PANEL ON NEUTRON RESEARCH
TONYA KUHL is a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of California, Davis. She also is Chair of the Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group at UCD. Her research interests include direct measurements of biological membrane-membrane interactions, ligand-receptor interactions, polymer thin-films, and small angle scattering studies of interfacial films. Research in her Surface and Interfacial Science Laboratory is focused on measuring intermolecular and intersurface forces in complex fluid systems with an emphasis on polymers, polyelectrolytes, biomembranes, and bio-mimetic materials in order to develop new materials with useful properties. Dr. Kuhl performs x-ray and neutron scattering measurements at national laboratories such as the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory and the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center. She received her Bachelors in chemical engineering from the University of Arizona and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). She was a postdoctoral scholar and then a research engineer at the Materials Research Laboratory (MRSEC) at UCSB before starting at UC Davis in 2000.
MEIGAN ARONSON is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University and Group Leader of the Correlated Electron Group of the Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Her group’s research in experimental condensed matter physics focuses on the properties of magnetic materials, and in particular, on understanding the general conditions under which magnetic order is stabilized. Her research group is interested not only in how magnetic moments forms or survive in the metallic environment, but also in the interplay of moment stability and magnetic order. Their research spans both the synthesis of new magnetic systems, and the description of their properties using electrical transport, magnetometry, and heat capacity measurements, carried out in their laboratory, as well as neutron diffraction and inelastic scattering measurements carried out at sources in both the United States and in Europe. Extreme conditions, such as ultra-low temperatures, high pressures, and high magnetic fields are all used to complement modifications to magnetic properties driven by composition. Dr. Aronson is a member of the Neutron Advisory Board at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the External Advisory Committee of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, and the Board of Governors of the Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter of the University of California. She received her A.B. in physics from Bryn Mawr College and her M.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Illinois, Urbana.
FRANK S. BATES is regents professor and head of the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Bates is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Between 1982 and 1989 Professor Bates was a member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories, then joined the University of Minnesota as an Associate Professor. He was promoted to Professor in 1991, named a Distinguished McKnight University Professor in 1996, appointed Department Head in 1999, and became a Regents Professor in 2007. Professor Bates conducts research on a range of topics related to polymers, with a particular focus on the thermodynamics and dynamics of polymers and polymer mixtures. In 1988 Professor Bates was named a Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff at Bell Labs, in 1989 he received the Dillon Medal and in 1997 the Polymer Physics Prize, both from the American Physical Society where he is a Fellow. He won the 2004 David Turnbull Lectureship Award from the Materials Research Society, shared the ACS Cooperative Research Award in 2008, and was awarded the 2008 Sustained Research Prize by the Neutron Scattering Society of America. In 2002 Professor Bates was elected to the US National Academy of Engineering and in 2005 he was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received his B.S. in mathematics from SUNY Albany and his S.M. and Sc.D. degrees in chemical engineering from MIT.
DONALD M. ENGELMAN is Eugene Higgins Professor in the Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department at Yale. Dr. Engelman is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He established the lipid bilayer as the basis of biological membrane structure. He pioneered the use of neutron scattering to establish the protein arrangement in small ribosomal subunits and of computational, X-ray scattering and protein engineering methods to study the folding, assembly, and structure of membrane proteins. Most of his work as a biophysical chemist has been on membranes and ribosomes. He developed structural evidence for the existence of lipid bilayers in membranes and for the molecular nature of the membrane lipid phase transition and later helped develop the use of neutron scattering to determine the arrangement of proteins in the small ribosomal subunit from E. coli. Dr. Engelman’s major interest in recent years has been to understand and apply the principles that govern the folding and function of membrane proteins. Dr. Engelman received a B.A. in physics from Reed College and a Ph.D. in molecular biophysics/biochemistry from Yale.
PAUL A. FLEURY is Frederick William Beinecke Professor of Engineering and Applied Physics/Professor of Physics at Yale University. Dr. Fleury is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of the National Academy of Engineering. He has made numerous seminal contributions to the field of Raman and Brillouin scattering in condensed matter. These include his pioneering work on soft phonon modes near phase transitions, spin flip Raman scattering in semiconductors, and scattering from magnetic excitations in classical and quantum systems. Professor Fleury has been recognized for discoveries related to ferroelectric, acoustic, and nonlinear performance of materials, and for management leadership in materials. Professor Fleury's research interest has been in the microscopic origin of physical phenomena in condensed matter systems with emphasis on collective behaviors underlying magnetic, optical, electronic, acoustic, and structural properties of materials. These properties include the linear and nonlinear responses of materials to external drivers such as stress, electric, magnetic, and optical fields. Professor Fleury received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
CHRISTOPHER R. GOULD is Associate Dean for Administration in the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences and Professor of Physics at North Carolina State University (NCSU). He is Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor of Physics and previously served for a decade as Head of the Department of Physics at NCSU. He is a nuclear physicist by training, with interests in cosmology, energy research and policy, science education, and neutron and neutrino physics. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, recipient of a President's Award from RTI-International, and a member of the American Association of Physics Teachers and of Sigma Xi. He has held visiting appointments at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Institut fur Kernphysik, Frankfurt, the Atomic Energy Institute, Beijing, the University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, and at the Oak Ridge Center for Advanced Studies. He has a Ph.D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a bachelor’s degree from Imperial College, London.
