionals and managers in professional development courses, providing the continuing education and disseminating new technologies to the workforce. The YWCA’s Dr. Jennie S. Hwang Award was established to encourage and recognize outstanding women students in science and engineering. Her formal education includes the Harvard Business School Executive Program, a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering, two M.S. degrees in chemistry and liquid crystal science, respectively, and a bachelor’s degree in chemistry.



RICHARD C. ALKIRE (NAE) is Charles J. and Dorothy G. Prizer chair emeritus of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was elected to the NAE “for imaginative research on engineering aspects of electrodeposition and corrosion and for leadership in electrochemical engineering. His research interests are in the areas of electrochemical engineering, electrodeposition, and corrosion and etching. His honors and awards include the following: Lifetime National Associate, for extraordinary contributions to the National Academies, National Academy, U.S., 2002; Vittorio de Nora Award, Electrochemical Society, 2004; and National Materials Advancement Award, Federation of Materials Societies, 2010.


MICHAEL I. BASKES (NAE) is an adjunct professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at University of California, San Diego, and is also a laboratory associate-fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). He was a staff member at Sandia National Laboratories for 29 years. He was elected to the NAE “for contributions to the embedded atom method for predicting the structure and properties of metals and alloys.” He developed with Murray Daw the embedded atom method, which allows researchers to describe the cohesive energy of solids and liquids. This method has now become the standard used for calculating complex applications in materials science, especially for fission, fusion and nuclear weapons materials. He also developed models to predict the behavior of helium in metals and a model to explain hydrogen isotope recombination. He has received two awards from the Department of Energy for outstanding research and has been inducted in the DOE’s Basic Energy Science Hall of Fame.


ELI BROOKNER is a consulting scientist at the Raytheon Company. Since 1962 he has worked there on numerous radar technologies including air surveillance radar, affordable ground based radar, major space based radar programs, S-band upgrade, and surveillance radar programs. Prior to Raytheon he worked on radar at Columbia University Electronics Research Laboratory, Nicolet and Rome Air Force Laboratory. Dr. Brookner has received several awards and honors including the IEEE 2006 Dennis J. Picard Medal for Radar Technology & Application "For Pioneering Contributions to Phased Array Radar System Designs, to Radar Signal Processing Designs, and to Continuing Education Programs for Radar Engineers"; IEEE '03 Warren White Award; Journal of the Franklin Institute Premium Award for best paper award for 1966; and the IEEE Wheeler Prize for Best Applications Paper for 1998. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, AIAA, and MSS. He has published four books: Tracking and Kalman Filtering Made Easy, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1998; Practical Phased Array Antenna Systems (1991), Aspects of Modern Radar (1988), and Radar Technology (1977), Artech House. He gives courses on Radar, Phased Arrays and Tracking around the world (22 countries). Over 10,000 have attended his informative, dynamic, entertaining and well received courses. He was banquet speaker and keynote speaker six times. He has over 110 papers, talks and correspondences to his credit. In addition, he has over 80 invited talks and papers.


CHARLES R. CANTOR (NAS) is the Chief Scientific Officer of Sequenom, Inc. Dr. Cantor’s research is focused on identifying biological problems that are resistant to conventional analytical approaches and then developing new methodologies or techniques for solving these problems. In the past, his laboratory has developed methods for separating large DNA molecules, for studying structural relationships in complex assemblies of proteins and nucleic acids, and for sensitive detection of proteins and nucleic acids in a variety of settings. His current interests include the development of improved methods for non-invasive prenatal diagnostics, cancer diagnostics, and early noninvasive detection of other clinical conditions (Sequenom), mass spectrometry of nucleic acids (Sequenom), improvement of methods for detection of specific RNA sequences in living cells and organisms (DiThera), methods for protection of organisms and materials from oxidative damage (Retrotope), and new uses for nucleic acid analysis including DNA based array detectors. With Paul Schimmel he authored the three volume textbook Biophysical Chemistry. Dr. Cantor has a BA in Chemistry from Columbia University (1963), and a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley (1966).


