A Review of the U.S. Navy Cyber Defense Capabilities: Abbreviated Version of a Classified Report (2015)
This classified report, conducted at the request of the Chief of Naval Operations, reviews U.S. Navy cyber defense capabilities. In addition to reviewing cyber defense-related studies conducted within and outside the U.S. government, the terms of reference of the study are to (1) Review U.S. Navy information technology modernization plans and processes with respect to the evolving threat and robustness to cyber attack, and identify any shortcomings; (2) Recommend any immediate operational and technical mitigation strategies needed to address any shortcomings identified above, as well as recommend any future mitigation strategies, including any architectural and procedural changes that would lead to more resilient naval systems and more robust network and communications capabilities given the evolving threat; (3) Review and assess the adequacy of current Department of the Navy policies, strategies, approaches, and investments in comparison to the findings and recommendations to both (1) and (2) above; and (4) Identify any other critical issue—not addressed in this study—that the U.S. Navy should consider addressing in subsequent studies.
Responding to Capability Surprise: A Strategy for U.S. Naval Forces (2013)
This report, conducted at the request of the Chief of Naval Operations, examines the issues surrounding capability surprise, both operational and technical, facing the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The report selects a few surprises from across a continuum of surprises, from disruptive technologies, to intelligence-inferred capability developments, to operational deployments, and assesses what the Naval Forces are doing (and could do) about them while being mindful of future budgetary declines. The report then examines which processes are in place or could be in place in the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard to address such surprises.
U.S. Naval Forces' Capabilties for Responding to Small Vessel Threats: Abbreviated Version of a Classified Report (2013)
This classified report, conducted at the request of the former Chief of Naval Operations, examines U.S. Naval Forces’ capabilities for responding to the potential exploitation of small vessels by adversaries. The terms of reference of the study are to: (1) Characterize known and potential small vessel types that could be potentially exploited by terrorists or small groups acting as agents of hostile governments, including the types of threats therein; (2) Identify U.S. regions of interest, both within and outside the continental United States, that could be potentially threatened by the use of small vessels; (3) Review and assess the adequacy of current and planned U.S. Naval Forces’ policies, strategies, approaches, and capabilities, including the adequacy of interagency and intergovernmental cooperation in these areas, for responding to these potential small vessel threats in U.S. regions of interest; (4) Identify promising science and technology areas for U.S. Naval Forces’ capabilities for responding to these potential small vessel threats in U.S. regions of interest, including detection, tracking, and identification research areas and their interface with current and planned intelligence and other national means; and (5) Recommend any other initiatives, excluding budgetary and organizational, that should be undertaken by U.S. Naval Forces in an effort towards improving their overall capabilities for responding to the potential exploitation of small vessels by adversaries.
Improving the Decision Making Abilities of Small Unit Leaders (2012)
This report, conducted at the request of the former Commanding General of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command, recommends operational and technical approaches for improving the decision making abilities of small unit leaders, including potential acquisition and experimentation efforts that can be undertaken by the U.S. Marine Corps. Since the Marine Corps is engaged in hybrid warfare, in which all modes of warfare are employed, such as conventional weapons, terrorism, and disruptive technologies, the report examines the various complex environments, the existing abilities, and gaps of the small unit leaders to include technology, skill sets, training, and measures of effectiveness.