Panel on the Review of Manufacturing-related Programs at the National Institute
of Standards and Technology
KANTI JAIN, NAE, is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering "for contributions to the development of high-resolution, deep-ultraviolet excimer lithography for microelectronic fabrication.” Dr. Jain joined the University of Illinois faculty in 2006, prior to which he held senior technical and managerial positions in the microelectronics industry for 30 years, including at IBM (1979-88), Hewlett-Packard (1975-77), and Raychem (1989-91). In the 1980s, he invented and developed the technology of excimer laser lithography for which he received two Outstanding Innovation Awards from IBM and which is now the dominant technology used in the production of semiconductor IC chips worldwide. He is also founder and president of Anvik Corporation, a microelectronics systems company, where in the 1990’s, he developed the technologies for large-area lithography that are widely used today in the production of flat-panel displays and televisions. He holds 69 patents (55 issued, 14 pending), has published 66 papers, and is the author of the book Excimer Laser Lithography (SPIE, 1990). Professor Jain is a recipient of the David Richardson Medal of the Optical Society of America, a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers, a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, a Fellow of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, and a former member of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of SPIE. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering and solid state physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, his M.S. from the same institution, and his B.Tech. (Hons.) from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1975 to 1977.
HADI ABU-AKEEL, NAE, is president of AMTENG Corp., an independent consulting firm in industrial manufacturing robots, and he is a consultant on robotics, automation and intellectual property, and an expert witness. Dr. Abu-Akeel recently retired from FANUC Robotics NA, Inc., an industrial robotics firm, where he served as Technical Counselor on Intellectual Property, Senior Vice President, Chief Engineer, and Director. His main expertise includes: optimization of robot design, including tradeoffs of performance, cost, manufacturability, application requirements, and user friendliness; use of robotic devices to overcome manufacturing productivity challenges and provide cost-effective manufacturing-process alternatives; development and application of microsensors for intelligent robots, robotic assist devices, autonomous robots, and remote presence; and risk assessment, safety, and safeguarding of robot applications. In 1997, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering for contributions to design, control, and implementation of industrial robots. Dr. Abu-Akeel received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Cairo, Egypt, his M.S. in engineering mechanics from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his Ph.D. in mechanical design from the University of California, Berkeley.
DAVID E. ASPNES, NAS, is Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Physics at North Carolina State University. Following a year as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and another at Brown University, he joined Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, as a member of the technical staff. In 1984 he became Head of the Interface Physics Department in the newly created Bellcore, the part of Bell Laboratories associated with the operating companies in the AT&T divestiture. He joined North Carolina State University as a Professor of Physics in 1992, and he was named Distinguished University Professor of Physics in 1999. Professor Aspnes is best known for his experimental and theoretical contributions to the development and application of optical techniques for the analysis of materials, thin films, interfaces, and structures. These include theory and practice of spectroscopic ellipsometry, modulation spectroscopy, reflectance-difference spectroscopy, and materials- and interface analysis using nonlinear optics. Spectroscopic ellipsometry is now an indispensible metrology tool in integrated-circuits technology. Electroreflectance, a branch of modulation spectroscopy that he developed, provided information needed to develop nonlocal pseudopotential theory and other more accurate methods of calculating the energy band structure of materials. Other contributions include virtual-interface theory, now generally used for establishing the properties of materials during deposition, and the anisotropic bond-charge model of nonlinear optics. By identifying previously unsuspected correlations in tensor coefficients, an unrecognized contribution to second-harmonic generation, and providing insight into nonlinear-optical processes at the atomic level, the latter contribution has significantly advanced our understanding of nonlinear-optical data. Dr. Aspnes received his B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign.
JULIE CHEN is the Vice Provost for Research and a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Massachusetts Lowell (UML). She has more than 20 years of experience in the mechanical behavior and deformation of fiber structures, fiber assemblies, and composite materials, with an emphasis on composites processing and nanomanufacturing. Examples include analytical modeling and novel experimental methods applied to composite nanoheaters, electrospun nanofibers, and forming, energy absorption, and failure of textile reinforcements for structural (biomedical to automotive) applications. She served as one of the three founding co-Directors of the UML Nanomanufacturing Center (she was responsible for the state-funded Center of Excellence component) and is the co-Director of the UML Advanced Composite Materials and Textile Research Laboratory. Dr. Chen was the Program Director of the Materials Processing and Manufacturing and the Nanomanufacturing Programs in the Division of Design, Manufacture, and Industrial Innovation at the National Science Foundation from 2002-2004. She has been on the faculty at Boston University, a NASA-Langley Summer Faculty Fellow, a visiting researcher at the University of Orleans and Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Arts & Metiers (ENSAM-Paris), and an invited participant in the National Academy of Engineering, Frontiers of Engineering Program. Dr. Chen received her Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. from MIT in mechanical engineering.