STUART L. COOPER (NAE) is a university scholar professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the Ohio State University. He was elected to the NAE “for contributions to polymer chemistry, biomedical polyurethanes, blood compatibility, and academic administration.” His research interests are in the areas of Polymer Science and Engineering, Properties of Polyurethanes and Ionomers, Polyurethane Biomaterials, Blood-Material Interactions, Tissue Engineering. His research on polyurethane block polymers and other multiphase thermoplastic elastomers seeks a fundamental understanding of these system's morphology and physical properties. Small angle x-ray scattering is used to determine domain size, shape and degree of phase separation in order to determine microphase separation and intermolecular bonding in these high performance polymers. The material's morphology is correlated with thermal and mechanical properties determined by differential calorimetry, dynamic mechanical testing and stress-strain analysis. His honors and awards include the following: Founders Award, Society for Biomaterials, 2010; President, Society for Biomaterials, 1996-1997; International Award for Achievement in Biomaterials, Japanese Society for Biomaterials, 1997; AIChE Charles M.A. Stine Award, 1987; Clemson Award, Society for Biomaterials, 1987; and Chairman, Gordon Research Conference on Ion-Containing Polymers, 1981.


DANA D. DLOTT is the William H. and Janet G. Lycan professor of chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He received his undergraduate degree from Columbia in 1974 and his Ph.D. from Stanford in 1979. He joined the faculty at Illinois in 1979. Professor Dlott's research interests are in chemical physics, and physical and materials chemistry. His research is focused on understanding the dynamical behavior of molecules in condensed matter, including crystalline solids, glasses, polymers, biopolymers, surfaces and liquids. He studies fast processes in molecules, materials, surfaces and interfaces with a focus on energy transfer and chemical energy generation and storage, using femtosecond (10-15 s) spectroscopic techniques that incorporate the latest developments in ultrafast infrared generation and coherent and nonlinear optics. Some of his research are in the areas of multidimensional vibrational spectroscopy with high time and space resolution, chemical energy generation and storage, and shock compression science.


AMY E. DUWEL is communications group leader for Charles Stark Draper Laboratory’s RF and Communications Group. This position was preceded by an eight-year tenure as group leader of MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems). In the Group Leader role, Dr. Duwel serves as a champion for the growth of new technology, a leader in business development, an advocate for the staff. Dr. Duwel has focused her technical career on developing novel capabilities at the intersection of MEMS and RF systems. She leads the development of ultra-low loss MEMS resonators for filters and oscillators, and novel MEMS-enabled reconfigurable RF components. In addition, Dr. Duwel has contributed to a deeper fundamental understanding of micro-scale energy transport phenomena and dynamics of MEMS resonators for RF filters, oscillators, and inertial sensors. She received a BA in physics from the Johns Hopkins University in 1993. Her MS (1995) and PhD (1999) are in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


HORATIO D. ESPINOSA is the James N. and Nancy J. Farley Professor of Manufacturing and Entrepreneurship, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, and Director of the Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Program at the McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University. His research interests are bottom up design of materials, and design and manufacturing of robust nano and Microsystems for single cell transfection and analysis. His honors and awards include the following: 2012 President of the Society of Engineering Science; Foreign member of the Russian Academy of Engineering; Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, the American Academy of Mechanics, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society for Experimental Mechanics; 2008 LAZAN award, Society for Experimental Mechanics; 2007 Junior Medal, Society of Engineering Science; 2005, HETENYI Award, Society for Experimental Mechanics; 2002, Junior Award, American Academy of Mechanics; 1997 Young Investigator Award, Office of Naval Research; 1996 NSF-CAREER award. He currently serves as Founding Principal Editor of MRS Communications and co-editor of the Wiley Book Series in Micro and Nanotechnologies. He also serves as a member of the U.S. National Committee for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, National Academies. He is the founder and president of iNfinitesimal LLC, a nanotechnology company.


