Soldier Systems Panel
JEREMY M. WOLFE graduated summa cum laude from Princeton in 1977 with a degree in Psychology and went on to obtain his PhD in 1981 from MIT, studying with Richard Held. His PhD thesis was entitled "On Binocular Single Vision". Wolfe remained at MIT until 1991. During that period, he published papers on binocular rivalry, visual aftereffects, and accommodation. In the late 1980s, the focus of the lab shifted to visual attention. Since that time, his research has focused on visual search and visual attention with a particular interest in socially important search tasks in areas such as medical image perception (e.g. cancer screening) and security (e.g. baggage screening). In 1991, Wolfe moved to Brigham and Women's Hospital where he is Director of the Visual Attention Lab and the Center for Advanced Medical Imaging. At Harvard Medical School, he is Professor of Ophthalmology and Professor of Radiology. His work is currently funded by the US National Institutes of Health, the Office of Naval Research, and Department of Homeland Security. He has112 published papers, 1 textbook, and 26 book chapters. Wolfe has taught Psychology courses at MIT & Harvard. Jeremy Wolfe is Past-President of the Eastern Psychological Association, President of Division 3 of the American Psychological Association, and editor of the journal “Attention, Perception and Psychophysics”. He won the Baker Memorial Prize for teaching at MIT in 1989. He is a fellow of the AAAS, the American Psychological Assocation (Div. 3 & 6), the American Psychological Society, and a member of the Society for Experimental Psychologists. He lives in Newton, Mass.
THEODORE W. BERGER is the David Packard Professor of Engineering, Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Neurobiology, and Director of the Center for Neural Engineering at the University of Southern California. Dr. Berger joined the Departments of Neuroscience and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh in 1979, being promoted through to the level of Full Professor in 1987. During that time, he received a McKnight Foundation Scholar Award, twice received an NIMH Research Scientist Development Award, and was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Since 1992, he has been Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Neurobiology at the University of Southern California, and was appointed the David Packard Chair of Engineering in 2003. While at USC, Dr. Berger has received an NIMH Senior Scientist Award, was awarded the Lockheed Senior Research Award in 1997, was elected a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering in 1998, received a Person of the Year "Impact Award" by the AARP for his work in neural prostheses, was a National Academy of Sciences International Scientist Lecturer in 2003, and a an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer in 2004-2005. Dr. Berger was elected a Senior Member of the IEEE in 2005, received a “Great Minds, Great Ideas” award from the EE Times in the same year, and in 2006 was awarded USC’s Associates Award for Creativity in Research and Scholarship. Dr. Berger became Director of the Center for Neural Engineering in 1997, an organization that helps to unite USC faculty with cross-disciplinary interests in neuroscience, engineering, and medicine. He has published over 170 journal articles and book chapters, and is co-editor of a book published by MIT Press on Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain: Implantable Biomimetic Electronics as Neural Prostheses. Dr. Berger currently is chairing a world-wide study of brain-computer interfaces that is being funded by multiple agencies of the NSF, NIH, and DoD. Dr. Berger received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1976.
TORA K. BIKSON has been a senior behavioral scientist at RAND Corporation since 1976 and has chaired RAND’s Institutional Review Board since 1986. She is recognized for her research on the introduction of advanced communication and information technologies and their effects in varied contexts of use. She has recently completed a project to define organizational needs and identify best practices for creating, managing, and distributing digital documents among United Nations organizations. In previous projects for clients including the National Science Foundation, the World Bank, the OECD, the Markle Foundation, and others, she has addressed such issues as the factors that affect the successful transfer and implementation of new technologies in ongoing communities of practice, how innovations influence intra- and inter-organizational structures and processes, their impact on task performance and social outcomes, and their policy implications. Dr. Bikson has co-authored four recent books addressing issues of data management and communication. Dr. Bikson has also served on special task forces, panels, and committees concerned with digital information and communication media for the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Public Administration, and the Social Science Research Council. She holds Ph.D. degrees in philosophy (University of Missouri) and psychology (UCLA).
