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Board on Research Data and Information
Policy and Global Affairs Division
The National Academies
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Email: puhlir@nas.edu

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Stevan Harnad

STEVAN HARNAD was born in Hungary, did his undergraduate work at McGill University and his graduate work at Princeton University. Currently Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Science at Universite Quebec a Montreal and Professor in Electronics and Computer Science at University of Southampton, UK, his research is on categorisation, communication and cognition. Founder and Editor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences (a paper journal published by Cambridge University Press), he is Past President of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, External Member of the Hungarian Academy of Science, and author and contributor to over 300 publications, including Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech (NY Acad Sci 1976), Lateralization in the Nervous System (Acad Pr 1977), Peer Commentary on Peer Review: A Case Study in Scientific Quality Control (CUP 1982), Categorical Perception: The Groundwork of Cognition (CUP 1987), The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of BF Skinner: Comments and Consequences (CUP 1988), Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing (1995), Essays on the Foundations and Fringes of Cognition (in prep) and Cognition Distributed: How Cognitive Technology Extends Our Minds (Benjamins 2008)

The EPrints research team at Southampton University is at the forefront in the critical developments in OA across the past decade. The team: -- hosted one of the first OA journals, Psycoloquy (since 1994) -- hosted the first journal OA preprint archive, BBSPrints (since 1994) -- formulated the first OA self-archiving proposal (1994) -- founded one of the first central OA Repositries, Cogprints (1997) -- founded the American Scientist Open Access Forum (1998) -- created GNU EPrints, the first software for creating OAI-compliant Institutional Repositories (now in use at over 200 universities worldwide) (2000) -- co-drafted the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) and its self-archiving FAQ (2001) -- created the first citation impact-measuring search engine, Citebase (2003) -- designed the first OAI standardised CV Template for UK Research Assessment (2002) and proposed that the RAE convert to metrics (2003), which the RAE announced it would do in 2007. -- compiled the BOAI Eprints software Handbook (2003) -- formulated and promoted the model self-archiving mandate for departments and institutions, now being adopted worldwide (2003) -- created and maintains ROAR, the Registry of Open Access Repositories worldwide (2003) -- collaborated in the creation and maintenance of the ROMEO directory of journals' OA self-archiving policies, (2004) -- created and maintains ROARMAP, the registry of Open Access Mandates (2004) -- piloted the paradigm of collecting, analysing and disseminating data on the magnitude of the OA impact advantage and the growth of OA across all disciplines worldwide (2004). -- consult and blog widely on institutional and funder Open Access policy-making (2006)