MICHAEL ETTENBERG (NAE) is a principal at Dolce Technologies. He was elected to the NAE “for contributions to the advances in optoelectronic components, including the evolution of practical and reliable semiconductor lasers.” Semiconductor lasers has been his primary technical interest. Now he manages research and development in the field, including applications of laser diodes to fiber optic communications, laser spectroscopy, biomedical analysis, and material processing. He is also managing and have extended his interest to electronic displays of all kinds, cathode ray tubes, liquid crystal display, organic light-emitting diode displays, and field emission displays. His honors and awards include the following: RCA David Sarnoff Award; IEEE Third Millennium Medal; Fellow of OSA and IEEE; chairman, Steering Committee, Optical Fiber Conference; past president IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society; past member of Defense Science Board; and Board of Overseers, New Jersey Institute of Technology.


ELSA M. GARMIRE (NAE) is the Sydney E. Junkins Professor of Engineering in the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. She was elected to the NAE “for contributions to nonlinear optics and optoelectronics and for leadership in education.” Her research interests include lasers and optics—enabling technologies that have made possible a myriad of technical and scientific applications. Her research has had three main themes: nonlinear optics, integrated optics, and advanced semiconductor lasers. She has contributed to three key concepts in nonlinear optics: laser-stimulation of molecular vibrations (Stimulated Raman Scattering), sound waves (Stimulated Brillouin Scattering), and self-focusing of light beams (Spatial Solitons). Recently she has investigated nonlinear optical devices in semiconductors, including optical bistability, optical computing and photorefractivity. Her most recent emphasis is on understanding psec nonlinearities in semiconductor multiple quantum wells. Her second continuing interest has been integrated optics -- with contributions to design, fabrication, analysis and testing in semiconductor, lithium niobate and glass devices, as well as infrared waveguides. Her third interest is in improved lasers, particularly semiconductor lasers. She has investigated the mode-locking and mode-control of lasers, semiconductor laser arrays, ultra-short pulse generation and propagation, and new geometries for semiconductor lasers. Dr. Garmine earned her AB in Physics from Harvard University in 1961 and her Ph.D. in Physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965.


JAMES S. HARRIS (NAE) is the James and Ellenor Chesebrough Professor in the School of Engineering and professor, by courtesy, of Materials Science and Engineering and of Applied Physics at the Stanford University. He was elected to the NAE “for contributions to epitaxial growth of compound semiconductor materials and their applications.” His major interest is to use molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) to produce unique materials. The growth of such unique combinations of materials enable quantum size effects to create entirely new device structures based upon tunneling electron spin and transitions between quantum states. Most recently, he has applied this technology to incorporate photonic crystal and plasmonic structures to produce an integrated bio-fluorescence sensor that has been implanted into mice to study cancer development and therapies.


THOMAS L. KOCH (NAE) is the Dean of the College of Optical Sciences at the University of Arizona. He was previously Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the Professor of Physics, the Daniel E. '39 and Patricial Smith Chair, and the Director of the Center for Optical Technologies at Lehigh University. He has been cited by the NAE for contributions to optoelectronic technologies and their implementation in optical communications systems. His research interests are semiconductor optoelectronics and optical fiber communications. He has several awards including the Eric E. Sumner Award, IEEE; the William Streifer Award for Scientific Achievements, IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society; the Distinguished Lecturer Award, IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society; Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; Fellow, Optical Society of America; and Fellow, Bell Laboratories.


