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♦ Policy and Global Affairs Division

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security (Inactive)

Global Dialogues on Emerging Science and Technology (inactive)

 

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E-mail: ngorkhaly@nas.edu

 

 


Committee Member Bios

 

ARDEN BEMENT

Dr. Arden L. Bement Jr. is the Director of the Global Policy Research Institute at Purdue University. Prior to his current position, he was the Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) from 2004–2010 and the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology from 2001–2004. He served as a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO and as the vice-chair of the Commission's Natural Sciences and Engineering Committee. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Prior to his appointment at NIST, Bement was the David A. Ross Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering and head of the School of Nuclear Engineering. He has held appointments at Purdue University in the schools of Nuclear Engineering, Materials Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, as well as a courtesy appointment in the Krannert School of Management. Bement joined the Purdue faculty in 1992 after a 39-year career in industry, government and academia. His positions included: vice president of technical resources and of science and technology for TRW Inc. (1980–1992); deputy under secretary of defense for research and engineering (1979–1980); director, Office of Materials Science, DARPA (1976–1979); professor of nuclear materials, MIT (1970–1976); manager, Fuels and Materials Department and the Metallurgy Research Department, Battelle Northwest Laboratories (1965–1970); and senior research associate, General Electric Co. (1954–1965). He has also been a director of Keithley Instruments Inc. and the Lord Corp. and a member of the Science and Technology Advisory Committee for the Howmet Corp., a division of ALCOA. Bement holds an engineer of metallurgy degree from the Colorado School of Mines, a master's degree in metallurgical engineering from the University of Idaho, a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Michigan, and honorary doctorates from Cleveland State University, Case Western Reserve University, and the Colorado School of Mines, as well as a Chinese Academy of Sciences Graduate School Honorary Professorship. He is a retired Lieutenant Colonel of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and a recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal of the Department of Defense. He has been awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, from the Empire of Japan and the Chevalier dans l'Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur from the French Republic.

 

RUTH DAVID

Dr. Ruth David is the president and chief executive officer of Analytic Services Inc. (ANSER), an independent, not-for-profit, public service research institution that provides research and analytic support on national and transnational issues. Since 2009, Dr. David has served as the Chair of the Board on Global Science and Technology of the National Research Council; she previously chaired the NRC Standing Committee on Technology Insight Gauge, Evaluate, and Review, which focused on global technology forecasting. From September 1995 to September 1998, Dr. David was Deputy Director for Science and Technology at the Central Intelligence Agency. As Technical Advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence, she was responsible for research, development, and deployment of technologies in support of all phases of the intelligence process. She represented the CIA on numerous national committees and advisory bodies, including the National Science and Technology Council and the Committee on National Security. Upon her departure from this position, she was awarded the CIA's Distinguished Intelligence Medal, the CIA Director's Award, the Director of NSA Distinguished Service Medal, the National Reconnaissance Officer's Award for Distinguished Service, and the Defense Intelligence Director's Award. Previously, Dr. David served in several leadership positions at the Sandia National Laboratories, where she began her professional career in 1975. Dr. David has also been an adjunct professor at the University of New Mexico. She has technical experience in digital and microprocessor-based system design, digital signal analysis, adaptive signal analysis, and system integration. Dr. David is a member of the Department of Homeland Security Advisory Council, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), the Corporation for the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc., is a Senior Fellow of the Defense Science Board, and is a Director of the Hertz Foundation. She also serves on advisory boards for the Stevens Institute of Technology School of Systems and Enterprises, the DoD-sponsored Systems Engineering Research Center, the Wichita State University Dean’s Industrial Advisory Board for the College of Engineering, and the Wichita State University Foundation, as well as other governmental organizations. Dr. David received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering from Wichita State University, an M.S. degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University.

