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Global Dialogues on Emerging Science and Technology (inactive)


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Biographical Sketches
US Delegation


Lewis Branscomb
Chair, GDEST Oversight Committee
Harvard University

Dr. Lewis M. Branscomb is the Aetna Professor of Public Policy and Corporate Management emeritus and former Director of the Science, Technology and Public Policy Program in the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. A research physicist at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) from 1951 to 1969, he was Director of NBS from 1969 to 1972. President Johnson named him to the President's Science Advisory Committee in 1964, and he chaired the subcommittee on Space Science and Technology during Project Apollo. In 1972 Dr. Branscomb was named Vice President and Chief Scientist of IBM Corporation and to its Management Committee, serving until his retirement from IBM in 1986. While at IBM, he was appointed by President Carter to the National Science Board and in 1980 was elected chairman, serving until May 1984. In 1987 he was appointed a Director of the Massachusetts Centers of Excellence Corporation by Governor Dukakis of Massachusetts, and in 1991 to the Governor's Council on Economic Growth and Technology by Governor Weld.

Dr. Branscomb is a member of the Committee on Japan of the National Research Council and a participant in the High Level Bilateral Discussions conducted by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences with Committee 149 of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, led by Professor Takashi Mukaibo. His research group at Harvard has a bilateral cooperation agreement with Japan's National Institute for Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) through which several projects have been conducted. He is a frequent participant in conferences on science and technology policy in Japan and in 1993 was elected a Foreign Associate of the Engineering Academy of Japan.

Sheikh Akbar
Member, US Program Committee
Ohio State University

Dr. Sheikh A. Akbar is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Founder of the NSF Center for Industrial Sensors and Measurements (CISM). His research interests range from basic science to applied engineering. His recent work deals with synthesis-microstructure-property relations of ceramics and ceramic nano-structures for chemical sensing and catalysis. Dr. Akbar received the 1993 B.F. Goodrich Collegiate Inventors Award for the development of a rugged and durable CO/H2 sensor. In 2004, he was invited to give a series of lectures on “Ceramic Oxides and Nano-structures for Chemical Sensing and Catalysis” at the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Dr. Akbar is the recipient of the 2002 W.E. Cramer Award of the Central Ohio Section of the American Ceramic Society and the 2001 Fulrath Award of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Akbar was a 2002 Tan Chin Tuan Fellow of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and was elected a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society in 2001.

Dr. Akbar has co-organized multiple sensor symposia for the American Ceramic Society and the Electrochemical Society. In 2003, he served as the Guest Editor for two special sections of the Journal of Materials Science, “Chemical Sensors for Pollution Monitoring and Control” and “Chemical and Bioceramics”. Dr. Akbar is on the Editorial Board of Ceramics International and Sensor Letters. He launched an initiative to develop a multidisciplinary, team-work and industry-oriented curriculum in “Sensors and Measurements”, which is being integrated with the NSF-IGERT program on “Molecular Engineering of Micro-devices”. He has published more than 130 technical papers and holds 3 patents.

Dr. Akbar serves on the Technical Steering Committee of the US-DOE Sensor and Controls Program and the Program Committee of the Japan-US Workshop on the Future of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Stephen Arnold
Polytechnic University


Steve Arnold is the Thomas Potts Professor of Physics and University Professor at Polytechnic University in Brooklyn, New York. He is also the Director of the Microparticle Photophysics Lab and the Othmer Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies. Dr. Arnold is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, and is an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow. He has also held visiting appointments at Caltech, the University of Tokyo and the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He received his B.S. in Engineering Physics from the University of Toledo and his Ph.D. in Physics from the City University of N.Y.

Terry Dishongh
Intel Corporation


Terrance (Terry) J. Dishongh, Ph.D. is a Senior Staff Researcher in Intel Research working in the Proactive Health Strategic Research Program. His current duties at Intel Corporation include projections of technology trends in ubiquitous computing, research and development of sensors for those with cognitive decline, and design of new radio technology for ubiquitous computing. He has designed, developed and prototyped various sensors and sensor networks using both mote based systems and Blue-tooth™ technology. Previously, Dr. Dishongh was a Staff Architect in System Manufacturing designing and developing the interface between the processor and the chipset for the Pentium™ III and 4 systems. His designs for packaging are in the Lakeport Chipset, the Pentium® III Processor (Copper-mine), and the Mobile Pentium® II. In his seven years at Intel he has been awarded the TMG Excellence award, six Intel Corporation Divisional Recognition Awards, two achievement awards, over 90 trade secrets, and filed sixty patents during his tenure at Intel Corporation.