DIANNE CHONG is Vice President of Assembly, Factory and Support in Boeing Engineering, Operations and Technology. In this position, she leads and manages the materials and manufacturing technology development as well as the support for Boeing programs across the enterprise. Prior to this she was the the Director of Materials and Process Technology for Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Dr. Chong was also the Director of Strategic Operations and Business for IDS Engineering. In this capacity, she was the lead director defining and implementing a solid strategy for all Boeing Engineering. She has also been the Department Head / team leader of MSE, liaison, and process control groups in Phantom Works and Integrated Defense Systems. Dr. Chong has served as the St. Louis representative to Military Handbook 5 where she has chaired the Aerospace Users' Group and the titanium casting group. Dr. Chong is a member of TMS, AIAA, ASM International, SME, SWE, Beta Gamma Sigma, and Tau Beta Pi. She has been recognized for managerial achievements and as a diversity change agent. She was also recognized as an outstanding alumna of the University of Illinois in 2006. Dr. Chong received her bachelor’s degree in biology and psychology, her master’s degree in physiology and metallurgical engineering, and her Ph.D. in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois. She also completed an executive master’s degree of manufacturing management at Washington University. Dr. Chong is a Fellow of ASM and SME.
RANDALL GORHAM is the Senior Manager of the Manufacturing Exploration and Development group within the Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Prototyping Directorate of Lockheed Martin (LM) Aeronautics - Advanced Development Programs (ADP). He is responsible for leading the transition focused development and application of affordable manufacturing technologies for LM Aeronautics and other LM business areas across the corporation. Previously, he served as LM Aeronautics Program Manager for the LM Corporate Engineering and Technology Relevancy Initiative. Mr. Gorham also held the position of LM Aeronautics Program Manager for the LM Corporate Nanotechnology Strategic Technology Thread. In this role, he was responsible for early and continuous requirements definition spanning initial concepts to technology transition of nanotechnology solutions across multiple LM business area programs. Mr. Gorham joined the company in 2003 as a systems engineer supporting the F-35 Autonomic Logistics Design Integration team responsible for developing system-level architecture of a total support solution and ensuring requirements were defined and incorporated into the Autonomic Logistics System. He was nominated and selected to join the Engineering Leadership Development Program in 2005. During the 3 year program, he progressed through a variety of positions of increasing responsibility gaining valuable experience with the F-35 Wingbox Design Team, F-22 Modernization Program Office, and ADP Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Prototyping Team. He was also the technical lead for the Sustaining Engineering ELDP Business Project. He holds a B.S. degree in aerospace engineering from Texas A&M University and a M.S. degree in engineering management from Southern Methodist University.
JEFF C. GUST is Chief Corporate Metrologist at Fluke Corporation. In his position, he oversees the Fluke primary metrology laboratories in Everett, Washington; American Fork, Utah; Phoenix, Arizona; and Houston, Texas; and he will drive initiatives to unify and standardize metrology policies and practices across Fluke sites and measurement parameters. He also will lead a team of metrologists across Fluke and chair the Fluke Metrology Board. Mr. Gust started his career in the U.S. Marine Corps as a TMDE Technician, and continued in metrology and calibration positions of increasing responsibility with Tektronix, GTE, the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA), Verizon, and Quametec Corporation. He was most recently General Manager and Vice President of Richard J. Bagan, Inc., a rapidly-growing third-party service provider. Mr. Gust is a recognized member of the international metrology community, holding active roles with several leading professional organizations. He has authored numerous technical papers on various metrology topics, is a recognized authority in proficiency testing, and has performed more than 50 laboratory accreditation assessments. He holds a B.S. in physics from Purdue University.
LAWRENCE L. KAZMERSKI, NAE, is Director of the National Center for Photovoltaics at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, SERI). His current research interests are primarily concerned with the correlations between electrical and chemical properties of interfaces in polycrystalline materials and devices, and the development of measurement techniques for device diagnostic investigations. He has special interests in the development of manufacturing-environment measurements for photovoltaics. Following a postdoctoral position at the Notre Dame Radiation Research Laboratory (Atomic Energy Commission), Dr. Kazmerski joined the faculty of the University of Maine in 1971 and served as Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. In 1977, he became SERI’s first staff member in photovoltaics, hired specifically to establish efforts in the characterization of photovoltaic materials and devices. He initiated SERI's first on-site laboratory operation in 1978. He has held adjunct professorships at the University of Colorado, Colorado School of Mines, and the University of Denver. Dr. Kazmerski has received numerous awards and has published more than 260 journal/proceedings papers and book chapters in the areas of solar cells, thin films, semiconductor materials and devices, surface and interface analysis, molecular beam epitaxy, proximal probe microscopies, nanoscale technology, high-temperature superconductivity, and semiconductor defects. He received his bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, his M.S.E.E., and his Ph.D. from the University of Notre Dame.