 

JIM C.I. CHANG

Dr. Jim C.I. Chang is currently the visiting Chair Professor at the National Cheng Kung University in Tainan, Taiwan. He is also an adjunct Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at North Carolina State University (following a seven year, 2005-2012, as a Research Professor there). Prior to that, Dr. Chang served as Chief Scientist at the Army Research Laboratory (2010-2012) and as Director of Materials, Mechanics, and Micro-Systems at the Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) in Tokyo, Japan (2005-2010). Between 1998-2005, Dr. Chang held a dual-hatted position as the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Deputy Director for Basic Science and the Director of the Army Research Office (ARO). As the ARL Deputy Director for Basic Science, Dr. Chang was the senior science and technology executive charged with oversight of the entire ARL basic research (6.1) program. As such he was responsible for maintaining a coherent basic research program among all of the Army 6.1 components and assuring the transition of research to technology development. As the ARO Director, Dr. Chang managed an extramural research program in the physical and engineering sciences that included over $160 million in single investigator research (1,200 active projects) and over 40 multidisciplinary research centers. Between 1990 and 1998, Dr. Chang was the Director of the Aerospace and Materials Sciences Directorate for the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), where he managed the $50 million Air Force basic research programs supporting aircraft, tactical and ballistic missiles, and spacecraft design and operation. Between 1998-1990, Dr. Chang was Chief Scientist at the Naval Air Systems Command; prior to that he served as manager in the Office of Systems Assessment with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1988-1989). Between 1978 and 1988, Dr. Chang was a branch head at the Naval Research Laboratory where he led research and development efforts in materials, mechanics, structures, and thermal sciences. Dr. Chang was born in China during World War II. After completing his Bachelor of Science degree in hydraulic engineering from Taiwan Cheng-Kung University, he emigrated to the United States. He received his M.S. in civil engineering at Michigan Technological University and Ph.D. in theoretical and applied mechanics at Cornell University. Dr. Chang entered federal service in 1978. He has published more than 40 publications and served as an associate editor and reviewer for several professional journals.

 

PAUL CHU

Dr. Paul Chuis Professor of Physics and T.L.L. Temple Chair of Science in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at the University of Houston specializing in superconductivity, magnetism, and dielectrics. Dr. Chu also previously served as President of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology from 2001 to 2009. Born in Hunan, China, Dr. Chu holds a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan (1962), a Master of Science degree in physics from Fordham University (1965), and a Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of California at San Diego (1968). After two years doing industrial research with Bell Laboratories at Murray Hill, New Jersey, Dr. Chu joined the faculty at Cleveland State University first as Assistant Professor of Physics in 1970 and then as Associate Professor and Professor of Physics in 1973 and 1975, respectively. In 1979, Dr. Chu became Professor of Physics at the University of Houston. In 1987, after discovering (with Maw-Kuen Wu) superconductivity above 77K in YBCO, Dr. Chu became Director of the Texas Center for Superconductivity (until 2001) and T.L.L. Temple Chair of Science, which he still holds today. Dr. Chu has previously served as a consultant and visiting staff member at Bell Laboratories, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, the Marshall Space Flight Center, Argonne National Laboratory, and DuPont. He has received numerous awards and honors for his work in superconductivity, including the National Medal of Science, the Comstock Prize in Physics, and the International Prize for New Materials in 1988. He was an invited contributor to the White House National Millennium Time Capsule at the National Archives in 2000 and was selected the Best Researcher in the U.S. by US News and World Report in 1990. In 1989, Dr. Chu was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (foreign member), Academia Sinica, Russian Academy of Engineering (RAE) and the Third World Academy of Sciences.

 

SUSAN COZZENS

Dr. Susan E. Cozzens is Professor of Public Policy, Director of the Technology Policy and Assessment Center, and Associate Dean for Research in the Ivan Allen College at Georgia Tech. She is also the Vice Provost for Graduate Education and Faculty Affairs. Dr. Cozzens's research interests are in science, technology, and innovation policies in developing countries, including issues of equity, equality, and development. She is active internationally in developing methods for research assessment and science and technology indicators. Her current projects are on water and energy technologies; nanotechnology; social entrepreneurship; pro-poor technology programs; and international research collaboration. From 1998 through 2003, Dr. Cozzens served as Chair of the Georgia Tech School of Public Policy. From 1995 through 1997, Dr. Cozzens was Director of the Office of Policy Support at the National Science Foundation. The Office of Policy Support coordinated policy and management initiatives for the NSF Director, primarily in peer review, strategic planning, and assessment. Before joining Georgia Tech, Dr. Cozzens spent eleven years on the faculty of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Cozzens holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia University (1985) and a bachelor’s degree from Michigan State University (1972).