Dr. Dishongh has held faculty positions at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the State University of New York at Buffalo. He has chaired the National Electronic Manufacturers Institution’s roadmap for desktop computer systems for the past five years and is currently the chairman of the NEMI Healthcare sector. Dr. Dishongh received his Ph.D. in 1996 from the University of Arizona. He has co-authored one textbook and over fifty other publications in electronic packaging, biomedical engineering and structural mechanics. Before his academic career Dr. Dishongh was a US Army Green Beret in the 7th Special Forces Group Airborne as a volunteer service man.

David R. Franz (not attending)
Member, US Program Committee
Midwest Research Institute


Dr. Franz served in the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command for 23 of 27 years on active duty and retired as a Colonel. He has served as Commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) and as Deputy Commander of the Medical Research and Materiel Command. Prior to joining the Command, he served as Group Veterinarian for the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne).

Dr. Franz was the Chief Inspector on three United Nations Special Commission biological warfare inspection missions to Iraq and served as technical advisor on long-term monitoring. He also served as a member of the first two US-UK teams that visited Russia in support of the Trilateral Joint Statement on Biological Weapons and as a member of the Trilateral Experts’ Committee for biological weapons negotiations.

Dr. Franz was Technical Editor for the Textbook of Military Medicine on Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare released in 1997. Committee appointments include the Defense Intelligence Agency Red Team Bio-Chem 2020, two panels of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Threat Reduction Advisory Committee, the National Academy of Sciences’ (NAS) Committee on Genomic Databases for Biological Threat Agents, and the NAS Committee for Research with Russian Biological Institutes (which he chairs), and the Department of Homeland Security Science & Technology Advisory Committee. Dr. Franz serves on the Dean’s Advisory Council of the College of Veterinary Medicine, and holds an adjunct appointment as Professor for the Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University. He is Deputy Director of the Center for Emergency Care and Disaster Preparedness, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, where he holds an adjunct appointment as Professor; and he serves on the faculty of the Department of Justice, Center for Domestic Preparedness in Anniston, Alabama. Dr. Franz has been appointed to the Kansas Bioscience Authority.

He is a resident graduate of the Army Command and General Staff College, a recipient of the Army Research and Development Achievement Award, the Order of Military Medical Merit and the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster. Dr. Franz holds a D.V.M. from Kansas State University and a Ph.D. in Physiology from Baylor College of Medicine.

Perena Gouma
SUNY-Stony Brook


Dr. Gouma is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science & Engineering at the State University of New York (SUNY) in Stony Brook. Her research focuses on the processing and characterization of advanced materials, such as nanostructured metal oxides and bio-composites for selective chemosensors and electronic noses. She is the Director of the Advanced Materials Characterization Laboratory (AMCL) at Stony Brook where research is conducted in such diverse areas as advanced chemical and bio sensors, MEMS devices, thin films for electronics and high temperature structural materials. Dr. Gouma holds a B.S. degree in Applied Physics form the Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, Greece, an M.S. in “Advanced Engineering Materials” and an M.Phil. in “Organizational Management”, both from the University of Liverpool (UK), and a Ph.D. in Materials Science & Engineering from the University of Birmingham (UK).

Prior to joining SUNY Stony Brook, Dr. Gouma worked as a Research Scientist at the Center for Industrial Sensors and Measurements at the Ohio State University. Dr. Gouma is a Faculty Fellow at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory’s National Center for Electron Microscopy and Guest Scientist at the Brookhaven National laboratory. She also serves as an Associate Editor of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society and in the Editorial Board of Sensor Letters. She has been a reviewer for several journals (JMR, Sensors and Actuators B, etc.) as well as funding agencies (National Science Foundation, Petroleum Research Fund, and the U.S. Dept of State Science Center programs). She has published over 50 peer-reviewed articles on advanced materials.