CHRISTIAN MAILHIOT is a senior technical manager at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). He has worked in the areas of theoretical and computational condensed matter physics, ab initio many--body calculations of materials, atomic and electronic structure of materials, electronic structure theory and optical properties of semiconductor superlattices and synthetically modulated quantum-confined structures, semiconductor physics, surface and interface science, static and dynamic pressure-induced phase transformations, ab initio and quantum molecular dynamics, and quantum many-body simulations of materials. He received his B.Eng. in Engineering Physics in 1978 from L’École Polytechnique de Montréal in Canada. He obtained his M.S. (1980) and Ph.D. (1983) in Applied Physics from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. From 1983 through 1989, he was a Member of the Technical Staff at the Xerox Webster Research Center in Webster, NY, where he worked in the field of semiconductor and solid-state physics. In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, Division of Materials Physics. He serves on numerous editorial boards and review and scientific advisory committees.


CHRIS A. MARIANETTI is assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Columbia University. His research interests are in the areas of predicting materials properties from first-principles computations; materials with energy related applications; density-functional theory; dynamical mean-field theory; transition-metal oxides; actinides, energy storage and conversion materials. His research focuses on predicting various materials properties using theoretical and computational methodologies. In particular, he is interested in materials which have potential applications for energy storage or conversion, such as battery cathodes, nuclear reactor fuels, thermoelectrics, hydrogen storage materials, etc. Understanding and capturing the physics of such a broad array of phenomena requires the use of a broad range of theories and techniques. Techniques applied in his research group range from classical molecular dynamics to density functional theory to the dynamical mean-field theory.


MARC A. MEYERS is Distinguished Professor of Materials Science at the University of California, San Diego. His research field is the mechanical behavior of materials. Within this field, he has focused on three areas: dynamic behavior of materials, nanocrystalline materials, and biological materials. In the dynamic behavior of materials, the unifying theme is the high rate at which events occur. He initiated this work in 1972 and has dedicated forty uninterrupted years to it, unifying it by emphasizing the physical and chemical phenomena. This has been defined in his now classic book, Dynamic Behavior of Materials (1994, ~1000 citations in google scholar). His honors include Fellow, TMS, APS, and ASM as well as awards in the US (TMS Educator, ASM Sauveur, Acta Materials and Society, SMD/TMS Distinguished Engineer/Scientist and Service Awards), Europe (Humboldt and DYMAT Rinehart Awards), and China. He was co-founder of the Center for Explosives Technology Research, New Mexico Tech, and of the EXPLOMET conference series (1980-2000).


SORIN MITRAN is professor of mathematics at the University of North Carolina. His research field is scientific computation as applied to real-world problems. He works on methods that link different levels of description of natural phenomena ranging from the molecular scale to a continuum description. His research group applies these methods to various fields such as: biomechanics, complex fluid flow, phase transitions, and transport phenomena. He has worked is in the areas of multi-scale computation with applications in viscoelastic flow, lung physiology, polymer photovoltaic cells, and lithotripsy; computational methods in astrophysics, geophysics, lung physiology; adaptive mesh refinement for hyperbolic partial differential equations; and modeling of bubbly flow. His Honors include a 2010 University of North Carolina Kenan Senior Faculty Research and Scholarly Leave.


DUNCAN T. MOORE (NAE) is the Rudolf and Hilda Kingslake Professor of Optical Engineering and the vice provost for Entrepreneurship at the University of Rochester. He was elected to the NAE “for the design and fabrication of optical systems and imaging lenses.” His research interests are in the areas of gradient-index materials, computer-aided design (including design for manufacturing methods), the manufacture of optical systems, medical optics (especially optics for minimally invasive surgery), and optical instrumentation. Most recent PhD thesis titles of students whom he has advised include integration of the design and manufacture of gradient-index optical systems, interferometric characterization of the chromatic dispersion of gradient-index glasses, design-for-manufacture of gradient-index optical systems using time-varying boundary condition diffusion, and tolerance analysis of axial gradient-index lenses.