KENNETH R. BOFF is principal scientist with the Tennenbaum Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology, Scientific Advisor to the Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (Tokyo) and principal technologist with Socio-Technical Sciences. From 1997-2007, he served as the US Air Force Research Laboratory Chief Scientist for Human Effectiveness. In this position was responsible for the technical direction of a multi-disciplinary R&D portfolio encompassing individual, organizational and socio-cultural behavior & modeling, training, protection and the bio and human-engineering of complex systems. He is best known for his work on understanding and remediating problems in the transition of research to applications in the design, acquisition, and deployment of systems and the value-centered management of R&D organizations. Holder of a patent for Rapid Communication Display technology, Dr. Boff has authored numerous articles, book chapters and technical papers, and is co-editor of “Organizational Simulation” (2005) and "System Design" (1987), senior editor of the two-volume "Handbook of Perception and Human Performance" (1986), and the four-volume "Engineering Data Compendium: Human Perception and Performance" (1988). He actively consults and provides technical liaison with government agencies, international working groups, universities and professional societies. He has organized and facilitated numerous technical workshops in the US, Europe and the Pacific Rim focused on contemporary issues in complex socio-technical systems. He is a Fellow of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society and the International Ergonomics Association.
LINDA NG BOYLE is Associate Professor in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Washington. She has a joint appointment with Civil and Environmental Engineering. Her research focuses on human factors in transportation (individual differences, driver safety, commercial vehicle operations, and in-vehicle system interactions), and behavioral risks and uncertainty (decision making with competing risks, crash risk factors, adaptive behavior). She is director of the Human Factors and Statistical Modeling Laboratory where her group studies behavioral influences on the risk of injuries and mishaps. This includes exploring why drivers crash, why operator errors occur, and how people respond to emergency situations. She is a member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the Institute of Industrial Engineers, and an associate editor for Accident Analysis and Prevention. Professor Boyle received her PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Washington.
MICHAEL BYRNE is Associate Professor of Psychology at Rice University. The focus of his research is cognitive science applied to human-computer interaction (HCI). His research is concerned with the psychological processes underlying the interaction of people with man-made systems, particularly computer systems, with the ultimate goal of developing engineering models of human performance that can aid in the design of real-world systems. This work spans a broad spectrum of investigation, from the most coarse explorations of users' work environments (e.g., what are the tasks people perform?) to detailed analysis of the temporal microstructure of human performance (e.g., what eye movements do people make when they select from simple menus?). He earned a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.A. degree in psychology from the University of Michigan, an M.S. degree in psychology and an M.S. degree in computer science from the Georgia Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in psychology from the Georgia Institute of Technology.
TERRY CONNOLLY is the Eller Professor of Management and Organizations at the University of Arizona. His PhD is from Kellogg (Northwestern). His research is in Judgement and Decision Making, especially the role of emotion in making decisions. He has published numerous articles and five books, most recently Decision Making by Individuals and Groups (2nd Ed), with L.R.Beach (Sage, 2005). He was Associate Editor of Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes (2001-2004) and is now Associate Editor of Judgement and Decision Making. He is past-president of the Society for Judgement and Decision Making and a fellow of the American Psychological Society.
NANCY J. COOKE is a professor of Applied Psychology at Arizona State University and is science director of the Cognitive Engineering Research Institute. Her expertise is cognitive engineering, knowledge elicitation, cognitive task analysis, team cognition, team situation awareness, mental models, expertise, human-computer interaction, command-and-control in unmanned aerial vehicles, emergency response systems, and healthcare systems. Dr. Cooke is also Editor-in-Chief of Human Factors, a member-at-large of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's Executive Council, a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Human Systems Integration, and a member of the US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. Dr. Cooke has organized annual workshops on the Human Factors of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles since 2004, has co-edited Human Factors of Remotely Operated Vehicles, published by Elsevier, The Best of Human Factors (with Eduardo Salas and published by HFES) and has co-authored (with Frank Durso), Stories of Modern Technology Failures and Cognitive Engineering Successes, published by Taylor and Francis.