Gary Hunter
NASA – Glenn Research Center


Dr. Gary W. Hunter is Branch Technology Lead in the Sensors and Electronics Branch and the Technical Lead for the Chemical Species Gas Sensors Team at NASA Glenn Research Center. Since his arrival at NASA Glenn in 1990, Dr. Hunter has been involved with the design, fabrication, and testing of sensors, especially chemical species gas sensors. He has worked closely with Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) for 9 years developing a range of sensor technologies using a number of different sensor materials and sensing approaches. He has been active in the application of the resulting sensor technology both in NASA and industry. In 1995, he received an R&D 100 Award with CWRU and others for development of an Automated Hydrogen Leak Detection System which has been used on the Ford automotive assembly line. The hydrogen sensor designed and fabricated by NASA Glenn/CWRU has been demonstrated twice on the Space Shuttle. Since then, the technology he has led the development of has been chosen, demonstrated, or applied in applications such as the Space Shuttle, NASA Helios Vehicle, X-33, X-43, International Space Station, Jet Engine Test Stands, and on the Ford U Car.

Dr. Hunter is Chair of the Sensors Division of the Electrochemical Society, a member of the Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation Committee for the International Gas Turbine Institute, the Executive Board of Sensors Letters, and a past member of the AIAA Sensors Technology Committee. He has been awarded the NASA Group Achievement Award (2004), NASA Turning Goals into Reality Award (2003), Silver Snoopy (2000), NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal (1998), NASA Group Achievement Award (1998), and Space Flight Awareness Award (1997). He received his B.S. in Physics and Philosophy at Michigan State University in 1980 and his Ph.D. in Physics in 1986.

Nan Marie Jokerst
Duke University


Dr. Nan Jokerst is the J. A. Jones Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Duke University. Her doctoral degree is in Electrical Engineering from the University of Southern California. She served on the faculty of the Georgia Institute of Technology for 15 years before joining the faculty at Duke University. She is a Fellow of the Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE), and a Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA). Her awards include an IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the IEEE Harriet B. Rigas Medal winner for electrical engineering education, and an NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award. She has published and presented over 200 papers in the area of integrated sensing and integrated optoelectronics.

Duane Lindner
Sandia National Laboratories


Duane Lindner is Program Director, Chem/Bio National Security Programs at Sandia National Laboratories. He is responsible for managing Sandia’s program to develop and demonstrate technologies and systems that could be used to detect and mitigate the impact of attacks with chemical or biological agents. He joined Sandia in 1977 and entered the technical management there in 1985. Initially he was responsible for organizing programs in Chemistry and Materials Science and oversaw the development of the first Sandia CRADA (Cooperative Research and Development Agreement) with U. S. Industry. He served briefly as Director of Combustion Science and Technology at Sandia and then went on to establish the Program in Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Technologies. This program evolved into the Advanced Design and Production Technologies (ADAPT) Initiative within the Department of Energy (DOE). He moved to DOE to manage this Initiative, and in this role directed the effort to modernize design and manufacturing systems throughout DOE.

Upon returning to Sandia, Dr. Lindner became responsible for programs to develop advanced detection systems for chemical and biological agents, and soon assumed overall responsibility for the Chem/Bio National Security at Sandia. His current position involves direction of a broad spectrum of defense activities, ranging from threat and response analysis to installation of prototype defense systems in urban environments. Major efforts also include development of advanced detection systems as well as systems and technologies for decontamination and restoration.

Dr. Lindner received a B.S. in chemistry from M.I.T. and a Ph.D. in chemistry from U.C. - Berkeley. His research at Berkeley involved the use of electron paramagnetic resonance to characterize redox behavior of metal binding proteins.

Marc Madou
University of California-Irvine


Before joining UCI as the Chancellor Professor in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MEA), Dr. Madou was Vice President of Advanced Technology at Nanogen in San Diego, California. He specializes in the application of miniaturization technology to chemical and biological problems (BIO-MEMS). He is the author of several books in this burgeoning field that he helped to pioneer both in academia and in industry. He founded several micromachining companies and has been on the board of many more. Dr. Madou was the founder of the SRI International’s Microsensor Department, founder and President of Teknekron Sensor Development Corporation (TSDC), Visiting Miller Professor at UC Berkeley and Endowed Chair at the Ohio State University (Professor in Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering). He is the author “Fundamentals of Microfabrication,” an introduction to MEMS, which has become known as the “bible” of micromachining.