KRISHNA RAJAN is the Wilkinson Professor of Interdisciplinary Engineering in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program; as well as the director Institute for Combinatorial Discovery at the Iowa State University. His research is centered on the development and use of informatics, statistical learning and combinatorial discovery methods for the discovery, design and characterization of materials. Along with his computational based research, he is also a leader in the field of advancing quantitative methods for atom-probe tomography. His Honors and Awards include: CSIRO- Australia: Distinguished Visiting Scientist Fellowship Award- 2011; Citation by Editor as key paper published in Acta. Cryst. B- Int. Union of Crystallography (IUCr) 2012 Newsletter; Akinc Faculty Research Award- Iowa State University-2009; Plenary Lecture Award: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) – Data Mining Conference: 2008; CNRS Visiting Professor for Combinatorial Chemistry- Rennes, France-2001; and Visiting Fellowships at the Max-Planck Institüt für Metallförschung –1992, Slovak Academy of Sciences- 1999, and the National Research Council/National Academy of Engineering E. Europe 1996.


JORGE J. SANTIAGO-AVILES is associate professor of Electrical and Systems Engineering in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. His research interest encompasses materials and devices for electronics applications including energy conversion and storage, in particular super-capacitors, nano-composite materials, and deposition methods such as electro-spinning and electrodeposition. His pedagogical interest lies in STEM education and the education of under-served populations. He is the Faculty Master at Kings Court English College House where he was instrumental in the organization of the Science and Technology Wing (STWing), which have been serving the technically oriented student population for more than a decade. His interest in serving Penn's students constituency has led him to serve as advisor to the Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers and as a co-founder of La Casa Latina a Center for Hispanic Excellence.


MICHAEL G. SPENCER is professor of electrical and computer engineering in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Cornell University. His research interests are in the epitaxial and bulk growth of compound semiconductors such as GaAs, SiC and AlN (growth techniques include molecular beam epitaxy, vapor phase epitaxy, liquid phase epitaxy, and sublimation), microwave devices, solar cells and electronic materials characterization techniques (including deep level transient spectroscopy and photoluminescence). His particular interest has been in the correlation of device performance with material growth and processing parameters. His recent work has emphasized wide band-gap materials and his group was the first to produce conducting AlN and thick films of beta SiC grown by the bulk sublimation technique. He is a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award for 1985, the Alan Berman Research Publication Award from the Naval Research Laboratories in 1986 (for research leading to the first identification of a self interstitial defect in AlGaAs), the White House Initiative Faculty Award for Excellence in 1988, a Distinguished Visiting Scientist appointment at Jet Propulsion Laboratories in 1989 and a 1992 recipient of a NASA Certificate of Recognition. He is on the permanent committee for the Electronic Materials Conference, the Compound Semiconductor Conference, as well as helped initiate and form the International Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials. He is one of the Directors of the NSF sponsored National Nano-fabrication network.


LARRY F. THOMPSON (NAE) is an independent consultant at Intellectual Property Solutions and Services, LP (IPSS-LP) Consulting Company in Henly, Texas. He was elected to the NAE “for advancement of electron-beam resist materials and technology for their manufacture.” He has over 30 years experience in the semiconductor industry including manufacturing processing, semiconductor equipment design and manufacturing and senior management. Specific interests include lithography, lithographic materials (resists), process design, dry etching and cleaning and stripping. During his 26 years at The Bell Telephone Laboratories he invented, developed and implemented a wide variety of new resist materials and associated processes. He managed several departments that were responsible for semiconductor processing, material engineering, plasma processing and optical fiber materials and processes. After retiring from Bell Laboratories he joined Integrated Solutions Inc. (ISI) as Chief Technical Officer and a member of the Board of Directors. ISI designed and manufactured advanced lithography equipment for the semiconductor industry and Dr. Thompson was responsible for all engineering development and transfer to manufacturing of new lithography systems. He led the effort to design and manufacture the world's first 193nm deep-UV stepper, a technology that now is used in mainstream manufacturing of the most advanced electronic devices. In 1997 Ultratech Stepper Inc. acquired ISI and he was asked to become president of the UltraBeam Division. Ultrabeam designed and manufactured advanced electron beam pattern generators used primarily in the photomask industry.


