Committee to Review the Quality of the Management and of the Science and Engineering Research at the Department of Energy's National Security Laboratories - Phase 1
CHARLES V. SHANK, NAS/NAE, served as Director of the E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from 1989 until his retirement in 2004. He received his PhD in electrical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 1969, after which he spent 20 years at Bell Laboratories, as both a researcher and director. His research at Bell Labs introduced the use of short laser pulses to the study of ultrafast events, allowing researchers to gain a better understanding of how energy is stored and transferred within materials. During his 15-year leadership of Lawrence Berkeley Lab, it emerged as a leader in the field of supercomputing and joined with two other national labs to form the Joint Genome Institute, a major contributor to the decoding of the human genome. While LBL Director, Shank also had a triple appointment as professor at the University of California at Berkeley in the Department of Physics, Department of Chemistry, and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. He has since severed all his ties to the University of California. Dr. Shank is now a Senior Fellow at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Janelia Farm Research Campus. In addition to his election to the NAS and NAE, Dr. Shank has received the R.W. Wood Prize of the Optical Society of America, the David Sarnoff and Morris E. Leeds awards of the IEEE, the George E. Pake Prize and the Arthur L. Schawlow Prize of the American Physical Society, and the Edgerton Award of the International Society for Optical Engineering. He has served on a number of NRC boards and committees and chaired one study, a decadal survey of optical science and engineering.
C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS, NAE, is professor of physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering at University of California, Los Angeles. Simultaneously, he is the founder, CEO and Chairman of the Board of Pranalytica, Inc., a Santa Monica based company that is commercializing highly sensitive and selective trace gas sensors and high power quantum cascade lasers for commercial, homeland security and defense markets. From March 1993 to December 1999, he was the Vice Chancellor of Research at UCLA. Until joining UCLA in March 1993, he was Executive Director, Research, Materials Science, Engineering and Academic Affairs Division at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey. He is inventor of the carbon dioxide laser. His work at AT&T Bell Laboratories led to the creation of the field of high power molecular lasers, infrared nonlinear optics, ultra small absorption measurement techniques for gases, solids, and liquids, and laser surgery. He has authored/coauthored over 240 publications and has been awarded 44 U.S. Patents. In 1980 Dr. Patel was elected an Honorary Member of the Gynecologic Laser Surgery Society, and in 1985 he was elected an Honorary Member of the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery. He is the Past President of the American Physical Society (1995) and the Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society (1993-1995). He co-chaired (with N. Bloembergen) the American Physical Society Study of the Science and Technology of Directed Energy Weapons. Dr. Patel received his B.E. in Telecommunications from the College of Engineering in Poona, India in 1958. He received M.S. and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 1959 and 1961, respectively.
JOHN F. AHEARNE, NAE, is executive director emeritus of Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society; emeritus director of the Sigma Xi Ethics Program; and an adjunct professor of engineering at Duke University. Prior to working at Sigma Xi, Dr. Ahearne served as vice president and senior fellow at Resources for the Future and as commissioner and chair of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He worked in the White House Energy Office and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Energy at DOE. He also worked on weapons systems analysis, force structure, and personnel policy as Deputy and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense. Serving in the U.S. Air Force (USAF), he worked on nuclear weapons effects and taught at the USAF Academy. Dr. Ahearne’s research interests include risk analysis, risk communication, energy analysis, reactor safety, radioactive waste, nuclear weapons, materials disposition, science policy, and environmental management. He was elected to the NAE in 1996 for his leadership in energy policy and the safety and regulation of nuclear power. Dr. Ahearne has served on numerous NRC committees, having chaired several, and is a former president of the Society for Risk Analysis. Dr. Ahearne earned his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University in 1966.
W. WARNER BURKE is Professor of Psychology and Education at Columbia University, where he is also coordinator for the graduate programs in social-organizational psychology. He is also Associate Editor of the Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. Professor Burke’s scholarly interests include: organizational culture; organizational diagnosis and change; inter-organizational relations; empowerment in the workplace; and behavioral practices associated with superior leaders and managers and their performance. Professor Burke's consulting experience has been with a variety of organizations in business-industry, education, government, and medical systems. A Diplomate in I/O psychology through the American Board of Professional Psychology, he is also a fellow of the Academy of Management, the American Psychological Society, the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and past editor of both Organizational Dynamics and The Academy of Management Executive. He has authored over 100 articles and book chapters in organizational psychology and authored, co-authored, or edited 14 books. Professor Burke earned his B.A. from Furman University and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Texas, Austin
CHARLES B. CURTIS is President Emeritus and Board Member of the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Mr. Curtis served for nine years as President and Chief Executive Officer of NTI. Before joining NTI, Mr. Curtis served as the Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the United Nations Foundation (UNF) and was a partner in Hogan & Hartson, a Washington based law firm with domestic and international offices. Mr. Curtis served as Under Secretary and, later, Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy from February 1994 to May 1997. He was Chief Operating Officer of the Department and, among other duties, had direct programmatic responsibility for all of the Department's energy, science, technology and national security programs. Mr. Curtis is a lawyer with over 15 years' practice experience and more than 18 years in government service. He was a founding partner of the Washington law firm Van Ness Feldman. Mr. Curtis served as Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission from 1977 to 1981 and has held positions on the staff of the U.S. House of Representatives, the U.S. Treasury Department, and the Securities and Exchange Commission. He is a current member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Mr. Curtis has a J.D. from Boston University.