Some of Dr. Madou’s recent research work involves artificial muscle for responsive drug delivery, a compact disc-based fluidic platform and a solid state pH electrode based on IrOx. To find out more about those recent research projects, visit At UCI, Dr. Madou works on carbon-MEMS, a CD based fluidic platform, solid state pH electrodes, artificial muscle for responsive drug delivery and integrating fluidics with DNA arrays as well as researching label–free assays for the Molecular Diagnostics platform of the future.

Toni Marechaux
U.S. National Academy of Engineering


Toni Grobstein Marechaux is Director of the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design at the National Academies (The National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council). The Academies act as advisers to the Nation on a variety of science and engineering issues. Recent Manufacturing Board activities have addressed challenges in modeling between design and materials processing, the role of manufacturing in the US economy, and technology transition challenges for biomedical devices.

Prior to joining the National Academies, Dr. Maréchaux directed a variety of projects and programs promoting the use of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies. Her experience includes steel manufacturing at National Steel, high temperature materials development at the NASA Glenn Research Center, and industrial program coordination at the US Department of Energy. As an engineer, Dr. Marechaux has worked with the manufacture of Stirling engines, metal matrix composites, turbine blades, fuel cells and advanced batteries, and space-based nuclear reactors. Her program management experience includes space power technology for NASA Headquarters, automotive applications for DOE's Transportation Technologies Program, and mining, metals, and concrete technology for DOE's Industrial Technologies Program.

Dr. Maréchaux maintains an abiding interest in abolishing barriers to new technology applications and in engineering solutions for sustainable development. She has a BS in Metallurgical Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and MS and PhD degrees in Materials Science from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.

Duncan Moore
Member, US Program Committee
University of Rochester


Duncan Moore is the Rudolf and Hilda Kingslake Professor of Optical Engineering and Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Rochester. He is also Special Assistant to the University President and Executive Director of the University, Industry and Government Partnership for Advanced Photonics. Previously, from 1995 until the end of 1997, he served as Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University. Dr. Moore has extensive experience in the academic, research, business, and governmental arenas of science and technology. He is an expert in gradient-index optics, computer-aided design, and the manufacture of optical systems. From January 2001 to the present, he has served as Senior Science Advisor at the Optical Society of America (OSA).

The U.S. Senate confirmed Dr. Moore in the fall of 1997 for the position of Associate Director for Technology in The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). In this position which ended in December 2000, he worked with Dr. Neal Lane, President Clinton's Science Advisor, to advise the President on U.S. technology policy, including the Next Generation Internet, Clean Car Initiative, elder tech, crime tech, and NASA. From January through May 2001, Dr. Moore served as Special Advisor to the Acting Director of OSTP.

Dr. Moore was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in February 1998. He has been the recipient of the Science and Technology Award of the Greater Rochester Metro Chamber of Commerce (1992), the Distinguished Inventor of the Year Award of the Rochester Intellectual Property Law Association (1993), the Gradient-Index Award of the Japanese Applied Physics Society (1993), and an Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Maine (1995). In 1999, he received the National Engineering Award of the American Association of Engineering Societies and was recognized as the Engineer of the Year by the Rochester Engineering Society. Most recently, he was the recipient of the 2001 OSA Leadership Award.

Dr. Moore holds a Ph.D. in Optics (1974) from the University of Rochester. He had previously earned a master's degree in Optics at Rochester and a bachelor's degree in Physics from the University of Maine. He is a member of the Program Committee of the Japan-US Workshop on the Future of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Teri Odom
Northwestern University


