Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board
LYLE H. SCHWARTZ, NAE, is Retired Director, Air Force Office of Scientific Research and currently a Senior Research Scientist with the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University Maryland. He was professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University for 20 years and director of Northwestern's Materials Research Center for five of those years. He then became director of the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology where he served for more than 12 years. His experience there included metals, ceramics, polymers, magnetic materials, techniques for characterization, and standardization of these characterization techniques, and his responsibilities included management of the R&D agenda in the context of a government laboratory. Dr. Schwartz subsequently assumed responsibility for basic research on structural materials of interest to the U.S. Air Force in addition to the areas of propulsion, aeromechanics, and aerodynamics. He then completed his government service as director of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research with responsibility for the entire basic research program of the Air Force. His current interests include government policy for R&D, particularly for materials R&D, materials science education at K-12 levels, and enhanced public understanding of the roles and importance of technology in society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Schwartz received both his B.S. in engineering and Ph.D. in materials science from Northwestern University.
DONALD M. CHIARULLI is a professor of computer science and computer engineering at the University of Pittsburgh. His expertise includes experimental computer architecture, and optics and optoelectronics for dense interconnection networks. Within the context of building experimental systems, his work also includes a significant effort in the development of new design tools for the modeling and simulation of these systems. Dr. Chiarulli also holds patents in computer and related optical and optoelectronic hardware. Dr. Chiarulli also has served with distinction as a valued member of the Panel on Digitization and Communications Science, which reviews the R&D activities of the ARL Computational and Information Sciences Directorate (CISD). The Sensors and Electron Devices Directorate and the Computational and Information Sciences Directorate work closely together in many areas of common interest, so Dr. Chiarulli’s service on this panel will bring with it valuable knowledge and insights about the CISD part of such joint activities. He received his Ph.D. in computer science from Louisiana State University.
DAVID E. CROW, NAE, is retired Senior Vice President of Engineering at Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Engine Company. He is also currently Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Connecticut. At Pratt and Whitney he was influential in the design, development, test, and manufacturing in support of a full line of engines for aerospace and industrial applications. He was involved with products that include high-thrust turbofans for large commercial and military aircraft; turboprops and small turbofans for regional and corporate aircraft and helicopters; booster engines and upper stage propulsion systems for advanced launch vehicles; turbopumps for the Space Shuttle; and industrial engines for land-based power generation. His involvement included sophisticated computer modeling and standard work to bring constant improvements in the performance and reliability of the company's products, while at the same time reducing noise and emissions.
MARJORIE ERICKSON is an expert in the development of physics-based models of material behavior in the prediction of material failure, and performing risk assessment. Dr. Erickson is president of Phoenix Engineering Associates, Inc., and an adjunct professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Maryland. She conducts research and consults with industry regarding fracture safety-assessment methodology for steel and other alloy components. She provides these services in the areas of assessing the integrity and durability of civil, mechanical, and marine structures fabricated from metallic materials. Specific work that Dr. Erickson has performed includes developing and using integrated, predictive models of material behavior for the purpose of assessing the current status and predicting the remaining safe life, under known or expected operating and accident-event conditions, for nuclear pressure vessels and other alloy applications, including fracture safety assessment and life extension of aging aircraft and pipelines. Dr. Erickson received her Ph.D. in materials science from the University of Virginia.
