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PEER Health Home > Focus Area1: Child Survival

Focus Area 1: Child survival                                                              
                                        
A range of global initiatives have been directed at improving efficiency, effectiveness, and access to interventions for major childhood diseases. Major deficiencies in financing of health systems and in the availability of appropriately trained health personnel are obstacles to progress, but there are also substantial gaps in knowledge about how to manage, organize, and deliver health care in resource-poor settings. To a significant degree, this is due to the lack of knowledge on how to tackle the barriers and constraints in health systems and how to fill the gaps between the knowledge from biomedical research, clinical trials, and its implementation in the field to deliver cost-effective interventions. Moreover, even when there is sufficient knowledge, the lack of translation of research findings into evidence for health policy is a major obstacle to scaling up interventions. 
 
In response to the Child Survival Call to Action to end preventable child deaths, the PEER Health Program invites researchers to submit proposals that focus on child survival. These proposals should emphasize integrated biomedical, behavioral, social, and public health interventions to accelerate reduction in morbidity and mortality among children under five with an emphasis on the most vulnerable populations, especially those in the poorest quartile, children outside family care, and HIV+ children. Applications focused on reducing neonatal mortality, which accounts for an estimated 40 percent of under-five mortality and lags behind overall reductions in under-five mortality, are particularly encouraged. Other areas of interest in relation to child health include: family planning and reproductive health, pediatric tuberculosis, pandemic influenza and other emerging diseases, neglected tropical diseases and nutrition. Applicants are encouraged to collaborate with partners and propose research projects with a strong potential for large-scale results and broad impact. Optimal partners are those with the greatest potential to influence scale up and impact.
 
Child survival may be addressed within country specific health strategies based on the GHI strategic plan. GHI target areas include: HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, maternal health, child health (and neonatal health), nutrition, family planning, and neglected tropical diseases. All applicants should also refer to the global Summary Roadmap.
 
More specifically, applications for PEER Health funding should propose implementation research around child survival such as: 
 
 Full Proposal Details

  Download complete RFA as PDF.

  Applicants who have questions
  after reviewing the materials on
  this Web site are encouraged to
  contact PEER Health staff by e-mail 
  at
 peerhealth@nas.edu.  

  1. Innovative health delivery solutions or interventions to reduce child morbidity and mortality that are context-sensitive (situational) and/or cost-effective.
  2. Improved methodologies that address specific barriers or constraints for optimizing time-to-effect, sustained coverage, and long-term impact to accelerate reduction in under-five child mortality.
  3. Innovative approaches, guidelines, or context specific scenarios for integrating and scaling up effective child health interventions.
The proposed research projects may include utilizing clinical and observational research methods, medical and social epidemiology, health economics, informatics, operational research, marketing and decision analysis, and other related disciplines.