Teri W. Odom received her undergraduate degree in chemistry with honors at Stanford University (B.S.1996). Her undergraduate honors included election to Phi Beta Kappa and receipt of the S.S. & I.M.F. Marsden Memorial Prize for Chemistry Research. As an NSF predoctoral fellow, she obtained her Ph.D. in Chemical Physics from Harvard University in 2001. Her thesis work, under the direction of Professor Charles M. Lieber, investigated the electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Teri’s thesis was recognized with the IUPAC Prize for Young Chemists (2001). Following her doctoral studies, she was an NIH NRSA Postdoctoral Fellow with Professor George M. Whitesides at Harvard University. In the fall of 2002, she joined the faculty at Northwestern University as an Assistant Professor of Chemistry. She is the inaugural recipient of the Dow Teacher-Scholar Award, received a Research Innovation Award (Research Corporation) in 2002, the Victor K. LaMer Award (ACS Surface Science and Colloids) in 2003, and a David and Lucile Packard Fellowship in 2003. In 2004, she received an NSF CAREER Award and an NSF NUE Award and was named to MIT Technology Review’s Top 100 Innovators. Her research focuses on uncovering new electronic and optical phenomena at the nanoscale (1 - 10 nm) and mesoscale (100 - 1000 nm). Her main research is in the synthesis, characterization, and assembly of nanoscale metal chalcogenide materials, and the manipulation of these nanoscale building blocks into structures that can exhibit new optical properties.

John Orcutt
University of California - San Diego


Prof. John A. Orcutt is the Deputy Director for Research at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, he heads UCSD’s Center for Earth Observations and Applications, and is President of the 44,000 member American Geophysical Union (AGU). He served as Director of the Cecil and Ida Green Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics for 18 years. Prof. Orcutt is a graduate of Annapolis (1966) and received his M.Sc. in physics as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Liverpool. He served as a submariner and advanced to the rank of Commander. He received his PhD in Earth Sciences from Scripps (1976). He has published more than 140 scientific papers and received the Ewing Medal from the USN and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 1994. He received the Newcomb-Cleveland Prize from the AAAS in 1983 for a paper in Science. He is one of nine Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanography Chairs. He is the Principal Investigator of two major National Science Foundation Information Technology Research grants: Real-time Observatories, Applications and Data management Networks (ROADNet) and Laboratory for Ocean Observatory Knowledge Integration Grid (LOOKING). He is a co-PI with Professor Larry Smarr of the OptIPuter grant. He was the Chair of the NSF/CORE Dynamics of Earth and Ocean Systems (DEOS) Committee with an interest in extending long-term observations to sea – a permanent presence in the oceans. He is currently a member of the ORION (Ocean Research Interactive Ocean Network) Executive Steering Committee. He was recently a member of the Science Advisory Panel to the President’s Ocean Policy Commission. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2002; the APS was founded by Benjamin Franklin in 1743.

R. Paul Schaudies
Science Applications International Corporation


Dr. Schaudies is currently an Assistant Vice President at SAIC. He joined SAIC in December 1997 and heads a diverse team of technologists who conduct contract biomedical research, scientific analyses, and technical support. Dr. Schaudies is an internationally recognized expert in the fields of biological and chemical warfare defense. He served as a primary Science and Technology Consultant to the Incident Commander, Sergeants-at-Arms for the House and Senate, and EPA On-Scene Coordinator in response to the October 2001 anthrax incident in Washington D.C. He has served on four National Academies committees in the areas of biological defense and nanotechnology. He has served on numerous national level advisory panels for the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Department of Energy. Dr. Schaudies served 12 years as a U.S. Army officer. On active duty, Dr. Schaudies served as Chief of the General Support Laboratory in the Department of Clinical Investigation at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, as a Senior Researcher at the Walter Reed Army Institute for Research and as a Program Manager for Biological and Chemical Defense Research at the Central Measurement and Signature Intelligence Office at the Defense Intelligence Agency. Dr. Schaudies received his Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry from Wake Forest University and his doctoral degree in Biochemistry from Temple University School of Medicine.

Steve Semancik
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)


Steve Semancik received his B.S. degree in Physics in 1974 from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and his Sc.M. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from Brown University during 1976 and 1980, respectively. He was then awarded a National Research Council Postdoctoral Associateship to do experimental studies in the Surface Science Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In late 1982, he joined the Process Measurements Division at NIST as a Research Physicist and became the Project Leader of NIST's Program in Solid State Chemical Sensing.

