Dr. Miriam E. John, Chair, Independent Consultant
Dr. Charles R. Cushing, (NAE), C.R. Cushing & Co., Inc.
Dr. James N. Eagle, Naval Postgraduate School
LtGen George J. Flynn, USMC (Ret.), Independent Consultant
Dr. Rochel Gelman, (NAS), Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Mr. James R. Gosler, Independent Consultant
Dr. Susan Hackwood, California Council on Science and Technology
Mr. Charles E. Harper, Semtech Corporation
Dr. Tamara E. Jernigan, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Dr. Bernadette Johnson, Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dr. Terry P. Lewis, Raytheon Company
Dr. Ronald R. Luman, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University
Dr. Richard S. Muller, (NAE), University of California at Berkeley
Dr. Joseph Pedlosky, (NAS), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
VADM David P. Pekoske, USCG (Ret.), A-T Solutions, Inc.
ADM J. Paul Reason, USN (Ret.), Independent Consultant
Dr. Alton D. Romig, Jr., (NAE), Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company
Dr. Fred B. Schneider, (NAE), Cornell University
Mr. Paul A. Schneider, The Chertoff Group
Dr. Allan Steinhardt, Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.
Dr. Timothy M. Swager, (NAS), Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MCPON Rick D. West, USN (Ret.), Paladin Data Systems
NSB Staff & Contact Information
Dr. Charles F. Draper, Director
Dr. Ray Widmayer, Senior Program Officer
Ms. Marta V. Hernandez, Associate Program Officer
Ms. Susan G. Campbell, Administrative Coordinator
Ms. Mary G. (Dixie) Gordon, Information Officer
The National Academies
Naval Studies Board
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Dr. Miriam E. John (Chair) is currently an independent consultant, having retired from Sandia National Laboratories after 28 years of service. Her last position was Vice President of Sandia’s California Laboratory in Livermore. During her Sandia career, she worked on a wide variety of programs, including nuclear weapons, chemical and biological defense, missile defense, and solar energy, and provided leadership for a number of the laboratory’s energy, national security, and homeland security programs. She is a senior fellow of the DOD’s Defense Science Board and a member of its Threat Reduction Advisory Committee. She is also chair of the National Research Council’s Naval Studies Board and serves on the board of directors of the National Institute for Hometown Security. She chairs the California Council on Science and Technology. She is a past member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the Board on Army Science and Technology, and DOE’s National Commission on Science and Security. She was appointed a National Associate of the National Academies of Science and Engineering and a member of the Beckman Center Advisory Board. Other memberships include the board of advisors for MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the board of directors for Draper Laboratory, the external advisory board of Savannah River National Laboratory, the board of directors of SAIC and the Strategic Advisory Board for RedX Defense Systems. She is also a member of the director’s review committee for the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and has served on the director search committees for both Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. She is a member of the dean’s advisory board for the School of Science and Engineering and chairs the advisory board for the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Tulane University, where she has been recognized as an outstanding alumna.
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Dr. Charles R. Cushing (NAE) is President of C.R. Cushing & Co., Incorporated, a firm of naval architects, marine engineers, and transportation consultants with offices in New York and Europe. He has been responsible for the design and construction of over 250 ocean-going vessels in the United States, Europe, and the Far East. Specifically, he has directed the concept, preliminary, and contract design; strategic planning; plan approval; and supervision of construction of vessels from tankers and delivery barges to bulk carriers and passenger ships. His work has included new construction, conversion, repair, and refurbishment of vessels. Dr. Cushing has been directly responsible for risk analyses, safety audits, energy audits, and the preparation of the U.S Coast Guard’s Tankerman’s Manual. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, he has designed intermodal shipping containers and a myriad of container handling equipment, and he holds a number of patents in maritime and intermodal technology. Dr. Cushing has served on scientific boards and advisory committees, and he is currently a member of the NRC’s Marine Board.