 

DANIEL HASTINGS

Dr. Daniel Hastings is the Cecil and Ida Green Education Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Engineering Systems. He has taught courses and seminars in plasma physics, rocket propulsion, advanced space power and propulsion systems, aerospace policy, technology and policy, and space systems engineering. From 1997 to 1999, Dr. Hastings was the U.S. Air Force's chief scientist. In that role, he was chief scientific adviser to the chief of staff and the secretary and provided assessments on a wide range of scientific and technical issues affecting the Air Force mission. He led influential studies about Air Force investment in space, global energy projection, and options for a 21st century science and technology workforce. Dr. Hastings’ recent research has concentrated on space systems and space policy, and on spacecraft-environmental interactions, space propulsion, space systems engineering, and space policy. He has published many papers and a book on spacecraft-environment interactions, and several papers in space propulsion and space systems. He has led national studies on government investment in space technology. Dr. Hastings joined the MIT faculty as an assistant professor in 1985. He served as the director of the MIT Technology and Policy Program, the Engineering Systems Division and as the Dean for Undergraduate Education. In his role as Dean at MIT, he focused on substantially increasing the number and quality of the global experiences in the MIT undergraduate education.

 

PATRICIA L. GRUBER

Dr. Patricia L. Gruber is Vice President of the Maritime Systems Division at the Batelle Memorial Institute. Prior to this position, Dr. Gruber was the Deputy Director of the Applied Research Lab (ARL) at the Pennsylvania State University with responsibility for strategic planning, overall direction of laboratory and accountability for 1,200 faculty, staff and students (2009–2012). Dr. Gruber has also served as the Director of Research at the Office of Naval Research where she was responsible for Naval S&T strategic planning and for the overall integration of the Discovery and Invention portfolio (6.1 and early 6.2) in support of naval mission areas (2006–2008). Prior to her ONR assignment, Dr. Gruber served as a Senior Research Associate at ARL Penn State, focusing on opportunities to expand ARL research funding base and to build core capabilities in defense technologies (2003–2005). Dr. Gruber has held a number of technical management and business development positions at Lucent Technologies Bell Laboratories and Marconi Communications focused on successful delivery of telecommunications networks (1996–2002). At AT&T Solutions, she was a solution architect responsible for development and implementation of complex IT outsourcing contracts. As a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories, she was a program manager for Navy undersea surveillance programs. Dr. Gruber began her career as a research physicist in the Acoustics Division at the Naval Research Laboratory. Dr. Gruber is a recipient of the Superior Public Service Award. She is a consultant to the Army Science Board and is a member of the Acoustical Society of America. Dr. Gruber received a B.S. in Meteorology from Penn State and a M.S. and Ph.D. in Marine Physics from the University of Miami.

 

PETER HOFFMAN

Mr. Peter Hoffman is Vice President of Intellectual Property Management at The Boeing Company. Prior to this position, he served as director of global research and development strategy for Boeing Research & Technology, the company's advanced research organization. In that role, he was responsible for developing technology collaboration relationships with companies, universities and national laboratories around the world. During the past decade, Hoffman has played a leadership role in the expansion of Boeing's global technology activities and was instrumental in the establishment of research centers in Australia, India and China and numerous technology relationships in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and the Americas. Hoffman joined Boeing in 1984. He has held positions in international business development and spent 14 years conducting research in the area of advanced materials and structures. Hoffman earned a bachelor's of science degree in mechanical engineering technology and a master's of science degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Tennessee, a master's of manufacturing engineering from Washington University in St. Louis, and a master's of international business from St. Louis University.

