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Science and Security
S&T Strategies of Six Countries: Implications for the United States
An increase in global access to goods and knowledge is transforming world-class S&T by bringing it within the capability of an unprecedented number of global parties who must compete for resources, markets, and talent. In particular, globalization has facilitated the success of formal S&T plans in many developing countries. Centers for technological research and development are now globally dispersed, setting the stage for greater uncertainty in the political, economic, and security areas. These changes will have a potentially enormous impact for U.S. national security policy. The report S&T Strategies of Six Countries: Implications for the United States (2010, PDF 1.9MB) compares and contrasts science and technology plans of Japan, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and Singapore (JBRICS), predicts their likelihood of achieving national S&T goals, identifies nation-specific cultural issues as significant to prediction of S&T achievements and evaluates implications for U.S. national security strategy.
Beyond 'Fortress America'
The national security controls that regulate access to and export of science and technology are broken. As currently structured, many of these controls undermine our national and homeland security and stifle American engagement in the global economy, and in science and technology. These unintended consequences arise from policies that were crafted for an earlier era. In the name of maintaining superiority, the United States now runs the risk of becoming less secure, less competitive, and less prosperous. The report Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World (2009) provides an account of the costs associated with building walls that hamper our access to global science and technology, dampening our economic potential. The book also makes recommendations to reform the export control process, ensure scientific and technological competitiveness, and improve the nonimmigrant visa system that regulates entry into the United States of foreign science and engineering students, scholars, and professionals.
Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World
As concerns about threats and terrorist activities have become global, so has the rapid transfer of information and communication.The confluence of the globalization of business and the revolution in information storage and transmittal has changed the landscape upon which to build national and international security. This requires a reexamination of the security measures developed during the days of the Cold War to assess whether those tools are still appropriate and to determine how they are affecting the current science and technology enterprises. The report Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World (2007, PDF 1.3 MB) undertook this effort.
From Foreign Assistance to Sustainable Partnerships
The Department of Defense has supported a variety of international security-oriented biological activities within the framework of its Cooperative Threat Reduction program. Those activities have been carried out in Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine and have made significant contributions to preventing the proliferation of biological weapons. The report The Biological Threat Reduction Program of the Department of Defense: From Foreign Assistance to Sustainable Partnerships (2007, PDF 867 KB) identifies areas for further cooperation, approaches for overcoming obstacles, and actions to increase the long-term impact of the program.