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Dr. James N. Eagle is Professor Emeritus of Operations Research at the Naval Postgraduate School. His primary areas of research and expertise are the military applications of operations research, especially in search and detection theory, applied probability, and military modeling. Dr. Eagle served as an officer in the U.S. Navy submarine force from 1969 to 1980, retiring from the U.S. Naval Reserve as a captain in 1994. At the Naval Postgraduate School, he has served as Chairman of the Undersea Warfare Academic Group, Chairman of the Department of Operations Research, and Associate Dean of Faculty. He is past associate editor of U.S. Naval Research Logistics, and is currently serving on the NRC Committee on U.S. Naval Forces’ Capabilities for Responding to Small Vessel Threats.
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LtGen George J. Flynn, USMC (Ret.) is an independent consultant, having recently retired from the U.S. Marine Corps following a distinguished career of more than 38 years. While on active duty, General Flynn created the Joint Force Development Directorate at the Joint Chiefs of Staff, managing more than 2,000 people and a $1 billion organization that developed new military operational, concepts, doctrine and training. He also supervised all elements of the Combatant Commander exercise program, which provides staff training and evaluates the mission performance of the largest military command organization in the United States. As Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Combat Development and Integration, General Flynn determined future requirements for all equipment, training, personnel, facilities, and supporting activities of the Marine Corps. And, in his role as the Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Corps, Iraq, he was directly involved in leading combat operations and providing direct supervision of support activities of more than 50,000 service members and civilians, while conducting operational planning and execution to enable coalition operations, including extensive interaction with United Kingdom and Coalition Special Operations Forces. Today, General Flynn is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and senior associate of Center for Strategic and International Studies.
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Dr. Rochel Gelman (NAS) is a Distinguished Professor Psychology and Cognitive Science at Rutgers-New Brunswick, The State University of New Jersey. She has extensive experience pairing experimental methods with observation (especially when paired with videotape and coding). She was one of the first to demonstrate that preschool children and infants have abstract concepts. These efforts lead to major awards from the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Science and the Society for Research in Developmental Psychology. Ongoing research in her laboratory includes studies of verbal and nonverbal representations and understandings of early concepts of numbers and arithmetic, casual reasoning, as well as the animate-inanimate domains. Since her basic research overlaps with concerns about STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics], she has been able to partner with schools to produce a preschool program, and introduce science into ninth grade ESL [English as a second language] high school programs as well as beginning STEM courses. These efforts have led to a new line of research to discover why mathematics beyond natural number arithmetic is hard for so many people. Prior to joining Rutgers, Dr. Gelman was on the faculties of the University of Pennsylvania and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Dr. Gelman has played a central role in establishing and advancing cognitive science at the University of Pennsylvania and Rutgers and was the Co-Director of the Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science. She served on a variety of the NRC’s committees, including How People Learn and the Long-Term Stewardship of Safety Data from the Second Strategic Highway Research Program. Her honors also include membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Guggenheim Fellowship. She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2006.
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Mr. James R. Gosler is Fellow, Information Operations, having joined Sandia National Laboratories in 1979, where his early contributions included establishing a performance modeling/simulation program in the data processing operating systems design area and developing attack methodologies for both cryptographic and nuclear weapon systems in the adversarial analysis group. In 1989, Mr. Gosler was invited by the National Security Agency to serve as Sandia’s first Visiting Scientist. During his two year assignment, he consulted on computer security concerns and established/chaired key information security research working groups. Upon his return to Sandia, he was named Manager of the Software Adversarial Analysis Department. In 1993, he established and directed the Vulnerability Assessments Program and was named Assistant Director of the Systems Assessment and Research Center. He has completed numerous professional courses and schools, including the National Senior Cryptologic Course, the National Senior Intelligence Course, Harvard’s Program for Senior Executives in National and International Security, Aspen Institute’s Senior Executive Seminar, and the Intelligence Fellows Program. Mr. Gosler is a retired Captain in the U.S. Naval Reserves.