 

CELIA MERZBACHER

Dr. Celia Merzbacher is the Vice President for Innovative Partnerships at the Semiconductor Research Corporation. In this role, Dr. Merzbacher is primarily responsible for developing novel partnerships with stakeholders in government and the private sector in support of SRC's research and education goals. Prior to joining SRC, Dr. Merzbacher was Assistant Director for Technology R&D in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), where she coordinated and advised on a range of issues, including nanotechnology, technology transfer, technical standards, and intellectual property. At OSTP she oversaw the National Nanotechnology Initiative, the multiagency Federal program for nanotechnology research and development. She also served as Executive Director of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, which is composed of leaders from academia, industry and other research organizations, and advises the President on technology, scientific research priorities, and math and science education. Previously, Dr. Merzbacher was on the staff of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington D.C. As a research scientist at NRL, she developed advanced optical materials, for which she received a number of patents. She also worked in the NRL Technology Transfer Office where she was responsible for managing NRL intellectual property. Dr. Merzbacher previously served on the Board of Directors of the American National Standards Institute and led the U.S. delegation to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Working Party on Nanotechnology. She is currently a member of the National Materials and Manufacturing Board of the National Academies. Dr. Merzbacher received her B.S. in geology from Brown University and M.S. and Ph.D. in geochemistry and mineralogy from The Pennsylvania State University.

 

ANTHONY (BUD) ROCK

Mr. Anthony Rock has been the Chief Executive Officer for the Association of Science and Technology Centers since 2009. Previous to this position, he served as Vice President for Global Engagement at Arizona State University (ASU), where he was responsible for expanding global awareness among students and developing new and creative international programs of research and scholarship. Before joining ASU, Mr. Rock had a distinguished three-decade career in U.S. government service, much of it within the Department of State promoting scientific and technological collaboration throughout the world. His diplomatic service culminated in his five-year appointment as principal deputy assistant secretary of state responsible for oceans, environment, and science. Mr. Rock served abroad as Minister for Science, Technology, Environment, Health, and Non-Proliferation Affairs in the United States Embassy in Paris, France; was the Counselor for Environment, Science, Technology, and Health at the United States Mission to the European Union in Brussels, Belgium; and was Counselor for Environment, Science, Technology, and Health at the United States Embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel. Mr. Rock also held positions in the Office of the United States Trade Representative, Executive Office of the President, as Director for European Technology and Trade Affairs and as Director of Middle East Trade Affairs. In the Department of State, Mr. Rock served as Chief of Policy Planning in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES); Chief for International Health Policy and Chief of International Technology Policy. Prior to his diplomatic service, Mr. Rock was employed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

 

JAMES WILSDON

Dr. James Wilsdon is Professor of Science and Democracy in SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit) at Sussex University in the UK. Dr. Wilsdon joined SPRU in December 2011. From 2008 to 2011, he was the founding director of the Science Policy Centre at the Royal Society, the UK’s national academy of science, where he oversaw policy studies on topics such as geoengineering, food security, science diplomacy, open science, and the future of international scientific collaboration. He also led the Royal Society's evidence gathering and advocacy for investment in research through the 2010 UK General Election and Spending Review.

From 2001 to 2008, Wilsdon worked at the London-based think tank Demos, first as Head of Strategy, then as Head of Science and Innovation. At Demos, he was also Project Director of ‘The Atlas of Ideas’ a two-year study of science in emerging economies, described by the Financial Times as ‘the most comprehensive analysis yet of science and innovation in China, India and South Korea.’ From 1997 to 2001, he was Senior Policy Adviser at the sustainability charity Forum for the Future.

Dr. Wilsdon has researched and written widely on science and innovation policy, emerging technologies and the globalization of research. His publications include The Scientific Century (Royal Society, 2010), The Atlas of Ideas (Demos, 2007), China: the next science superpower? (Demos, 2007), The Public Value of Science (Demos, 2005), See-through Science (Demos, 2004) and Digital Futures (Earthscan, 2001). He reviews regularly for the Financial Times and Times Higher Education, and has also written for Nature, The Guardian, China Daily and OpenDemocracy.

Dr. Wilsdon has a first-class degree in philosophy and theology from Oxford University and a doctorate in technology policy from Middlesex University. He is a Fellow at NESTA, the UK foundation for innovation; and an Associate Fellow at Cambridge University’s Centre for Science and Policy. In September 2012, he was appointed to the Governing Board of CISTRAT (International Research and Training Centre for Science and Technology Strategy) in Beijing, a new centre established under the joint auspices of UNESCO and China’s Ministry of Science and Technology.