DENNIS G. FAUST is a behavioral scientist at the Lockheed Martin Corporation. His expertise is personnel/industrial psychology with focus on training and education, competency development, testing and performance measurement, research, program evaluation, and human factors. His work experience include government, college, and corporate environments—with experience in both management and technical leadership. His experience also includes work with the various military services, the US intelligence community, IBM, SAIC, FAA, US State Department, and schools and colleges. Dr. Faust served as a 4-time contributor to the John Wiley & Sons Encyclopedia of Psychology. He currently serves on the Lockheed-Martin support program to the National Geospatial-Intelligence College at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia.
J. DEXTER FLETCHER is a research staff member at the Institute for Defense Analyses, specializing in manpower, personnel, and training issues. He holds graduate degrees from Stanford University, where, as a research associate, he directed numerous projects for the Institute for Mathematical Studies in the Social Sciences. He has held academic positions in psychology, educational psychology, computer science, and systems engineering. He has also worked as a research psychologist and program manager for the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, the Army Research Institute, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. He has assisted the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science and Technology Council in developing cross-agency, national plans and programs for education and training. He has served on various science and technology panels, including those of the Defense Science Board, Army Science Board, Naval Studies Board, Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, National Research Council, and the National Academy of Engineering. His publications concern military and industrial training, personnel readiness and productivity, applications of technology in education and training, modeling and simulation, and human factors in computation. He has designed computer-based instruction programs used in K-12 schools and training devices used in military training. His research activities have produced ‘intelligent’ tutoring systems, networked simulations, wearable voice-interactive trainers and performance aids, analyses of expertise, skill acquisition, and retention, cost-effectiveness and return on investment analyses of the use and impact of instructional technology, and international specifications for the development and management of sharable instructional objects.
PAUL W. GLIMCHER is Professor of Neural Science, Economics, and Psychology at the Center for Neural Science at New York University. His research interests are on the identification and characterization of signals that intervene between the neural processes that engage in sensory encoding and the neural processes that engage movement generations. His group study these processes using a variety of tools that are drawn from the fields of neuroscience, economics and psychology. Their methodologies thus range from single neuron electrophysiology to fMRI to game theory. The long-term goal of his research is to describe the neural events that underlie behavioral decision-making employing an interdisciplinary approach that is coming to be called "neuroeconomics". His group’s approach to this problem consolidates mathematical economic approaches to decision-making with traditional neurobiological tools. By using these tools in their physiological analyses they hope to develop a coherent view of how the brain makes decisions. He graduated Princeton University, Magna Cum Laude, and he received the New York University, “Golden Dozen,” Teaching Award in 2005.
STEVEN A. HILLYARD is professor of neurosciences in the Department of Neurosciences at the University of California at San Diego. His expertise is in basic medical neurology; sensory processes: neurophysiology of vision and audition; human information processing: attention, perception, and cognition; and psychophysiology, electrophysiology, and neuroimaging. Dr. Hillyard’s honors and awards include the following: Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1985; MERIT Award from National Institute of Mental Health, 1990-2000; Distinguished Contributions to Psychophysiology Award: Society for Psychophysiological Research, 1999; Adrian Lecture: International Congress of Clinical Neurophysiology, 2001; Honorary Corresponding Member, German EEG Society; Jeffrey Lecture, University of California, Los Angeles, 2004; George A. Miller Prize in Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 2006; and Honorary Member: Spanish Society for Psychophysiology.
VERLIN B. HINSZ is professor in the Department of Psychology at the North Dakota State University. His research interests are small group processes: group decision making and problem solving, conformity, group goal setting, models of group decision processes, group composition, computer mediated team decision making, group mediated attitude change, leadership, social facilitation/inhibition, and groups as information processors; judgment and decision making: information processing biases, judgmental heuristics, participative decision making, the impact of information technologies on decision processes, formal models of human decision processes, and commitment to decisions; and applied psychology: work groups, models of committee and jury decision making, practical decision making and problem-solving, motivation in applied contexts, social influences on human-technology interaction, and decision making at work. Dr. Hinsz earned a Ph.D. degree in social psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
DANIEL R. ILGEN is the John A. Hannah Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Michigan State University. His research is in the area of team performance, decision making, and work motivation. He has served most of his career at Purdue University and Michigan State University with visiting appointments at the University of Washington and the University of Western Australia. He is a past editor of Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. He is currently a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Human Factors and was a member of NRC study panels on pay for performance and on Institutional Review Board (IRB) issues for the social and behavioral sciences. He earned a Ph.D. degree in psychology from the University of Illinois.