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Dr. Susan Hackwood is Executive Director of the California Council on Science and Technology (CCST) and Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of California, Riverside, where her research interests include electrical engineering, signal processing, cellular robotic systems to name just a few. CCST is a not-for-profit corporation comprised of 150 top science and technology leaders sponsored by the key academic and federal research institutions in California and it advises the state on all aspects of science and technology including nanotechnology, stem cell research, intellectual property, climate change, energy, information technology, biotechnology, and technical workforce development and education. Dr. Hackwood has worked extensively with industry, academic, and government partnerships to identify policy issues of importance and is active in regional and state economic development. For example, she served as a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Engineering Delegate and was the 2007-2008 Chair. She has served on scientific boards and advisory committees, and she is currently a member of the NRC Advisory Board on the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center and NRC Committee on Competing in the 21st Century Best Practices in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives.
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Mr. Charles E. Harper is Senior Vice President and Chief Strategy Officer at Semtech Corporation, where he is responsible for advance technology and process technology development for Semtech’s business units in wireless, sensing, and communication systems. Prior to the acquisition by Semtech, Mr. Harper was Chairman, CEO, and Co-Founder of Sierra Monolithics since its founding in 1988. Sierra Monolithics was an advance technology company responsible for the design, development, and manufacture of integrated circuits for optical networks used by the commercial sector; and communications, radar, and electronic warfare systems used by various military customers and the DOD. Prior to founding Sierra Monolithics, Mr. Harper worked for several high technology and defense companies, including as Manager of Advance Technology Development at Magnavox, Director of Business Planning at Mattel, and Assistant Director of Management Services at Lear Sieger; he also held several engineering and executive management positions at the Garrett/Allied Signal Corporation. Mr. Harper has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a current member of the California Council on Science and Technology, the University of Southern California Electric Engineering Advisory Council, the University of California at Los Angeles Health System Board, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School Dean Advisory Council, and the Six Semiconductor (Brazil) Technical Advisory Board.
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Dr. Tamara E. Jernigan is Deputy Principal Associate Director, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). She is responsible for ensuring the safety, reliability, and security of the U.S. nuclear stockpile in the absence of testing through a comprehensive science-based program. Dr. Jernigan initially joined LLNL as Principle Deputy Associate Director for the Physics and Advanced Technologies Directorate and later became Associate Director for Strategic Human Capital Management. Prior to joining LLNL, Dr. Jernigan was selected as a NASA astronaut in 1985. She is a veteran of five Space Shuttle missions where she supervised the pre-flight planning and in-flight execution of critical activities aboard STS-40, 52, 67, 80, and 96. She is currently serving on the NRC Committee on the NASA Technology Roadmap.
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Dr. Bernadette Johnson is Chief Technology Officer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory. Her responsibilities include the development of the laboratory’s long-term technology strategy and the coordination of collaborative research with the MIT campus. Prior to this position, she was Assistant Head of the Homeland Protection and Tactical Systems Division of the laboratory. Her technical foci include military and civilian chemical and biological defense and forensics sensing, and she led a study to develop a strategic plan for bioscience research at the laboratory. She was and remains actively involved in technology innovation initiatives. Dr. Johnson previously served on the NRC Committee on Review of Testing and Evaluation Methodology for Biological Point Detectors.
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Dr. Terry P. Lewis is Senior Systems Engineer with the Raytheon Company, where his areas of expertise include command, control, communications, and information systems; digitized battlespace systems; communications and transmission security in military tactical systems; wireless network security; and network management authentication techniques for robust security architecture. In addition, Dr. Lewis has developed anti-tampering technologies to prevent or reduce the ability of potential aggressors to reverse-engineer critical U.S. communications technologies. He is a Raytheon Fellow and received the Most Promising Engineer of the Year award conferred at the 2002 Black Engineer of the Year Award Conference. Dr. Lewis recently served as a member of the NRC Committee on Distributed Remote Sensing for Naval Undersea Warfare.