Dr. Semancik's work has included research on oxide surfaces, thin film growth, model catalytic systems, surface structural transitions, and the kinetics of surface reactions. His recent activities have been focused on developing nanostructured materials for chemical sensing, and combining such materials with micromachined structures to realize advanced microsensor devices and operating modes. He has also developed methods for using MEMS structures as novel and efficient research tools in surface science and combinatorial science. Dr. Semancik is a Fellow of the American Vacuum Society, an Editorial Board Member of Sensors and Actuators B and Sensor Letters, and an author of approximately 115 papers and five patents.

Joseph Stetter
Illinois Institute of Technology


Joseph R. Stetter, Laboratory Director at SRI International & Research Professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology received his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from SUNY/Buffalo in 1975 and has performed sensor work for more than 30 years. He has more than 200 publications, 30 patents, books, & book chapters as well as having chaired national and international meetings on sensors and sensor arrays. He has won awards for his work including the 2002 “Entrepreneur of the Year Award” from TMAC, sits on the board of three corporations, and has led several new start up companies to success. He has many commercial senor products in use today by large and small corporations [see].

Thomas Thundat
Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Dr. Thomas George Thundat is a Distinguished Staff Scientist and the leader of the Nanoscale Science and Devices Group at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He is also a research professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and a visiting professor at the University of Burgundy, France. He received his Ph.D. in physics from State University of New York at Albany in 1987. He is the author of over 175 publications in refereed journals, 28 book chapters, 19 patents and 7 pending patents. Dr. Thundat is the recipient of many awards that include the U.S. Department of Energy’s Young Scientist Award, R&D 100 Awards (1996 & 2004), Inventors Hall of Fame Award, Discover Magazine Award, FLC Awards, ASME Pioneer Award, Scientific American 50 Award, and many UT-Battelle Awards for invention, publication, and Research and Development. Dr. Thundat was named ORNL Inventor of the Year in 2000 and in 2003. Dr. Thundat is a Battelle Distinguished Inventor. Dr. Thundat’s research is currently focused on novel physical, chemical, and biological detection using micro and nano mechanical sensors. His expertise includes physics and chemistry of interfaces, solid-liquid interface, biophysics, scanning probes, nanoscale phenomena, and quantum confined atoms.

Laurens Tromp
MITRE Corporation


L. Danny Tromp is Director of the Sensors, Processing, and Exploitation Technical Center (STC), part of MITRE’s Sensors and Enabling Technologies Directorate. In this role, he is responsible for overseeing the center’s technology work program. The STC serves as the technology base for MITRE’s sensor support to its sponsors. Since joining MITRE in 1986, Dr. Tromp has provided engineering support to a number of programs, and has led several DARPA and MITRE Technology Program (MTP) R&D projects. He is currently the project leader for MITRE’s Netted Sensors MTP initiative. The program brings together a multi-disciplinary team from across MITRE—from sensor engineers, communications network engineers, and IT experts to signal processing engineers and operations research leaders—to work on common problems.

Dr. Tromp received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Rhode Island in 1977 and 1979, respectively. Under the sponsorship of the MITRE Accelerated Graduate Program, he completed and received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Northeastern University in 1993.

Eric Wachsman
University of Florida


Dr. Eric D. Wachsman is the Director, US Department of Energy High Temperature Electrochemistry Center at the University of Florida, and Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida. Dr. Wachsman's research is on electronically and chemically functional ceramics. This research is focused on solid ion-conducting materials and electrocatalysts, and includes the development of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), gas separation membranes, solid-state gas sensors, the electrocatalytic conversion of CH4, and the post-combustion reduction of NOx, using advanced oxygen-ion conducting materials.

Dr. Wachsman received his Ph.D. in Materials Science from Stanford University in 1990. His dissertation research was on the solid state and heterogeneous catalytic properties of solid-oxide electrolytes. He received his M.S. in Chemical Engineering from Stanford University in 1986 and his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from U.C. Berkeley in 1982.

Dr. Wachsman is an Associate Editor of the Journal of The American Ceramic Society and an Editor of Ionics. He is Senior Vice-Chair of the High Temperature Materials Division of The Electrochemical Society and Councilor of the Florida Section of the American Ceramic Society. He is also a member of the American Chemical Society and the International Society for Solid State Ionics. He has more than 50 publications and 8 patents on ionic and electronic transport in ceramics, their catalytic properties, and device performance.