JOHN W. KOZARICH is President and CEO of ActivX Biosciences, Inc. Dr. Kozarich is known for his work on enzyme mechanisms and the chemistry of DNA cleaving antitumor drugs. Before joining ActivX, he was Vice President, Endocrinology and Chemical Biology at Merck Research Laboratories, where he was responsible for programs including antimicrobial drug discovery, enzymology, 5a-reductase biology, lipid biochemistry, nuclear receptors, ion channels, and structural biology. Other past positions include Vice President for Research and Development at Alkermes, Inc., and professor of biochemistry, chemistry, and agricultural biotechnology at the University of Maryland. He is on the editorial board of "Bioorganic Chemistry" and the Industrial Advisory Board for the University of California, San Diego Chemistry Department. He received a Ph.D. in biological chemistry from MIT and a B.S. from Boston College.
THOMAS R. KURFESS is Professor and BMW Chair of Manufacturing, and Director of the Carroll A. Campbell Jr. Graduate Engineering Center at Clemson University. In late January 2012, he will be joining the Office of Science and Technology Policy for 2012 as Assistant Director for Advanced Manufacturing. His current research focuses on the control of precision grinding systems that involve the development and implementation of adaptive controllers for precision grinding operations, including bore grinding, through feed centerless grinding, and surface grinding. Ultrarigid machine tools with open architecture controls are employed. The results of this work are used in a number of industrial environments. His project on precision measurement involves the use of coordinate measurement machines to verify part geometry in three dimensions. Algorithms are developed to interface directly with coordinate measurement machine controlling software. Currently, the metrology systems developed in this project are being used in the verification of parts on actual production lines. Dr. Kurfess is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and he has received both the Presidential Faculty Fellowship and the Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation, five years each. He received his S.B., S.M. (ME), S.M. (EECS), and Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
DOUGLAS LOY is the Associate Director and Director of Technology for the Flexible Display Center at Arizona State University. He is responsible for developing research proposals for additional program funding and serving as liaison with other university synergistic engineering research projects. He is active in developing material technologies, handling processes and toolsets for pilot line applications including: permanent and temporary adhesives and associated bond/debond tools and manufacturing processes. Prior to joining the FDC, Dr. Loy was Director of Technology Assessment and cofounder of E3 Innovation; a consulting firm providing competitive intelligence and technology assessments for clients in the display and electronic materials industries. Before forming E3, he worked at Three-Five Systems, where he charted an R&D program on OLED displays. He brings an extensive technical background in basic and applied research of new electronic materials and display technologies. As a result of his work, he has more than 10 patents and 15 peer reviewed publications in novel materials and process technology. Dr. Loy earned a bachelor’s degree in chemistry physics from Kean University, a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Southern California, and an MBA from the University of Arizona.
ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK is currently the General Manager, Materials and Process Engineering Department at GE Aviation and a NMMB board member. He is responsible for developing advanced materials and processes used in GE’s aeronautical turbine engines and their marine and industrial derivatives. He oversees Materials Application Engineering activities supporting GE Aviation’s global design engineering, manufacturing, and field support activities. He also operates a state-of-the-art in-house laboratory for advanced materials development, characterization, and failure analysis. Prior to joining GE in November 1997, he served in 2 concurrent positions within the National Research Council, which he joined in 1991: Staff Director, National Materials Advisory Board and Staff Director, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design. Under his direction, 33 final reports for studies were issued that addressed significant national issues in materials and manufacturing. Dr. Schafrik also served in the U.S. Air Force in a variety of R&D and system acquisition capacities; he retired as a Lieutenant Colonel. He has a Ph.D. in metallurgical engineering from Ohio State University, an M.S. in information systems from George Mason University, an M.S. in aerospace engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology, and a B.S. in metallurgy from Case-Western Reserve University.
LYLE H. SCHWARTZ, NAE, retired from government service in 2004 after eighteen years as a member of the Senior Executive Service. In his last position, as Director, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, he guided the management of the entire basic research investment for the U.S. Air Force. He led a staff of more than 200 scientists, engineers, and support people in Arlington, VA., and two foreign technology offices in London and Tokyo. As Director, he was charged with maintaining the technological superiority of the Air Force. Each year, AFOSR selects, sponsors, and manages revolutionary basic research relevant to Air Force needs. The office's investment in basic research programs is distributed across 300 academic institutions, 145 industry contracts, and more than 150 research efforts within the Air Force Research Laboratory. Prior to becoming AFOSR's Director, Dr. Schwartz directed the AFOSR's Aerospace and Materials Sciences Directorate. From 1984 to 1997, he served as Director of the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. In this position, he managed programs in both structural and functional materials, with research emphasis ranging from basic to applied. From 1989 to 1997, he led the multi-agency materials research coordination committee for the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and was responsible for the development of the Presidential Initiative on Advanced Materials and Processing launched in 1991. Previously, he taught and served as the Director of the Materials Research Center at Northwestern University. He has written more than 85 technical papers and is co-author of two textbooks in materials science and engineering. He received his B.S. in science engineering and Ph.D. in materials science from Northwestern University.