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Dr. Ronald R. Luman is Chief of Staff of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, where he previously served as Assistant Director for Strategy and Head of the National Security Analysis Department. He has a broad technical experience base including leadership roles in design, development, test and evaluation of undersea systems, missile and navigation systems, ballistic missile defense and intelligence systems architectures. Dr. Luman has served on various National Academies and National Infrastructure Advisory Council panels addressing national security topics, including the NRC Committee on the Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror and more recently on the NRC Committee on National Security Implications of Climate for U.S. Naval Forces—both of which were conducted under the Board’s auspices. He is also Chair of the Systems Engineering Program in the JHU Whiting School of Engineering, and serves on the Visiting Committee for Engineering Systems at MIT.
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Dr. Richard S. Muller (NAE) is Professor in the Graduate School and Founding Director, Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California (UC), Berkeley. Joining the UC Berkeley faculty in 1962, his initial research and teaching focused on integrated circuit devices. In the late 1970s, Dr. Muller changed his research focus to the general area now known as microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). He has been awarded: NATO and Fulbright Research Fellowships; an Alexander von Humboldt Senior-Scientist Award; the UC Berkeley Citation (1994); Stevens Institute of Technology Renaissance Award (1995); the Transducers Research Conference Career Achievement Award (1997), the IEEE Cledo Brunetti Award (with Roger T. Howe, 1998), an IEEE Millennium Medal (2000), and the James Clerk Maxwell Award (with R.M. White, 2013). He is a life fellow of the IEEE, and has served as an IEEE distinguished lecturer. In 1990, he proposed to IEEE and American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) the creation of a MEMS technical journal, which began publication in 1991 as the IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (IEEE/ASME JMEMS). A member of the National Academy of Engineering, Dr. Muller is the author or co-author of more than 300 research papers and technical presentations and of 21 issued patents.
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Dr. Joseph Pedlosky (NAS) is Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Physical Oceanography Department at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His research interests include baroclinic instability and general stability problems in fluid dynamics; nonlinear dynamics of finite amplitude waves; general circulation of the ocean, especially mid-latitude gyres; geophysical fluid dynamics; equatorial oceanic circulation; abyssal ocean circulation. Specifically, Dr. Pedlosky’s research centers on the fluid dynamics of the oceans, where he has constructed theories for the wind-driven circulation of the ocean, with particular attention paid to the way in which the density stratification of the upper two kilometers of the ocean is determined by dynamic processes. Another strand of his research involves a certain type of hydrodynamic instability of particularly oceanographic and meteorological interest called baroclinic instability in which he has contributed to the basic theory of both the linear and non-linear aspects of this problem. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, he has served on scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Committee on Strengthening the Linkages between the Sciences and Mathematical Sciences.
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VADM David P. Pekoske, USCG (Ret.) is Group President of the National Security Group at A-T Solutions, Incorporated—a privately owned company providing counterterrorism-related intelligence, technology, training and mission support solutions to government clients. Admiral Pekoske’s expertise and experience includes maritime security and maritime transportation. Prior to joining A-T Solutions, he served in the U.S. Coast Guard for 33 years until his retirement in 2010. In his last position, Admiral Pekoske served as Vice Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard, essentially serving as second in command and chief operating officer, and often representing the Commandant and Secretary of Homeland Security in National Security Council and Joints Chiefs of Staff settings. Admiral Pekoske serves on numerous boards and scientific advisory committees, to include as chairman of the Board of Directors for the InfraGard National Members Alliance (a national non-profit organization sponsored by the FBI focused on protecting our nation’s critical infrastructure) and as a member of the National Security Advisory Council of the U. S. Global Leadership Coalition (a network dedicated to strengthening America’s leadership in the world through strategic investment in development and diplomacy).
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ADM J. Paul Reason, USN (Ret.) is an independent consultant having retired from the U.S. Navy with the rank of admiral after 35 years of service. The Navy’s first African American to make four-star rank, Admiral Reason’s last assignment was Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, where his duties included the training, maintenance, and readiness of naval forces deployed to the Mediterranean and Caribbean seas, South America, and the Persian Gulf. (He was also responsible for the operations of most U.S. Navy bases and facilities along the East and Gulf coasts of the United States, in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Iceland.) A graduate of the Naval Academy and Naval Postgraduate School, he is a nuclear-trained surface warfare officer with more than twenty years experience at sea. Ashore he served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operation for Plans, Policy and Operations; Commander, Naval Surface Force Atlantic; and Commander, Naval Base Seattle. Today Admiral Reason serves on numerous corporate boards; most recently he served on Wal-Mart’s Board of Directors.
