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PANEL ON NEUTRON RESEARCH

 


Chair

PETER F. GREEN is the Vincent T. and Gloria M. Gorguze Professor of Engineering and Chair of the Materials Science and Engineering Department at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He is Director of the DOE Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC). Professor Green is also the Editor-in-Chief of MRS Communications (Cambridge University Press). He also serves on the advisory Bord of the ACS Petroleum Research Fund and is a member of the US liasion group for the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). Prof. Green was the 2006 President of the Materials Research Society (MRS). He is a former Chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Solid State Sciences Committee (currently known as the Condensed Matter and Materials Research Committee) and former member of the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA) and the Board on Army Science and Technology (BAST). Green’s current research interests include understanding fundamental properties of organic materials and organic/inorganic hybrid materials, at the nano-scale, particularly for functional coatings, sensors and energy conversion applications. His specific interests include: transport processes, optical properties, interfacial phenomena, phase transitions, self-assembly and pattern formation. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, Fellow of The Royal Society of Chemistry (London) and of the American Ceramic Society. He received his B.A. in physics from Hunter College and his M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Cornell University.

 

Members

PAUL A. FLEURY, NAS/NAE, is the Frederick William Beinecke Professor of Engineering and Applied Physics and Professor of Physics at Yale University. He is the founding Director of the Yale Institute for Nanoscience and Quantum Engineering. He served as Dean of Engineering at Yale from 2000 until January 2008. Prior to joining Yale Dr. Fleury was Dean of the School of Engineering at the University of New Mexico, following 30 years of research and management at AT&T Bell Laboratories. During 1992 and 1993 he was Vice President for Research and Exploratory Technology at Sandia National Laboratories. A member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, he received the 1985 Michelson-Morley Award and the 1992 Frank Isakson Prize of the American Physical Society for his research on optical phenomena and phase transitions in condensed mater systems. He received his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees from John Carroll University, and his doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

 

LAURA H. GREENE, NAS, is Swanlund Professor and Center for Advanced Study Professor of Physics, Department of Physics and the Materials Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and an Associate Director for the Center for Emergent Superconductivity, an Energy Frontier Research Center. Her research is in experimental condensed matter physics, working to elucidate the mechanisms of unconventional superconductivity, and developing methods for predictive design of new families of superconducting materials. Other areas of investigation include spectroscopic studies of the electronic structure of strongly-correlated electron materials including heavy fermions and high-temperature superconductors. She also investigates superconducting proximity effects in superconductor-semiconductor heterostructures and topological materials. Her recent service includes chair-elect of the Division of Materials Physics and Council of the Forum for Outreach and Engaging the Public of the American Physical Society. She is a member of the International Union for Pure and Applied Physics, the Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences, and her various editorial positions include editor-in-chief of Reports on the Progress in Physics. Greene is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, and Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Institute of Physics (UK), Phi Kappa Phi honor society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and American Physical Society. Her Awards/Honors include: Guggenheim Fellowship; E.O. Lawrence Award for Materials Research – US Department of Energy; Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award – American Physical Society; and the Bellcore Award of Excellence. Dr. Greene received her BS degree from The Ohio State University and her PhD degree from Cornell University.

 

ANDREW HARRISON is Director General of the Institut Laue Langevin (ILL). The Institut Laue-Langevin is an international research centre based in Grenoble, France. At the leading edge of neutron science and technology, the ILL operates one of the most intense neutron sources in the world. Professor Harrison took a degree (Oxford, 1982) and doctorate (Oxford, 1986) in chemistry and spent several years as a research fellow in Oxford and Canada (McMaster and Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, Canada), before being appointed as a lecturer in the School of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh (1992), then Professor in 1999. His research was centerd in materials chemistry, using a variety of techniques to synthesize and study new magnetic and electronic materials (with well over 100 publications in peer-reviewed journals to date): most prominent among the techniques he used was neutron scattering which he and his research group performed at several institutes around the world. In 2006 he became Director of Science at the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), and then Director General of ILL in 2011, where he currently works. He has acted on advisory boards or steering committees for a number of neutron institutes: ILL, ISIS, SNS and HIFR at Oak Ridge, J-PARC (Japan), FRM-II (Munich), as well as University Departments (Chemistry at UCL and at Sussex, UK); he was a member of the national review panel for university chemistry departments in the UK in 2008 and is also on the panel for the equivalent 2014 exercise. He is currently chair of EIROForum, the partnership of all the major European Research infrastructures (CERN, EFDA-JET, EMBL, ESA, ESO, ESRF, E-XFEL, ILL), chair of the EURATOM Expert Group on fuel enrichment and a member of the Russian Megascience international expert forum.