JILL DAHLBURG has been Superintendent of the Space Science Division (SSD) at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and a member of the Department of the Navy (DON) Senior Executive Service since December 2007. Dr. Dahlburg served as NRL Senior Scientist for Science Applications from June 2003 to December 2007. From 2001 to mid-2003, Dr. Dahlburg left NRL to work for General Atomics (GA) as the Director of the Division of Inertial Fusion Technology (IFT) and Co-Director of the Theory and Computing Center. In 2000, Dr. Dahlburg served as Head of the NRL Tactical Electronic Warfare Division (TEWD) Distributed Sensor Technology Office, where she co-proposed and was co-principal investigator for the first year of development of the small, expendable unmanned aerial vehicle Dragon Eye, which saw active duty in Iraq. Dr. Dahlburg began her DON federal career at NRL in 1985, working as a research physicist. Dr. Dahlburg holds a B.A. degree (1978) from St. John’s College in Annapolis, and a M.S. degree in physics (1980) and a Ph.D. degree in theoretical physics (1985) from the College of William & Mary. In 1986 she served as a member of the research staff of Dartmouth College, and she was a visiting scientist at Imperial College in London in 1996 concurrent with her duties at NRL. Dr. Dahlburg is Chair of the DON Space Experiments Review Board (2006-present), member of the Committee for Space Weather (2007-present), Chair-Elect of the American Physical Society (APS) Topical Group on Energy Research and Applications, and member of the APS Panel on Public Affairs. Her previous Federal Panel work includes serving as Chair of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC) Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) (2005-2007), and member of the DOE SC Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (1999-2008). She has been an Editor of Fusion Engineering and Design (2003-2007), and a Divisional Associate Editor (Plasma Physics) of the Physical Review Letters (1996-2000). Dr. Dahlburg’s previous professional service includes serving as 2005 Chair of the APS/ Division of Plasma Physics (DPP), Member of the LLNL Defense & Nuclear Technologies Director’s Review Committee (2001-2007), and APS/DPP Distinguished Lecturer (1999-2000). Dr. Dahlburg is a Fellow of the APS.
RAYMOND JEANLOZ, NAS, is Professor in Earth and Planetary Science and in Astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. His specialties include the constitution and evolution of planetary interiors, and properties of materials at high pressures and temperatures; science education and policy. After completing his Ph. D., at the California Institute of Technology, Raymond Jeanloz was on the faculty of Harvard University and then moved to UC Berkeley. Dr. Jeanloz has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as chair of the NRC Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (from 2000 to 2002) and as a member of the NRC Committee on International Security and Arms Control (since 2002). He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Jeanloz received a B.A. in geology from Amherst College and a Ph.D. in geology and geophysics from the California Institute of Technology.
SALLIE KELLER is director of the Science and Technology Policy Institute. Prior to this she was the William and Stephanie Sick dean of engineering at Rice University. Her other appointments include head the statistical sciences group at Los Alamos National Laboratory, professor and director of graduate studies in the department of statistics at Kansas State University, and statistics program director at the National Science Foundation. She has served as a member of the Board on Mathematical Sciences and its Applications and has chaired the Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics. Her areas of research are uncertainty quantification, computational and graphical statistics and related software and modeling techniques, and data access and confidentiality. She is a national associate of the National Academy of Sciences and fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is also a fellow and past president of the American Statistical Association. She holds a Ph.D. in statistics from the Iowa State University of Science and Technology.