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Dr. Alton D. Romig, Jr. (NAE) is Vice President of Advanced Development Programs Engineering and General Manager at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company. In this capacity, he sets the strategic direction for the capture of new business and leads the management of the world-renowned Skunk Works, the pre-eminent seat of aerospace innovation for more than 65 years. Prior to joining Advanced Development Programs, Dr. Romig spent more than 30 years with Sandia National Laboratories, operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company. His responsibilities there included the leadership of development and engineering activities providing science, technology and systems expertise in support of U.S. programs in: military technology; nuclear deterrence and proliferation prevention; technology assessments; intelligence and counterintelligence; homeland security; and energy programs. A member of the NAE, Dr. Romig serves on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, to include the Council on Foreign Relations, the Intelligence Science Board (an advisory body to the Director of National Intelligence), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, ASM International, and The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and recently served as chair of the NRC Committee for Technology Insight and as a member of the Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences.
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Dr. Fred B. Schneider (NAE) is Samuel B. Eckert Professor of Computer Science at Cornell University; concurrently, he serves as Chief Scientist of the National Science Foundation-funded TRUST Science and Technology Center, which brings together researchers at the University of California at Berkeley, Carnegie-Mellon, Cornell, Stanford, and Vanderbilt. A member of the NAE, Professor Schneider’s research interests include trustworthy systems; specifically, systems that will perform as expected despite failures and attacks. His early research interests included formal methods to aid in the design and implementation of concurrent and distributed systems that satisfy their specifications. Professor Schneider is author of two texts on that subject: On Concurrent Programming and (co-authored with D. Gries) A Logical Approach to Discrete Mathematics. He is also known for his research in theory and algorithms for building fault-tolerant distributed systems. More recently, Professor Schneider’s research interests have turned to system security, and his work characterizing what policies can be enforced with various classes of defenses is widely cited and it is seen as advancing the nascent science base for security. He is also engaged in research concerning legal and economic measures for improving system trustworthiness. Professor Schneider has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC’s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board and served as Editor of the 1998 NRC report entitled Trust in Cyberspace. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association of Computing Machinery, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; he is also a current member of the Defense Science Board. He is also a member of the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences (Norges Tekniste Vitenskapsakademi).
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The Honorable Paul A. Schneider is a defense and aerospace consultant, and Principal of The Chertoff Group—an organization aimed at providing security, risk management, and merger/acquisition advisory services for U.S. government and corporate clients around the world. Previously, Mr. Schneider served first as the Under Secretary for Management and subsequently as the Deputy Secretary and Chief Operating Officer of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Prior to joining DHS, Mr. Schneider served in a number of U.S. government capacities, to include: Senior Acquisition Executive of the National Security Agency (NSA), where he was responsible for oversight and execution of signals intelligence and information security development and acquisition programs; Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition, where he was responsible for the oversight and execution of Navy and Marine Corps research, development and acquisition programs; and Executive Director and Senior Civilian of the Naval Sea Systems Command, the Navy’s largest ashore organization, where he was responsible for the day-to-day operations of shipyards, laboratories, and engineering and test facilities. Mr. Schneider serves on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as the current Chair of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association’s Homeland Security Committee.
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Dr. Allan Steinhardt is Executive Advisor at Booz Allen Hamilton where he leads a team of scientists, engineers, and mathematicians in providing prototyping, portfolio analysis, technology roadmaps, and innovation services to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, including custom RF signal prototype collection systems for airborne platforms, prototype radar systems integration, signal processing, and is a science and technology subject matter expert to support military intelligence. A fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IEEE), Dr. Steinhardt has published over 100 articles in academic and defense strategy journals and co-authored a book on Adaptive Radar. His work on Householder algorithms has been cited over 200 times in peer reviewed research journals. Dr. Steinhardt has held various leadership positions in the IEEE, most recently as two-term chair of the prestigious “IEEE Dennis J. Pickard Medal for Radar Technologies and Applications” Award Committee.