DEBASIS MITRA, NAE, is Vice President in the Chief Scientist’s Office of Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent. He is responsible for global research partnerships and academic relations. From 1999-2007 as Vice President of the Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Research Center he directed activities in fundamental mathematics, algorithms, complex systems analysis and optimization, statistics, learning theory, information and communications sciences, and industrial mathematics. He is a Bell Labs Fellow and a Life Fellow of the IEEE. He is a recipient of the 1998 IEEE Eric E. Sumner Award, the 1993 Steven O. Rice Prize Paper Award and the 1982 Guillemin-Cauer Prize Paper Award of the IEEE. He is also the recipient of awards from the 1995 ACM Sigmetrics/Performance Conference, the Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK) and the Bell System Technical Journal. He has been a member of the editorial boards of the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, the IEEE Transactions of Communications, the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Queueing Systems (QUESTA) and Operations Research. He holds over 20 patents. He has been McKay Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Albert Winsemius Professor at the Nanyang Technical University in Singapore. During 2006 Dr. Mitra chaired the Mathematics Advisory Committee of the Science Foundation of Ireland. He has served as advisor to the Hamilton Institute of the National University of Ireland, Maynooth, University of Maryland’s Computer Science Department, University of Michigan’s Electrical Engineering Department and Northwestern University’s Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences Department. He has served on the Eric E. Sumner Award Committee (as member and as Chair) and the Koji Kobayashi Computers and Communications Award Committee of the IEEE. In 2003 he served as the Chair of the Telecom review panel of the N.J. Commission on Jobs Growth and Economic Development. During 2006-2010 he served on the Air Force Studies Board of the National Academies, USA. He is serving on the IEEE COMSOC Awards Committee, the Advisory Committee to the Center for Energy Efficient Telecommunications at the University of Melbourne, and the Review Panel of the Institute on Infocomm Research in Singapore. He is also serving on the National Academies Laboratory Assessments Board’s Panel on the NIST Information Technology Laboratory.
R.BYRON PIPES, NAE, is the John L. Bray Distinguished Professor of Engineering at Purdue University since 2004. He is a member of the Royal Society of Engineering Sciences of Sweden (1995). Composite materials has been the focus of his scholarship for the past 28 years. He has developed analytical models and carried out experiments with the objective of developing a fundamental understanding of the design, durability and manufacturing of these materials systems and structures. He served as Goodyear Endowed Professor of Polymer Engineering at the University of Akron during 2001-04. He was Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the College of William and Mary during 1999-2001, where he pursued research at the NASA Langley Research Center in the field of carbon nanotechnology. He served as President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute from 1993-98. Dr. Pipes was Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Delaware from 1991-93 and served as Dean of the College of Engineering and Director of the Center for Composite Materials during 1977-91 at the same institution. He was appointed Robert L. Spencer Professor of Engineering in 1986 in recognition of his outstanding scholarship in the field of polymer composite materials ranging over the subject areas of advanced manufacturing science, durability, design and characterization. Dr Pipes received his Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington and the MSE from Princeton University. He is the recipient of the Gustus L. Larson Award of Pi Tau Sigma and the Chaire Francqui, Distinguished Faculty Scholar Award in Belgium. He holds Fellow rank in ASC, ASME and SAMPE.
JEREMY M. WOLFE is Director of the Visual Attention Lab and of the Radiology Department’s Center for Advanced Medical Imaging; and Professor of Ophthalmology and Radiology at the Harvard Medical School. He is graduated summa cum laude from Princeton in 1977 with a degree in Psychology and went on to obtain his PhD in 1981 from MIT, studying with Richard Held. His PhD thesis was entitled "On Binocular Single Vision". Wolfe remained at MIT until 1991. During that period, he published papers on binocular rivalry, visual aftereffects, and accommodation. In the late 1980s, the focus of the lab shifted to visual attention. Since that time, his research has focused on visual search and visual attention with a particular interest in socially important search tasks in areas such as medical image perception (e.g. cancer screening) and security (e.g. baggage screening). In 1991, Wolfe moved to Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard Medical School. His work is currently funded by the US National Institutes of Health, the Office of Naval Research, and Department of Homeland Security. He has112 published papers, 1 textbook, and 26 book chapters. Wolfe has taught Psychology courses at MIT & Harvard. Jeremy Wolfe is Past-President of the Eastern Psychological Association, President of Division 3 of the American Psychological Association, and editor of the journal “Attention, Perception and Psychophysics”. He won the Baker Memorial Prize for teaching at MIT in 1989. He is a fellow of the AAAS, the American Psychological Assocation (Div. 3 & 6), the American Psychological Society, and a member of the Society for Experimental Psychologists. He lives in Newton, Mass.