Anbo Wang
Virginia Tech


Dr. Wang received a Ph.D. degree in applied optics from Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China in 1990. After spending 3 years as research staff in the Fiber & Electro-Optics Research Center in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Virginia Tech, he then joined the faculty of the same department. He is the founding director of the Center for Photonics Technology. In the past, his research has been focused on optical fiber-based physical and bio sensors. Lately he expanded his interest into ‘fiber optic physics’ for testing on the constancy of fundamental physical constants. He is an author/co-author of about 5 book chapters, 70 journal articles, 140 conference papers, and 20 licensed patents/pending patents plus 50 invited presentations. In the past ten years, he has been responsible for more than 60 research programs in excess of $12 million from various federal funding agencies and private industry. He has also served as a chair of numerous national and international conferences in photonics and sensors. Some of the recent recognitions to his work include the R&D100 Award (2004), NSF Sensor Initiative Award (2004), DOE Energy Efficiency Science Initiative Award (2000) and NSFC Yong Investigator Award (2000).


Tabitha Benney
U.S. National Academies


Tabitha Marie Benney joined the Policy and Global Affairs Division of the US National Academy of Sciences, after graduating with honors from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service in 2001. Since arriving at the NAS, she has been involved with three long-term programs including the Government and Industry Partnerships Project, the International Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies, and, most recently, the Global Dialogues for Emerging Science and Technology Project.

Tabitha is currently a Masters candidate in International Affairs at Georgetown University. Her focus includes US foreign relations, international science policy, and civil society studies - including global cooperation, democratization and development. Prior to entering the graduate school, she served as the ABC News - Nightline Scholar, studying media organization and public opinion. She has extensive experience traveling and living abroad and has studied in Quito, Ecuador and Bergamo, Italy.

John Boright (not attending)
U.S. National Academies


At the National Academies, Dr. John P. Boright is Director of the Office of Foreign Secretaries (comprising science, engineering, and medicine), Director of the Program on Development, Security and Cooperation and Deputy Executive Director of the Policy and Global Affairs Division.

Dr. Boright has served in several governmental positions. From 1994-1995, he served as Deputy to the Associate Director for National Security and International Affairs at the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President. During the period from 1989-1994 he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Science and Technology Affairs at the Department of State overseeing U.S. science and technology agreements with other countries, international space policy and program matters, and the science officer system at U.S. Embassies. During the period 1987-1989 John served as Director of the Division of International Programs, at the National Science Foundation, where he developed international cooperative arrangements and U.S. access to science and engineering in other countries, particularly with Japan, other Asian countries, and Eastern Europe. Prior to 1987 he served for 10 years at the Department of State, including a four year tour (1982-86) as Counselor for Scientific and Technological Affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Paris. John’s earlier professional experiences include the Goddard Space Flight Center, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the U.S. Mission to IAEA in Vienna, Austria.

Dr. Boright served from 1995–2002 as Board member and Chair for the Science and Technology Center/Ukraine. He is also, since 1995, the Chair of the OECD Global Science Forum. He has received numerous awards for outstanding service. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and received a B.A. and Ph. D. in physics from Cornell University.

Patricia Wrightson
U.S. National Academies


Patricia Stein Wrightson came to the National Academies in August 2000 to organize the Workshop on Scientific Openness and National Security. Originally working as a consultant, she joined the staff of the National Academy of Science’s Committee on International Security and Arms Control in February 2001 as director of the Committee’s foreign dialogues. Now Dr. Wrightson is a program director within the Program on Development, Security and Cooperation (DSC) where she has responsibility for two projects. For the National Academies, she directs the Roundtable on Scientific Communication and National Security, a collaborative project of the Academies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She is staff director of the recently launched Global Dialogues on Emerging Science and Technology, a series of international science and engineering conferences on fundamental research that will begin in Japan in early 2005.

Prior to coming to the Academies, Dr. Wrightson taught at Georgetown for six years, where she held a joint appointment in the University’s Department of Government and in the School of Foreign Service. Subject areas in which she has researched and published include International Relations, American Foreign Policy, National Security Studies, the Cold War, International Ethics, and Classical and Modern Political Theory. Upon completing her Ph.D. in 1993, she taught US National Security Policy at the US Naval Academy. Dr. Wrightson has also taught at the University of Maryland and the George Washington University.