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Dr. Timothy M. Swager (NAS) is the John D. MacArthur Professor of Chemistry and Head of the Department of Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His research interests include electronic materials, chemical sensors, polymer science, liquid crystals, synthetic conductors, molecular recognition, molecular electronics, and photonics. A member of the National Academy of Sciences and fellow of the American Academy and Sciences, he won the Lemelson-MIT Award for Invention and Innovation in 2007. Dr. Swager has served on scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism: Panel on Chemical Issues and NRC Committee on Operational Science and Technology Options for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices.
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MCPON Rick D. West, USN (Ret.) retired in 2012 after 31 years of active duty service in the U.S. Navy. He is working as the Client Executive for Insight and Futuring at Paladin Data Systems—a privately owned company providing software development products, services, and support to various organizations including the U.S. government. Prior to joining Paladin Data Systems, MCPON West served as the 12th Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (the senior-most enlisted person in the Navy). His career in the U.S. Navy spanned duties ashore and afloat, primarily aboard submarines. His specific duties at sea included Chief of the Boat aboard the USS Portsmouth (SSN 707), where he completed two Western Pacific deployments; Command Master Chief aboard the USS Preble (DDG 88), where he deployed to the Persian Gulf and qualified as Enlisted Surface Warfare Specialist; and Fleet Master Chief for both the U.S. Pacific Fleet and U.S. Atlantic Fleet through U.S. Fleet Forces Command.
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Dr. Charles F. Draper is Director of the National Academies’ Naval Studies Board. He joined the National Academies in 1997 as Program Officer then Senior Program Officer with the Naval Studies Board and in 2003 became Associate Director and Acting Director. During his tenure at the National Academies, Dr. Draper has served as study director on a wide-range of topics aimed at helping the Department of the Navy with its scientific, technical, and strategic planning. Prior to joining the National Academies, Dr. Draper was the lead mechanical engineer at Sensytech, Incorporated (formerly S.T. Research Corporation), where he provided technical and program management support for satellite earth station and small satellite design. He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Vanderbilt University in 1995; his doctoral research was conducted at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), where he used an atomic force microscope to measure the nano-mechanical properties of thin film materials. In parallel with his graduate student duties, Dr. Draper was a mechanical engineer with Geo-Centers, Incorporated, working onsite at NRL on the development of an underwater x-ray backscattering tomography system used for the nondestructive evaluation of U.S. Navy sonar domes on surface ships.
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Dr. Raymond Widmayer is a Senior Program Officer with the National Academies’ Naval Studies board and was a consultant for the NSB from July 2004 through June 2007. He retired from the federal government in June 2004 with more than 40 years of service working for the U.S. Navy as a mechanical engineer. His career started at the Naval Ordnance Laboratory (White Oak) and progressed through a two-year posting with the United Kingdom, working on sea mine warfare programs for the Royal Navy. Following his United Kingdom posting he was selected as the Technical Director for Sea Mine Warfare within the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in 1982. He concluded his government service as the Technical Director of the OPNAV organization responsible for overall integration of S&T within OPNAV. Dr. Widmayer earned his BSME from the University of Maryland (1965, mechanical engineering), his M.S. from Columbia University (1967, mechanical engineering), and his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland (1972, mechanical engineering concentrating in fluid mechanics). Additionally, he is a 1993 graduate of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.
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Ms. Marta V. Hernandez is an Associate Program Officer with the National Academies’ Naval Studies Board. Prior to joining the NSB, she served for the National Academies’ Air Force Studies Board and the National Materials Advisory Board. Ms. Hernandez joined the National Academies in 2003 after graduating from the University of Maryland with a B.S. in materials science and engineering. Since then she has worked on a variety of projects including ad-hoc committees, standing committees, roundtable meetings, and proposal review panels for various sponsors within the Department of Defense and other federal agencies.
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