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The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data: A Focus on Developing Countries
The Board on International Scientific Organizations (BISO), and the U.S. Committee on Data for Science and Technology (US CODATA) under the Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI), in consultation with the Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science (CFRS) of the International Council for Science (ICSU), organized a 2-day international symposium in Washington, DC on April 18-19, 2011. We are pleased to announce the release of the proceedings of the speaker presentations from that meeting, The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data: A Focus on Developing Countries. It is available electronically at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=17019. The main objective of the symposium was to gain better understanding of the data access and sharing situation in the developing world, with a focus on barriers, opportunities, and future actions. There are various hurdles to the access and sharing of scientific data collected by governments or by researchers using public funding. Such obstacles include scientific and technical; institutional and management; economic and financial; legal and policy; and normative and socio-cultural barriers. Some of these difficulties are possible to diminish or remove, whereas others seek to balance competing values that impose legitimate limitations on openness.
Twenty-First Century Ecosystems: Managing the Living World Two Centuries After Darwin
Managing the Living World Two Centuries After Darwin is available for download at the NAP Website. Prepared by the Workshop Organizing Committee, the report summarizes the views expressed by symposium participants; however, it does not provide a session-by-session synopsis of the presentations at the symposium. Instead, the committee identified eight key themes that emerged from the lectures, which were addressed in different contexts by different speakers. The focus in the report is on general principles rather than specifics. These eight themes provide a sharp focus on a few concepts that enable scientists, environmental NGOs, and policy makers to engage more effectively around issues of central importance for biodiversity and ecosystem management.
The Teacher Development Continuum in the United States and China: Summary of a Workshop
Released in 2010, this report summarizes an August 2009 workshop on the career ladder of mathematics teachers and the structures in place to support teachers of mathematics within the Chinese and U.S. educational systems. Organized by the U.S. National Committee for Mathematics Instruction (USNC/MI), the workshop originated from a collaborative meeting at the China Math Education Conference at the University of Pennsylvania in 2008. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free. Watch the related video. Learn more about the workshop.
The 2nd International Forum on Biosecurity:
Summary of an International Meeting, Budapest, Hungary, March 30 to April 2, 2008
Released in 2009, this report summarizes discussions from an international workshop that considered roles and responsibilities of the life sciences community in addressing dual-use biosecurity risks. The workshop was co-convened by the InterAcademy Panel on International Issues, International Union of Microbiological Societies, International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, International Union of Biological Sciences, and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and is part of ongoing, collaborative efforts on this topic. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
Frontiers in Soil Science Research: Report of a Workshop
Released August 26, 2009 in response to a 2005 U.S. National Committee for Soil Science (USNC/SS) Frontiers in Soil Science Research Workshop, the report centers on seven key questions addressing research fields for soil science disciplines, as well as the need for integration across soil science with other disciplines. Download the Report in Brief (58KB PDF). Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences
Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science (USNC/IUPsyS) and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention to this report. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
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