JAMES MCGRODDY, NAE, is a consultant and advisor to firms, universities and government agencies in the US, Europe and Asia on a wide variety of technical and management subjects, with a focus on telecommunications, information technology and the use of these technologies in national security, healthcare and education. He is Chairman of the Board of MIQS, Inc., an electronic medical records company, and of Advanced Networks and Services, Inc. From 1998 until the sale of the company to Avery Dennison in June 2007, he served on the Board of Paxar, Inc, a NY exchange listed company, and on its audit and compensation committees. He is a board member and Chair of its Strategy, Technology and Process Committee at ACI Worldwide, a NASDAQ traded company supplying IT systems to the credit card and banking industries. He is a board member at Forth Dimension Displays, a supplier of high resolution display chips to the head mounted display market. McGroddy was a senior vice president at IBM until his retirement at the end of 1996. He also served as an advisor to several government agencies, as a member of a number of National Academy panels, and as a visitor and advisor at several universities. As senior vice president, IBM Research, from 1989 to the end of 1995, he was responsible for the work of about 2500 technical professionals in seven research laboratories around the world. Two of these laboratories, in Beijing, China, and in Austin, Texas, were established under his leadership. He was also a member of IBM's Worldwide Management Council and its Corporate Technical Committee. He has also served on the boards of, and as chair of the boards of, Phelps Memorial Hospital Center in Sleepy Hollow, NY, and Stellaris Healthcare, a network of hospitals in Westchester County, NY. Dr. McGroddy originally joined IBM in its Research Division in 1965 after receiving a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland. He earned his B.S. in physics from St. Joseph's University in Philadelphia in 1958. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the IEEE.
ROBERT ROSNER is Professor, Departments of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and Physics, and the College; Director, Argonne National Laboratory; ASC Flash Center; Senior Fellow, Computation Institute; Enrico Fermi Institute. Director of Argonne National Laboratory, 2005-2009. Prior to that, he served as chief scientist at the institution since 2002. He was chairman of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of Chicago from 1991 to 1997 and since 1998 has been the university’s William E. Wrather Distinguished Service Professor. He was the Rothschild Visiting Professor at the Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences at Cambridge University in 2004. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2001 and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. He holds a Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University and a B.S. in physics from Brandeis University. Most of Dr. Rosner’s scientific work has been related to astrophysical fluid dynamics and plasma physics problems. Much of his current work involves developing new numerical simulation tools for modeling astrophysical phenomena, as well as validating these simulations using terrestrial laboratory experiments. He led the DOE-funded Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes at Chicago from 1997 until 2002. Currently, visiting professor, CISAC, Stanford University.
MAXINE SAVITZ, NAE, is retired general manager of Technology Partnerships at Honeywell, Inc. and has more than 35 years of experience managing research, technology, development and implementation of programs for the public and private research sectors, including the aerospace, transportation and industrial sectors. From 1979 to 1983, she served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation in the US Department of Energy. She currently serves as vice-president of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Savitz serves on advisory bodies for the Sandia National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and is a member of the board of directors of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. She served on the National Academy’s committee on America’s Energy Future and was vice-chair of the Energy Efficiency committee. She is a member of the President’s Council of Advisors for Science and Technololgy. Dr. Savitz received a B.A. in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
ROBERT SELDEN is currently a private consultant in defense science and research management. He retired in 1993 as an associate director at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. His career in the DOE national laboratories began at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the 1960s when he was one of the two participants in the Nth Country Experiment to design a nuclear explosive from unclassified information. After moving to Los Alamos in 1979, he served as the Division Leader of the Applied Theoretical Physics Division, as Associate Director for Theoretical and Computational Physics, and as the first Director of the Los Alamos Center for National Security Studies. Dr. Selden served as the Chief Scientist of the U.S. Air Force from 1988 to 1991 where he received the Air Force Association’s Theodore von Karman Award for outstanding contributions to defense science and technology. He has been a member of the Strategic Advisory Group to the Commander of the United States Strategic Command since 1995. Since 2003 he has served as Chairman of the Advisory Group's Stockpile Assessment Team, which has the responsibility to conduct a detailed annual review of the United States nuclear weapon stockpile. He also is currently a member of the Joint Advisory Committee on Nuclear Surety to the Secretaries of Defense and Energy. He was a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board from 1984 to 2005. Dr. Selden received his BA degree from Pomona College, Claremont, California, in 1958, and his Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of Wisconsin in 1964.
MICHAEL S. TURNER, NAS, is the Rauner Distinguished Service Professor in the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, the Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics and the Department of Physics at the University of Chicago. He served as assistant director for the Mathematical and Physical Science Directorate at the National Science Foundation from 2003-2006 and as chief scientist at Argonne National Laboratory from 2006-2008. Dr. Turner helped to bring together astronomers and particle physicists to create the interdisciplinary field of particle astrophysics and cosmology. He has made important contributions to cosmology in the areas of particle dark matter and its role in the formation of structure in the universe, inflationary cosmology, and understanding how dark energy (a term he coined) is causing the expansion of the Universe to speed up. He is a member of NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy and is chair of the Physics Section of the NAS. He is also currently on the NRC Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age. He has served on numerous other NRC committees including the Committee on NASA Astrophysics Performance Assessment and on the Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee, and the Committee on the Physics of the Universe (chair). Dr. Turner is also a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Turner received a B.S. a M.S. and a Ph.D. in Physics from California Institute of Technology