ARTHUR F. KRAMER is the director of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology and the Swanlund Chair and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Illinois. He holds appointments in the Department of Psychology, Neuroscience program, and the Beckman Institute. His research interests include topics in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, lifespan development, and human factors. A major focus of his labs recent research is the understanding and enhancement of cognitive and neural plasticity across the lifespan. He was the Director of the University of Illinois’s Biomedical Imaging Center from 2004 to 2010 and Co-Director of the NIH Roybal Center for Healthy Minds from 2002-2008. Dr. Kramer served as an Associate Editor of Perception and Psychophysics and is currently a member of seven editorial boards. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, American Psychological Society, a member of the executive committee of the International Society of Attention and Performance, and a recent recipient of a NIH Ten Year MERIT Award. His research has been featured in a long list of print, radio and electronic media including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, CBS Evening News, Today Show, NPR and Saturday Night Live. He received his Ph.D. in Cognitive/Experimental Psychology from the University of Illinois in 1984.
GERALD KRUEGER, a member of the staff at the Wexford Group, is an engineering psychologist and certified professional ergonomis. Dr. Krueger has over 35 years of experience conducting, managing and directing multidisciplinary research and applications in measurement and prediction of worker performance. He is a widely recognized authority on sustained performance of equipment operators experiencing sleep deprivation and fatigue during extended or continuous operations. Dr. Krueger (Colonel, USA, Ret.) is the former military commander and technical director of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine at Natick, MA, known internationally for its work in occupational, environmental and preventive medicine research. Dr. Krueger authored more than 80 technical publications and reports, and has made formal speeches and presentations at numerous national and international scientific conferences. He continues as a principal consultant and lecturer on his varied areas of subject matter expertise, especially on equipment operator alertness and managing fatigue, human engineering design of military equipment systems, and human performance measurement.
WILLIAM S. MARRAS, NAE, is the Honda Endowed Chair of the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the The Ohio State University. He is also the director of the Biodynamics Laboratory and holds joint appointments in the Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Physical Medicine, and the Department of Biomedical Engineering. Professor Marras is also the Executive Director of the Ohio State University Institute for Ergonomics. He was elected to the NAE “for developing methods and models used to control costs and injuries associated with manual work in industry.” His research is centered on occupational biomechanics issues including workplace biomechanical epidemiologic studies, laboratory biomechanic studies, mathematical modeling, and clinical studies of the back and wrist.
BARBARA SHINN-CUNNINGHAM is professor of cognitive and neural systems and biomedical engineering and the director of graduate studies for cognitive and neural systems at the Boston University. Her research interests are auditory attention, spatial hearing, neuro-electric imaging, neural coding, plasticity and learning in auditory tasks. Her honors and awards include the following: in April 2010 elected a member of the Executive Council of the Acoustical Society of America; in Sept 2008 named a lifetime National Associate of the National Research Council of the National Academies of Science; and in June 2008 named one of the inaugural National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellows. She received her Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
MILIND TAMBE is a professor of computer science and industrial and systems engineering at the University of Southern California (USC). He leads the TEAMCORE Research Group at USC, with research focused on agent-based and multi-agent systems where multiple intelligent agents, including software agents, virtual agents in interactive simulations, robots and people interact. He is a fellow of AAAI (Association for Advancement of Artificial Intelligence) and recipient of the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) "Autonomous Agents Research Award". He is also the recipient of the Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation Homeland security award, a special commendation given by the Los Angeles World Airports police from the city of Los Angeles, USC Viterbi School of Engineering use-inspired research award, Okawa foundation faculty research award, the RoboCup scientific challenge award, and the USC Steven B. Sample Teaching and Mentoring award. Dr. Tambe and his research group's papers have been selected as best papers or finalists for best papers at a dozen premier Artificial Intelligence and Operations Research Conferences and workshops, and their algorithms have been deployed for real-world use by several agencies including the LAX police, the Federal Air Marshals service and the Transportation security administration. He received his Ph.D. from the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.