 

ALAN J. HURD is currently a Franklin Fellow at the U.S. Department of State in the Office ofthe Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary. Hurd's portfolio includes energy, critical materials, national laboratory interactions, and an entrepreneurship partnership between NASA, Nike, State, and USAID. On behalfofthe Secretary's Science Adviser, Hurd has followed as part ofhis energy portfolio the supply risk of critical elements, conflict minerals, and recent helium legislation from the Senate E&NR Committee. Specializing in the DOE national labs and NIST, Hurd is exploring opportunities at the State-National Lab interface. For the national security labs, a strong interface has existed for years based on treaty verification issues including technology development and inspector-training services by both Sandia (chemical threat reduction) and Los Alamos (nuclear). There is an opportunity to involve all U.S.-based scientists and engineers-including those at the national labs-in science diplomacy, which lowers global tensions while strengthening economies just by doing science together in the natural way. Hurd represents State in the entrepreneurship program LAUNCH, a public-private partnership involving NASA, Nike, USAID, and State. The goal of LAUNCH is to enrich the ecosystem for innovators in international development. Ten innovators per year are selected for accelerated marketing in specific "challenge" areas. Past and upcoming challenges include energy, water, waste, and advanced fabrics. A past winner, GramPower, brought microgrid electricity to several million people in India. Prior to 2011, Hurd was the Director of the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center at LANSCE, Los Alamos Natjonal Laboratory, for over a decade. Before that he was a researcher and department manager of various materials research departments at Sandia National Laboratories from 1984 to 2001.

 

DALE E. KLEIN is Associate Vice Chancellor for Research in the Office of Academic Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin, where he also served since 2010 as the Associate Director of The Energy Institute, Associate Vice President for Research, and a Professor of Mechanical Engineering (Nuclear Program). Dr. Klein was sworn into the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2006, and was appointed Chairman of the NRC by President George W. Bush, serving in that role from July 2006 to May 2009. As Chairman, Dr. Klein was the principal executive officer and official spokesman for the NRC, responsible for conducting the administrative, organizational, long-range planning, budgetary, and certain personnel functions of the agency. Additionally, he had the ultimate authority for all NRC functions pertaining to an emergency involving an NRC licensee. The remainder of this term was as Commissioner of the NRC from May 2009 to March 2010. Before joining the NRC, Dr. Klein served as the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defense Programs. Previously, Dr. Klein served as the Vice-Chancellor for Special Engineering Programs at The University of Texas System and as a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering (Nuclear Program) at The University of Texas at Austin. During his tenure at the university, Dr. Klein was Director of the Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory, Deputy Director of the Center for Energy Studies, and Associate Dean for Research and Administration in the College of Engineering. Dr. Klein holds a doctorate in nuclear engineering from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He has published more than 100 technical papers and reports, and co-edited one book. He has made more than 400 presentations on energy and has written numerous technical editorials on energy issues that have been published in major newspapers throughout the United States.

 

WAYDE KONZE is Director of Analytical Sciences at Dow Chemical Company, where he was previously a Senior Research and Development Manager. Dr. Knze currently leads a global R&D group of 275 people, half of which are Ph.D. level, to develop new analytical sciences technologies for diverse research areas. He discovered breakthrough new polyolefin catalysts and successfully implemented them in large scale pilot plant trials; worked on several catalyst-related new R&D projects in areas of olefin metathesis, polyurethanes, epoxy resins, styrenics, polyolefins and engineering thermoplastics; and was instrumental in developing a new catalysis platform that is being utilized for many new business areas. His research specialties include organometallic, inorganic and organic chemistry; catalyst development; olefin polymerization catalysis; high-throughput chemistry; high pressure reactor techniques, chromatography (GC, GC-MS, TLC and column) and crystallization techniques, electronic storage devices; electronic materials; block polymers and polymer composites, and thermoplastic and thermoset R&D. Dr. Konze received his BS in Chemistry from the Univeristy of Minnesota and his Ph.D. in Inorganic Chemistry from Iowa State University.


ROGER A. LEACH is Research Manager at the Central Research and Development organization at E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company Experimental Station. His interests include applications of analytical chemistry, polymer science, and materials science. He leads efforts at DuPont to apply synchrotron radiation to polymer research and to develop specialty polymer commercial applications. Dr. Leach received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the Univesity of Utah.