F. STAN SETTLES, NAE, holds the IBM Chair in Engineering Management, is the Director of the Systems Architecture and Engineering Program, Co-director of the Center for Systems and Software Engineering, Director of the Engineering Management Program, and former Chair of the Daniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Southern California. His research and teaching interests are in the areas of quality management, engineering project management, and manufacturing systems engineering. Prior to his USC roles, he served as Program Director for Design and Integration Engineering at the National Science Foundation. Dr. Settles was on loan to the NSF from Arizona State University in Tempe, where he was a Research Professor in the Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering. In 1992 and 1993 he served as Assistant Director for Industrial Technology in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Settles had a 30-year career with AlliedSignal Aerospace (now Honeywell). He held a number of positions in design and project engineering, manufacturing, and general management. His titles included: Manager of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Division Director of Planning, Division Vice-President of Manufacturing Operations, and Corporate Director of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering. Dr. Settles taught as an adjunct faculty member at Arizona State University in 22 different semesters from 1966 through 1991. He holds B.S. degrees in both industrial engineering and production technology from LeTourneau University and M.S.E. and Ph.D. degrees in industrial engineering from Arizona State University.
MICHAEL G. SPENCER is Professor of Electrical Engineering at Cornell University. His research interests are in the epitaxial and bulk growth of compound semiconductors such as GaAs, SiC, and AlN (growth techniques include molecular beam epitaxy, vapor phase epitaxy, liquid phase epitaxy, and sublimation), microwave devices, solar cells, and electronic materials characterization techniques (including deep level transient spectroscopy and photoluminescence). His particular interest has been in the correlation of device performance with material growth and processing parameters. His recent work has emphasized wide bandgap materials and his group was the first to produce conducting AlN and thick films of beta SiC grown by the bulk sublimation technique. He is a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award for 1985, the Alan Berman Research Publication Award from the Naval Research Laboratories in 1986 (for research leading to the first identification of a self interstitial defect in AlGaAs), the White House Initiative Faculty Award for Excellence in 1988, a Distinguished Visiting Scientist appointment at Jet Propulsion Laboratories in 1989, and a 1992 recipient of a NASA Certificate of Recognition. He is on the permanent committee for the Electronic Materials Conference, the Compound Semiconductor Conference, and he helped initiate and form the International Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials. He is one of the Directors of the NSF-sponsored National Nano-fabrication Network. He received his B.A. and Ph.D. from Cornell University.
MATTHEW J. ZALUZEC is Senior Technical Leader of Global Materials and Manufacturing Research at Ford Motor Company's Research and Innovation Center. He has 24 years of automotive materials and manufacturing experience, with his research staff focused on materials developments in 5 principle areas. These include metals research, paint research, plastics research, energy conversion materials, and advanced manufacturing process development. In addition, he manages Ford's world-class analytical materials characterization and surface science laboratories. His core research delivers advanced materials and manufacturing technology in the development of lightweight body architectures, power train systems, and interiors. His experience working for the Dow Chemical Company (1984-1987) involved the development of polypropylene and magnesium materials for automotive applications. He has received numerous technical achievements awards within Ford Motor Company for developing advanced joining and coating technology, including 2 Henry Ford Technology Awards for his work on advanced aluminum materials for automotive applications and for the development of the aluminum-intensive Ford GT supercar. In 2006, he was awarded the SAE- Henry Ford II Award for Automotive Excellence. He has been granted 38 U.S. Patents (110 patents worldwide) for his research in advanced joining, high-performance coatings, materials, and manufacturing processes for automotive applications. He has presented and/or published more than 75 technical papers covering advanced joining, coating, and manufacturing technologies. He is a member of TMS, Chairman of USCAR’s (United States Consortium of Automotive Research) Materials Technical Team, Chairman of USCAR’s Technical Leadership Council, and is Chairman of USAMP (United States Advanced Materials and Processes). He is an adjunct professor at Shanghai-Jiao Tong University and Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and served on the University of Illinois Alumni Board of Directors. Dr. Zaluzec received his B.S. in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois, and his Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Illinois.