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Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security (Inactive)

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Board on Global Science & Technology
The National Academies
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Keck Center 551
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Phone: 202.334.1358
Fax: 202.334.1667
E-mail: ngorkhaly@nas.edu

 

 


PAST PROJECTS  

The New Global Ecosystem in Advanced Computing (2012)
 
cgaac report cover
The Committee on Global Approaches to Advanced Computing, an ad hoc committee of the Board on Global Science and Technology (BGST), conducted a study, The New Global Ecosystem in Advanced Computing, to describe and assess the global S&T landscape for responding to the challenges of sustaining historical trends in computing performance improvement in general and to the challenge presented by the shift to multicore processors in particular.  The committee examined the technical challenges associated with “cutting edge” approaches in computing hardware and software, described the global research landscape, and explored the implications of these global advances for the U.S. S&T enterprise and for U.S. competition and national security. Rather than formal recommendations, the report presents an assessment of the technical consequences from the end of Dennard scaling, the cultural and economic challenges of parallelism, the possible shifts of capital and talent, and national and regional investments in IT research.

Click HERE to freely download this report. 

Committee Members: Daniel Reed (Chair, Microsoft Corporation), Cong Cao (University of Nottingham), Tai Cheung (University of California, San Diego), John Crawford (Intel Corporation), Dieter Ernst (East-West Center), Mark Hill (University of Wisconsin - Madison), Steven Keckler (NVIDIA Corporation), David Liddle (U.S. Venture Partners), and Kathryn McKinley (University of Texas at Austin).

National Academies Staff: William Berry (Study Director), Ethan Chiang (Lead staffer), Lynette Millett, and Neeraj Gorkhaly.

 
Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration (2012)
 
ihmc report cover
The Committee on Homeland Security and Export Controls, an ad hoc committee of the Board on Global Science and Technology (BGST), conducted a study, Export Control Challenges Associated with Homeland Security, on the impact of export controls on the DHS mission to strengthen the U.S. security envelope abroad. The committee examined the current impact of export controls on the research, development and possible foreign deployment of S&T Directorate programs. To that end, the committee assessed the effectiveness of factoring export controls into programmatic decision-making within DHS, and reviewed the Department's role in the export control interagency process.  The committee found that (1) DHS’s international mission needs to be better understood both within and outside the Department; (2) DHS would benefit from greater coherence in its internal approach to export controls; and that reforms recommended by the Administration’s Export Control Reform effort would strengthen DHS’ role in the interagency export control process.
 
Click HERE to freely download this report.
Workshop Planning Committee Members: Jeffrey Bradshaw (Chair, Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition), Dianne Chong (The Boeing Company), Gal Kaminka (Bar Ilan University), Geert-Jan Kruijff (German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence), and Brian Williams (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
National Academies Staff: Ethan Chiang (lead staffer), Bill Berry, Neeraj Gorkhaly, and Patricia Wrightson.

Export Control Challenges Associated with Homeland Security (2012)

CHSEC Cover
The Committee on Homeland Security and Export Controls, an ad hoc committee of the Board on Global Science and Technology (BGST), conducted a study, Export Control Challenges Associated with Homeland Security, on the impact of export controls on the DHS mission to strengthen the U.S. security envelope abroad. The committee examined the current impact of export controls on the research, development and possible foreign deployment of S&T Directorate programs. To that end, the committee assessed the effectiveness of factoring export controls into programmatic decision-making within DHS, and reviewed the Department's role in the export control interagency process.  The committee found that (1) DHS’s international mission needs to be better understood both within and outside the Department; (2) DHS would benefit from greater coherence in its internal approach to export controls; and that reforms recommended by the Administration’s Export Control Reform effort would strengthen DHS’ role in the interagency export control process.

Click HERE to freely download this report.
Committee Members: William Schneider (Co-chair, International Planning Services, Inc.), Mitch Wallerstein (Co-chair, Baruch College, City University of New York), Rich Barth (TAE), Larry Christensen (Miller& Chevalier Chartered), Vincent DeCain (DeCain Group), Carol Fuchs (General Electric), G. Christopher Griner (Kaye Scholer LLP ), Carol Kessler (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), Martha Krebs (California Energy Commission), Deanne Siemer (Wilsie Co. LLC), Kathryn Sullivan (National Science Foundation), William Toby (Harvard University), and Christopher Wall (Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP).