TOM C. LUBENSKY, NAS, is Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Lubensky is a physicist who has made striking advances in understanding "soft" materials, such as liquid crystals, membranes, vesicles, and microemulsions. He has applied the theoretical methods of many-body physics to complex fluids and solids. For instance, he has elucidated the properties of the twist-grain-boundary phase in emulsions and lipid phases intercalated with DNA. His research focuses on soft materials, such as liquid crystals, membranes, vesicles, Langmuir films, and the many realizations of such complex fluids as microemulsions. His approach is phenomenological: Properties of an equilibrium phase at length scales several times molecular lengths can be described by effective free energies and by hydrodynamical equations, which depend only on the conservation laws and the symmetry of the phase. Associated with each thermodynamic phase are elastic rigidities, low-frequency hydrodynamics modes, and topological defects that are collectively responsible for most of the remarkable properties of soft materials. Thermal fluctuations are almost by definition strong in soft systems, and they can lead to significant modifications of naive harmonics theories. In the recent past he has developed and applied these ideas to elucidate the properties of the twist-grain-boundary phase in liquid crystals, liquid crystalline emulsions, lamellar lipid phases intercalated with DNA, liquid crystalline elastomers, tethered membranes, and interacting arrays of one-dimensional Luttinger liquids. He has also worked on a variety of other problems, including the theoretical underpinnings of microrheology, flow of granular material under shear, and the origins of macroscopic chirality. Dr. Lubensky received his BA degree in Physics from the California Institute of Technology and his MA and Ph.D degrees in Physics from Harvard University.

 

M. BRIAN MAPLE (NAS) is Distinguished Professor of Physics amd Bernd T. Matthias Chair in the Department of Physics at the University of California, San Diego. Professor Maple is a condensed matter physicist whose research has had a tremendous impact on the development of the field of highly correlated electrons. His fabrication of superconducting and magnetic f-electron materials has brought together such disparate phenomena as mixed f-electron valency, superconductivity and magnetism. As an experimentalist working in the area of condensed matter physics, he is interested in strongly correlated electron phenomena in novel d- and f-electron materials. These phenomena include superconductivity, magnetism, and effects that arise from their interplay, valence fluctuations, heavy fermion behavior, and non-Fermi liquid behavior. He is especially interested in unconventional superconductivity that occurs in cuprates, which have superconducting critical temperatures (Tc) as high as 130 K, and heavy fermion f-electron compounds, in which Tc 1 K. Heavy fermion f-electron compounds are based on rare earth or actinide ions with partially-filled f-electron shells (e.g., Ce, Yb, U) in which the conduction electrons have effective masses as large as several hundred times the free electron mass. He also has a strong interest in non-Fermi liquid behavior and other exotic states, such as unconventional superconductivity, that are found in d- and f-electron materials in the vicinity of quantum critical points, values of a control parameter, such as composition, pressure, or magnetic field, where a second order phase transition is suppressed to 0 K (also referred to as quantum critical behavior). Professor Maple received his BS in Physics and AB in mathematics from San Diego State University and his MS in physics and Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego.

 

V. ADRIAN PARSEGIAN is the Robert L. Gluckstern Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Known internationally for his scholarship in biological physics, Professor Parsegian was formerly chief of the Laboratory on Physical and Structural Biology at the National Institutes of Health. He was the founding editor of Biophysical Discussions, chief editor of Biophysical Journal, president of the Biophysical Society and among other honours, has received two NIH Director’s Awards and the Distinguished Service Award of the Biophysical Society. Professor Parsegian received his AB inPhysics from Dartmouth College and his Ph.D. in Biophysics from Harvard university.


DAVID A.WEITZ (NAS) is Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics and of Applied Physics in the Department of Physics within the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University. Professor Weitz studies soft condensed matter physics, with an emphasis on the relationship between structural and mechanical properties. Much of his work focuses on soft materials including colloids, emulsions, foams and gels. In doing these experiments he develops new measurements techniques to probe the properties of the materials. In addition, he studies the mechanical properties of biomaterials and apply the knowledge learned to study properties of cells and tissues. He also uses microfluidics both to create new soft materials, primarily for delivery applications, and for developing new applications for biotechnology and systems biology. The microfluidics work has focused on the use of multiphase flow to make emulsions using the precision control over fluid flow afforded by the microfluidic devices. Dr. Weitz received his BSc in Physics from the University of Waterloo and his AM and Ph.D. in Physics from Harvard University.