RICHARD F. THOMPSON, NAS, is William M. Keck Chair in Biological Sciences and Professor of Psychology and Biological Sciences at the University of Southern California. A behavioral neuroscientist, Dr. Thompson has spent 45 years researching one problem: the physical basis of memory – specifically, the kind of memory involved in the classical conditioning described a century ago by Ivan Pavlov. He studies how humans learn and remember. Experiments using mutant mice have not only allowed Dr. Thompson to confirm the role of the cerebellum, but to isolate the effect of each particular type of cell in the brain structure and identify its specific contribution to the learning process. In 2002, he became the first to identify and map the neural circuits responsible for classical conditioning. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
STANLEY WASSERMAN is the Rudy Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences and of Sociology; Rudy Professor of Statistics, at the Indiana University, Bloomington. Dr. Wasserman, an applied statistician, joined the Departments of Sociology and Psychology in Bloomington in Fall 2004. He also has an appointment in the Karl F. Schuessler Institute for Social Research. Prior to moving to Indiana, he held faculty positions at Carnegie-Mellon University, University of Minnesota, and University of Illinois, in the disciplines of statistics, psychology, and sociology; in addition, at Illinois, he was a part-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute of Advanced Science and Technology, and has had visiting appointments at Columbia University and the University of Melbourne. In 2005, he helped create the new Department of Statistics in Bloomington, and became its first chair in 2006. Dr. Wasserman is best known for his work on statistical models for social networks and for his text, co-authored with Katherine Faust, Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. His other books have been published by Sage Publications and Cambridge University Press. He has published widely in sociology, psychology, and statistics journals, and has been elected to a variety of leadership positions in the Classification Society of North America and the American Statistical Association. He teaches courses on applied statistics. He is a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, and an honorary fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has been an Associate Editor of a variety of statistics and methodological journals (Psychometrika, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Sociological Methodology, to name a few), as well as the Book Review Editor of Chance.
CHARLES S. WATSON is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences at the Indiana Universityand President of Communication Disorders Technology, Inc. His research interests have included noise-induced deafness, auditory evoked responses, and studies of the auditory abilities of normal-hearing and of hearing-impaired listeners. His current work includes studies of the ability to "hear out" the details of complex auditory patterns, and individual differences in those abilities. He is also involved in the development of computer-based training aids for use in teaching children and adults to produce intelligible speech. These aids may be used with hearing-impaired persons, articulation-disordered persons with normal hearing, or those learning to correctly pronounce a second language. He is helping to coordinate a cross-disciplinary study, the Benton- Indiana University Project, of the sensory, linguistic, and cognitive factors associated with failure in the first three primary grades (in collaboration with the Indiana University School of Optometry). He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, and a Charter Fellow of the American Psychological Society.
HOLLY YANCO is associate professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Her research interests include human-robot interaction, better visualization of sensor data, adjustable autonomy, urban search and rescue, assistive technology, and robotics education. Dr. Yanco co-developed the Artbotics program, which combines art and computer science in a curriculum for high school and college students. She was the PI of the NSF-funded development of Pyro, a Python-based robotics curriculum, which was selected as the Premier Courseware of 2005 by NEEDS. She has received teaching awards from UMass Lowell and MIT. She has served on the Executive Council of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (2006-2009), as the Symposium Chair for AAAI (2002-2005) and as the Exhibition Co-Chair of the ACM/IEEE Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (2007-2009). Prior to joining the UMass Lowell faculty, she taught at Boston College, ArsDigita University and Wellesley College. She received her PhD (2000) and MS degrees from MIT and her BS degree from Wellesley College, all in Computer Science.