National Academies Staff: Patricia Wrightson (Study Director), Ethan Chiang, and Neeraj Gorkhaly.
 
Realizing the Value from Big Data (2011)

Value from Big Data
On February 28-March 2, BGST conducted an international, multidisciplinary workshop on “Realizing the Value from Big Data” in Singapore. The workshop was jointly organized and hosted by the Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R) of Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (A*STAR) at Fusionopolis. This workshop convened bioinformatics scientists and environmental scientists with computational/data scientists to assess and project the impact of complex datasets in their fields. The domain scientists worked together with the computational scientists to find common ground and to identify the computational and policy roadblocks that prevent their disciplines from fully extracting value from ”big data”.   The participants, many of whom brought extensive international experience, were drawn from research organizations in Australia, China, England, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Portugal, Singapore, and the United States.

Click HERE to freely download this report.
Workshop Planning Committee Members: Ruth David (Chair, Analytic Services Inc.), Kin Mun Lye (Singapore's Agency for Science and Technology), Bernard Meyerson (IBM Corp.), See-Kiong Ng (Singapore's Agency for Science and Technology), and Michael Yan Wah Chia (Singapore's Agency for Science and Technology).

National Academies Staff: Patricia Wrightson (lead staffer), Bill Berry, Ethan Chiang, and Neeraj Gorkhaly.

A View of Global Science & Technology: Letter Report (2011)

BGSTLetterReport
This letter report describes the 2009-2011 activities of the Board on Global Science and Technology (BGST) and provides an initial characterization of the global science and technology landscape that the Board can use as a roadmap to develop future activities. BGST met five times between November 2009 and May 2011. Board meetings were devoted to (1) identifying national security implications of the globalization of S&T, (2) building a baseline understanding of current indicators for the U.S. posture with regard to the evolving global S&T landscape, and (3) developing a BGST engagement strategy. The letter portion of the report summarizes activities of the board in its first year, and also describes some existing approaches to identifying and/or benchmarking emerging technologies globally. It is followed by 5 appendixes which include three experimental examples of a qualitative approach to benchmarking, and brief descriptions of programs that are part of the National Academies complex, with which BGST has cooperated.

Click HERE to freely download this report.

Shifting Power: Data Analytics and the Smart Energy Grid (2010)

Redmond
On August 23-24, 2010, BGST hosted an "Experts meeting on Data Analytics and the Smart Energy Grid" that brought together scientists and engineers from major research universities, private industry representatives, with government officials to discuss the impact of large, complex, and distributed datasets and associated computational techniques on the future smart energy grid.  The meeting was co-hosted by Microsoft in Redmond, Washington. The experts’ meeting, “Shifting Power: Smart Energy Grid 2020”, explored three concurrent power “shifts”. First, the decision-making regarding energy choices (e.g., what kind of energy, peak v. non-peak usage, the consumer ‘selling’ energy back to the grid) that will shift from the power company to a dynamic relationship among the users, distributors and the companies generating power. Second, the increase in demand for energy is shifting from fossil fuels to a combination of fossil fuels and renewable forms of energy, and thus increasing the importance of “lifecycle” analysis to support investment decisions. These first two shifts require a third: the transition from an operator-dependent grid to one that can think for itself. The SEG will have to get ‘smarter’ to manage the influx of these massive amounts of different kinds of data and data flows (e.g., distributed and streaming).

Click HERE to freely download this report.
Workshop Planning Committee Members: Ruth David (Chair, Analytic Services Inc.), Francine Berman (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Daniel Kammen (University of California, Berkeley), Bernard Meyerson (IBM Corp.), Daniel Reed (University of Iowa), and David Rejeski (Woodrow Wilson Center).

National Academies Staff: Patricia Wrightson (lead staffer), Ethan Chiang, and Neeraj Gorkhaly.