PETER F. GREEN is department chair and professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Michigan. He also has served as Director of the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion in Complex Materials at the DOE Energy Frontier Research Center. Research conducted in the Green Group's Laboratory for Complex Materials is devoted to developing a fundamental understanding of, and controlling, the structure and properties of "soft" materials for applications that include: energy conversion, active and passive coatings, membranes, sensors, organic electronics, and electrorheology. The research in the group is highly interdisciplinary, spanning the fields of physics, chemistry, interfacial science, materials science and engineering. Professor Green is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Ceramic Society. He received his B.A. in physics from Hunter College and his M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Cornell University.
ALAN J. HURD is director of the Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). He is also deputy director, Institute of Complex Adaptive Matter, Los Alamos National Laboratory and University of California. His research interests include scattering techniques, perturbed angular correlation (nuclear) spectroscopy, biophysics of membranes, self-assembly and self-limiting growth, colloidal interactions, aerosol aggregation and dusty plasmas, capillarity. Dr. Hurd is PI and Program Manager of the Lujan Center User Program. The Lujan Center is the largest program in LANL’s Office of Science portfolio, and it is the largest neutron scattering program in the Department of Energy. Dr. Hurd previously served in a number of senior technical and management positions at Sandia National Laboratories, where he managed the departments of Ceramics Processing Sciences, Theoretical and Computational Materials Modeling, New Materials Theory and Validation, and Catalytic and Porous Materials. He also continues to serve as an adjunct professor of physics at the University of New Mexico. He received his B.A. in engineering physics from the Colorado School of Mines and his M.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Colorado.
JAMES R. LEE is the director of the Radiation Sciences Center 1300 at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is responsible for research in radiation effects, development of high-performance computer codes for radiation transport and system response, operation of nuclear facilities (ACRR, SPR, GIF, RML), operation of pulsed power facilities (Saturn, HERMES, Sphinx), performance assessment of nuclear weapon components in harsh radiation environments, and management of the nuclear survivability activities within NNSA’s Engineering Campaign. He came to Sandia in 1980 to do research in the transport of intense particle beams in plasmas and the generation of intense radiation sources with pulsed-power systems. Since 1986, Dr. Lee has managed various research programs in pulsed-power applications, high-performance computing, and radiation effects. During his career, Dr. Lee’s research interests have been: radiation effects in electronics, radiation damage in materials, modeling of radiation transport, high-performance computing, high-power radiation sources, power flow in highly-stressed transmission lines, radiation diagnostics, and the transport of intense charged-particle beams. Dr. Lee earned a B.S. in physics and mathematics from Iowa State University and a Ph.D. in experimental high-energy physics from Caltech.
JOHN B. PARISE is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Geosciences at Stony Brook University. He is a mineralogist and solid state chemist interested in Earth materials synthesis and the determination of atomic arrangements in condensed matter. Among his interests is the study of atomic structural changes that accompany variations in composition, temperature, and pressure. In order to determine atomic level information under a material's operating conditions, his research group collaborates with researchers nationally and internationally at X-ray synchrotron and neutron sources and has developed a number of environmental cells for work at these facilities. He performs much of his research at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Among the techniques utilized at Stony Brook and BNL are single-crystal and powder X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction, and X-ray absorption (EXAFS and XANES). Professor Parise has been a Fulbright Scholar at Edinburgh University and Co-director of the Joint Photon Science Institute at BNL/Stony Brook, and he has served on the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Diamond Light Source in the United Kingdom. He received his B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from James Cook University in Australia.
SUNIL K. SINHA is Distinguished Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics at the University of California, San Diego. He also has served as Group Leader in Neutron Scattering at Argonne National Laboratory, Group Leader of X-ray Scattering at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Senior Research Associate at Exxon Corporate Research Laboratories, and Associate Division Director at Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source. He is a recipient of the Ernest O. Lawrence Award of the Department of Energy, The MRS Medal and the Arthur H. Compton Prize of the Advanced Photon Source. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the AAAS. His group's research is concerned with studying the structure and dynamics of condensed matter using the techniques of x-ray and neutron scattering, and they have ongoing programs in both hard and soft condensed matter. Research in the hard condensed matter area includes novel magnetic and superconducting materials, in particular magnetic films and multilayers, Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) devices and exchange biased systems, artificially nanostructured magnetic materials, such as magnetic dot and hole arrays, the so-called Colossal Magnetoresistance (CMR) compounds, and high-temperature superconductors. In the soft condensed matter area, his research is concerned with molecular liquid films, polymer films and interfaces in polymeric systems, and more recently on lipid membranes. Dr. Sinha received his Ph.D. in physics from Cambridge University.