MATTHEW V. TIRRELL is the Pritzker Director of the Institute for Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago. Dr. Tirrell’s research interest is in the evolving field of soft materials, especially in adhesion and other interfacial effects in polymers. He has applied a combination of molecular design and molecular-level mechanical measurements to modify surfaces for controlled bioadhesion. He has worked extensively on amphiphlic molecules (block copolymers and synthetic lipids) as agents to manipulate adhesion at interfaces between solids and biological systems. He has a BS in Chemical Engineering from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. in Polymer Science & Engineering from the University of Massachusetts.


MARK W. VERBRUGGE (NAE) is director of the Chemical and Materials Systems Laboratory at the GM R&D Center of General Motors Company. His research interests are in the areas of electroanalytical methods, polymer electrolytes, advanced batteries and supercapacitors, fuel cells, high-temperature air-to-fuel-ratio sensors, surface coatings, compound semiconductors, and various manufacturing processes related to automotive applications of structural materials. He is a Board Member of the United States Automotive Materials Partnership LLC and the United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC, and an adjunct professor for the Department of Physics, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. His research efforts resulted in his receiving the Norman Hackerman Young Author Award and the Energy Technology Award from the Electrochemical Society as well as GM internal awards including the John M. Campbell Award for research accomplishments, twice the Charles L. McCuen Award for inventions substantially influencing GM products, and the Boss Kettering Award, the highest technical award given by GM. Mark received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the United States Council for Automotive Research. He is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society.


ANIL V. VIRKAR (NAE) is professor and chair of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah. He was elected to the NAE “for contributions to the development of high-temperature ionic and electronic materials for fuel cells and batteries.” His research interests are in the area of transport in high temperature ionic and electronic conducting materials, their application in electrochemical energy conversion, storage, and sensing devices. Electrochemical devices under study include solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, high temperature storage batteries based on solid electrolytes, electrolyzers, and electrochemical sensors. The role of coupled transport of ionic and electronic species on the stability of solid state electrochemical systems is his area of particular interest.


TUAN VO-DINH is the R. Eugene and Susie E. Goodson Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Professor of Chemistry, and Director of The Fitzpatrick Institute for Photonics at the Duke University. His expertise is in photonics, biophotonics, nanoscience, nanomaterial manufacturing and characterization, sensing and sensor systems, and plasmonics. Dr. Vo-Dinh’s research activities and interests involve biophotonics, nanophotonics, plasmonics, laser-excited luminescence spectroscopy, room temperature phosphorimetry, synchronous luminescence spectroscopy, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, field environmental instrumentation, fiberoptics sensors, nanosensors, biosensors and biochips for the protection of the environment and the improvement of human health. He served as the Editor-in-Chief of NanoBiotechnology (2005-2009); serves as the Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics (2006-present), Plasmonics (2006-present), and Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety (2003-present); and serves as the Topical Editor of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds Journal (1988-to present).


LARRY P. WALKER is professor in the Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering; Director, Northeast Sun Grant Institute of Excellence; and Director, Cornell Biofuels Research Laboratory at the Cornell University. His research interests are in the areas of biological and environmental engineering, energy, environment, and sustainable development. He has been involved in a number of biomass to energy and chemical projects including an assessment of New York State biomass resources available for ethanol production, farm-scale methane production and co-generation, and the application of nanotechnology to characterizing and studying important biocatalysts for industrial biotechnology. He is a member of the National Nanobiotechnology Center Executive committee that oversees the research activities of the Center, and the coordinator of a Cornell faculty cluster that is interested in the development of sustainable bio-based industries. He is a member of the American Council on Renewable Energy and the Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science. Some of Dr. Walker’s extramural activities include current Co-Editor in Chief for the journal Industrial Biotechnology. In addition, he is a recent recipient of a NYSTAR Faculty Development Program award for Industrial Biotechnology research.